This Table is based on published papers, discussion at the St Feliu meeting, and incorporates written comments received following circulation of the draft. Comments were received from: Jose Luis Garcia-Marin; René Guyomard; Michael Hansen; Kjetil Hindar; Marja-Liisa Koljonen; Paulino Martinez; Alex Osinov; Tiit Paaver; Stefan Palm; Inci Togan; Costas Triantaphyllidis.

Locus nomenclature follows the guidelines of Shaklee et al., 1990.

Allele nomenclature follows the priority system (similar to that used for species names) i.e. first valid publication with the exception that the ancestral allele in the case of LDH-C1* has been designated as ‘100’. (Considerable confusion exists for this LDH-C1* locus where some workers use ‘90’ and ‘100’ for the two common alleles in NW Europe whereas others use ‘100’ and ‘105’.) Where PhD theses are readily available, I have taken these as ‘valid publication’ contrary to the practice in systematics.

A conservative system is used i.e. alleles of similar mobility are assumed to be the same unless they have been shown to be different by side-by-side comparisons or by comparison to an outgroup. Information on occurrence for each country should aid workers in further determining homologies for their own alleles.

Locus

Locus synonyms / specification

Allele

Authority (A)

Allele synonyms

Occurrence (B)

Notes (C)

ACP*

100

18

115

18

E(1)

90

24

E(1)


ADH*

ODH

100

F(4); CH(4)

CH º S.salar

0

-30 / 60 / 85/40

E(2)


sAAT-1,2*

muscle

100

1

F(3), I(3); CH(4); EL(4); TR(4)

CH º S.salar

AAT-3,4

45

4

40 / 50

IRL(3); E(1); CH(2)

75

10

70

EL; SU(2); EL(3)

105

25

103

E(1)

119

1

130 / 120 / 140 / 150

IRL(3); DK(3); S(2); F(3), I(3); SU(3)U; E(1); CH(3); FIN(3)

114

22

125 / 130?ref25

I(3); E(1); CH(3)

marmoratus

165

22

180

I(3); CH(2)

marmoratus

130

25

125?

E(1)


sAAT-4*

liver

100

4

F(4), I (4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(3)

AAT-6

25

17

E; S(1);

56

60 / 65 / 50

E(1); CH(1); EL(3)

74

4

87 / 50 / 65 / 80

IRL(3); S(3), F(3); I(3); SU(3); E(3); CH(3); EL(3); TR(3); EE(3); FIN(3); NO(3)

65 is very common in F samples and is probably 74 - 65 also in Atlantic salmon (ref 22); CH º S.salar

85

26

80 / 70

E(2); CH(3)

105

107?ref25

E(1)

115


CK-A1*

CPK-1; CK-1, CK-2

100

1

F(4); I(4); EL(4); TR(4)

75

7

IRL(2);

115

1

125 / 110

IRL(3); GB(3); DK(1); F(4); I(3); SU(4); E(4); CH(3); S(3); EE(3); NO(3)

IRL º S; CH º S.salar

150

26

E(1)


CK-A2*

CK-2

100

14

EL(4); F(4); CH(4); TR(3)

CH º S.salar

50

14

EL(4); TR(2)

120

CH(1)


CK-C1*

CK-3

100

F(4); I(4); CH(4

CH º S.salar

85

23

87

CH(1)

90

13

F; CH(3), I(4)

92

23

CH(3),1

95

22

I (4); CH(3)

marmoratus

110

?

