Browse the brown trout reference database (contributions and corrections are welcome)
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  • Sadler, K. and S. Lynam (1987). Some effects on the growth of brown trout from exposure to aluminum at different pH levels. J Fish Biol 31 (2): 209-220.
  • Sadler, K. and S. Lynam (1988). The influence of calcium on aluminum-induced changes in the growth rate and mortality of brown trout Salmo trutta L. J Fish Biol 33 (2): 171-180.
  • Sadler, K. and A. W. H. Turnpenny (1986). Field and laboratory studies of exposures of brown trout to acid waters. Water Air Soil Pollut 30 (3-4): 593-600.
  • Saegrov, H., K. Hindar, S. Kalas and H. Lura (1997). Escaped farmed Atlantic salmon replace the original salmon stock in the River Vosso, western Norway. ICES Journal of Marine Science 54 (6): 1166-1172.
  • Sagar, P. M. and G. J. Glova (1995). Prey availability and diet of juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta) in relation to riparian willows (Salix spp.) in three New Zealand streams. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 29 (4): 527-537.
  • Saksgard, L. M., T. G. Heggberget, A. J. Jensen and N. A. Hvidsten (1992). Hydropower development of the river Alta effects on the salmon population. Nina 34: 1-98.
  • Saksgard, R. and T. Hesthagen (1995). Differences in response to liming a lake-dwelling fish community. Water Air and Soil Pollution 85 (2): 973-978.
  • Salmanov, A. V. and E. A. Dorofeeva (1990). Current data on the Amu-Dar trout Salmo trutta oxianus its ecomorphological characteristics systematic status and biology. Vopr Ikhtiol 30 (5): 817-824.
  • Salmanov, A. V. and E. A. Dorofeeva (1990). Morphoecological features of the Amu-Darya trout Salmo trutta oxianus in light of recent data I. Osteological features. Vopr Ikhtiol 30 (3): 368-377.
  • Saltveit, S. J. (1990). Effect of decreased temperature on growth and smoltification of juvenile Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and brown trout Salmo trutta in a Norwegian regulated river. Regul Rivers Res Manage 5 (4): 295-304.
  • Saltveit, S. J. (1993). Abundance of juvenile Atlantic salmon and brown trout in relation to stocking and natural reproduction in the river laerdalselva, western Norway. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 13 (2): 277-283.
  • Saltveit, S. J. and A. Brabrand (1989). Intensive whitefish exploitation effects on population structure of whitefish Coregonus lavaretus L. and brown trout Salmo trutta L. in a mountain reservoir. Fauna Norv Ser A 10: 19-24.
  • Saltveit, S. J., T. Bremnes and O. R. Lindas (1995). Effect of sudden increase in discharge in a large river on newly emerged Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta) fry. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 4 (4): 168-174.
  • Sambrook, H. (1983). Homing of sea trout in the River Fowey catchment, Cornwall. Proceedings of the 3rd British Freshwater Fish Conference. Liverpool, University of Liverpool: 30-40.
  • Sanchez, J., N. Marino, M. C. Vaquero, J. Ansorena and I. Legorburu (1998). Metal pollution by old lead-zinc mines in Urumea river valley (Basque Country, Spain): Soil, biota and sediment. Water Air and Soil Pollution 107 (1-4): 303-319.
  • Sanchez, J., M. C. Vaquero and I. Legorburu (1994). Metal pollution from old lead-zinc mine works: Biota and sediment from Oiartzun Valley. Environmental Technology 15 (11): 1069-1076.
  • Sanchez, L., P. Martinez, C. Bouza and A. Vinas (1991). Chromosomal heterochromatin differentiation in Salmo trutta with restriction enzymes. Heredity 66 (2): 241-250.
  • Sánchez, L., P. Martínez, C. Bouza and A. Viñas (1991). Chromosomal heterochromatin differentiation in Salmo trutta with restriction enzymes. Heredity 66: 241-249.
  • Sanchez, L., P. Martinez, A. Vinas and C. Bouza (1990). Analysis of the structure and variability of nucleolar organizer regions of Salmo trutta by C-banding silver banding and restriction endonuclease banding. Cytogenet Cell Genet 54 (1-2): 6-9.
  • Sánchez, L., P. Martínez, A. Viñas and C. Bouza (1990). Analysis of the structure and variability of nucleolar organizer regions of Salmo trutta by C-, Ag and restriction endonuclease banding. Cytogenet Cell Genet 54: 6-9.
