Bodleian Library, Rawlinson MS. B.196

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Contents

Manuscript Identity

Incipit:
Here may a man here how Engelonde was first called Albyoun and affterward whanne hit had first name.

Matheson Number:
69

Matheson Version:
CV-1419 [Leyle]

Matheson discusses the MS on pages:
129-30

Proposed date of MS production:
prob. 2nd-3rd quarter of 15th C.

LALME reference (where provided):
No entry in LALME.

Dialects evident in the MS:
Not identified

Possible locations for the MS production/ reception:
Not currently locatable

Items in the MS:
5

Contents of the MS:

  • 1. Brut Chronicle: fols 1r-109v
  • 2. Fol. 109v: royal declaration/commission in English, against the maintenance of criminals, begins 'Tenor articuli commissionis domini Regis'.
  • 3. Fol. 110r: 'Revelation of Ezra', in Latin, begins, 'Revelatio quam ostendit deus Esdre prophete et magno scribe ut consideret filiis israel qualitatem anni per principum kalendorum januarii'.
  • 4. Fol. 110v: Alphabet of moral advice (A-V), eg., '.A. to amorows to auentrus and angry the not to moche', '.B. to boold to besy and boorde not to large'.
  • 5. Fol. 110v: 'Prophesie Eldegaris', a prophecy in Latin and English, somewhat in the mould of Merlin's prophecies; in this case the prophecy applies to the year 1456 when it is said that England/Britain will be conquered by the kings of France, Spain, Scotland and Ireland before one of the kings conquers all the others, 'and this kyng is callid gallus.brutus.ispania'
.

Languages used in the MS
Latin titles and scribal annotation from fol. 83 onwards (several examples of Latin annotation before fol. 83, poss. not scribal) item 3 is a wholly Latin text, item 5 contains Latin and English text.

Evidence of Exemplar?
Like the other members of the ‘Leyle’ group, this manuscript is prob. copied from an exemplar which only contained an account to 1355, ending ‘(th)e King hastyd hym to (th)e seege warde &c’ (Brie, 306:29), the ending preserved in Lambert Palace MS. 259. It is probable that the 'Leyle Group' should not be considered as the 'CV-1355', but represents a group of texts copied from an exemplar (or that exemplar's progeny) which ended imperfectly. Because this exemplar ended in 1355, it is possible that it was either a CV-1377 or a CV-1419. In this manuscript scribe A has copied to halfway down fol 83r his stint finishing with the same 1355 ending as seen in the Lambeth manuscript. Scribe B continues on the same line with the next chapter heading using a CV-1419 (r&g) as an exemplar.

Institutional Associations?
(E.g., household, religious house, library, private collection, etc.)
Collection of Richard Rawlinson.

Suspected Association?
None identified.

Related Manuscripts
(biobibliographically, textually, stemmatically and so on)
None identified beyond those in Matheson's grouping.

Manuscript Construction

Number of Scribes:
6

Leaves:
viii + 110 + viii.

Quiring:
(Tentative, from microfilm) i-iii8; iv8 -1 (wants 8); v-viii8; ix poss. 8 -1 (poss. wants 8), there is a textual lacunae at this point as the manuscript lacks Brie, 230:22 - 231:13 between fols 69-70

Any blank leaves?
Other than flyleaves no blank pages.

Foliation:
Top right corner in modern arabic, every fifth leaf on recto side.

Booklets:
The text has been continued from fol. 83r; from fol. 87 onwards, it appears that the pages have been folded in quarto fashion, and the last 2 quires may represent those added by the continuators.

Catchwords:
Fols 8, 16, 24, 31, 39, 54, 62, 77.

Quire Signatures:
None visible on film.

Damage:
Some lost leaves, and signs of repair; some staining and darkening which very occasionally affects legibility of the text, eg. fol. 63r.

Mis-en-page:
Scribe A: 1 column, frames ruled, lines not visible on film, 39-51 lines; Scribe B: 1 column, frames ruled, lines not visible on film, 37-42 lines.

Page Dimension and Materials:
Approx. 280mm x 190mm; paper, prob. bifolia fols 1-86; fols 87-110 prob. quarto.

Writing Space:
Approx. 210mm x 135mm

Watermark:
None visible on film

Binding:
No image on film.

Decoration and Rubrication

Border:
None

Initials:
Fols 1-83r (scribe A): 1 x 4-line initial begins text, from then on 2-line, unfilled spaces without guide letters. Fols 83r-109v (scribe B): 2-line initials are executed ('I' formed in margins, extends to about 7 lines.), prob. in colours, no flourishing.

Sketches:
Fol. 64v: in pen, a diamond shape with cross inside, adjacent to Brie, 209:6ff.

Miniatures:
None.

Rubrication:

  • Fols 1-83r (scribe A): Chapter headings and numbers, prob. in red, doesn't take new line; the heading is often preceded by a double punctus and the chapter number is regularly followed by the same mark; the double stroke punctus also marks textual subdivisions
  • Fols 83r-109v (scribe B): chapter headings and numbers, prob. in red, doesn't take new line; dots and paraphs are used to provide subdivisions in text. Running titles, (Latinized title of king eg. 'Rex Ricardus Secundus') poss. in coloured ink, appears on verso side of each folio. Side notes in margins, prob. scribal, with paraph, some cropping.

