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WOMEN MPs ELECTED 1930s

1) Lady Noel-Buxton

9) Helen Shaw

2) Leah Manning

10) Mavis Tate

3) Thelma Cazalet-Keir

11) Irene Ward

4) Ida Copeland

12) Sarah Ward

5) Marjorie Graves

13) Viscountess Davidson

6) Florence Horsbrugh

14) Agnes Hardie

7) Mary Pickford

15) Edith Summerskill

8) Norah Runge

16) Jennie Adamson

Lady Noel-Buxton (Lucy Noel Buxton)

Date of Birth

1888 (née Pelham Burn)

Family

Married Noel Buxton MP(1914), six children

Education

Westfield College

Early career

Unknown

Other campaigns

contested Norfolk North (1935)

Years in parliament

1930-31 (def.), 1945-50 (ret.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Norfolk North, Norwich (1945-)

Honours or titles

Lady Noel Buxton (1930-)

Death

9 December 1960

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Leah Manning

Date of Birth

1886 (née Perett)

Family

Married (1914), no children

Education

Homerton College, Cambridge

Early career

Teacher and union official

Early political experience

National Party office

Years in parliament

1931 (def.), 1945-50 (def.)

Other campaigns

Contested Sunderland (1935), Epping (1951, 1955)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Islington East, Epping (1945-)

Other public offices

Organising Secretary of National Union of Teachers, President of NUT (1929), Labour NEC (1931-32)

Honours or titles

DBE (1966)

Further reading

Manning, A Life for Education (1970)

Death

15 September 1977


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Thelma Cazalet-Keir

Date of Birth

28 May 1899 (née Cazalet)

Family

Sister of Victor Cazalet MP; married (1939), no children

Education

unknown

Early career

London County Council (1925-31)

Early political experience

East Islington

Years in parliament

1931-45 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Islington East

Offices held

PPS to the Parliamentary Secretary, Board of Education (1937-40), Parliamentary Secretary, Board of Education (1945)

Other public offices

Committee of Enquiry into Conditions in Women’s Services, Chair, Equal Pay Committee (1947), Arts Council (1940-49)

Honours or titles

CBE (1952)

Further reading

Cazalet-Keir, From the Wings (1967); Dictionary of Labour Biography, volume VII (1984)

Death

13 January 1989


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Ida Copeland

Date of Birth

c.1875

Family

Married

Education

unknown

Early career

unknown

Years in parliament

1931-35 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Stoke-on-Trent

Offices held

None

Opposition portfolios

None

Other public offices

International Council of Girl Guides (1920-28, 1940s)

Honours or titles

Polish Gold Cross of Merit (1952), Fellow of Royal Society of Arts

Publications

None

Death

29 June 1964


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Marjorie Graves

Date of Birth

17 September 1884

Family

Unmarried

Education

Privately and in France

Early career

Civil servant (Foreign Office, Home Office), archivist

Early political experience

Holborn Borough Council (1928-34); Dorset County Council

Years in parliament

1931-35 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Hackney South

Death

17 November 1961

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Florence Horsbrugh (Baroness Horsbrugh)

Date of Birth

1889

Family

Unmarried

Education

Lansdowne House, Edinburgh; St Hilda’s, Folkestone; Mills College, California

Early career

unknown

Years in parliament

House of Commons 1931-45 (def.), 1950-59 (ret.); House of Lords 1959-69

Other campaigns

contested Midlothian and Peebles (1950)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Dundee, Manchester Moss-Side (1950-)

Offices held

Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Health (1939-45), Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food (1945), Minister of Education (1951-54)

Other public offices

Delegate to Council of Europe and WEU (1955-60)

Honours or titles

MBE (1920), CBE (1939), GBE (1954), life peerage (1959)

Death

6 December 1969


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Mary Pickford

Date of Birth

1893

Family

Daughter of Lord Sterndale; unmarried

Education

Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford

Early career

Assisted in official Naval History of the War (1917-21)

Early political experience

Contested Farnworth (1929)

Years in parliament

1931-34 (obit)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Hammersmith North

Honours or titles

The Honourable Mary Pickford, CBE (1929)

Publications

None

Death

6 March 1934


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Norah Runge

Date of Birth

1884 (née Hasluck)

Family

Married 1906 with two children (widowed), remarried 1939

Education

Privately

Early career

Superintendent of the Soldiers and Sailors’ Free Buffet, Paddington Station, 1915-19

Early political experience

party worker

Years in parliament

1931-35 (def.)

