Browse the brown trout reference database (contributions and corrections are welcome)
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  • Caballero, P. and C. G. De Leaniz (1992). Within-river variability in migratory behaviour among brown trout Salmo trutta L. populations in the Umia catchment Northwest Spain. J Fish Biol 41 (B): 184.
  • Cada, G. F., J. M. Loar and M. J. Sale (1987). Evidence of food limitation of rainbow and brown trout in Southern Appalachian soft-water streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 116 (5): 692-702.
  • Campbell, J. (1977). Spawning characteristics of the brown trout and sea trout Salmo trutta L. in the Kirk Burn, River Tweed. Journal of Fish Biology 11: 217-229.
  • Campbell, P. M., T. G. Pottinger and J. P. Sumpter (1994). Changes in the affinity of estrogen and androgen receptors accompany changes in receptor abundance in brown and rainbow trout. General and Comparative Endocrinology 94 (3): 329-340.
  • Campbell, P. M., T. G. Pottinger and J. P. Sumpter (1994). Preliminary evidence that chronic confinement stress reduces the quality of gametes produced by brown and rainbow trout. Aquaculture 120 (1-2): 151-169.
  • Campbell, R. N. (1971). The growth of brown trout Salmo trutta L. in northern Scottish lochs with special reference to the improvement of fisheries. Journal of Fish Biology 3: 1-28.
  • Campbell, R. N. (1990). Ferox trout, Salmo trutta (L.), and charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.), in Scottish lochs. Journal of Fish Biology 13 (6): 1-30.
  • Campbell, R. N. B., P. S. M. Maitland and A. A. Lyle (1986). Brown trout deformities an association with acidification? Ambio 15 (4): 244-245.
  • Campbell, R. N. B. and D. Scott (1984). The determination of minimum discharge for O+ brown trout (Salmo trutta L) using a velocity response. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 18 (1): 1-11.
  • Campos, H. (1985). Distribution of the fishes in the Andean rivers in the south of Chile. Arch Hydrobiol 104 (2): 169-192.
  • Cappon, C. J. (1987). Cadmium and lead in Lake Ontario Canada salmonids. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 38 (4): 695-699.
  • Capra, H., Y. Souchon and M. Pouilly (1993). Multivariate analysis of some environmental factors influencing brown trout distribution. Journal of Fish Biology 43 (SUPPL. A): 330.
  • Capra, H., S. Valentin and P. Breil (1995). Habitat times series and trout population dynamics. Bulletin Francais de la Peche et de la Pisciculture 339: 337-344.
  • Cardwell, J. R., P. W. Sorensen, G. J. Van Der Kraak and N. R. Liley (1996). Effect of dominance status on sex hormone levels in laboratory and wild-spawning male trout. General and Comparative Endocrinology 101 (3): 333-341.
  • Carline, R. F., T. J. Beard and B. A. Hollender (1991). Response of wild brown trout to elimination of stocking and to no- harvest regulations. N Am J Fish Manage 11 (3): 253-266.
  • Carline, R. F., A. J. Benson and H. Rothenbacher (1987). Long-term effects of treated domestic waste-water on brown trout. Water Research 21 (11): 1409-1415.
  • Carragher, J. F., J. P. Sumpter, T. G. Pottinger and A. D. Pickering (1989). The deleterious effects of cortisol implantation on reproductive function in two species of trout Salmo trutta L. and Salmo gairdneri Richardson. Gen Comp Endocrinol 76 (2): 310-321.
  • Carrick, T. R. (1981). Oxygen consumption in the fry of brown trout (Salmo trutta L) related to Ph of the water. Journal of Fish Biology 18 (1): 73-80.
  • Castro, J., J. Arias, S. Rodriguez, L. Sanchez and P. Martinez (1995). Population analysis of a nucleolar organizer region number polymorphism in brown trout (Salmo trutta). Chromosome Research 3 (1): 45-46.
  • Castro, J., S. DeLucchini, I. Nardi, L. Sanchez and P. Martinez (1997). Molecular analysis of a NOR site polymorphism in brown trout (Salmo trutta): organization of rDNA intergenic spacers. Genome 40 (6): 916-922.
  • Castro, J., S. Rodríguez, J. Arias, L. Sánchez and P. Martínez (1994). A population analysis of Robertsonian and Ag-NOR polymorphisms in brown trout (Salmo trutta). Theor. Appl. Genet. 89: 105-111.
  • Castro, J., L. Sanchez and P. Martinez (1996). Repetitive elements in the IGS of brown trout, Salmo trutta. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 74 (3): 229.