Marginalia and Annotation

Annotation:

    Much of the annotation in the first half of the MS. is by a single, prob. 16th C. reader; the following annotation has been attributed to this commentator:

  • Fol. 4v: ' the ffurste kynge/ how Brutt mad London & callyd thys lond Brettay[ne] & Skotlond albyne & wallys camber', (Brie, 11:23-4)
  • Fol. 5r: 'how kynge humber kynge off Irland leyr_(?) [cropped] in a wattur [th]t ys callyd humber', (Brie, 13:7 ff)
  • Fol. 5v: brief marginal summary of how the severn came to be known as Abraham by the Welsh, (Brie, 23:27ff)
  • Fol. 8v: the drowning of 'Donebande', (Brie, 43:21ff)
  • Fol. 16r: the martyrdom of Ursula and company of maidens, (Brie, 43:21ff.)
  • Fol. 21r: 'how Marlyn was seynt ffor by a mesenger the kyng Vorterger', (Brie, 56:14ff)
  • Fol. 21v: a Latin(?) annotation which proves difficult to transcribe beside Brie, 58:1ff.
  • Fol. 33v: 'how ynglond was callyd ynglond ffirst', (Brie 95: 4ff.)
  • Fol. 42v: Brief summary of story of king Cnut's command to the tide, (Brie 123:16ff.
  • Fol. 43v: Summary of Godwin's murder of prince Alfred, (Brie, 127:5ff.)
  • Fol. 44v: 'How kyng Edward se the kyng off Deynmarck drenchyd in the sey', (Brie, 131:8ff.)
  • Fol. 45r: Summary of the story of Edward's ring, (Brie, 132:4ff.)
  • Fol. 49r: 'the nonnys of Ettone', (Brie, 149:12)
  • Fol. 49r: 'off the deythe off Thomas off Caunterberye', (Brie, 149:17ff.)
  • Fol. 49v: mention of the imprisonment and ransoming of Richard I, (Brie, 152:16ff.)
  • Fol. 50r: 'off kyng John', (Brie, 154:11ff.)
  • Fol. 54v: note adjacent to the poisoning of king John, (Brie, 170:7ff.)
  • Fol. 56v: 'The begennyng off Kyng Edward the first the whiche woon Skotlond', (Bie, 179:1ff.)


    The following annotation is in various hands not attributable to the main glossator:

  • Fol. 11v: 'no[ta] b[e]ne', poss. 15th C., adjacent to mention of the defeat of Julius Caesar, (Brie, 32:11-17)
  • Fol. 12r: 'no[ta] b[e]ne', poss. 15th C., adjacent to reference to birth of Christ, (Brie, 33:26-7)
  • Fol. 21v: 'mei merere quire rex'(?); adjacent to Merlin's discussion with Vortigern, (Brie 58:4ff.)
  • Fol. 49v: marks made beside mention of the Holy Cross, (Brie, 151:12 and 152:7)
  • Fol. 52v: 'no[ta] the gadryng of petre pens [th]row out al englond', poss. early 16th C. (Brie, 163:4ff)
  • Fol. 55v: 'A merveilous derth of corn. for a quart of wheat was worth iiii and xx s.', poss. 17th C., (Brie, 174:32 - 175:1)
  • Fol. 68r: Written beside description of events immediately before the beheading of Thomas of Lancaster, 'of my selfe he wold n_(?)', cropped, poss. 16th. C., (Brie, c. 223:12)
  • Fol. 75v: Nota mark, 'De dualis lunis apparentibus', prob. scribal, perhaps by scribe B, (Brie, 252:8-10)


    Fols 83r-109v: From fol. 83v onwards (during Scribe B's stint) there begins extensive Latin annotation with paraphs, prob. contemporary with the production of this section of the ms.; the annotation records regnal years, miaraculous or portenteous occurences, names of notable people and places, and brief notices of significant events. Here is a fairly typical sample of the annotation, drawn from fol. 85v, (Brie, 314:17 - 316:6):

  • 1. Abbreviation for 'Obit', 'Henry dux lancastrie'.
  • 2. 'Edwardus princeps duxit comitessam canae et uxorem'.
  • 3. 'magna cometia'.
  • 4. 'Alba cometia'.
  • 5. 'Iohanes de Gaunt f[?]cus est dux lancastre'.
  • 6. 'Anno xxxvii'.
  • 7. 'magnus ventus'.
  • 8. 'Anno xxxviii'.
  • 9. 'Anno xxxix'.
  • 10. 'magnum gelu'.
  • 11. Abbreviation for 'Obit', 'Iohanes Rex ffrancie'.


    Fols 97v-103r: in the margins beside the text are the numbers 1-36; the numbers span text from the exile of Thomas Arundel to the death of Henry IV, and are poss. 16th or 17th C.; the meaning of these numbers is as yet unclear.

Evidence of erasures:

  • Fol. 45r: Poss. erasure of 'Seint Thomas of Canterbury', however, there seems to have been a scribal mistake at this point, and it cannot be certain whether this was a scribal emendation or a politically motivated erasure.

Underlining:

  • Fol. 89r, 'quare impedit'.
  • Fol. 97r: 'kny3t weren brou3t', the summoning of Sir John Oldcastle and Sir John Cheyney to parliament, (Brie, 352:13-14)

Graffiti (pen trials etc):

  • Fol. 21v: 'b(d?)eleueryd to my', poss. 16th C.
  • Fol. 77v: pentrials, poss. 16th C.

References, Acknowledgements and Credits

Secondary references

Brie, The Brut.

Matheson, The Prose Brut.

W.D.Macray, Catalogi Codicum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Bodleianae; Partis Quintae; Fasciculus Primus, Viri Munifentissimi Ricardi Rawlinson, J.C.D., (Oxford: 1862) 527.

Associated MSS according to Matheson

CV-1419 (Leyle) [68-71]:
Glasgow, University of Glasgow, MS. Hunterian 74
London, Lambeth Palace Library MS. 259
London, British Library MS. Harley 4930

Acknowledgements:
None

Described by:
Ryan Perry

Date of description:
20/11/05

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