IRL(1)


CK-C2*

100

CH(4)

CH º S.salar

95

CH(1)


DIA-1*

DIA

100

3

90

3

95

IRL(2); DK(2); S(2); NO(1)

120

7

IRL(1);


EST-1*

Liver

100

F(4); I(4); CH(4)

102 for S. salar

98

22

I(4); CH(3)

marmoratus


EST-2*

blood

100

2

105

F(4); I(4)

92

2

100 / 90

S(1); SU(3)

110

10

SU(4)

103


EST-5*

muscle/liver

100

F(4); I(4)

90

SU(4)

105

9

F(4)

Corsica


EST-6*

100

90

SU(3)


FBP-1*

100

6

F(4); I(4); CH(3)

150

6

135

F(4);CH(3)

CH º S.salar

80

F(2)


FH-1,2*

100

9

F(4); I(4)

10

75

9

70 / 85 / 92

F(2); CH(1)

=At. salmon allele

80

84?ref25

I(2); E(1)

marmoratus

115

9

104

F(2); CH(1)

130

9

F(3); PL(3); CH(3)

140

9

135

F(3); CH(3)

124

115 or 130?

E(1)


bGALA-2*

GAM-2

100

13

S, E(3)

95

13

S(3), E(1); NO(3)

90

15

S(2), E(1)


BGLUA*

BGA

100

15

S, E(3)

150

15

S(3), E(3); NO(3)

Atlantic rivers only in E


GLYDH*

G2DH

100

17

S, E

85

17

NO(1)

One NO locality


GPI-B1*

GPI-1

100

F(4), I(4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(4)

PGI-1

QO

E(3)

GPI-A1*

70

SU(3)

25

21


GPI-B2*

GPI-2

100

4

F(4); I(4); E(3); CH(4); EL(4); TR(3)

PGI-2

QO

20

65 / n / 70

IRL(3); DK(3); SU(2); E(2); TR(2)

GPI-A2*

50

15

E(3)

122

4

*

130

4

*

135

4

110 / 130 / 140 / 200

IRL(3); S(1), F(4), I(2); E(3); CH(3); NO(2)

*


GPI-A1*

GPI-3

100

4

F(4); I(4); E(4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(4)

(=130 for S.salar)

PGI-3

80

11

83 / 85 / 90

GB(1); DK(1); E(2); CH(1)

GPI-B1*

110

4

103 / 115 / 106 / 105 / 120 / 102

IRL(2); GB(3); DK(1); S(2); SU(2); CH(3); EE(2); FIN(2); NO(1)

115

F(1)

=At. salmon

130


G3PDH-2*

G3pdh-1

100

1

-100

F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4)

CH º S.salar

Agp-2; AGP

30

25

IRL(1); NO(1)

50

1

75 / 59 / 80 / -150 /-128 / 65

IRL(3); DK(3); S(3); F(3); I(3); SU(3); CH(3); EL(3); EE(3); FIN(3); NO(3)

IRL º S;

120

19

E(1)


sIDDH-1*

SDH-1

100

0

F(3); I(3); CH(4)

-50

15

0 / -100 / 70

S(2); F(3); I(3); CH(3); EE(3); NO(3)

Hatchery fish in E; Atlantic salmon allele

200

15

E(3)(Atlantic);

Same mobility as SDH-2*100

10

FIN(2)


sIDDH-2*

100

F(4); I(4)

170

(F4); I(1)

Corsica


mIDHP-1*

IDH-1: IDHP-1

100

E(3); F(4); I(4); CH(4)

F fixed; CH º S.salar

mt form, muscle or

85

18

80

E(1); CH(2)

eye

120

CH(1)


sIDHP-1*

Idh-1; Idh-2; Idh-3;

100

4

F(4); I(4); EL(4)

IDHP-2;

60

17

73

S(1)

Eye or muscle

160

4

200 / 180

IRL(2); DK(3); S(2); F(3); I(3); E(3); CH(3); NO(3)

0

17

S(1); NO(1)

10

11

30

IRL(2); CH(1)

175


sIDHP-2*

Idh-3; Idh-2;

100

4

80 / 70

F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4)

Idh-4; IDHP-3

130

4

100 / 145 / 160 / 132 / 120

IRL(3); I(3); E(2); CH(4); F(4)

maybe identical with a S.salar-allele

Strongest in liver

65

17

70 / 47 / 66

NO(1); CH(4); EL(1)

Present in eye

80

140

90

22

I(3)


LDH-A1*

Ldh-1

100

1

F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(3)