Other campaigns

contested Rotherhithe (1945)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Rotherhithe

Other public offices

President of Rotherhithe Conservative and Unionist Association, 1932-46; LCC 1937-61(Deputy Chairman 1951-52); Vice Chairman of London Conservative Unionist Council; Vice chairman of Central Women’s Advisory Committee of C&U Associations (1941-2)

Honours or titles

OBE (1918)

Death

6 June 1978

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Helen Shaw

Date of Birth

c. 1879 (née Graham)

Family

Married, two children

Education

Unknown

Early career

WVS

Early political experience

Lanarkshire County Council (1930-2); contested Bothwell (1924, 1929)

Years in parliament

1931-35 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Bothwell

Other public offices

Vice Chairman, WVS (1938-43)

Honours or titles

MBE (1920)

Publications

None

Death

20 April 1964

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Mavis Tate

Date of Birth

17 August 1893 (née Hogg)

Family

Twice married and divorced

Education

St Paul's Girls' School

Early career

unknown

Years in parliament

1931-45 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Willesden West, Frome (1935-)

Other public offices

JP

Death

5 June 1947

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Irene Ward (Baroness Ward of North Tyneside)

Date of Birth

23 February 1895

Family

Unmarried

Education

Unknown

Early career

Unknown

Early political experience

Contested Morpeth (1924, 1929)

Years in parliament

House of Commons 1931-45 (def.), 1950-Feb. 1974 (ret.); House of Lords 1974-80

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Wallsend, Tynemouth (1950-Feb. 1974)

Other public offices

JP (1949)

Honours or titles

CBE (1929), DBE (1955), CH (1973), life peerage (1974)

Further reading

John Sleight, Women on the March (1986)

Death

26 April 1980

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Sarah Ward

Date of Birth

25 December 1895 (née Ainsworth)

Family

Married 1921, one child

Education

Orme Girls’ School, Newcastle

Early career

VAD nurse 1914-18, farming

Early political experience

Staffordshire County Council (1950-69)

Years in parliament

1931-35 (def.)

Other campaigns

Contested Lichfield and Tamworth (1950) and Birmingham Perry Barr (1951)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Cannock

Other public offices

ATS commander (1940-3)

Honours or titles

OBE (1952), CBE (1961)

Death

9 April 1969

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Frances, Viscountess Davidson (Baroness Northchurch)

Date of Birth

29 May 1894 (née Dickinson)

Family

Daughter of WH Dickinson MP, wife of JCC Davidson MP, four children

Education

Kensington High School; Northfields, Englefield Green; abroad

Early career

Red Cross POW Department, WWI

Early political experience

None

Years in parliament

House of Commons 1937-59 (ret.), House of Lords 1963-1985

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Hemel Hempstead

Honours or titles

OBE (1929), Viscountess Davidson (1937-), DBE (1952), life peerage (1963)

Death

25 November 1985

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Agnes Hardie

Date of Birth

1874 (née Pettigrew)

Family

Married to George Hardie MP, sister-in-law of Keir Hardie MP

Education

Unknown

Early career

National Union of Shop Assistants

Early political experience

Women's Organizer for Scottish Labour Party (1918-23)

Years in parliament

1937-45 (ret.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Glasgow Springburn

Death

24 March 1951

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Edith Summerskill (Baroness Summerskill)

Date of Birth

19 April 1901

Family

Married 1925, two children including Shirley Summerskill MP

Education

King’s College London; Charing Cross Hospital

Early career

Medical doctor

Early political experience

Middlesex County Council (1934-41); contested Putney (1934) and Bury (1935)

Years in parliament

House of Commons 1938-61 (ret.), House of Lords 1961-80

Party

Labour

Constituency

Fulham West, Warrington (1955-)

Offices held

Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food (1945-50), Minister of National Insurance (1950-51)

Other public offices

Labour Party NEC (1944-58); Chairman of Labour Party (1954-5); Political Honours Scrutiny Committee (1967-76)

Honours or titles

life peerage (1961), CH (1966)

Further reading

Summerskill, A Woman’s World (1967)

Death

4 February 1980

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Jennie Adamson

Date of Birth

1882 (née Johnston)

Family

Married William Adamson MP

Education

Unknown

Early career

Housewife

Early political experience

London County Council (1928-31); NEC (1927-47); Contested Dartford (1935)

Years in parliament

1938-46 (ret.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Dartford, Bexley (1945-)

Offices held

PPS to Minister of Pensions (1940-45); Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Pensions (1945-46)

Opposition portfolios

None

Other public offices

Deputy Chairman of Assistance Board (1946-53)

Death

25 April 1962

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