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FORMER WOMEN MPs FIRST ELECTED IN THE 1970s

1) Doris Fisher

13) Jo Richardson

2) Joan Hall

14) Audrey Wise

3) Mary Holt

15) Margaret Jackson (Beckett)

4) Constance Monks

16) Ann Taylor

5) Peggy Fenner

17) Millie Miller

6) Sally Oppenheim

18) Helene Hayman

7) Janet Fookes

19) Margaret Bain (Ewing)

8) Elaine Kellett-Bowman

20) Joan Maynard

9) Betty Boothroyd

21) Oonagh McDonald

10) Margo MacDonald

22) Sheila Faith

11) Lynda Chalker

23) Sheila Wright

12) Maureen Colquhoun

Doris Fisher (Baroness Fisher of Rednal)

Date of Birth

13 September 1919 (née Satchwell)

Family

married, two children

Education

Fircroft College

Early career

housewife

Early political experience

Birmingham City Council (1952-74), contested Birmingham Ladywood (1969)

Years in parliament

House of Commons: 1970-74 (ret.); House of Lords: 1974-date

Party

Labour

Constituency

Birmingham Ladywood

Opposition portfolios

Assistant Whip, Environment (1983-84)

Other Public offices

JP (1961)

Honours or titles

Life Peerage (1974)

Died

18 September 2005

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Joan Hall

Date of Birth

31 August 1935

Family

unmarried, no children

Education

Ashridge House of Citizenship

Early career

secretary

Early political experience

Vice chairman, Greater London Young Conservatives (1964); contested Barnsley (1964, 1966)

Years in parliament

1970-Feb. 1974 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Keighley

Offices held

PPS to Minister of State, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food (1972-74)

Honours or titles

CBE (1990)

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Mary Holt

Date of Birth

1924

Family

unmarried

Education

Girton College, Cambridge

Early career

barrister

Early political experience & other campaigns

contested Preston North (Oct. 1974)

Years in parliament

1970-Feb. 1974 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Preston North

Other public offices

circuit court judge (1977-95)

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Constance Monks

Date of Birth

May 1911 (née Green)

Family

married

Education

Leeds City Training College

Early career

teacher

Early political experience

Chorley Borough Council (1947-67, Mayor 1959-60); Lancashire County Council (1961-64); contested Chorley (1966)

Years in parliament

1970-Feb. 1974 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Chorley

Other public offices

JP

Honours or titles

OBE (1962)

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Peggy Fenner

Date of Birth

12 November 1922

Family

married, one child

Education

LCC School Brockley; Ide Hill, Sevenoaks

Early career

housewife

Early political experience

Sevenoaks Rural District Council (1957-71); contested Newcastle-under-Lyme (1966)

Years in parliament

Commons: 1970-97 (def.); European Parliament: 1974-75

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Rochester & Chatham, Medway (1983-)

Offices held

Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food (1972-74, 1981-86)

Other public offices

DL Kent (1992)

Honours or titles

DBE (1986)

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Sally Oppenheim (Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes)

Date of Birth

26 July 1930 (née Viner)

Family

married, three children including Philip Oppenheim MP

Education

Lowther College, North Wales

Early career

social worker

Years in parliament

Commons: 1970-87 (ret.); Lords: 1989-date

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Gloucester

Offices held

Minister of State, Department of Trade (Minister for Consumer Affairs), 1979-82

Opposition portfolios

Prices & Consumer Protection (1974-79; Shadow Cabinet from 1975)

Honours or titles

life peerage (1989)

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Janet Fookes (Baroness Fookes)

Date of Birth

21 February 1936

Family

unmarried

Education

Royal Holloway College, University of London

Early career

teacher

Early political experience

Hastings Borough Council (1960-61, 1963-70)

Years in parliament

Commons: 1970-97 (ret.); Lords: 1997-date

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Merton & Morden; Plymouth Drake (1974-)

Offices held

Deputy Speaker (1992-97)

Other public offices

RSPCA Council (1975-92, chair 1979-81); Commonwealth War Graves Commission (1987-97); DL East Sussex (2001)

Honours or titles

DBE (1989)

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(Mary) Elaine Kellett-Bowman

Date of Birth

8 July 1924 (née Kay)

Family

married, four children; widowed and remarried Edward Bowman, future MEP

Education

St Anne's College, Oxford

Early career

barrister

Early political experience

Denbigh Borough Council (1952-55); Camden Borough Council (1968-74); contested Nelson & Colne (1955), South West Norfolk (Mar. and Oct. 1959), Buckingham (1964, 1966)