CH º S.salar

QO

8

n / 240

IRL(3); S(2); SU(2); DK(3); E(4); EL(2); TR(3); NO(2)

25

21

IRL(1)


LDH-A2*

Ldh-2

100

18

F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4)

CH º S.salar

100QL

18

n

E(4); EL(4); CH(3); TR(2)

Mediterranean


LDH-B1*

Ldh-3

100

12

F(4); I(4)

CH º S.salar

63

12

40

F(4)

Corsica


LDH-B2*

Ldh-4

100

F(4); I(4); CH(4); TR(4)

CH º S.salar

120

115 / 100

TR(4)


LDH-C1*

Ldh-5

100

10

105

*; S(2); F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(4); EE(1)

CH º S.salar; = allele in other salmonids

70

74 / 75 / 90/80

S(1); F(3); CH(1)

CH=F

90

10

100

*; IRL(3); DK(4); S(3); F(4); I(4); SU(4); CH(4); EL(1); TR(2); EE(4); FIN(3); NO(3)

104

16

105 / 115

E(2)

110

18

*E(3)

120

110(but not above)

I(4); CH(4)

marmoratus; CH=I


LGL*

100

18

90

18

E(3)

southern rivers in E


aMAN*

100

15

S, E

70

17

S(2), E; NO(1)

90

15

70

E(3)

Mediterranean rivers


sMDH-1*

Mdh-1, sMDH-A1*

100

3

F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(4)

CH º S.salar

QO

3

n

E(1)

50

27

CH(3)


sMDH-2*

sMDH-A2*; Mdh-2

100

3

F(4); I(4); EL(4); TR(4)

80

E(1)

152

3

118 / 120 / 125 / 200 / 175 / 150

DK(3); S(3); F(3); I(3); SU(3); CH(3); EL(1); EE(2); FIN(3); NO(3)

CH º S.salar

130

E(2)

QO

12

n

F(4); CH(1)

Corsica


sMDH-3,4 *

MDH-B1,2;

100

1

F(4); EL(4); TR(4)

CH poly but not scored

Mdh-3,4

50

9

F(2); SU(1)

60

9

F(3)

Corsica

70

9

F(2); PL(3); E(1)

75

6

80

*; IRL(3); S(3); F(3); E(4); EE(1); FIN(2)?;

No side-by-side runs, probably erroneous synonyms

80

1

85 / 88

*; IRL(1); E(hatchery); EL(1); TR(3); NO(2)

125

2

110 / 120

*; IRL(2); S(2); F(2); I(3); SU(1); E(3); TR(1); EE(1); NO(1)

marmoratus

134

4

*; IRL(2)

83

E(3)


ME*

MEL;

100

15

S, E

NAD+ form

80

15

S(3); E(1)

Hatchery origin in E

120

15

S(2); E(3); NO(3)

140

18

145

E(3)

Mediterranean


mMEP-1*

NADP; MEP-1

100

F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(4)

CH º S.salar

ME-1

80

70

SU(4); CH(3)

Danube in CH

120

150

9

F(4)

Corsica

70

80?

E(1)


mMEP-2*

Same locus as pm

100

F(4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(4)

(At salmon 125?)

in At salmon?

90

?

80

F(3); E(1); TR(3); NO(1)

(At salmon 100?)

NADP; MEP-2

70

14

60 / 75 / 50

I(1); SU(1); CH(1); EL(3)

45

22

40?

I(2); CH(3)

CH only found in a mixed Swiss and Danish hatchery strain

95

I(4)

carpio


s-MEP-2

NADP; MEP-2

100

F(4), I (4); CH(4); EL(4)

CH: an allele 90 found in S.salar

MEP-3 in E?

97

F(3), I (4)

ME-3

105

24

102

I (4); E(1); CH(3)

marmoratus

90

18

80?

