Browse the brown trout reference database (contributions and corrections are welcome)
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  • Raadik, T. A. (1992). Distribution of freshwater fishes in East Gippsland Victoria 1967- 1991. R Soc Vic Proc 104: 1-22.
  • Raadik, T. A. (1993). A specimen of Salmo trutta Pisces salmonidae possessing an additional dorsal fin. J Fish Biol 42 (5): 811-812.
  • Rach, J. J., T. M. Schreier, G. E. Howe and S. D. Redman (1997). Effect of species, life stage, and water temperature on the toxicity of hydrogen peroxide to fish. Progressive Fish-Culturist 59 (1): 41-46.
  • Raddum, G. G., A. Fjellheim and H. Saegrov (1989). Removal of brown trout Salmo trutta L changes in population dynamics in a weir basin in Western Norway. Regul Rivers Res Manage 3 (1-4): 225-234.
  • Radi, M. (1995). Observations of the biology of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) in several streams of Siena area. Rivista di Idrobiologia 34 (1-3): 15-30.
  • Rahkonen, R., J. Aalto, P. Koski, J. Sarkka and K. Juntunen (1996). Cestode larvae Diphyllobothrium dendriticum as a cause of heart disease leading to mortality in hatchery-reared sea trout and brown trout. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 25 (1-2): 15-22.
  • Rahkonen, R. and P. Koski (1997). Occurrence of cestode larvae in brown trout after stocking in a large regulated lake in northern Finland. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 31 (1): 55-63.
  • Rahkonen, R. and E. T. Valtonen (1989). The ecology of Crepidostomum species Allocreadiidae digenea in the salmonoids of lake Yli-Kitka in Northeastern Finland. Folia Parisotologica 36 (1): 13-24.
  • Rahkonen, R. and E. T. Valtonen (1997). Infection of brown trout with Diphyllobothrium dendriticum procercoids. International Journal For Parasitology 27 (11): 1315-1318.
  • Rahkonen, R. and E. T. Valtonen (1998). Role of water temperature on the size, migration activity and pathogenicity of Diphyllobothrium dentriticum (Cestoda) plerocercoids in brown trout Salmo trutta m. lacustris (L.). Annales Zoologici Fennici 35 (2): 107-113.
  • Raleigh, R. F. (1971). Innate control of migrations of salmon and trout fry from natal gravels to rearing areas. Ecology 52: 291-97.
  • Raleigh, R. F., L. D. Zuckerman and P. C. Nelson (1986). Habitat suitability index models and instream flow suitability curves: brown trout. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Services Program 82: 10-124.
  • Randall, R. G., R. R. Claytor, E. M. P. Chadwick and E. Mortensen (1989). Comparative production of Salmo salar Atlantic salmon and Salmo trutta brown trout in a small Nova Scotia stream. Proc N S Inst Sci 39 (3): 99-109.
  • Randall, R. G., M. C. Healey and J. B. Dempson (1987). Variability in length of freshwater residence of salmon, trout and char. Common strategies of anadromous and catadromous fishes. M. J. Dodswell and R. J. Klauda. Bethesda, American Fisheries Society: 27-41.
  • Rasmussen, G. (1986). Influence of trout farm discharge on the production of two populations of stream dwelling brown trout Salmo trutta L. and rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri rich. Pol Arch Hydrobiol 33 (3-4): 433-454.
  • Rasmussen, G. (1986). The population dynamics of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) in relation to year-class size. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii 33: 489-508.
  • Reader, J. P., T. R. K. Dalziel, R. Morris, M. D. L. Sayer and C. H. Dempsey (1991). Episodic exposure to acid and aluminum in soft water survival and recovery of brown trout Salmo trutta L. J Fish Biol 39 (2): 181-196.
  • Redman, S. D., J. R. Meinertz and M. P. Gaikowski (1998). Effects of immobilization by electricity and MS-222 on brown trout broodstock and their progeny. Progressive Fish-Culturist 60 (1): 44-49.
