British Library Additional MS. 24859

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Production Practicalities and Reception Issues:

checked against microfilm

  • Pressmark / Name of  Book: BL MS Add. 24859
  • Matheson no.: 111
  • Date(s): late C15
  • Type of book: Brut chronicle
  • Manuscript or print?: MS
  • No of items: 1
  • Contents: Brut chronicle, begins imperfectly, fols. 1r-149r.
  • Writing support: vellum
  • Watermark?:
  • Book Construction: Folio, Quarto etc.
  • Collation:
    • No of leaves: i? + 149 fols.+ i?
    • Blank leaves: ½ of fol. 149r and all of 149v.
    • Quires:
    • Foliation: modern ink, top right corner; alternative (C18?) pagination in top margin.
    • Composite MS? no
    • Booklets?: no
    • Catchwords? (on which fols?): 8v, 16v, 24v, 32v, 40v, 48v, 56v, 64v, 72v, 80v, 88v, 96v, 104v, 112v, 120v, 128v, 136v, 144v,
    • Quire signatures? (where?): signed on leading edges, mostly trimmed away: 27r: 3 g; 35-36r: 3-4 h; 65r-68r: j-4 m [etc]
    • Damage?: bottom margin of 113 appears to have been cut away and subsequently repaired, no loss of text.
  • Page layout:

a. ruling: (ink or drypoint?) frames and lines prob. in lead or crayon; prickings visible.
b. columns: 1
c. lines:38

  • Ink:
  • Dimensions:
    • front board:
    • Folio / page:
    • Writing space:
  • Binding:
  • Decoration?:
  • Artist?:
  • No. of Scribes: 1
  • Named scribes?:
  • Hand date; style; version; holograph, autograph?: C15 Secretary with double-compartment ‘a’, single ascender ‘d’, ‘2’-shaped ‘r’ with hairline descender, descender of ‘g’ curls round far enough to make the letter double compartment on some occasions.
  • Hand, rubrication in other MSS?:
  • Compiler?:
  • Rubrication, sigla: 2-line caps with pen flourishing into margins, prob. in red or blue; chapter headings (with numbers up to lxiiij, fol. 5v, after which spaces are left and then the numbers are partially completed; between chapters 100-197, the chapters are numbered 'c', chapters 198-209 are numbered appropriately, and thereon subsequent chapters are numbered 'cc') prob. in red; scribal side notes in a large and small script, only occasionally with paraphs;  paraphs in the text, prob. alternately red and blue.
  • Biobibliographical information: marginalia, glosses, signatures, compiler/ scribe / owner / authorial identification:
    • Front flyleaf (ir): ‘purchase of Geo Fulkes 9 June 1862’.
    • 9r: ‘Treuer Webb’, C18
    • 10r: ‘Charles webb of Peterstow near Ros in Herefordshire’, C18.
    • Beginning of letter, C17-18?
    • 21v: ‘My Wife my knife J do […] intend’, C18.
    • 24r: ‘Elizabeth Walle’, pen trials, C16-17.
    • 27r: ‘Charles’, C18.
    • 28v: ‘Trevor Webb my name and with my […]’, C18.
    • 39v: ‘God made man and’, C18.
    • 40r: cancelled marginalia and pen trials C17-18.
    • 43r: ‘Charles Webb his hand writing 1715’, ‘John Markey of Donchurch 1715 this is a papish book’, ‘William Webb’, C18.
    • 43v: ‘William’, C18
    • 44r: ‘John’, ‘John Walle’, C16-17.
    • 48r: ‘William Webb’, C18.
    • 58r: ‘Mr John Marky Book 1712 witness his hand’.
    • 65r: indenture, ‘made the twentieth day of may x in the thir[…] year of the reign of our […]ereign lord King george Between John Headling of Cowbridge in the county of Monmouth yeoman’. See fols. 81r, 149v.
    • 71v: ‘Palaccen Per Sent’, C18.
    • 73v: ‘C. Webb’, C18.
    • 74v: ‘Mr Jhon [mackee (erased)] markee his book amen 1712’.
    • 76v: ‘Trevor’, C18.
    • 77r: pen trials, C18.
    • 77v: ‘Trevor Webb 1704 god made man and man made money God made Deeper and be’.
    • 78r: ‘William Webb God giue him grais tharin to look and when the bell for him doth toule the lord of heuen rescue his soule amen 1715’.
    • 79r: ‘C Webb […]’, C18.
    • 80v: ‘Trevor’, C18.
    • 81r: indenture dated 1st Jan 3 [?James (smudged)] III, ‘between the right honourable the barron Prue of ff(ox?)la[…] in the county of Hereford’. See fols.65r, 149v.
    • 82v: ‘Commandemonts 1704’.
    • 87r: ‘William Webb His Book Amen 1713’.
    • 94v: pen trials, C18.
    • 100v: ‘Trevor W’, ‘Trevor’, C18.
    • 101r: ‘Trevor Webb is my name […]’, C18.
    • 102v: ‘William Webb his’, C18.
    • 112v: ‘William Webb’, C18.
    • 115r: ‘John Jones’ [twice] ‘how many of you’, C18.
    • 124r: ‘Nee thisay gan f[…]ng’, C16.
    • 130r: ‘capt Webbs Book’, C18.
    • 130v: scribbles.
    • 141: ‘nee thisay gan f[…]g’, C16.
    • 145v: ‘William Webb his book’, C18.
    • 148v: ‘Trevor Webb’, C18.
    • 149r: ‘(P?)arry marry’, C18; ‘the author of this chronicle dyed before he  could accomplisshe the arte achyvyd in the tyme of kynge henry the fifte.’, C16; pen trials, C18.
    • 149v: ‘John Markey’, C18; ‘Charles Webb [lines form the lord prayer]’, C18; ‘William Webb his book 1715 [twice]’; The Lord’s Prayer in full [twice], C16-17, C18; translation of Lord’s Prayer into Latin, C18; indenture, C18; ‘Mary Williams went from the old garden on the 19 day of march’, C18; Latin Maxim [twice], C18; ‘Charles Webbs book’, C18; indenture: ‘Between William Morgan deceasd and John Rosser’, ‘of the parish of Langivvy  Penere sum Ago quod agas cum […]’ C18, see fols. 65r and 81r; ‘A man of wordes and not of deedes is like a garden full of weedes’, C18; prayer, C18.
    • Back flyleaf (ir:) ‘149 folios. G C I Ex’m’d. WP’, C19.

