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WOMEN TDs FIRST ELECTED 1918-69

1) Countess Markievicz

9) Kathleen Lynn

17) Celia Lynch

2) Kathleen Clarke

10) Mary Reynolds

18) Maureen O'Carroll

3) Ada English

11) Helena Concannon

19) Bridget Hogan-O'Higgins

4) Mary MacSwiney

12) Margaret Mary Pearse

20) Sheila Galvin

5) Kathleen O'Callaghan

13) Bridget Redmond

21) Joan Burke

6) Margaret Pearse

14) Bridget Rice

22) Eileen Desmond

7) Caitlín Brugha

15) Mary Ryan

 

8) Margaret Collins-O'Driscoll

16) Honor Crowley

 

Countess Markievicz (Constance Markievicz)

Date of Birth

4 February 1868 (née Gore-Booth)

Family

Married 1900, one daughter

Education

Slade School, London; Paris

Early career

unknown

Early political experience

Irish revolutionary

Years in parliament

House of Commons 1918-1922 (ret.); Dáil Éireann 1918-1922 (def.), 1923-27 (obit.)

Party

Sinn Féin, Fianna Fáil (1926-)

Constituency

Dublin St Patrick’s; Dublin South (1921-)

Offices held

Minister for Labour in first Irish Government (1919-22)

Other public offices

President, Cumann na mBan (women's IRA), 1914, honourary president Irish women workers' union (1917).

Honours or titles

Constance Markievicz

Further reading

Anne Marecco, The Rebel Countess: The Life and Times of Constance Markievicz (1967); Diana Norman, Terrible Beauty: A Life of Constance Markievicz. (1987); Seán O'Faoláin, Constance Markievicz (1934).

Death

15 July 1927

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Kathleen Clarke

Date of Birth

1878

Family

married Thomas Clarke (signatory of 1916 proclamation), three sons

Early career

businesswoman, dressmaker

Early political experience & other campaigns

Sinn Féin executive (1917-26); contested Mid Dublin (1928), Dublin North East (1948)

Years in Oireachtas

il: 1921-22 (def.), 1927 (def.); Seanad: 1928-36

Party

Sinn Féin, Fianna Fáil (1926-)

Constituency

Mid Dublin

Other public offices

Dublin Corporation (1920-24, 1930-45), first woman Lord Mayor of Dublin (1939-40); judge

Death

1972

Further reading

Medb Ruane, Ten Dublin Women (1991)

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Ada English

Date of Birth

1878

Family

unmarried

Education

Royal University of Ireland

Early career

medical doctor

Early political experience

Cumann na mBan

Years in il

1921-22 (def.)

Party

Sinn Féin

Constituency

National University of Ireland

Death

1944

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Mary MacSwiney

Date of Birth

27 March 1872

Family

unmarried, sister of TD

Education

Queen's College, Cork; Cambridge

Early career

schoolteacher

Early political experience

suffrage movement, Cumann na mBan

Years in il

1921-27 (def.)

Party

Sinn Féin

Constituency

Cork City

Other public offices

Council of State (1922)

Death

7 March 1942

Further reading

Charlotte Fallon, Soul of Fire: A Biography of Mary MacSwiney (1986)

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Kathleen O'Callaghan

Date of Birth

1888 (née Murphy)

Family

married to mayor of Limerick

Education

Royal University; Cambridge

Early career

professor

Early political experience

Cumann na mBan

Years in il

1921-23 (def. in new constituency)

Party

Sinn Féin, Cumann na Poblachta

Constituency

Limerick City, Limerick East (1923)

Death

1961

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Margaret Pearse

Date of Birth

1857 (née Brady)

Family

married, four children including Patrick Pearse

Education

unknown

Early career

school matron and housekeeper

Years in il

1921-22 (def.)

Party

Sinn Féin

Constituency

Dublin County

Death

1932

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Caitlín Brugha

Date of Birth

1879 (née Kingston)

Family

married to Cathal Brugha, six children including future TD/senator

Education

Sacred Heart Convent, Roscrea

Early career

company director

Years in il

1923-27 (ret.)

Party

Sinn Féin

Constituency

Waterford County

Other public offices

secretary, Sinn Fein excecutive

Death

1 December 1959

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Margaret Collins-O'Driscoll

Date of Birth

1878 (née Collins)

Family

married, fourteen children; sister of Michael Collins

Education

Baggot Street Training College

Early career

schoolteacher, principal

Years in parliament

1923-33 (def.)

Party

Cumann na nGaedheal

Constituency

Dublin North

Other public offices

Vice President, Cumann na nGaedheal (1926-27)

Death

17 June 1945

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Kathleen Lynn

Date of Birth

1874

Family

unmarried

Education

Royal University of Ireland

Early career

medical doctor

Early political experience & other campaigns

suffragette, Citizen's Army; contested Dublin County (1927 byelection)

Years in il

1923-27 (def.)