  • SanchezGalan, S., A. R. Linde, J. I. Izquierdo and E. GarciaVazquez (1998). Micronuclei and fluctuating asymmetry in brown trout (Salmo trutta): complementary methods to biomonitor freshwater ecosystems. Mutation Research-Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis 412 (3): 219-225.
  • Sandlund, O. T., G. Kjellberg and G. Norheim (1987). Mercury in fish and invertebrates in Lake Mjosa Norway. Fauna (Oslo) 40 (1): 10-15.
  • Sanford, C. P. J. (1990). The phylogenetic relationships of salmonoid fishes. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Zool) 56: 145-153.
  • Santamarina, J. (1993). Feeding ecology of a vertebrate assemblage inhabiting a stream of Nw Spain Riobo Ulla Basin. Hydrobiologia 252 (2): 175-191.
  • Sayer, M. D. J. (1991). Survival and subsequent development of brown trout, Salmo trutta L, subjected to episodic exposures of acid, aluminum and copper in soft- water during embryonic and larval stages. Journal of Fish Biology 38 (6): 969-972.
  • Scarnecchia, D. L. and E. P. Bergersen (1987). Trout production and standing crop in Colorado's small streams, as related to environmental features. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 7: 315-330.
  • Scheerer, P. D., G. H. Thorgaard and J. E. Seeb (1987). Performance and developmental stability of triploid tiger trout, brown trout female X brook trout male. Trans Am Fish Soc 116 (1): 92-97.
  • Schei, T. A. and B. Jonsson (1989). Habitat use of lake-feeding, allopatric brown trout in Lake Oppheimsvatnet, Norway. Proceedings of' the Salmonid Migration and Distribution Symposium. E. Brannon and B. Jonsson. Seattle, University of Washington.
  • Schofield, K., C. R. Townsend and A. G. Hildrew (1988). Predation and the prey community of a headwater stream. Freshwater Biol 20 (1): 85-96.
  • Schram, T. A., J. A. Knutsen, P. A. Heuch and T. A. Mo (1998). Seasonal occurrence of Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus elongatus (Copepoda: Caligidae) on sea trout (Salmo trutta), off southern Norway. ICES Journal of Marine Science 55 (2): 163-175.
  • Schulz, U. and R. Berg (1992). Movements of ultrasonically tagged brown trout (Salmo trutta L) in lake Constance. Journal of Fish Biology 40 (6): 909-917.
  • Scrudato, R. J. and W. H. McDowell (1989). Upstream transport by mirex by migrating salmonids. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 46 (9): 1484-1488.
  • Segner, H., R. Marthaler and M. Linnenbach (1988). Growth aluminum uptake and mucous cell morphometrics of early life stages of brown trout Salmo trutta in low pH water. Environ Biol Fishes 21 (2): 153-159.
  • Sehgal, K. L., K. Kumar and S. Sunder (1984). Food preferences of brown trout, Salmo trutta fario (Linnaeus) in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 54 (7): 675-682.
  • Seidelin, M. and S. S. Madsen (1997). Prolactin antagonizes the seawater-adaptive effect of cortisol and growth hormone in anadromous brown trout (Salmo trutta). Zoological Science (Tokyo) 14 (2): 249-256.
  • Semenova, S. K. and V. I. Slyn'Ko (1988). Polymorphism of proteins in populations of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. brown trout Salmo trutta L. and their hybrids. Genetika 24 (3): 548-555.
  • Sevaldrud, I. H. and O. K. Skogheim (1986). Changes in fish populations in southernmost Norway during the last decade. Water Air Soil Pollut 30 (1-2): 381-386.
  • Sharples, A. D. and C. W. Evans (1998). Impact of pulp and paper mill effluent on water quality and fauna in a New Zealand hydro-electric lake. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 32 (1): 31-53.
  • Shchurov, I. L. and A. Shustov Yu (1989). Comparative study of the physical abilities of young Atlantic salmon and Brown trout in rivers. Vopr Ikhtiol 29 (2): 340-342.
  • Shearer, W. M. (1987). North Esk sea trout. The sea trout in Scotland. M. J. Picken and W. M. Shearer, Dunstaffinage Marine Research Laboratory: Scottish Marine Biological Association & Department of Agriculture and Fisheries in Scotland: 47-52.