  • Rehulka, J. (1996). Investigation of the Javornicky Brook with respect to fishing management and environment conservation. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Biologica 40 (1-2): 177-192.
  • Reyes-Gavilan, F. G., R. Garrido, A. G. Nicieza, M. Mar Toledo and F. Brana (1995). Variability in growth, density and age structure of brown trout populations under contrasting environmental and managerial conditions. The ecological basis for river management; International Conference. D. Harper and Ferguson. New York, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.: 389-403.
  • Reyes-Gavilan, F. G., A. F. Ojanguren and F. Brana (1997). The ontogenetic development of body segments and sexual dimorphism in brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Canadian Journal of Zoology 75 (4): 651-655.
  • Richard, A. and J. L. Bagliniere (1990). Description and interpretation of sea trout Salmo trutta L. scales from two rivers in lower Normandy the rivers Orne and Touques France. Bull Fr Peche Piscic 319: 239-257.
  • Ricker, W. E. (1975). Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 191: 1-382.
  • Riegler, K. and J. C. Pedroli (1988). The natural reproduction of Salmo trutta fario L. in Haute-Areuse Canton of Neuchatel Switzerland. Bull Soc Neuchatel Sci Nat 111: 71-82.
  • Riera, M., M. T. Prats, L. Palacios, J. Pesquero and J. Planas (1993). Seasonal adaptations in oxygen transport in brown trout Salmo trutta fario. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A Comparative Physiology 106 (4): 695-700.
  • Riffel, M., V. Storch and A. Schreiber (1995). Allozyme variablility of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) populations across the Rhenian-Danubian watershed in southwest Germany. Heredity 74: 241-249.
  • Rimstad, E. (1986). Mortality in trout following infection by Glochidia. Nor Veterinaertidsskr 98 (11): 1987).
  • Rincon, P. A. and J. Lobon-Cervia (1993). Microhabitat use by stream-resident brown trout bioenergetic consequences. Trans Am Fish Soc 122 (4): 575-587.
  • Ringler, N. H. (1985). Individual and temporal variation in prey switching by brown trout, Salmo trutta. Copeia 4: 918-926.
  • Ringler, N. H. and D. F. Brodowski (1983). Functional-responses of brown trout (Salmo trutta L) to invertebrate drift. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 2 (1): 45-57.
  • Rinne, J. N. and J. Janisch (1995). Coldwater fish stocking and native fishes in Arizona: Past, present, and future. American Fisheries Society Symposium. H. Schramm, Jr and Piper. Bethesda, American Fisheries Society: 397-406.
  • Rintamaki-Kinnunen, P. and E. T. Valtonen (1996). Finnish salmon resistant to Gyrodactylus salaris: A long-term study at fish farms. International Journal for Parasitology 26 (7): 723-732.
  • Roberts, B. C. and R. G. White (1992). Effects of angler wading on survival of trout eggs and pre-emergent fry. N Am J Fish Manage 12 (3): 450-459.
  • Roberts, R. J. (1993). Ulcerative dermal necrosis Udn in wild salmonids. Symposium On the Pathological Conditions of Wild Salmonids, Aberdeen, Scotland, Uk, May 1992. Fish RES (AMST) 17 (1-2): 3-14.
  • Robinson, B. H., R. R. Brooks, H. A. Outred and J. H. Kirkman (1995). Mercury and arsenic in trout from the Taupo Volcanic Zone and Waikato River, North Island, New Zealand. Chemical Speciation and Bioavailability 7 (1): 27-32.
  • Rocha, A. J. and D. H. Mills (1984). Utilization of fish pellets and wood fragments by brown trout (Salmo trutta L) in Cobbinshaw reservoir, West Lothian, Scotland. Fisheries Management 15 (3): 141-142.
  • Roche, B. and J. Mattei (1997). The animal species introduced into the Corsican freshwaters. Bulletin Francais de la Peche et de la Pisciculture 344-345: 233-239.
  • Roche, J. and B. Frochot (1993). Ornithological contribution to river zonation. Acta Oecologica 14 (3): 415-434.