Party

Sinn Féin

Constituency

Dublin County

Other public offices

Sinn Fein executive

Death

14 September 1955

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Mary Reynolds

Date of Birth

1890

Family

married to TD, seven children including one TD

Education

Local National School

Early career

farmer, grocer, spirit merchant

Years in il

1932-33 (def.), 1937-61 (ret., most election victories of any woman)

Party

Fianna Fáil

Constituency

Sligo-Leitrim

Death

29 August 1974

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Helena Concannon

Date of Birth

1878 (née Walsh)

Family

married

Education

Royal University

Early career

historian, author

Years in Oireachtas

il: 1933-37 (ret.); Seanad: 1938-52 (obit.)

Party

Fianna Fáil

Constituency

il and Seanad: National University of Ireland

Death

27 February 1952

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Margaret Mary Pearse

Date of Birth

1878

Family

unmarried, daughter of Margaret Pearse, sister of Patrick Pearse

Education

Convent of the Holy Faith, Glasnevin, Dublin

Early career

teacher, college co-founder

Years in Oireachtas

il: 1933-37 (def.), Seanad: 1938-68 (obit.)

Party

Fianna Fáil

Constituency

Dublin County

Death

7 November 1968

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Bridget Redmond

Date of Birth

1905 (née Mallick)

Family

married TD, son of John Redmond MP

Education

Ursuline Convent, Waterford

Early career

landowner

Years in il

1933-52 (obit.)

Party

Cumann na nGaedheal, Fine Gael (1933-)

Constituency

Waterford

Death

3 May 1952

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Bridget Rice

Date of Birth

1885 (née Heneghan)

Family

married to TD, four children

Education

Presentation Convent, Tuam, Co. Galway

Early political experience

assisted husband in political work

Years in il

1938-54 (ret.)

Party

Fianna Fáil

Constituency

Monaghan

Other public offices

Monaghan County Council

Death

7 December 1967

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Mary Ryan

Date of Birth

1898 (née Carey)

Family

married to TD, nine children

Education

Presentation Convent, Thurles

Early career

farmer

Early political experience

Cumann na mBan; founder member, Fianna Fáil

Years in il

1944-61 (def.)

Party

Fianna Fáil

Constituency

Tipperary, Tipperary North (1948-)

Other public offices

Tipperary County Council

Death

8 February 1981

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Honor Crowley

Date of Birth

19 October 1903 (née Boland)

Family

daughter of MP, married to TD

Education

unknown

Early career

social worker

Years in il

1945-66 (obit.)

Party

Fianna Fáil

Constituency

Kerry South

Other public offices

Council of State, Kerry County Council

Death

18 October 1966

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Celia Lynch

Date of Birth

1908 (née Quinn)

Family

married to TD/senator, seven children

Education

University College Galway, University College Dublin

Early career

teacher

Early political experience

succeeded husband

Years in il

1954-77 (ret.)

Party

Fianna Fáil

Constituency

Dublin South Central, Dublin North Central (1961-)

Offices held

Asssistant government whip (1957-73), Assistant opposition whip (1973-77)

Other public offices

Dublin Corporation (1957-67)

Death

16 June 1989

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Maureen O'Carroll

Date of Birth

29 March 1913 (née McHugh)

Family

married, ten children

Education

University College, Galway

Early career

teacher

Years in il

1954-57 (def.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Dublin North Central

Offices held

Labour Chief Whip (1954-57)

Other public offices

founder member of Lower Prices Council (1947)

Death

9 May 1984

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Brigid Hogan-O'Higgins

Date of Birth

March 1932 (née Hogan)

Family

daughter and wife of TDs, eight children

Education

Dominican convents

Early career

farmer

Early political experience

none; succeeded father

Years in il

1957-77 (ret.)

Party

Fine Gael

Constituency

Galway South, Galway East (1961-69), Clare-South Galway

Oppositon portfolios

Posts and telegraphs (1969-72)

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Sheila Galvin

Date of Birth

23 February 1914

Family

married to TD, three children

Education

unknown

Early career

vintner

Early political experience

succeeded husband

Years in il

1964-65 (ret.)

Party

Fianna Fáil

Constituency

Cork Borough

Death

20 March 1983

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Joan Burke

Date of Birth

February 1929 (née Crowley)

Family

married to TD, two children

Education

Galway Regional Hospital

Early career

nurse

Early political experience

succeeded husband

Years in il

1964-81 (ret.)

Party

Fine Gael

Constituency

Roscommon, Roscommon-Leitrim (1969-)

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