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WOMEN MPs ELECTED 1918-1929

8) Susan Lawrence

15) Ethel Bentham

9) Lady Terrington

16) Mary Agnes Hamilton

10) Ellen Wilkinson

17) Megan Lloyd George

11) Countess of Iveagh

18) Cynthia Mosley

12) Hilda Runciman

19) Marion Phillips

13) Ruth Dalton

20) Edith Picton-Turberville

14) Jennie Lee

21) Eleanor Rathbone

Countess Markievicz (Constance Markievicz)

Date of Birth

4 February 1868 (née Gore-Booth)

Family

Married 1900, one daughter

Education

Slade School, London; Paris

Early career

unknown

Early political experience

Irish revolutionary

Years in parliament

House of Commons 1918-1922 (ret.); Dáil Éireann 1918-1922 (def.), 1923-27 (obit)

Party

Sinn Féin, Fianna Fáil (1926-)

Constituency

Dublin St Patrick’s; Dublin South (1921-)

Offices held

Minister for Labour in first Irish Government (1919-22)

Other public offices

President, Cumann na mBan (women's IRA), 1914, honourary president Irish women workers' union (1917).

Honours or titles

Constance Markievicz

Further reading

Anne Marecco, The Rebel Countess: The Life and Times of Constance Markievicz (1967); Diana Norman, Terrible Beauty: A Life of Constance Markievicz. (1987); Seán O'Faoláin, Constance Markievicz (1934).

Death

15 July 1927

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Viscountess Astor

Date of Birth

19 May 1879 (née Langhorne)

Family

Married 1897 and divorced 1903 (one son), remarried Waldorf Astor MP 1906 (five children)

Education

Mrs Brown's Academy for Young Ladies, New York

Years in parliament

1919-45 (ret.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Plymouth Sutton

Honours or titles

Viscountess Astor (1919-), CH (1937)

Further reading

Christopher Sykes, Nancy (1972); Anthony Masters, Nancy Astor: A Life (1981).

Death

2 May 1964

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Margaret Wintringham

Date of Birth

4 August 1879 (née Longbottom)

Family

Married Thomas Wintringham, future MP (1903)

Education

Bedford Training College

Early career

headmistress, VAD at Louth Auxiliary Hospital

Early/other political experience

Chair of Louth Women's Liberal Association (1918-21); Lincolnshire County Council (1933)

Years in parliament

1921-24 (def.)

Other campaigns

Contested Louth (1929), Aylesbury (1935)

Party

Liberal

Constituency

Louth

Other public offices

President of Women's National Liberal Federation

Death

10 March 1955

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Mabel Philipson

Date of Birth

1 January 1887

Family

married and widowed 1911, remarried Hilton Philipson, future MP 1917 (three children)

Education

None

Early career

Stage actress

Early political experience

None

Years in parliament

1923-29 (ret.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Berwick-upon-Tweed

Further reading

John Sleight, Women on the March (1986)

Death

8 January 1951

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Duchess of Atholl (Katharine Stewart-Murray)

Date of Birth

6 November 1874 (née Ramsay)

Family

Married John, Duke of Atholl, sometime MP (1899), no children

Education

Wimbledon High School, London; Royal College of Music

Early career

Various boards and commissions in Scotland

Early political experience

None

Years in parliament

1923-38 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

West Perth and Kinross

Offices held

Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education (1924-29)

Other public offices

founder and chairman of British League for European Freedom (1945-)

Honours or titles

DBE (1918)

Further reading

Women and Politics (1931), Working Partnership (1958); S.J. Hetherington, Katharine Atholl: Against the Tide (1989)

Death

21 October 1960

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Margaret Bondfield

Date of Birth

17 March 1873

Family

Unmarried

Education

Chard elementary school, Carrd, Somerset

Early career

shop assistant, trade unionist and labour leader

Other campaigns

Contested Northampton (1920, 1922), Wallsend (1935)

Years in parliament

1923-24 (def.), 1926-31 (def.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Northampton; Wallsend (1926-)

Offices held

Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Labour (1924); Minister of Labour (1929-31)

Other public offices

TUC General Council (1918-24, 1926-29); Chairman of Women’s Group on Public Welfare (1939-49)

Honours or titles

CH (1948)

Further reading

A Life’s Work (1949); Edith Picton-Turberville, Margaret Bondfield (1924); John Sleight, Women on the March (1986); Dictionary of Labour Biography, volume II (1974).

