BL Additional MS. 10099

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Production Practicalities and Reception Issues:

checked against microfilm, complete on 28-10-2003.

  • Pressmark / Name of  Book: BL MS Add. 10099
  • Matheson no. 86
  • Date(s):  items 1, 2, 3a, 4, 6, 10 and 14: C15 (prob. last quarter); item 3b: temp. Henry VII; items 5 and 13: temp. Elizabeth I; items 7, 8, 9: temp. Edward IV, prob. after 1475 and before 1483 (see PB, p. 160); item 11:C15; item 12, C16.
  • Type of book: Historiographical collection with some verses of Lydgate’s Dietary.
  • Manuscript or print?: MS
  • No of items: 14
  • Contents: 1) Table of contents for ME prose Brut, fols. 1r-8v; 2) historical notes in Latin, fol. 9v; 3) a) Historical notes in Latin, b) Latin notes and a mnemonic verse on the kings of England to Henry VII fol. 10v; 4) Brut chronicle, fols. 11r-203v; 5) Notes on the accession of English monarchs from Edward IV to Elizabeth I, fol. 204r; 6) Notes on Kings of England from William the Conqueror to Henry III, and election of Thomas Warthel to the Abbacy of Westminster, in Latin, fol. 204v; 7) notes on Edward IV’s claim to the crowns of England, France, ‘castel legiouns’ and Normandy, fols. 205r-210v; 8) several of the provisions of the treaty of Picquigny, fol. 210v; 9) Lydgate, Dietary, fols. 211r-212v; 10) extracts from the Latin Polychronicon, fols. 213r-226v; 11) copy of a charter from Edward Balliol granting Edward II’s overlordship, fols. 227r-233v; 12) copy of a letter from Edward I to Pope Boniface VIII concerning his rights to Scotland, in Latin, fols. 234v-235r; 13) Notes in English on the accession of English monarchs from Richard II to Elizabeth I, fol. 235v; 14) alphabetical index to the Polychronicon, fols. 236r-246v.
  • Writing support: fols. 1-204 paper; fols. 205-246 parchment.
  • Watermark: fols 11-204: Simple letter P (which sometimes looks like Y), close to Briquet 8569-81, esp. 8576; Anchor, close to Briquet 458 with slight differences; Pot with flowers, close to Briquet 12597 but the hand is in a different shape; Circle, close to Briquet 2951, but the vertical line in the circle is in the lower half of it; and a mark with a combination of a funnel shape and an arrow.
  • Book Construction: Quarto
  • Collation: from microfilm
  • No of leaves: iii [i  is prob. a mod paper flyleaf; ii and iii are prob. contemporary paper flyleaves]+ 246 + i [prob. mod. paper flyleaf]
  • Quires: poss. i10; ii12; iii10 ; iv12; v-xiv12; xv-xvii10 [end of booklet 1]; xviii8; xix10; xx4[?]; xxi9[?]; xxii12[?].  
  • Foliation: top right corner
  • Composite MS? very likely
  • Booklets?: It is probable that the ms is composed of a paper booklet and a parchment booklet, which were assembled together by scribe A. The parchment booklet was most prob. compiled by Scribe A using quires of his own, Burton’s and Scribe D’s work. Whether these quires were produced collaboratively is uncertain, although it seems likely that they were produced separately and compiled into the ms by Scribe A. The work of scribes B and C (and prob. F) was added after the ms was compiled.
  • Catchwords: 22v; 32v; 56v; 68v; 80v; 92v; 104v; 116v; 128v; 140v; 152v; 164v; 174v; 184v; 194v; 212v; 222v;
  • Quire signatures? (where?): none visible
  • Damage?:
  • Page layout:

a. ruling: (ink or drypoint?) items 1-13 ruling not visible on film; item 13 frames and columns, poss. in ink.
b. columns: Items 1, 2, 4-12: 1; item 3: layout is messy, prob. originally 1, but with notes in boxes squeezed into available spaces (late additions by scribe A); item 14: 2
c. lines: item 1: 31-34; item 2: 30; item 3a:29; item 4: 34-38; item 5: 10;  item 6: 37; item 7: 31-33; item 8: 16; item 9: 32; item 10: 36-40;  item 11: 30-33 item 12: 20; item 13: 23; item 14: 30-34.

