CAWP Training News
Next Generation Leadership Programme.
The Office for Democratic Institutions and Human
Rights (ODIHR) has mentioned the importance of last year's 'How to Elect
More Women in Northern Ireland' conference on their website. For more
information click here
and to view a copy of their publication, 'Gender Equality in Elected
Office: A Six-Step Plan' please click here.
Yvonne Galligan and doctoral candidate Fiona Buckley participated in
the Irish Convention on the Irish Constitution on February 16-17. This
is a 100-person deliberative forum advising the Irish government on
constitutional change. The focus of this Convention meeting was Article
41.2 on women in the home, and more generally women's participation
in public and political life. Professor Galligan was called before the
Convention as an expert witness. Ms Buckley addressed the Convention
in her capacity as 50:50 Campaign spokesperson. After extensive deliberation
on these matters, the Convention voted to radically alter the 'woman
in home' article (88%). It favoured changing the language of the Constitution
to be gender inclusive (89%) and there was almost unanimous support
for the State doing more to encourage women's public/political participation
(97%). All results and associated material available can be found here.
A TEDxBelfastWomen event will take place 1 December
2012 on the theme of the Space Between. The Space Between,
explores how women are less likely to approach subjects from a black-or-white
perspective as they see the gray area in between. For more information
please follow this link.
Bronagh Rice has carried out some research with young people in Northern
Ireland and the Republic of Ireland to gauge their perceptions of, and
explanations for the under-representation of women in politics in Ireland.
She has then analysed what these views and explanations mean for the
future of women's political participation. Her paper can be accessed
Women's representation in Irish politics is finally
set to grow, thanks to the passing of legislation on candidate gender
quotas. At present, women hold only 15% of the seats in the Dáil,
the lower house of parliament. This legislation ensures that at the
next election in 2016 - the anniversary year of the Easter Rising -
women will be assured of a greater presence in the Dáil.
Speaking on the passage of this historic law, Director of the Centre
for Advancement of Women in Politics, Professor Yvonne Galligan said:
'This is a great day for the women of Ireland, and for Irish democracy.
Women can now become lawmakers, with men, in greater numbers. While
it does not guarantee a gender-equal Dáil,
this law is a step in the right direction. I congratulate the Minister,
TDs and Senators for enacting this long-overdue provision. And congratulations
to the many women, and some men, who campaigned for this measure knowing
that it was the only effective way of breaking the pattern of resistance
to selecting women candidates. The members of 50:50 Group, the National
Women's Council of Ireland, and many others deserve great credit for
their political and public championing of this issue.'
debate can be viewed here.
Information on Longford Women's Link can be found here.
On Thursday July 19, the long-awaited legislation on candidate gender
quotas for general elections will reach the final stages in the Irish
parliament (Dáil). The provisions are included in a wider Bill
addressing reform of party funding. The Electoral (Amendment) (Political
Funding) Bill 2011 provides for a 30% gender quota for party candidates
at the next election, rising to 40% seven years thereafter. Non-compliant
parties will risk financial penalties.
The Women in Public Service Project (WPSP), co-founded by Secretary
of State Hillary Clinton, the U.S. State Department and five leading
women's colleges - Barnard, Bryn Mawr, Mount Holyoke, Smith, and Wellesley
- announced today that it is joining forces with the Woodrow Wilson
International Centre for Scholars. Two weeks ago, Secretary Clinton
opened the WPSP inaugural Institute at Wellesley College, saying: "Around
the world, we are hoping to help correct the gender imbalances in public
service, not just by working at the top, shattering those glass ceilings,
but also at the grassroots level by training and supporting women who
have the talent, who have the will, but sometimes not the opportunity
to become effective leaders in their nations." Recently, CAWP Director
Professor Yvonne Galligan and Research Fellow Dr. Victoria Montgomery
met with Professor Paula Rayman to discuss CAWP's participation in the
Women in Public Service Project. CAWP is delighted to be part of this
vital international initiative. Further updates to follow. For further
information about the Women in Public Service Project and its programs,
please click here.
The School of History and Anthropology are hosting
a conference on the Life and Writings of Helen Waddell (1889-1965) on
11-12 May 2012. Helen Waddell was amongst the first flood of women graduate
from Queen's University and is one of Queen's most well-known alumni.