Death

16 June 1953

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Dorothy Jewson

Date of Birth

17 August 1884

Family

Married R. Tanner Smith (1936), widowed and remarried Campbell Stephen MP (1945)

Education

Girton College, Cambridge

Early career

teacher, union organizer

Early political experience and other campaigns

suffragette, contested Norwich (1929, 1931)

Years in parliament

1923-24 (def.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Norwich

Other public offices

Norwich City Council (1927-36)

Further reading

Dictionary of Labour Biography, volume V (1979)

Death

29 February 1964

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Susan Lawrence

Date of Birth

12 August 1871

Family

Unmarried

Education

Newnham College, Cambridge

Early career

school manager, organiser for National Federation of Women Workers

Early political experience

London School Board (1900); London County Council (1910-12 as Conservative, 1913-27 as Labour); Poplar Borough Council (1919-24); contested Camberwell (1920)

Years in parliament

1923-31 (def.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

East Ham

Offices held

PPS to President of the Board of Education (1924); Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health (1929-31)

Other public offices

Deputy Chairman LCC (1925-26), NEC (-41), Labour Party Chairman (1930)

Further reading

Dictionary of Labour Biography, volume III (1976)

Death

25 October 1947

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Lady Terrington (Vera Woodhouse)

Date of Birth

1889 (née Bousher)

Family

Married Ivo Sebright (1912), divorced and remarried Harold Selborne (1918), divorced 1926 and remarried Max Lensveld (1949)

Education

Unknown

Early career

None

Early political experience

Contested Wycombe (1922)

Years in parliament

1923-24 (def.)

Party

Liberal

Constituency

Wycombe

Honours or titles

Lady Terrington (1921-)

Death

19 May 1973

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Ellen Wilkinson

Date of Birth

8 October 1891

Family

Unmarried

Education

Manchester University

Early career

National organiser, National Union of Distributive and Allied Workers (1915)

Early political experience

NUWSS organiser (1913); Manchester City Council (1923-26); contested Ashton-under-Lyne (1923)

Years in parliament

1924-31 (def.), 1935-47 (obit)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Middlesbrough East, Jarrow (1935-)

Offices held

PPS to Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health (1929-31); Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Pensions (1940); Joint Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Home Security (1940-45); Minister of Education (1945-47)

Further reading

John Sleight, Women on the March (1986)

Death

6 February 1947

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Countess of Iveagh (Gwendolen Guinness)

Date of Birth

1881 (née Onslow)

Family

Daughter of Lord Onslow, married Rupert Guinness, future MP (1903), three daughters; mother-in-law of Henry Channon MP

Education

New Zealand

Early career

secretary to her father

Early political experience

Chair of Women's Advisory Committee of Conservative Central Office (1918- ); Women's Unionist Organization (1925- ); campaigned for husband

Years in parliament

1927-35 (ret.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Southend-on-Sea

Other public offices

founded Overseas Training School for women emigrating to Empire

Honours or titles

Lady Elveden (1919-27), Countess of Iveagh (1927-), CBE (1920)

Death

16 February 1966

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Hilda Runciman

Date of Birth

1869 (née Stevenson)

Family

daughter of James Stevenson MP, married Walter Runciman, future MP (1898), five children

Education

Girton College, Cambridge

Early career

Northumberland County Education Committee

Years in parliament

1928-29 (def. in new constituency)

Other campaigns

Contested Tavistock (1929)

Party

Liberal

Constituency

St Ives

Other public offices

JP

Honours or titles

Viscountess Runciman of Doxford (1937-)

Further reading

John Sleight, Women on the March (1986)

Death

28 October 1956

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Ruth Dalton

Date of Birth

1890

Family

Married to Hugh Dalton MP (1914), one daughter

Education

London School of Economics

Early career

Local government

Early political experience

London County Council (1925-31, alderman 1936-42); Chairman of Parks Committee

Years in parliament

February to May 1929 (ret.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Bishop Auckland

Other public offices

Arts Council (1957-62), Royal Ballet Board of Governors

Honours or titles

Lady Dalton (1960-)

Further reading

John Sleight, Women on the March (1986)

Death

16 March 1966

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Jennie Lee (Baroness Lee of Asheridge)

Date of Birth

3 November 1904

Family

Married Aneuran Bevan MP (1934), no children

Education

University of Edinburgh

Early career

Writer, lecturer

Years in parliament

Commons: 1929-31 (def.), 1945-70 (def.); Lords: 1970-86

Party

Labour

Other campaigns

Contested Lanarkshire North (1935), Bristol Central (1943)

Constituency

Lanarkshire North, Cannock (1945-)

Offices held

Joint Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Public Building & Works (1964-65), Minister for the Arts (1964-70), Under-Secretary of State, Department of Education & Science (1965-67) Minister of State, Department of Education & Science (1967-70)

Other public offices

Labour Party NEC (1958-70, chair 1967-68)

Honours or titles

life peerage (1970)

Further reading

This Great Journey (1963); Patricia Hollis, Jennie Lee: A Life (1997).