  • Castro, J., L. Sanchez and P. Martinez (1998). Analysis of the inheritance of NOR size variants in brown trout (Salmo trutta). Journal of Heredity 89 (3): 264-266.
  • Castro, J., A. Vinas, L. Sanchez and P. Martinez (1996). Characterization of an atypical NOR site polymorphism in brown trout (Salmo trutta) with Ag- and CMA(3)-staining, and fluorescent in situ hybridization. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 75 (4): 234-239.
  • Cawdery, S. A. H. and A. Ferguson (1988). Origins and differentiation of three sympatric species of trout (Salmo trutta L.) in Lough Melvin. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol 35: 267-277.
  • Cazemier, W. (1993). Fish stocks in the river Rhine current situation and prospects for recovery. Levende Nat 94 (2): 54-58.
  • Cazemier, W. G. (1994). Present status of the salmonids Atlantic salmon and sea-trout in the Dutch part of the river Rhine. Water Science and Technology 29 (3): 37-41.
  • Chakraborty, R., M. Haag, N. Ryman and G. Stahl (1982). Hierarchical gene diversity analysis and its application to brown trout population data. Hereditas 97 (1): 17-21.
  • Champigneulle, A. (1996). Lake ranching of salmonids in French pre-alps. Scientific, technic and socioeconomic aspects. Perspectives of expansion. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie d'Agriculture de France 82 (9): 101-112.
  • Champigneulle, A., M. Melhaoui, D. Gerdeaux, R. Rojasbeltran, C. Gillet and J. Guillard (1990). The brown trout (Salmo trutta L) in the River Redon, a small tributary of Lake Leman .1. Characteristics of river dwelling trouts during the years 1983 to 1987 and 1st data on the contribution of stocked prefed fry. Bulletin Francais De La Peche Et De La Pisciculture 319: 181-196.
  • Champigneulle, A., M. Melhaoui, D. Gerdeaux, R. Rojasbeltran, C. Gillet, J. Guillard and J. P. Moille (1990). The brown trout (Salmo trutta L) in the River Redon, a small tributary of Lake Leman .2. Characteristics of lake dwelling trout spawners during the years 1983 to 1988 and 1st data on the contribution of stocked prefed fry. Bulletin Francais De La Peche Et De La Pisciculture 319: 197-212.
  • Champigneulle, A., M. Melhaoui, G. Maisse, J. L. Bagliniere, C. Gillet and D. Gerdeaux (1988). Preliminary study of the brown trout (Salmo trutta L) in the River Redon, a small tributary of Lake Leman. Bulletin Francais De La Peche Et De La Pisciculture 310: 59-76.
  • Chapman, D. W. and T. G. Bjornn (1969). Distribution of salmonids in streams with special reference to food and feeding. Symposium on salmon and trout in streams, Vancouver, University of British Columbia Press. 153-176.
  • Chappaz, R., G. Olivart and G. Brun (1996). Food availability and growth rate in natural populations of the brown trout (Salmo trutta) in Corsican streams. Hydrobiologia 331 (1-3): 63-69.
  • Chaveroche, P. and C. Sabaton (1989). An analysis of brown trout Salmo trutta fario L. habitat the role of qualitative data from expert advice in formulating probability-of-use curves. Regul Rivers Res Manage 3 (1-4): 305-320.
  • Chernitskii, A. G. (1988). Smolts of the Black Sea trout Salmo trutta labrax in the Kodori River Abkhaz SSR Georgian SSR USSR. Vopr Ikhtiol 28 (4): 657-663.
  • Chernitskii, A. G. (1993). Smoltification in Salmo trutta. Doklady Akademii Nauk 333 (6): 818-819.
  • Chernitskii, A. G. (1994). Parr-smolt transformation of Atlantic salmon and brown trout. Uspekhi Sovremennoi Biologii 114 (5): 620-632.
  • Chernitsky, A. G., G. V. Zabruskov, V. V. Ermolaev and D. S. Shkurko (1995). Life history of trout, Salmo trutta L., in the Varsina River Estuary, (The Barents Sea). Nordic Journal of Freshwater Research (71): 183-189.
  • Chevassus, B. and F. Krieg (1992). Effect of the concentration and duration of methyltestosterone treatment on masculinization rate in the brown trout Salmo trutta. Aquat Living Resour 5 (4): 325-328.