The programme including registration details can be found here.
Scottish Local Elections looks like 'more of the same'
for women, according to politics experts Fiona MacKay and Meryl Kenny.
In a study of women's participation in the 2012 local elections, they
show that women comprise only one in four candidates. They also show
that 56 local wards (1 in 7) are all-male contests. Further discussion
can be found here.
In time for International Women's Day, we welcome
the publication of a new report on gender and democratic decisionmaking,
available online here.
Deliberative Processes and Gender Democracy: case studies from Europe
is a publication of the long-running RECON project funded under the
FP7 programme. Edited by Professor Yvonne Galligan, the report shows
the inbuilt weaknesses in democratic decision-making from a gender equality
point of view. Investigations of decision-making are carried out for
the European Union (Clavero and Galligan), Austria (Gresch and Sauer),
Greece (Papageorgiou), Hungary (Vajda), Lithuania (Matonyte and Bucaite-Vilke),
Poland (Zielinska) and Spain (Clavero). These chapters are accompanied
by an overview discussing the comparative conceptual and methodological
analysis (Galligan) and a chapter on the theoretical lessons to be drawn
from the studies (Holst). The collection reveals that the achievement
of gender equality in the EU is contingent on the institutional framework,
the disposition of key participants, and the genuine inclusion of women
The Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU) have produced a good
publication which may be of interest entitled: Gender-Sensitive Parliaments:
a global review of good practice by Sonia Palmieri. This report can
be accessed here.
February 2, 2012 the Electoral (Amendment) (Political Funding) Bill
2011, containing provision for candidate gender balancing at general
elections, was introduced in Seanad Eireann by the Minister for Environment,
Community and Local Government, Phil Hogan TD. It proposes to remove
one-half of state funding for the lifetime of a Dail from parties that
do not select a minimum 30% female candidates at the next general election.
Professor Yvonne Galligan, Director of CAWP was in the Seanad public
gallery to witness the introduction of the Bill. She said: "This
Bill, for which CAWP has campaigned, finally sees the light of day.
It will ensure that women will no longer be severely under-represented
in Irish parliamentary politics. It is heartening to see cross-party
consensus on this issue. This is an historic day for democratic politics
in Ireland." The text of the debate is available here
The remainder of the debate on the second stage of the
Electoral (Amendment) Political Funding Bill 2012 was taken in the Seanad
on Tuesday 9th February. The discussion focused mainly on the candidate
gender special measures. The debate is reported here.
The Committee stage will take place on Tuesday 14th February.
On December 16, the draft legislation on political
party funding and candidate gender quotas was published by the Irish
Electoral (Amendment) (Political Funding) Bill, 2011 provides for
a 30% gender quota for party candidates at the next election, rising
to 40% seven years later. Non-compliant parties will risk financial
Yvonne Galligan, Director of CAWP, welcoming the bill said: 'This measure
will finally break the glass ceiling of political representation for
women in Ireland. It is the one area in which women have made hardly
any progress over the last decade, compared to their advance in all
other professions and careers. The bill will require parties to give
the voters a gender choice at election times. With this bill, Ireland
is following a global trend, as half the countries in the world use
some form of gender quota for elections to their parliament.
The 30% provision is very attainable. QUB doctoral candidate, Fiona
Buckley, has calculated that at the 2011 election just one more female
party candidate in 38 of the 43 constituencies would have delivered
the 30% quota.
This measure will add to the efforts currently underway to encourage
women into political life. The work of Women
into Public Life, Women
for Election, Longford
Women's Link Manifesto Group, among others, are supporting women
across Ireland to become involved in political decision-making. The
50:50 campaign is lobbying for equal representation of women with
men by 2020.
When this bill is passed, Ireland will be well on its way to joining
the top 20 countires in the world for gender equality in political life.'
Centre for Women and Democracy report on the impact
of the UK government's legislative programme on women's representation,
and other news relevant to women and politics in the UK is available
As we await the results of the elections in Northern
Ireland, it is interesting to note that in upcoming polls in Tunisia,
there will be equal numbers of male and female candidates. More information
Also, in Armenia the Prime Minister has ordered the government to look
at a draft law to promote greater representation of women in central
and local government and the National Assembly.