  • Roche, P. (1992). Characterization of sea trout among catches of large trout Salmo trutta L. from the Rhine. Bull Fr Peche Piscic 324: 36-44.
  • Rodger, H. D., T. Turnbull, C. Edwards and G. A. Codd (1994). Cyanobacterial (blue-green algal) bloom associated pathology in brown trout, Salmo trutta L., in Loch Leven, Scotland. Journal of Fish Diseases 17 (2): 177-181.
  • Rodriguez, L. A., C. S. Gallardo, F. Acosta, T. P. Nieto, B. Acosta and F. Real (1998). Hafnia alvei as an opportunistic pathogen causing mortality in brown trout, Salmo trutta L. Journal of Fish Diseases 21 (5): 365-370.
  • Rofes, G., F. Trocherie, O. Garat, M. Vallon and H. Cardinal (1991). Characterization of dam sediments for ecotoxicological hazard assessment bound to draining. Rev Sci Eau 4 (1): 65-82.
  • Rokicki, J., L. Rolbiecki and M. Ligaszewski (1998). Parasitofauna and the health status of salmonid fish in Tatra mountains. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 54 (5): 318-320.
  • Rossel, D., P. Honsberger and J. Tarradellas (1987). Bioaccumulative behavior of some PCB congeners in lake Geneva brown trout (Salmo trutta lacustris L). International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 31 (2-4): 219-233.
  • Rosseland, B. O. (1986). Ecological effects of acidification on tertiary consumers fish population responses. Water Air Soil Pollut 30 (1-2): 451-460.
  • Rosseland, B. O. (1994). Have brown trout and Atlantic salmon adaptations to acid waters? Fauna (Oslo) 47 (1): 42-47.
  • Rosseland, B. O., I. A. Blakar, A. Bulger, F. Kroglund, A. Kvellstad, E. Lydersen, D. H. Oughton, B. Salbu, M. Staurnes and R. Vogt (1992). The mixing zone between limed and acidic river waters complex aluminium chemistry and extreme toxicity for salmonids. Environ Pollut 78 (1-3): 3-8.
  • Rosseland, B. O. and A. Hindar (1988). Liming of lakes, rivers and catchments in Norway. Water Air Soil Pollut 41 (1-4): 165-188.
  • Rosseland, B. O. and O. K. Skogheim (1984). A comparative study on salmonid fish species in acid aluminum-rich water 2. Physiological stress and mortality of 1-year-old and 2-year-old Fish. Inst Freshwater Res Drottningholm Rep 61: xx-xx.
  • Rosseland, B. O. and O. K. Skogheim (1987). Differences in sensitivity to acidic soft-water among strains of brown trout (Salmo trutta L). Annales De La Societe Royale Zoologique De Belgique 117 (S1): 255-264.
  • Rosseland, B. O., O. K. Skogheim, F. Kroglund and E. Hoell (1986). Mortality and physiological stress of year-classes of landlocked and migratory Atlantic salmon, brown trout and brook trout in acidic aluminum-rich soft-water. Water Air and Soil Pollution 30 (3-4): 751-756.
  • Rossi, R., A. Carrieri and M. G. Rizzo (1993). Fish fauna in the Suviana and Brasimone Lakes artificial basins in the Tuscan-Emilian Apennine mountain range. Riv Idrobiol 30 (1): 157-177.
  • Rounds, R. C., C. L. Glenn and A. O. Bush (1992). Consumer acceptance of brown trout (Salmo trutta) as an alternative species to rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Journal of Food Science 57 (3): 572-574.
  • Roussel, J. M. and A. Bardonnet (1995). Diel activity and use of a riffle-pool unit by one-year-old brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Bulletin Francais de la Peche et de la Pisciculture 338: 221-230.
  • Roussel, J. M. and A. Bardonnet (1997). Diel and seasonal patterns of habitat use by fish in a natural salmonid brook: An approach to the functional role of the riffle-pool sequence. Bulletin Francais de la Peche et de la Pisciculture 346: 573-588.