  • Chevassus, B., F. Krieg, R. Guyomard, J. M. Blanc and E. Quillet (1992). The genetics of the brown trout: twenty years of French research. Buvisindi Icel. Agr. Sci. 6: 109-124.
  • Chikhachev, A. S. and I. Rekov Yu (1994). Black Sea salmon Salmo trutta labrax in the Azov Sea. Voprosy Ikhtiologii 34 (1): 139-140.
  • Clapp, D. F., R. D. Clark and J. S. Diana (1990). Range, activity, and habitat of large, free-ranging brown trout in a Michigan stream. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 119 (6): 1022-1034.
  • Clark, R. D. J. and R. A. Martin (1988). Computerized system for managing hatchery fish transportation in Michigan USA. N Am J Fish Manage 8 (1): 102-111.
  • Clements, W. H. and D. E. Rees (1997). Effects of heavy metals on prey abundance, feeding habits, and metal uptake of brown trout in the Arkansas River, Colorado. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 126 (5): 774-785.
  • Closs, G. P. and P. S. Lake (1996). Drought, differential mortality and the coexistence of a native and an introduced fish species in a south east Australian intermittent stream. Environmental Biology of Fishes 47 (1): 17-26.
  • Conneely, J. J. and T. K. McCarthy (1988). The metazoan parasites of trout Salmo trutta L. in Western Ireland. Pol Arch Hydrobiol 35 (3-4): 443-460.
  • Cooper, J., J. E. Crafford and T. Hecht (1992). Introduction and extinction of brown trout (Salmo trutta L) in an impoverished Sub-Antarctic atream. Antarctic Science 4 (1): 9-14.
  • Cortes, R. M. V. (1994). Introducing brown trout Salmo trutta L., 1758: Consequences for stocked and native populations. Fishes and their environment; (Special Publications of the Spanish Institute of Oceanography, No. 21. Fishes and their environment). J. Lobon-Cervia, B. Elvira and C. Grando-Lorencio. Madrid, Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentacion.
  • Cortes, R. M. V., A. Teixeira and C. A. Pereira (1996). Is supplemental stocking of brown trout (Salmo trutta) worthwhile in low productive streams? Folia Zoologica 45 (4): 371-381.
  • Coulston, P. J. and O. E. Maughan (1983). Effects of removal of instream debris on trout populations. J Elisha Mitchell Sci Soc 99 (3): 78-85.
  • Courtenay, W. R. J. and P. B. Moyle (1992). Crimes against biodiversity the lasting legacy of fish introductions. Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference - Crossroads of Conservation: 500 Years After Columbus. R. E. McCabe: 365-372.
  • Cowx, I. G. and R. A. Gould (1989). Effects of stream regulation on Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. and brown trout Salmo trutta L. in the Upper Severn Catchment UK. Regul Rivers Res Manage 3 (1-4): 235-246.
  • Craig, J. F. (1982). A note on growth and mortality of trout, Salmo trutta L., in afferent streams of Windermere. Journal of Fish Biology 20: 423-429.
  • Crespo, S., F. Padros, R. Sala and M. J. Marlasca (1988). Gill structure of cultured Salmo trutta fario related to sampling techniques. Dis Aquat Org 4 (3): 219-222.
  • Cresswell, R. C. (1989). Conservation and management of brown trout, Salmo trutta, stocks in Wales by the Welsh water authority. Freshwater Biology 21 (1): 111-123.
  • Crisp, D. T. (1981). A desk study of the relationship between temperature and hatching time for the eggs of five species of salmonid fishes. Freshwater Biology 11: 361-8.
  • Crisp, D. T. (1989). Comparison of the physical properties of real and artificial Salmonid eggs and of their performance when drifting in an experimental stream channel. Hydrobiologia 178 (2): 143-154.
  • Crisp, D. T. (1989). Some impacts of human activities on trout Salmo trutta populations. Freshwater Biol 21 (1): 21-34.
  • Crisp, D. T. (1993). Population densities of juvenile trout (Salmo trutta) in five upland streams and their effects upon growth, survival and dispersal. Journal of Applied Ecology 30 (4): 759-771.
  • Crisp, D. T. (1994). Reproductive investment of female brown trout, Salmo trutta L, in a stream and reservoir system in Northern England. Journal of Fish Biology 44 (2): 343-349.
  • Crisp, D. T. (1996). Environmental requirements of common riverine European salmonid fish species in fresh water with particular reference to physical and chemical aspects. Hydrobiologia 323 (3): 201-221.