A recent Fabian report has forecast the complete demise of Liberal Democrat
women in the House after the next election. The women MPs have mostly
been able only to get selected for very marginal seats. As the Fabian
report puts it, Party Leader Clegg's majority in Sheffield is about
the same as all the LibDem women MPs' majorities combined. More information
on this report can be found here.
Invitation to Hustings Event:
for Gender Equality in the Northern Ireland Elections' Wednesday 6th
April at 7pm in The Space, Queen's University Students' Union.
This event which will be chaired by CAWP Director, Prof. Yvonne Galligan
is your opportunity to ask candidates in the upcoming Assembly election
how their parties intend to tackle existing inequalities. More information
The final result in Ireland's 2011 general election
saw 25 women being elected to the Dail, 2 more than at the 2007 election.
Commenting on this outcome, Professor Yvonne Galligan, Director of CAWP
congratulated the successful women candidates on winning seats in a
hard-fought campaign. She went on to say "the absence of any woman
among the 20 Fianna Fail TDs returned to parliament is something that
party must urgently address. Indeed, the low representation of women
in the Dail must be tackled as part of the wider push for political
reform." View a summary of how women fared in the election here.
Data from the Central Statistics Office in the Republic
of Ireland shows that women are under-represented in decision-making
structures at both national and regional levels. In 2010, only 14% of
TDs in Dail Eirrann were women, while they accounted for just over a
third of members of State Boards, less than a fifth of members of locla
authorities and just over a thrid of the membership of Vocational Education
Committees. Women and Men in Ireland, 2010 is available on the CSO
Reviewing the document Towards Recovery Programme for
National Government 2011-2016, CAWP Director, Professor Yvonne Galligan
welcomes the provisions supporting gender balanced representation. There
is much still to be done, though, to deliver on the commitments of the
Fine Gael-Labour government. CAWP supports the initiatives of the 50:50
National Women's Council of Ireland, Claiming
our Future and the Political
Reform Group in working to make these promises a reality. Read a
more detailed summary and analysis here.
We now turn to the elections in
Northern Ireland. The DUP is running 44 candidates in the NI Assembly
Election due on 5 May 2011. Seven are women: Paula Bradley (North Belfast),
Ruth Patterson (South Belfast), Michelle McIlveen (Strangford), Arlene
Foster (Fermanagh & South Tyrone), Brenda Hale(Lagan Valley). Pan
Lewis (South Antrim) and Evelyne Robinson (North Antrim). Women make
up 16% of the DUP candidates.
The Irish general election is in full swing and
the list of candidates is confirmed. Women do not fare well, despite
gender imbalance being a major talking point in the campaign. Overall,
women comprise only 15% of the 566 candidates. Although a record number
of independent candidates - 235 in all - are putting their names before
the voters, only 25 of them are women. The five main parties do not
show an overall increase in women candidates - 18.4% as compared with
18.7% in 2007. One could correctly interpret this as no advance at all.
The best record was back in 1997 when women made up 19.8% of candidates.
A table on candidacies by party and gender is available here.
Mary Minihan has an excellent overview article on the subject in the
Professor Yvonne Galligan, CAWP Director, opened the Sligo Institute
of Technology conference on Reimagining Irish Political Culture on Friday
11 February 2011, stating, "Diversity is the key to reimagining
Irish political culture. The inclusion of women and their views is one
element in this process of change. Today's political crisis can be the
seedbed of a genuinely inclusive and accountable democracy." Group
On the 5th January 2011, the Polish parliament
passed a gender quota bill aimed at increasing women's participation
in politics. This means that at least 35% of the party lists for the
lower house of parliament must be women. The legislation does not apply
to the upper house of parliament. Currently women make up 20% of the
lower house and 8% of the upper house. The next elections are scheduled
for Autumn 2011.