Glosses and underlining:

    • C16 glosses (some in Welsh?) on fols.2r, 12r, 13r-v, 16r, 19v, 20r, 21r, 32v, 33v, 34r, 35r, 36r, 39v, 41r, 43v, 47v, 54r, (70r, diff. hand), 88r, (104v, 115v, diff. hand).
    • C16-17 glosses on fols. 2v, 5r, 7r, 9v, 11r, 22r, 45v, 64r, 109v, 111r, (122v, diff. hand), 147r-v.
    • C18 glosses on fols.4r,  18r, 20r, 21r, 23v, 24r, 25r, 31v, 32r, 33r, 40r, 57r, 85r, 119v.
    • Maniculae on fols. 4v, 6v, 8r, 12r,.
  • Immediate Ownership(s) / Patronage:
  • Later ownership(s): poss. Walle family, C16-17; John Markey, 1712; Webb family, 1715
  • Affiliations: (geo-)political, institutional etc:
  • Language(s); translation activities:
  • Dialect:
  • LALME vol., page, LP, grid no.:
  • Locality: region; household (secular/religious) urban / rural: Herefordshire (Peterstow) in 1715, rural; Monmouthshire (Cowbridge, Llangibby), Herefordshire temp. George III; rural.

Intertextual relations:

  • Textual descent: Matheson ‘Extended Version’, group EV-1419:B. See Matheson, PB, pp. 188, 192.
  • Evidence of exemplar:
  • Intra-textual relations to texts in same MS:
  • Extra-textual to other books, texts, traditions:
  • Decoration:
  • Translation, language:

Credits and acknowledgments:

The description of this MS is based on Microfilm work by J O’R. Textual descent based on Matheson, PB.

Select Bibliography for this MS:


NLW MS Add. 442D
CUL MS Add. 2775
CUL MS Ff.2.26
University Library MS 185
University of Glasgow MS Hunterian 230
Lincoln Cathedral MS 98
BL MS Harley 4827
BL MS Harley 2182
Bodl. MS Rawl. Poet. 32
Trinity College MS 5


University of Virginia MS 38-173

Secondary Texts:
Brie, Friedrich W. D., Geschichte und Quellen der Mittelenglischen Prosachronik The Brute of England oder The Chronicles of England (Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1905), p. 63.

_____, ed. The Brut or The Chronicles of England. Early English Text Society Original Series 131 and 136 (London: Oxford University Press, 1906, 1908), II, vi.


3 quires missing from beginning of ms.

81r: the place name mentioned here is probably Foxhalls, nr. Ross on Wye, Herefs.

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