  • Ink:
  • Dimensions:
  • front board:
  • Folio / page:
  • Writing space:
  • Binding:
  • Decoration?:
  • Artist?:
  • No. of Scribes: 5: A: items 1-3, 4, 6, 10 and 14 fols.: 1-8v, 9v, 10v a, 11r-203v, 204v, 213r-226v, 236r-246v; fol. 10v b; B: items 5 and 13, fols. 204r, 235v; C (Thomas Burton): items 7-9, fols. 205r-212v; D: item 11, 227r-233v; E: item 12, 234v-235r.
  • Named scribes?: Thomas Burton (fols. 205r-212v).
  • Hand date; style; version; holograph, autograph?: A: C15 Secretary with some Anglicana forms; B: C16 Secretary late; C: C15 Secretary; D: C15 Anglicana; E: C16 Secretary.
  • Hand, rubrication in other MSS?:
  • Compiler?: prob. scribe A.
  • Rubrication, sigla: item 1: fol. 1r: two line cap (prob. in black); rest of item: paraphs (prob. in red) in left margin for entries with chapter numbers in right margin; line markers to indicate chapters; side notes for most entries, underlined, poss. in red; item 2: running title; item 3b texts boxed off from item 3a; item 4: fol. 11r: two line cap (prob. in black); underlined running title; paraphs (prob. in red) in left margin; rest of item: two line caps for new chapters (or spaces for caps with guide letters); side notes with chapter numbers, underlined (poss. in red); some chapter headings laid out as running titles; underlined chapter headings with slashes (poss. in red); double hyphens at end of lines, poss. in red;  fols. 183r-v: Latin text laid out as verse; fol. 203r, explicit;  item 6: side notes; item 7: fol. 205r: three line cap (poss. in blue); rest of item: one line caps with minimal flourishing, not coloured; chapter headings poss. in red or blue; side notes with numbers in two different hands, one may be Scribe A’s; scribe’s initials at end of text; item 9: fol. 211r: running title, space left for three line cap; rest of item laid out as verse in stanzas; scribe’s name at end of text; item 10: two line caps, prob. in black (or spaces with guide letters); side notes with numbers; chapter numbers in text underlined, poss. in red; item 11, running title on fol. 227r, side notes added by Scribe A; item 14: fol. 236r: spaces for three line caps at each new alphabetical section; text tabulated with columns for book and chapter numbers; entries rubricated; items 5, 8, 12 and 13 not rubricated.
  • Biobibliographical information: marginalia, glosses, signatures, compiler/ scribe / owner / authorial identification:
    • Front flyleaf (ir): ‘Add.MS.10,099’, modern.
    • Front flyleaf (iir): sale notices, C19, including ‘purchased feb. 1836’; ‘138.a’, modern.
    • Front flyleaf (iiiv): ‘Leonard Beckwith his booke 1634’.
    • 10v: […] from Caxton’s edition 1480’ FM[?], modern pencil.
    • 28r: Latin note, prob. scribal, bottom margin.
    • 65v: pen trials, C15-16
    • 135v-136r (Brut), 220v-221r (item 10), 224v-225r (item 10): Latin notes in bottom margins, prob. scribal.
    • Glosses and underlining:
    • Poss. casting-off marks at fols. 13r, 14r, 14v, 16v, 18r, 19r, 20r, 20v, 21v, 22r, 25r, 26r, 29r, 32v, 33v, 35v, 36r, 38r, 39v, 42v, 44r, 45r, 46v, 48v, 49r, 52v, 61r, 68r, 69v, 71r, 72r, 73r, 74r, 75r, 76r, 77r, 80r, 81v, 90v, 91r, 93r, 94r, 100v, 105r, 111r, 111v, 118v, 119r, 120v, 121v, 123r, 132r, 135v, 136r, 137r, 139r, 140r, 143v, 147v, 151r, 152v, 153r, 154v, 155r, 158r, 162r, 169v, 170v, 172r, 179r, 188v, 189v, 190r, 196v, 197v.
    • C16 English glosses at fols. 103v?, 104r
    • Large cross through fol. 115r with Latin tags, C16-17?
    • Gaps in text (poss. erasures?) at fols. 98v, 159r,
    • Immediate Ownership(s) / Patronage:
    • Later ownership(s): Leonard Beckwith, 1634 
    • Affiliations: (geo-)political, institutional etc:
    • Language(s); translation activities: texts in Latin and English. Brut glossed or annotated with Latin notes in same style as item 10.
    • Dialect:
    • LALME vol., page, LP, grid no.:
    • Locality: region; household (secular/religious) urban / rural:


    Intertextual relations:

    • Textual descent: Matheson ‘Common Version’, group CV-1461. See Matheson, PB, pp. 159-161.
    • Evidence of exemplar: bottom half of fol. 8r, and fols.8v and 9r blank; 10v blank; bottom half of fol. 203r and fols. 203v blank; 204r originally blank; 204v prob. originally blank; 234r blank; 234v-235v prob. originally blank.
    • Intra-textual relations to texts in same MS: Connections between the Latin Polychronicon and the Brut poss. emphasised by the Latin annotations of Scribe A.
    • Extra-textual to other books, texts, traditions: Item 7 is also found in BL MS Harley 2252, fol. 51v. Extracts from the Latin Polychronicon, and the index of the same text (item 14).
    • Decoration:
    • Translation, language:


    Credits and acknowledgments:

    The description of this MS is largely based on Microfilm work by J O’R with help from Masako Takagi. Revisions by Ryan Perry.  Textual descent based on Matheson, PB.

    Select Bibliography for this MS:


    The Chronicles of England, Caxton 1480.
    Hunterian MS 74
    Hunterian MS 228
    BL MS Cotton Claudius A.viii
    BL MS Harley 2252
    LP MS 264
    Bodl. MS Rawlinson Poet. 32

    Cambridge Mass.
    Harvard MS Eng. 530
    San Marino
    Huntington MS HM 136


    Secondary Texts:
    Brown, Peter, and Elton D. Higgs, The Index of Middle English Prose. Handlist V: A Handlist of Manuscripts Containing Middle English Prose in the Addi­tional Collection (10001-14000) British Library, London (Cambridge: Brewer, 1988), pp. 10-12.

    Ross, Charles, Edward IV (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of Califor­nia Press, 1974), pp. 233, 236 and n. 1, 253-55, 284, 292.

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