  • Crisp, D. T. (1996). Experimental studies on planting artificial stream channels with unfed and six weeks fed salmon (Salmo salar L.) and trout (S. trutta L.) fry- parr. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 5 (2): 68-75.
  • Crisp, D. T. and W. R. C. Beaumont (1995). The trout (Salmo trutta) population of the Afon Cwm, a small tributary of the Afon Dyfi, mid-Wales. Journal of Fish Biology 46 (4): 703-716.
  • Crisp, D. T. and W. R. C. Beaumont (1996). The trout (Salmo trutta L.) populations of the headwaters of the Rivers Severn and Wye, mid-Wales, UK. Science of the Total Environment 177 (1-3): 113-123.
  • Crisp, D. T. and P. A. Carling (1989). Observations on siting dimensions and structure of salmonid redds. Journal of Fish Biology 34 (1): 119-134.
  • Crisp, D. T. and M. A. Hurley (1991). Stream channel experiments on the downstream movement of recently emerged trout Salmo trutta L. and Salmon Salmo salar L. I. Effect of four different water velocity treatments upon dispersal rate. Journal of Fish Biology 39 (3): 347-362.
  • Crisp, D. T., R. H. K. Mann, P. R. Cubby and S. Robson (1990). Effects of impoundment upon trout Salmo trutta in the Basin of Cow Green Reservoir Teesdale England UK. J Appl Ecol 27 (3): 1020-1041.
  • Cristobal, C., L. J. Royo, J. Canon and S. Dunner (1996). Study of genetic variability in brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) populations using mtDNA analysis. Animal Genetics 27 (2): 30.
  • Crivelli, A. J. (1995). Are fish introductions a threat to endemic freshwater fishes in the northern Mediterranean region? Biological Conservation 72 (2): 311-319.
  • Cross, T. F. (1988). Are sea trout just brown trout that have gone to sea? Sea Trout Workshop, Newport, Co. Mayo, Galway, Institute of Fisheries Management, Irish National Branc. 18-19.
  • Cross, T. F., C. P. R. Mills and M. D. Williams (1992). An intensive study of allozyme variation in freshwater resident and anadromous trout Salmo trutta L. in Western Ireland. Journal of Fish Biology 40 (1): 25-32.
  • Cross, T. F. and E. Rogan (1992). The feasibility of developing and utilising gene banks for sea trout (Salmo trutta) conservation. National Rivers Authority Fisheries Technical Report 4: 40.
  • Crozier, W. W. (1984). Electrophoretic identification and comparative-examination of naturally-occurring F-1-hybrids between brown trout (Salmo trutta L) and Atlantic salmon (S. salar L). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B-Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 78 (4): 785-790.
  • Crozier, W. W. (1985). Observations on the food of two sympatric populations of brown trout (Salmo trutta) in Lough Neagh, Northern Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy Section B-Biological Geological and Chemical Science 85 (5): 57-71.
  • Crozier, W. W. and A. Ferguson (1986). Electrophoretic examination of the population structure of brown trout (Salmo trutta) from the Lough Neagh catchment, Northern Ireland. Journal of Fish Biology 28: 459-477.
  • Crozier, W. W. and A. Ferguson (1993). Investigations on the brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) in Lough Neagh. R. B. Wood and R. Smith.
  • Crozier, W. W. and G. J. A. Kennedy (1994). Application of semi-quantitative electrofishing to juvenile salmonid stock surveys. Journal of Fish Biology 45 (1): 159-164.
  • Crozier, W. W. and I. J. J. Moffett (1989). Application of an electrophoretically detectable genetic marker to ploidy testing in brown trout Salmo trutta L. triploidized by heat shock. Aquaculture 80 (3-4): 231-240.
  • Crozier, W. W. and I. J. J. Moffett (1989). Experimental production of triploid brown trout Salmo trutta L. using heat shock. Aquacult Fish Manage 20 (4): 343-354.
  • Cuinat, R., L. He and M (1979). Observations on the downstream movement of brown trout fry (Salmo trutta L.) in the Lissuraga. Bulletin Francais de Pisciculture 274: 2-17.
  • Cunjak, R. A. (1988). Physiological consequences of overwintering in streams the cost of acclimatization. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 45 (3): 443-452.
  • Cunjak, R. A. and G. Power (1986). Winter habitat utilization by stream resident brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) and brown trout (Salmo trutta). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43 (10): 1970-1981.
  • Cunjak, R. A. and G. Power (1987). The feeding and energetics of stream resident trout in winter. Journal of Fish Biology 31 (4): 493-512.

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