  • Shirvell, C. S. (1981). Validity of fin-ray aging for brown trout. Journal of Fish Biology 18 (4): 377-383.
  • Shirvell, C. S. and R. G. Dungey (1983). Microhabitats chosen by brown trout for feeding and spawning in rivers. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 112 (3): 355-367.
  • Shuler, S. W. and R. B. Nehring (1993). Using the physical habitat simulation model to evaluate a Stream Habitat Enhancement Project. Rivers 4 (3): 175-193.
  • Shuler, S. W., R. B. Nehring and K. D. Fausch (1994). Diel habitat selection by brown trout in the Rio Grande River, Colorado, after placement of boulder structures. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14 (1): 99-111.
  • Simmons, K. R., P. G. Cieslewicz and K. Zajicek (1996). Limestone treatment of Whetstone Brook, Massachusetts .2. Changes in the brown trout (Salmo trutta) and brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) fishery. Restoration Ecology 4 (3): 273-283.
  • Skaala, Ø. (1984). Genetic identification of local stock of trout. Fauna (Oslo) 37 (4).
  • Skaala, Ø. (1992). Genetic population structure of Norwegian brown trout. J Fish Biol 41 (4): 631-646.
  • Skaala, Ø., G. Dahle, K. E. Jørstad and G. Naevdal (1990). Interactions between natural and farmed fish populations information from Genetic markers. Aquaculture 85 (1-4): 325.
  • Skaala, Ø. and K. E. Jørstad (1987). Fine-spotted brown trout (Salmo trutta L.): its phenotypic description and biochemical genetic variation. Canadian Journal of' Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 44: 1775-1779.
  • Skaala, Ø. and K. E. Jørstad (1988). Inheritance of the fine spotted pigmentation pattern of brown trout, (Salmo trutta L.). Polskie Archiwum hydrobiologii 35: 296-304.
  • Skaala, Ø., K. E. Jørstad and R. Borgstrøm (1991). Fine-spotted brown trout genetic aspects and the need for conservation. Journal of  Fish Biology 39 (A): 123-130.
  • Skaala, Ø. and G. Naevdal (1989). Genetic differentiation between freshwater residnet and anadromous brown trout, Salmo trutta, within watercourse. Journal of Fish Biology 41: 631-646.
  • Skaala, Ø. and G. Solberg (1998). Biochemical genetic variability and taxonomy of a marmorated salmonid in River Otra, Norway. Nordic Journal of Freshwater Research 73: 3-12.
  • Skaala, Ø. J. K. E. and R. Borgstrøm (1996). Genetic impact on two wild brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) populations after release of non-indigenous hatchery spawners. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53: 2027-2035.
  • Skilbrei, O. T. (1991). Importance of threshold length and photoperiod for the development of bimodal length-frequency distribution in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48: 2163-2172.
  • Skogheim, O. K. and B. O. Rosseland (1984). A comparative study on salmonid fish species in acid aluminum-rich water 1. Mortality of eggs and alevins. Inst Freshwater Res Drottningholm Rep 61: xx-xx
  • Skrochowska, S. (1969). Migrations of sea-trout (Salmo trutta L.), brown trout (Salmo trutta M. fario L.) and their crosses. Part I: Problem, methods and results of tagging. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii 16: 115-140.
  • Skurdal, J. and R. Andersen (1985). Influence of temperature on number of circuli of first year scales of brown trout, Salmo trutta L. Journal of Fish Biology 26 (3): 363-366.
  • Skurdal, J., O. Hegge and T. Hesthagen (1989). Exploitation rate survival and movements of brown trout Salmo trutta L. stocked at takable size in the regulated rivers Lagen and Otta Southern Norway. Regul Rivers Res Manage 3 (1-4): 247-254.
  • Slatkin, M. (1993). Isolation by distance in equilibrium and non-equilibrium populations. Evolution 47: 264-279.
  • Small, I. and D. Y. Downham (1985). The interpretation of anglers records trout and sea trout Salmo trutta and salmon Salmo salar. Aquacult Fish Manage 16 (2): 151-170.
  • Smith, R. L. and C. Horton (1998). Fish predation on giant water bug (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae) eggs in an Arizona stream. Great Basin Naturalist 58 (3): 292-293.