Years in parliament

House of Commons: 1970-97 (ret.); European Parliament: 1975-84 (def.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Commons: Lancaster; European Parliament: Cumbria & Lancashire North

Honours or titles

DBE (1988)

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Betty Boothroyd (Baroness Boothroyd)

Date of Birth

8 October 1929

Family

unmarried

Education

Dewsbury College of Commerce & Art

Early career

political assistant

Early political experience

Hammersmith Borough Council (1965-68), contested Leicester South East (1957), Peterborough (1959), Nelson & Colne (1968), Rossendale (1970)

Years in parliament

House of Commons: 1973-2000 (ret.); House of Lords; 2000-date; European Parliament: 1975-77

Party

Labour; Non-Party (1992-date)

Constituency

West Bromwich, West Bromwich West (1974-)

Offices held

Assistant Whip (1974-75); Deputy Speaker of the House (1987-92); Speaker of the House (1992-2000)

Other public offices

Labour Party NEC (1981-87), Chancellor, Open University (1994-date)

Honours or titles

life peerage (2000)

Further reading

Paul Routledge, Madam Speaker (1995); Boothroyd, Betty Boothroyd: The Autobiography (2001).

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Margo MacDonald

Date of Birth

19 April 1943 (née Aitken)

Family

divorced, remarried MP

Education

Dunfermline College

Early career

teacher, freelance journalist

Early political experience & other campaigns

contested Paisley (1970), Hamilton (Oct. 1974 1978)

Years in parliament

House of Commons: 1973-74; Scottish Parliament: 1999-date

Party

Scottish National Party, Independent (2002-)

Constituency

Commons: Glasgow Govan; Scottish Parliament: Lothians

Offices held

SNP Vice Chairman (1972-79)

Committees

Convenor of committee on secondary legislation

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Lynda Chalker (Baroness Chalker of Wallasey)

Date of Birth

29 April 1942 (née Bates)

Family

twice married, no children

Education

Heidelberg University, London University, Central London Polytechnic

Career

statistician, market research manager; independent consultant on Africa and development for business and World Bank (1997-)

Early political experience

National Vice chairman, Young Conservatives (1970-71)

Years in parliament

House of Commons: Feb. 1974-92 (def); House of Lords (1992-date)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Wallasey

Offices held

Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health & Social Security (1979-82); Under-Secretary of State, Department of Transport (1982-83); Minister of State, Department of Transport (1983-86); Minister of State, Foreign & Commonwealth Office (Minister for Overseas Development), 1986-97

Opposition portfolios

Social Services (1976-79)

Honours or titles

life peerage (1992)

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Maureen Colquhoun

Date of Birth

12 August 1928

Family

divorced, three children

Education

London School of Economics

Early career

literary research assistant

Early political experience

West Sussex County Council (1971-74); contested Tonbridge (1970)

Years in parliament

Feb. 1974-79 (def.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Northampton North

Other public offices

Hackney Borough Council (1982-90)

Publications

Colquhoun, A Woman in the House (1980)

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Jo Richardson

Date of Birth

28 August 1923

Family

unmarried

Education

Southend-on-Sea School for Girls

Early career

export manager

Early political experience

contested Monmouth (1951), Hornchurch (1955), Harrow East (1964)

Years in parliament

Feb. 1974-94 (obit)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Barking

Other public offices

Labour Party NEC (1979-91), Vice President of Committee for Nuclear Disarmament

Died

1 February 1994

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Audrey Wise

Date of Birth

4 January 1934 (née Brown)

Family

married, two children

Education

Rutherford High School

Early career

typist

Early political experience and other campaigns

Tottenham Council (four years), contested Woolwich (1983)

Years in parliament

Feb. 1974-1979 (def.), 1987-2000 (obit)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Coventry South West, Preston (1987-)

Other public offices

Labour Party NEC (1982-87), SDAWU President (1991-97)

Death

2 September 2000

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Margaret Beckett

Date of Birth

15 January 1943

Family

married, two step-sons

Education

Manchester College of Science & Technology

Early career

engineering apprentice, political adviser

Early political experience

contested Lincoln (Feb. 1974)

Years in parliament

Oct. 1974-79 (def.), 1983-date

Party

Labour

Constituency

Lincoln, Derby South (1983-)

Offices held

PPS to Minister for Overseas Development (1974-75); Assistant Whip (1975-76); Under-Secretary of State, Department of Education & Science (1976-79); Secretary of State for Trade & Industry (1997-98); Leader of the House of Commons (1998-2001), Secretary of State for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (2001-date)