Death

16 November 1986

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Ethel Bentham

Date of Birth

5 January 1861

Family

Unmarried

Education

Alexandra School and College, Dublin; London School of Medicine for Women; Rotunda Hospital

Early career

Medical doctor

Early political experience

suffragist, president Women's Labour League (1913), Kensington Borough Council (13 years), contested Islington East (1922, 1923, 1924)

Years in parliament

1929-31 (obit)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Islington East

Other public offices

JP (1918-31), Labour Party NEC (1918-20, 1922-26, 1928-31)

Death

19 January 1931

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Mary Agnes Hamilton

Date of Birth

8 July 1884 (née Adamson)

Family

Married with children

Education

Newnham College, Cambridge

Early career

Journalist

Early political experience

London County Council (1937-40); contested Rochester and Chatham (1923) and Blackburn (1924)

Years in parliament

1929-31 (def.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Blackburn

Offices held

PPS to Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1930-31), and Postmaster General (1931)

Other public offices

Delegate to League of Nations (1929, 1930); Royal Commission on Civil Service (1929-31); Governor of BBC (1933-37); co-opted member of LCC (1937-40)

Honours or titles

CBE (1949)

Further reading

Remembering my Good Friends (1944), Uphill All the Way (1953), Dictionary of Labour Biography, volume V (1979)

Death

10 February 1966

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Megan Lloyd George

Date of Birth

22 April 1902

Family

Daughter of David Lloyd George MP and sister of Gwylim Lloyd George MP; unmarried

Education

Garratt's Hall, Barnstead; Paris

Years in parliament

1929-51 (def.), 1959-66 (obit)

Party

Liberal, Labour (1959-)

Constituency

Anglesey, Carmarthen (1959-)

Offices held

Deputy Leader of Parliamentary Liberal Party (1949-51)

Other public offices

JP, President of Parliament for Wales campaign, Women's National Liberal Federation

Honours or titles

Lady Megan Lloyd George (1945-); CH (1966)

Death

14 May 1966

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Cynthia Mosley

Date of Birth

23 August 1898 (née Curzon)

Family

Daughter of Lord Curzon, wife of Sir Oswald Mosley MP (three children), sister of Baroness Ravensdale

Education

The Links, Eastbourne

Early career

Social worker

Years in parliament

1929-31 (ret.)

Party

Labour, New Party (1931)

Constituency

Stoke-on-Trent

Honours or titles

Lady Mosley (1928-)

Further reading

Nicholas Mosley, The Rules of the Game (1982); Anne de Courcy, The Viceroy’s Daughters (2000).

Death

16 May 1933

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Marion Phillips

Date of Birth

29 October 1881

Family

Unmarried

Education

Melbourne University, London School of Economics (D.Sc.)

Early career

researcher, lecturer

Early political experience

suffragist, Kensington Borough Council; Labour Party Chief Women’s Officer

Years in parliament

1929-31 (def.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Sunderland

Further reading

Dictionary of Labour Biography, volume V (1979)

Death

23 January 1932

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Edith Picton-Turberville

Date of Birth

13 June 1872

Family

Unmarried

Education

Royal School, Bath

Early career

Author and writer, social work, YWCA

Early political experience

Contested Islington North (1922), Stroud (1924)

Years in parliament

1929-31 (def.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

The Wrekin

Other public offices

Vice President of YWCA (1914-20, 1922-28)

Honours or titles

OBE (1918)

Further reading

Life Is Good (1939), Dictionary of Labour Biography, volume IV (1977)

Death

31 August 1960


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Eleanor Rathbone

Date of Birth

12 May 1872

Family

Daughter of William Rathbone MP; unmarried

Education

University of Liverpool; Somerville College, Oxford

Early career

President of National Union of Societies for Equal Citizenship (1919-29)

Early political experience

Suffragist; first woman member of Liverpool City Council (1909-34); contested East Toxteth (1922)

Years in parliament

1929-46 (obit)

Party

Independent

Constituency

Combined English Universities

Other public offices

JP

Further reading

Mary Stocks, Eleanor Rathbone (1949).

Death

2 January 1946

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