  • Smith, R. R., G. L. Rumsey and M. L. Scott (1978). Heat increment associated with dietary protein, fat, carbohydrate and complete diets in salmonids: comparative energetic efficiency. Journal of Nutrition 108: 1025-1032.
  • Smith, R. R., G. L. Rumsey and M. L. Scott (1978). Net energy maintenance requirements of salmonids as measured by direct calorimetry: effect of body size and environmental temperature. Journal of Nutrition 108: 1017-24.
  • Snoj, N., V. Jencic, J. Brglez and M. Vidmar (1986). Cystidiculosis of two-year-old brown trout in nursery streams. Zb Bioteh Fak Univ Edvarda Kardelja Ljublj Vet 23 (2).
  • Soivio, A., L. Forsman, A. Kauttu, J. Kauttu and M. Muona (1991). Trawling stress of brown trout. Finn Fish Res 12: 135-142.
  • Soivio, A., M. Muona and E. Virtanen (1989). Smolting of two populations of Salmo trutta. Third Salmonid Smoltification Workshop, Trondheim, Norway, June 27- July 1, 1988. Aquaculture 82 (1-4): 147-154.
  • Solomon, D. J. (1978). Migration of smolts of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and sea trout (Salmo trutta L.) in a chalkstream. Environmental Biology of Fishes 3: 223-229.
  • Solomon, D. J. (1982). Migration and dispersion of juvenile brown and sea trout. Proceedings of the salmon and trout migratory behaviour symposium, School of Fisheries, University of Seattle. 136-145.
  • Solomon, D. J. and D. Paterson (1980). Influence of natural and regulated streamflow on survival of brown trout (Salmo trutta L) in a chalkstream. Environmental Biology of Fishes 5 (4): 379-382.
  • Solomon, D. J. and R. G. Templeton (1976). Movements of brown trout, Salmo trutta in a chalk stream. Journal of Fish Biology 9: 411-423.
  • Sorensen, P. W., J. R. Cardwell, T. Essington and D. E. Weigel (1995). Reproductive interactions between sympatric brook and brown trout in a small Minnesota stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52 (9): 1958-1965.
  • Soric, V. (1990). Salmonids in the Chrid-Drim-Skadar system. Acta Soc Zool Bohemoslov 54 (4): 305-319.
  • Sosiak, A. J. (1982). Buoyancy comparisons between juvenile Atlantic salmon and brown trout of wild and hatchery origin. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 111 (3): 307-311.
  • Souchon, Y. (1994). Development of fish habitat modelization in French streams in recent years. Bulletin Francais de la Peche et de la Pisciculture 332: 57-71.
  • Sousa, J. A., J. L. Romalde, A. Ledo, J. C. Eiras, J. L. Barja and A. E. Toranzo (1996). Health status of two salmonid aquaculture facilities in North Portugal: Characterization of the bacterial and viral pathogens causing notifiable diseases. Journal of Fish Diseases 19 (1): 83-89.
  • Spah, H. (1992). Fish fauna in some Maar lakes. Ergeb Limnol 38: 263-272.
  • Spah, H. and W. Beisenherz (1986). Fish fauna of the Upper Hunte West Germany. Inf Naturschutz Landschaftspflege Nordwestdeutschl 4: 11-24.
  • Spigarelli, S. A., M. M. Thommes and W. Prepejchal (1982). Feeding, growth, and fat deposition by brown trout in constant and fluctuating temperatures. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 111 (2): 199-209.
  • Spigarelli, S. A., M. M. Thommes, W. Prepejchal and R. M. Goldstein (1983). Selected temperatures and thermal experience of brown trout, Salmo trutta, in a steep thermal-gradient in nature. Environmental Biology of Fishes 8 (2): 137-149.
  • Ståhl, G. and U. Gyllensten (1980). Tillsammans men åtskilda: Om genetisk variation i naturen. Forskning och Framsteg 5: 1-6.
  • Ståhl, G. and N. Ryman (1982). Simple Mendelian inheritance at a locus coding for alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase in brown trout (Salmo trutta). Hereditas 96: 313-315.
  • Stalnaker, C. B., K. D. Bovee and T. J. Waddle (1996). Importance of the temporal aspects of habitat hydraulics to fish population studies. Regulated Rivers Research & Management 12 (2-3): 145-153.