Opposition portfolios

Social Security (1984-89), Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury (1989-92); Deputy Leader of the Labour Party (1992-94); Acting Leader of the Opposition (1994)

Other public offices

Labour Party NEC (1980-81, 1985-86, 1988-97)

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(Winifred) Ann Taylor

Date of Birth

2 July 1947 (née Bowling)

Family

married, two children

Education

Bradford University, Sheffield University

Early career

Open University Tutor

Early political experience

Holmfirth UDC (1972-74), contested Bolton West (Feb. 1974)

Years in parliament

Oct. 1974-83 (def.), 1987-date

Party

Labour

Constituency

Bolton West, Dewsbury (1987-)

Offices held

PPS to Secretary of State for Education & Science (1975-76); Secretary of State for Defence (1976-77); Assistant Whip (1977-79); Leader of the House of Commons (1997-98), Government Chief Whip (1998-2001)

Opposition portfolios

Education (1979-81), Housing (1981-83), Home Office (1987-88), Environment (1988-92), Shadow Education Secretary (1992-94), Shadow Leader of the House (1994-97)

Committees chaired

Modernisation Committee (1997-98), Security & Intelligence (2001-date)

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Millie Miller

Date of Birth

April 1923

Family

married, two children

Early career

social worker

Early political experience

Mayor of Stoke Newtington (1957-58), Camden (1967-68); contested Ilford North (Feb. 1974)

Years in parliament

Oct. 1974-77 (obit)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Ilford North

Offices held

PPS to Minister of State, Department of Prices & Consumer Protection (1976-77)

Death

29 October 1977

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Helene Hayman (Baroness Hayman)

Date of Birth

26 March 1949 (née Middleweek)

Family

married, one son

Education

Newnham College, Cambridge

Early career

National Council for Single Parent Families

Early political experience

contested Wolverhampton South West (Feb. 1974)

Years in parliament

House of Commons: Oct. 1974-79 (def.), House of Lords: 1996-date

Party

Labour

Constituency

Welwyn & Hatfield

Offices held

Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of the Environment, Transport & the Regions (Minister for Roads) (1997-98); Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (1998-99); Minister of State, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries & Food (1999-2001)

Honours or titles

life peerage (1996)

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Margaret Ewing (Margaret Bain)

Date of Birth

1 September 1945 (née McAdam)

Family

married; divorced and remarried to Fergus Ewing MSP, son of Winnie Ewing MSP

Education

Strathclyde University, Jordan Hill College of Education

Early career

teacher

Years in parliament

House of Commons: 1974-83, 1987-2001, Scottish Parliament: 1999-date

Party

Scottish National Party

Constituency

Commons: Dunbartonshire East, Moray (1987-);
Scottish Parliament: Moray

Death

21 March 2006

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(Vera) Joan Maynard

Date of Birth

1921

Family

unmarried

Education

Left Ampleforth village primary school at the age of fourteen.

Early career

agriculture union

Early political experience

North Yorkshire County Council

Years in parliament

Oct. 1974-87 (ret.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Sheffield Brightside

Offices held

JP (1950), Labour Party NEC (1972-82, 1983-87)

Death

27 March 1998

Further reading

Kristine Mason O'Connor, Joan Maynard: A Passionate Socialist (2003)

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Oonagh McDonald

Date of Birth

1938

Family

married

Education

King's College London (Ph.D.)

Early career

lecturer, research and management consultant

Early political experience

contested Gloucestershire South (Feb. and Oct. 1974)

Years in parliament

1976-87 (def.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Thurrock

Offices held

PPS to Chief Secretary to HM Treasury (1977-79)

Opposition portfolios

Defence (1981-83), Treasury & the Civil Service (1983-87)

Honours or titles

CBE (1998)

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(Irene) Sheila Faith

Date of Birth

3 June 1928 (née Book)

Family

married, no children

Education

University of Durham

Early career

dental surgeon

Early political experience

Northfield City Council (1970-74), Newcastle City Council (1975-77); contested Newcastle Central (Oct. 1974)

Years in parliament

Commons: 1979-83 (ret.); European Parliament: 1984-89 (ret.)

Party

Conservative

Constituency

Commons: Belper, European Parliament: Cumbria & Lancashire North

Other public offices

JP (1972-date)

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Sheila Wright

Date of Birth

22 March 1925 (née Gregory)

Family

married, two children

Education

Southampton University

Early career

social worker

Early political experience

Birmingham City Council (1956-78); West Midlands County Council (1973-81)

Years in parliament

1979-83 (ret.)

Party

Labour

Constituency

Birmingham Handsworth

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