Encourage positive motivational beliefs and self-esteem
Students often comment about motivation – or rather lack of it. Students’ motivation is a combination of interest, their perceived ability to succeed without having to work too hard, and a feeling that what they are doing is worthwhile. Feedback messages can build or destroy student motivation – ‘I did all that work and all I got was x%’. To what extent, then, do the assessments that students carry out and the feedback they get motivate students to learn and be successful (Pickford et al. 2009; Roberts 2010)?
Ways to do this:
- Structured activities that get progressively more difficult – enables all abilities to succeed to some extent and some to be stretched – differentiation
- Opportunities for self-assessment with feedback provided (QuestionMark)
- Providing marks only when students have considered and responded to the feedback comments
Pickford, R., Priestley, J., Ashgar, M., Brown, S., Race, P., Procter, K., Thomas-Osbourne, R., Rayner, A. & Taylor, J. (2009) Designing first-year assessment and feedback: a guide for university staff. Assessment, learning & teaching, Leeds Metropolitan Univeristy, available at http://www.leedsmet.ac.uk/0906016-36503_Designing_1st_Assessment_LoRes.pdf
Roberts, C (2010) Giving feedback, GEES Briefing 1 available at http://www.gees.ac.uk/pubs/briefings/GEESbriefFeedback1.pdf