  • Stansley, W. and G. Cooper (1990). An acidic snowmelt event in a New Jersey USA stream evidence of effects on an indigenous trout population. Water Air Soil Pollut 53 (3-4): 227-238.
  • Starmach, J. (1983). Stream ecosystems in mountain grassland West Carpathians Poland 11. Fish. Acta Hydrobiol 24 (4): 1984).
  • Steer, M. and S. J. Smith (1989). Meeting on Irish rivers biology and management Royal Irish Academy Dublin Ireland February 23-24 1989. Ir Nat J 23 (4): 161-165.
  • Steffens, W. and E. Kubatsch (1988). European trout. Z Binnenfisch Ddr 35 (3): 96-100.
  • Stephen, A. B. and B. J. McAndrew (1990). Distribution of genetic variation in brown trout, Salmo trutta, L., in Scotland. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 21: 47-66.
  • Stewart, D. J. and M. Ibarra (1991). Predation and production by salmonine fishes in Lake Michigan Usa 1978-88. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 48 (5): 909-922.
  • Stonceypher, R. W., Jr., W. A. Hubert and W. A. Gern (1994). Effect of reduced incubation temperatures on survival of trout embryos. Progressive Fish-Culturist 56 (3): 180-184.
  • Stoneman, C. L. (1996). Habitat suitability assessment models for Southern Ontario trout streams. Model development and evaluation. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2345 (I-VI): 1-45.
  • Strange, C. D., M. W. Aprahamian and A. J. Winstone (1989). Assessment of a semi-quantitative electric fishing sampling technique for juvenile Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. and trout Salmo trutta L. in small streams. Aquacult Fish Manage 20 (4): 485-492.
  • Strange, C. D. and G. J. A. Kennedy (1982). Evaluation of fluorescent pigment marking of brown trout (Salmo trutta L) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L). Fisheries Management 13 (3): 89-95.
  • Stuart, S. and R. Morris (1985). The effects of season and exposure to reduced pH (abrupt and gradual) on some physiological parameters in brown trout (Salmo trutta). Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie 63 (5): 1078-1083.
  • Stuart, T. A. (1953). Spawning migration, reproduction and young stages of loch trout (Salmo trutta L.). Freshwater Salmon Fisheries Research 5: 1-39.
  • Stuart, T. A. (1954). Spawning sites of trout. Nature 173: 354.
  • Stubblefield, W. A., S. E. Brinkman, P. H. Davies and T. D. Garrison (1997). Effects of water hardness on the toxicity of manganese to developing brown trout (Salmo trutta). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 16 (10): 2082-2089.
  • Stuber, R. J., C. Sealing and E. P. Bergersen (1985). Rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri returns from fingerling plantings in Dillon reservoir Colorado USA 1975-1979. N Am J Fish Manage 5 (3B): 471-474.
  • Suarez, J. L., L. Reiriz and R. Anadon (1988). Feeding relationships between two salmonid species and the benthic community. Pol Arch Hydrobiol 35 (3-4): 341-360.
  • Sundbaum, K. and I. Naslund (1998). Effects of woody debris on the growth and behaviour of brown trout in experimental stream channels. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie 76 (1): 56-61.
  • Sundell, K., C. Dellefors and B. T. Bjornsson (1998). Wild and hatchery-reared brown trout, Salmo trutta, differ in smolt related characteristics during parr-smolt transformation. Aquaculture 167 (1-2): 53-65.
  • Susnik, S., A. Snoj, J. Pohar and P. Dovc (1997). The microsatellite marker (BFRO 002) characteristic for different geographically remote brown trout, Salmo trutta L., populations. Animal Genetics 28 (5): 372.
  • Svalastog, D. (1991). A note on maximum age of brown trout, Salmo trutta L. Journal of Fish Biology 38 (6): 967-968.
  • Svardson, G. and A. Fagerstroem (1982). Adaptive differences in the long-distance migration of some trout (Salmo trutta L.) stocks. Drottingholm, Report of the institute of Freshwater Research. 60: 51-80.
  • Swales, S. (1986). Population dynamics, production and angling catch of brown trout, Salmo trutta, in a mature upland reservoir in Mid-Wales. Environmental Biology of Fishes 16 (4): 279-293.
  • Swales, S. and J. D. Fish (1986). Angling catch returns as indicators of the status of upland trout lakes. Aquacult Fish Manage 17 (1): 75-94.

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