  • Royo, L. J., C. Cristobal, J. Canon and S. Dunner (1996). Analysis of genetic variation of brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) populations using RAPD markers in pools of DNA. Animal Genetics 27 (2): 30-31.
  • Rubin, J. F. (1994). Survival and development of sea trout, Salmo trutta (L.), eggs in Baltic Sea saltwater. Fisheries Research (Amsterdam) 20 (1): 1-12.
  • Rubin, J. F. (1998). Survival and emergence pattern of sea trout fry in substrata of different compositions. Journal of Fish Biology 53 (1): 84-92.
  • Rubin, J. F. and C. Glimsater (1996). Egg-to-fry survival of the sea trout in some streams of Gotland. Journal of Fish Biology 48 (4): 585-606.
  • Rubin, J. F. and M. Svensson (1993). Predation by the noble crayfish, Astacus astacus (L.), on emerging fry of sea trout, Salmo trutta (L.). Nordic Journal of Freshwater Research 68: 100-104.
  • Ruhle, C. Decline and conservation of migrating brown trout (Salmo trutta f. lacustris L.) of Lake Constance. Advances in Life Sciences: Conservation of endangered freshwater fish in Europe.  A. Kirchhofer and D. Heft (eds). Birkhaeuser Verlag: Basel. 203-211.
  • Ruhle, C. (1990). Decline and restoration of the population of migrating lake trout Salmo trutta lacustris L. of lake Constance. Bull Fr Peche Piscic 319: 167-172.
  • Ruhle, C. and C. Grieder (1989). New method for the marking of trout Salmo trutta fario and Oncorhynchus mykiss eggs by osmotic incorporation of tetracycline at fertilization. Bull Fr Peche Piscic 315: 181-188.
  • Ruiz, R. V. H. (1996). The Rio Laja ichthyofauna (VIII Region, Chile): A preliminary evaluation. Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepcion 67: 15-21.
  • Rukhkyan, R. G. (1987). Variability of the karyotype of Alabalakh trout Salmo trutta M. fario. Biol Zh Arm 40 (10): 819-823.
  • Rundle, S. D. and A. G. Hildrew (1992). Small fish and small prey in the food webs of some Southern English Streams. Arch Hydrobiol 125 (1): 25-35.
  • Ryabov, I. N. and I. I. Kryshev (1990). Evaluating the Level of Fluctuating Asymmetry and Irradiation Doses For Fish in a Marine Cooling Reservoir of a Nuclear Power Plant. Vopr Ikhtiol 30 (3): 519-522.
  • Ryman, N. (1981). Conservation of genetic resources: experiences from the brown trout (Salmo trutta). Fish gene pools. Ecological Bulletins 34. N. Ryman. Stockholm, Editorial Service, FRN: 61-74.
  • Ryman, N. (1983). Patterns of distribution of biochemical genetic variation in salmonids: differences between species. Aquaculture 33: 1-21.
  • Ryman, N. (1991). Conservation genetics considerations in fishery management. Journal of Fish Biology 39 (A): 211-224.
  • Ryman, N., F. W. Allendorf and G. Ståhl (1979). Reproductive isolation with little genetic divergence in sympatric populations of brown trout (Salmo trutta). Genetics 92: 247-262.
  • Ryman, N. and G. Ståhl (1980). Genetic changes in hatchery stocks of brown trout (Salmo trutta). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 37: 82-87.
  • Ryman, N. and G. Ståhl (1981). Genetic perspectives of the identification and conservation of Scandinavian stocks of fish. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 38: 1562-1575.
  • Ryman, N., G. Ståhl and R. Öhman (1977). Öring, ärftlighet, fiskevård. Svenskt Fiske 7/8: 8-10.
  • Ryman, N., F. Utter and K. Hindar (1995). Introgression, supportive breeding, and genetic conservation. In Population Management for Survival and Recovery: Analytical Methods and Strategies in Small Population Conservation. J. D. Ballou, M. Gilpin and F. T. J. New York, Columbia University Press: 341-365.

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