A new year has brought the news that the three finalists for the Politician
of the Year award in Northern Ireland are all women:
Dawn Purvis for her integrity, work on PAC, position she took on UVF,
stance on double-jobbing
Naomi Long for East Belfast result and local commitment
Margaret Ritchie for symbolic act of wearing a poppy and not doing a
pact with Sinn Féin. Also strong on child sexual abuse
CAWP would like to support all three women and hope that this encourages
more women into politics in Northern Ireland. The awards will take place
on 10 February 2011. More information can be found here.
On 1st October, CAWP Director, Professor Yvonne
Galligan was a guest speaker at a seminar considering the current situation
of women in public life in both the North and South of Ireland and how
their under-representation can be addressed. The seminar organised by
Women into Public Life also had Ms. Eileen Sung (Head of Gender &
Sexual Orientation Equality at OFMDFM) and Ms. Pauline Moreau (Director
of the Gender Equality Division, Department of Community, Equality &
Gaeltacht Affair) as speakers.
A new recently launched organisation, The Irish
Feminist Network, is a network of women and men promoting gender equality
across all aspects of Irish society. The launch which was attended by
around 100 people included speakers such Senator Ivana Bacik, Anthea
McTiernan and Susan McKay. To read a copy of journalist Anthea McTiernan's
speech on Women in the Media, please click here.
For more information please see the IFN
website, or IFN can also be accessed on Face
Book and Twitter.
The EU strategy for gender equality, 2010-15,
was published on September 21st. The strategy spells out a series of
actions based around five priorities: the economy and labour market;
equal pay; equality in senior positions; tackling gender violence; and
promoting equality beyond the EU. Speaking on the launch of the Strategy
for Equality between Women and Men 2010-2015, Professor Yvonne Galligan
said 'CAWP welcomes this new plan, and we are particularly pleased with
the attention to the need for more women in economic and political decisionmaking.'
Access the strategy document here
Studies in University College Cork (UCC) in conjunction with the Political
Studies Association of Ireland (PSAI) Gender Politics Specialist Group
present a one-day conference: Moving in from the Margins: Women's political
representation in Ireland. Saturday, 18th September 2010, University
College Cork. More
information and registration
This conference was organised by QUB Doctoral candidate, Fiona Buckley,
along with Dr. Sandra McAvoy (Women's Studies, University College Cork)
and was a huge success. Attended by over 100 participants, the conference
in UCC was opened by Mary Whyte TD, Minister for Equality, Diversity
and Inclusion. A range of speakers, including current or former Senators
and TDs, spoke of ways to increase women's presence in Irish politics.
CAWP director, Professor Yvonne Galligan, addressing the meeting, said
"Voters should expect to have a number of women candidates to choose
from in their constituency, just as they can choose from the array of
male candidates on the ballot. The only way to expand voter choice is
for the parties to introduce gender quotas for candidates." Fiona
Buckley's doctoral research is on women in the political executive in
Britain and Ireland. She also convenes the Gender and Politics study
group of the Political Studies Association of Ireland. More information
and speaker biographies available here.
Photo 1; Photo
2; Photo 3; Photo
The Second European Conference on Politics and
Gender (Budapest, 13-15 January 2011) has issued a call for papers,
deadline June 18, 2010. More information can be found here.
David Milliband, the front runner for the Labour
leadership met with the women's PLP in the Commons on the 24th May,
and set out his determination to increase the number of women MPs if
he wins the leadership. For more information please follow this link.
The Women and Politics Group of the Political Studies Association have
launched their Women
and Politics blog. The blog is currently discussing women's representation
after the UK general election.
Follow this link
to view a very interesting clip featured on the Channel 4 News after
the UK elections asking why so few women are in government/politics
in Britain. The clip features interviews with Lesley Abdela of the Electoral
Reform Society, Baroness Williams and Michelle Donelan MP. It also gives
some cross country comparisons of women's representation.
Tara Keenan-Thomson launched her new book, 'Irish Women
and Street Politics, 1956-1973' in The Naughton Gallery in Queen's yesterday
(4th May 2010). Her book explores women's political activisim in Ireland
from 1956-73 and includes interviews with Mary Kenny and other prominent
activists who challenged the gender contract in the two jurisdictions.
it is published by Irish Academic Press Ltd.