E(3); CH(3)


MPI-2*

Pmi-2; MPI, PMI

100

5

90

*F(4); I(4); CH(3)

105

5

100 / 106 / 107

IRL(3); GB(3); DK(3); S(3); *F(3); I(3); SU(3); FIN(3); NO(3)

*

107

*F(3); E(3); CH(3)

*105 & 107 are different (R Guyomard)

110

16

107

E(2); CH(2)

CH not identical to allele 108 found in S.salar

85

86

SU(3)

95

E(1)


PEPB*

PEPLGG

100

17

S, E

75

E(3)

120

17

115

S(1), E(1); NO(3)

80

E(1)


PEPLT*

100

15

S, E

70

15

S(3); E(3); NO(2)

Atlantic rivers in E


PEPPAP*

100

S, E

95

E(1)

105

E(1)

120

E(3)


6PGDH-2*

6PGDH-1*

100

8

F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4)

CH º S.salar

85

8

86 / 65 / 90

DK(1); F(3); I(1); CH(1)


PGM-1*

Pgm-2

100

15

F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(4); EE(4)

80

15

90 / -115

E(3); FIN(1)

135

22

I(3)

carpio

150

?


m-SOD-1*

100

F(4), I(4); CH(4)

CH º S.salar

75

9

50

F(3); CH(1)


sSOD-1*

SOD-2?, mSOD

100

2

F(4); I(4); CH(4); EL(4); TR(4); EE(4)

35

50

2

75 / 55

S(1); F(1); I(4); CH(3); EL(3); TR(4)

marmoratus

 

 

80

12

75

F(2); I(1); CH(1)

*; CH not identical to allele 83 found in S.salar

125

17

110 / 120 / 135

S(1); F(3); E(3)

70

80? / 75?

E(1)

120

125?

E(3)


TF-1*

100

6

F(4); I(4); CH(4); TR(3)

75

22

I(4); CH(3)

marmoratus

78

22

I(4)

carpio

80

6

78

F(3); I(3)

Corsica

95

98 / 90

P; CH(2); TR(3)

102

13

98

F(4); I(4); CH(4); TR(3)

102 migrates faster or slower than 100 depending on the buffer used (found in At salmon)

105


(A) First publication with this allele designation - rules as for species names. References to publications are given below - see TroutConcert reference list for full references.

(B) Occurrence - country where allele is found and (maximum frequency) Country codes (as per EC designations mostly) - Denmark, DK; Germany, D; Greece, EL; Spain, E; France, F; Ireland, IRL (used here to refer to geographical island of Ireland,not political entity); Italy, I; Austria, A; Portugal, P; Finland, FIN; Sweden S; Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales), GB; Switzerland, CH; Estonia, EE; Iceland, IS; Norway, NO; Poland, PL; Russia, RU; Turkey, TR; USSR, SU For frequencies: 1 = rare [<0.05]; 2 = low frequency [0.05 - 0.20]; 3 = common [>0.20]); 4 = fixed.

(C) Notes. º means that alleles from these countries have been shown to be the same on side-by-side gel comparisons. * indicates that these alleles have been shown to be different on side-by-side comparisons or by comparison to an outgroup.

References:
1- Allendorf et al., 1976
2- Allendorf et al., 1977
3- May et al., 1979
4- Taggart et al., 1981
5- Krieg & Guyomard, 1983a
6- Krieg & Guyomard, 1983b
7- Ferguson & Fleming, 1983
8- Allendorf et al., 1984
9- Krieg, 1984
10- Osinov, 1984
11- Taggart & Ferguson, 1984
12- Krieg & Guyomard, 1985
13- Barbat-Leterrier et al., 1989
14- Karakousis & Triantaphyllidis, 1988
15- Garcia-Marin et al., 1991
16- Martinez et al., 1993
17- Jorde, 1994
18- Garcia-Marin & Pla, 1996
19- Garcia-Marin et al., 1999
20- Henry & Ferguson, 1987
21- Hamilton, 1987
22- Giuffra et al., 1996
23- Largiader et al., 1996
24- Sanz et al. (submitted)
25- Machordom et al. 1999
26- Bouza et al, Mol Ecol (in press)
27- Largiadèr & Scholl 1995

 

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