Bodleian Library MS. Ashmole 791

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Contents

Production Practicalities and Reception Issues:

checked against microfilm

  • Pressmark / Name of  Book: Bodl. MS Ashmole 791.
  • Matheson no.: 176.
  • Date(s): C15
  • Type of book: Chronicle collection
  • Manuscript or print?: MS
  • No of items: 2
  • Contents: Brut chronicle, fols. 1-59v; Chronicle of the Popes and Emperors, fols. 60-84v.
  • Writing support: mixed; needs to be checked against MS for usage.
  • Watermark?:
  • Book Construction: Folio, Quarto etc.
  • Collation:
    • No of leaves: 84 fols., plus four (prob. paper) flyleaves at front and six at end.
    • Quires: i11 (wants 1); ii-vii12. fol. 84 is either a fragment or a singleton.
    • Foliation: modern, top right corner.
    • Composite MS? no
    • Booklets?:
    • Catchwords? (on which fols?): 11v, 23v, 35v, 47v, (59v missing or trimmed away) 71v, 84v.
    • Quire signatures? (where?): 12r-17r:b; 26r-29r:c; 37r-40r: d; 48r-53r: e; 65r: (f?); 72r (g?).
    • Damage?: first leaf missing, imperfect at end, stained by damp.
  • Page layout:

a. ruling: (ink or drypoint?) frames in ink, lines in drypoint, prickings visible (e.g. on fol. 33).
b. columns: 1
c. lines: variable: 39-41

  • Ink:
  • Dimensions: (approx.: taken from microfilm)
    • front board: 283 x 203 mm
    • Folio / page: 280 x 195 mm
    • Writing space: 205 x 135
  • Binding: prob. leather, 5 raised bands, tooled with parallel lines.
  • Decoration?:
  • Artist?:
  • No. of Scribes: 1
  • Named scribes?:
  • Hand date; style; version; holograph, autograph?: C15 secretary
  • Hand, rubrication in other MSS?:
  • Compiler?:
  • Rubrication, sigla: two line caps (prob. in red) at chapter headings, floriated and flourished (prob. in red and blue), capital ‘I’ extends to seven lines (e.g. fol. 5); chapter headings and numbers absent, new chapters indicated by line markers (‘X’) (prob. in red and blue); some occasional ‘notae’ in the margins and sidenotes (e.g. fol. 50r), may be scribal.
  • Biobibliographical information: marginalia, glosses, signatures, compiler/ scribe / owner / authorial identification:
    • 12r: ‘This is niccolas cramphorne hande amen’ C16.
    • 47r: ‘george whetley’, pen trials, C16-17.
    • 48r: ‘Niccohaus Cramphorne […] he ryghte ower of this boke so lent Amen’, ‘Nicolaus Crampho’, ‘Nicohus Cramphorne’, C16; ‘Thomas Cramphorne’, C16.
    • This is denes cramphorne boke and he gaue it vnto Nicolas cramphorne his sonne [amen?]
  • Glosses and underlining:
    • English glosses on fols.: 1r, 2r-3v, 4v, 5r, 6r, 7r, 8r-9v, 10v-11v, 12v-30r, 31v-37r, 38v-39v, 41v-42v, 43v-45v, 46v, 47r-v, 48v-56v, 57r, 58v (erased), 59r, 60r-62v, 72v, 73v-77v, 78v, 79r, 82r-v. From fol. 32v-59v the names of kings are written in the top margin in a C16 hand.
  • Immediate Ownership(s) / Patronage:
  • Later ownership(s): Denys Cramphorne  and Nicholas Cramphorne C16; poss. George Whetly.
  • Affiliations: (geo-)political, institutional etc:
  • Language(s); translation activities: MS in English; Item 2 is a translation of Martinus Polonus’ Chronicle of Popes and Emperors .
  • Dialect:
  • LALME vol., page, LP, grid no.:
  • Locality: region; household (secular/religious) urban / rural:

Intertextual relations:

  • Textual descent: Matheson ‘Peculiar version’, group PV1437:B See Matheson, PB, pp. 304-6.
  • Evidence of exemplar: blank space left at end of fol. 59v (1/2 fol.), at end of Brut may indicate exemplar poverty or removal.
  • Intra-textual relations to texts in same MS:
  • Extra-textual to other books, texts, traditions: extracts copied by Ashmole into Bodl. MS Ashmole 1139 (iv) art. 2 (fol. 80 r-v). The translation of Martinus Polonus’ Chronicle of Popes and Emperors can also be found in conjunction with a Brut text in CUL MS Ee.4.31 (Matheson no. 77). This textual group (PV1437:B) is related to the second version of the Latin Brut, see PB, pp. 305-306.
  • Decoration:
  • Translation, language: Item 2 is a translation of Martinus Polonus’ Chronicle of Popes and Emperors (from Latin?)

Credits and acknowledgments:

The description of this MS is based on microfilm work by J O’R also using Macray, (pt X). Textual descent based on Matheson, PB.

Select Bibliography for this MS:

MSS:
UK
Cambridge
CUL MS Ee.4.31
Oxford
Bodl. MS Ashmole 1139
Norfolk
Holkham Hall MS 669
USA
New York
Columbia University Library MS Plimpton 261

Secondary Texts:
Embree, Dan, ed., The Chronicles of Rome  : an Edition of the Middle English Chronicles of Popes and Emperors and the Lollard Chronicle(Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1999).

Kennedy, Edward Donald, ‘Chronicles and Other Historical Writing’, A Manual of the Writings in Middle English 1050-1500,ed. by Albert E. Har­tung, Vol. VIII (Hamden: Archon Books for the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1989), pp. 2663-64, 2879-80.

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