Northern Ireland Women's European Platform invites you to listen and
discuss on the issue of the Beijing Platform For Action. For more information,
dates and locations for May 2010, please click on this flyer.
of CAWP, Professor Yvonne Galligan, addresses the Australian Houses
of Parliament on "Thinking about Gender and Democracy" on
Friday 23 April. Photo of Professor
Galligan and Dr. Rosemary Laing, Clerk of the Senate. Photo
of Professor Galligan with Dr Laing and Mr Cleaver Elliott, Deputy Clerk
of the Senate.
A debate on women's representation will take place
on the afternoon of Tuesday 27 April in the Irish Senate. When the debate
is online, CAWP will provide a link. For more information, please see
the Oireachtas website.
This debate resumed on 19 May 2010 and the transcript can be found here.
is a project initiated by the OECD Development Centre to facilitate
the exchange and improve the knowledge on gender equality-related issues
around the world. It can be accessed here.
On Monday 15th March 2010, Professor Yvonne Galligan
addressed the Trinity College Dublin Historical Society, debating the
motion "This House Believes that the Modern Irish Woman has No
Need of the Women's Movement". The debate, in the beautiful Exam
Hall, was chaired by Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland. The
"Hist" is the oldest undergraduate debating society in the
world, founded by Edmund Burke in 1770. Yvonne proposed the motion,
and Susan McKay, chairperson of the National Women's Council of Ireland,
was among those opposing the motion. Photo
(Yvonne Galligan). Photo (Mary
Fiona Buckley, whose doctoral research is on women and political leadership,
discussed sexism in Irish politics in the Sunday Tribune (14 March 2010).
You can read her article here.
Fiona's research is supervised by Professor Yvonne Galligan and Dr.
CAWP would like to wish you all a very Happy International Women's Day!
To mark International Women's Day the Organisation for Economic Cooperation
and Development (OECD) is presenting a week-long factblog
examining the social and economic status of women.
Professor Yvonne Galligan will address the annual
conference of the Civil Service Women Managers Network on the subject
of enhancing women's role in public decision-making. The event takes
place in Dublin Castle on Friday 12th February.
Congratulations to Margaret
Ritchie on her election as the new leader of the SDLP!
CAWP would like to congratulate Arlene
Foster, winner of the women parliamentarian of the year 2008, on
her appointment as First Minister (interim). Her appointment means that
she becomes the first female head of government in the UK devolved parliamentary
assemblies of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, and she also becomes
the first female head of government among the two jurisdictions on the
island of Ireland.
CAWP has run another successful Next Generation
Leadership Programme. The programme scored an excellent 100% satisfaction
rating by the participants. Our next course will run 18-22 January 2010
and we are now accepting applications! Please click on our Next
Generation page for more information, photos and an application
Prof. Yvonne Galligan and Sara Clavero of CAWP,
have published an article in the Public Service Review: European Union
- Issue 17. Entitled 'Minding the Gap', the article examines how gender
demoncracy is being supported in Europe. The article can be accessed
A research seminar in Contemporary Irish History entitled, 'Because
You're Worth It: Thekla Beere and the Value of Women in Irish Public
Life' by Dr Anna Bryson will take place at 4pm on Wednesday 29 April
2009 in the IIIS Seminar Room, C6002, Level 6, Arts Building, Trinity
CAWP are thrilled to announce that our Director
Yvonne Galligan is now Professor Yvonne Galligan!!
Following a presentation by visiting Professor
Kathleen Knight (Columbia University, New York) on 14 October 2008,
Jujitsu: The Media Dilemma over US Vice Presidential Candidate Sarah
Palin', both Kathleen and CAWP Director, Prof. Yvonne Galligan were
interviewed on the popular current affairs programme, Hearts & Minds
about women in politics. A podcast of this is available here.
It is also available in mov
format. CAWP would like to thank the BBC and the programme producers
of Hearts & Minds for permitting us to link this section to our
Johanna Sigurdardotti has been appointed the interim
Prime Minister of Iceland. She is the first female PM of Iceland the
first openly lesbian head of government in the world.
Morocco is currently working on a Charter for electoral conduct. In
discussions the parties have confirmed their commitment to better women's
representation and have agreed to the creation of all-women's shortlists.
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