Huntington MS. HM 136

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Production Practicalities and Reception Issues:

checked against microfilm, complete 10-10-2003

  • Pressmark / Name of  Book: Huntington MS HM 136
  • Matheson no(s).: 61, 92.
  • Date(s): 1, 4) beginning of C16; 2) C16; 3) mid C15; 5) C16, temp Henry VIII?
  • Type of book: collection of historiographical works and prophecies, in Latin and English
  • Manuscript or print?: MS
  • No of items: 5
  • Contents: 1) Epitome of English history from William I to Henry VI, fol. ii verso; 2) Latin texts: Oratio Bruti ad Dianam, Responsio Diane ad Brutum, Epitaphium Henrici Secundi Regis Anglie, Epitaphium Frederici Imperatoris, fol. iv; 3) Brut chronicle, fols. 1-158r.; 4) John of Bridlington’s Prophecy, fols. 83v-86r, 102v-130r; 5) Medical recipes, fol. ixr.
  • Writing support: parchment with paper flyleaves, one at front (fol. i) and two at end (fols. x-xi).
  • Watermark?:
  • Book Construction: Folio, Quarto etc.
  • Collation:
  • No of leaves: vi + 158 + xi (fol. ii is a former pastedown).
  • Quires: i-xix8 xx8(wants 7 and 8)
  • Foliation: 2sets, 1) modern, prob. pencil top right corner, 2) C18?, top right corner (to fol. 8).
  • Composite MS? no
  • Booklets?: no
  • Catchwords? (on which fols?): 8v; 16v; 24v; 32v; 40v; 48v; 56v; 64v; 72v; 80v; 88v; 96v; 104v; 112v; 120v; 128v; 136v; 144; 152v. 
  • Quire signatures? (where?): 17r-20r: c; 25r-28r: d; 33r-36r; e; 41r-44r: f; 49r-52r: g; 57r-60: h; 65r-68r: J; 73r-76r: k; 81r-83r (84r obscured by text): l; 89r-92r: m; 97r-100r: n; 105r-106r (not visible on fols 107-108): o; 113r-116r: p; 121r-124r: q; 129-132r (129r not visible): r; 137r-140r: s; 145-148r: t; 153r-156r: v.
  • Damage?:
  • Page layout:
  • a. ruling: (ink or drypoint?) frames in drypoint, fols. 9-16 and fols. 17 and 24v (quires b and c) frames in ink.
    b. columns: 1
    c. lines: 39-42

  • Ink:
  • Dimensions:
  • front board:
  • Folio / page: 286 x 190 mm.
  • Writing space:  208 x 130 mm.
  • Binding: C19, ¾ English diced Russia with marbled boards and endpapers; previous binding evidenced by stains from two clasps on outer leaves and stains from wooden board on former pastedown.
  • Decoration?:
  • Artist?:
  • No. of Scribes: 5: A: items 1 and 4;  B: item 2 ; C: item 3, fols.1-156v, l. 3; D: fols. 156v, l. 4- 158r; E: item 5.
  • Named scribes?:
  • Hand date; style; version; holograph, autograph?: A: secretary with anglicana features, beginning of C16; B: C16 secretary; C: C15 secretary with anglicana features (e.g. ‘d’); D: C15 Secretary E: C16 secretary.
  • Hand, rubrication in other MSS?:
  • Compiler?: prob. scribe of 3); other texts are later additions.
  • Rubrication, sigla: Fol. 1, bar and foliage border in gold, green, blue and pink with black ink sprays terminating in green and gold balls. 2v (Chapter 1 of Brut), eight line cap, flourished; fols. 3r-16v caps at chapter headings are predominantly one line, plain, in blue ink; fol. 8r, one line cap flourished;  fols. 17r-154v two line caps in blue with red flourishing at chapter headings; fols. 156v-158r spaces left for rubrication; blue paraphs; chapter headings in red; line markers (prob. in red); some proper names and some new sentences underlined (prob. in red); side notes (prob. in black), including names of kings in top right corners.
  • Biobibliographical information: marginalia, glosses, signatures, compiler/ scribe / owner / authorial identification:
  • Front pastedown - 1r: various modern notes and pressmarks
  • Front flyleaf (iiir): ‘Liber John Leche’, C15-16, according to description, poss. by the same hand as arts 1 and 4, see also back flyleaf iir; ‘Liber Josephi Sond’, C17, see also front flyleaf, iv; ‘Liber Thomas Phillipps de Middle Hill 1858’; ‘caxton’, ‘no. (5)’, both modern.
  • Front flyleaf iv verso: ‘jhus meylady jhus’, three erased lines: ‘the […] day of […] to [etc]’ prob. a memorandum of transaction, C15-16.
  • Front flyleaf, vir: ‘Will Persall’, C16- C17.
  • Front flyleaf, vi verso: ‘fol inscript [S 26?]’ see also back flyleaf ix verso. C15?
  • 1r: ‘per 1le 13is 4d’ C15?; ‘George Culcheth his booke 1666’; ‘1681 J Bagnalle’; ‘Phillipps ms 8858’, C18
  • 9r: ‘mystrys dore the this is yovr boke who wovll you deny tavke me to re corde I wyll saye […] ly’, C16 (the same hand occurs every few fols.).
  • 13r: ‘Wyll yow say thys ys not mystrys derethye boke then yow ly’ C16.
  • 16r: ‘J wyll tell yow playne yt ys her boke wet nes of me’, ‘moste truyst yt ys her boke and I wyll say so’, C16.
  • 20r: ‘thys ys d boke’, C16.
  • 25r: ‘ t y d [?] b’, C16.
  • 29r: ‘dore the’ [three times], ‘dore the helbar ton’, C16.
  • 32r: ‘god save her that do owe thys boke amen’, C16.
  • 33r: ‘thys ys dore the […]’, C16.
  • 35r: ‘mystrys dorethe helbarton […]’, C16.
  • 46r: ‘thys ys her awne boke’, C16.
  • 48r: ‘J be yt knowen to All men thys ys dorethes boke’, C16.
  • 50r: ‘thys ys dorethe helbarton boke And she wyll apon ym loke’, C16.
  • 51r: ‘mystrys dorethe’, C16.
  • 52r: ‘thys ys my mystrys boke we well apon ym loke’, C16.
  • 53r: ‘dore the’ [twice], C16.
  • 54r: ‘and thys ys dore thy helbarton boke’, C16.
  • 57r: ‘thys ys mystres boke’, C16.
  • 59r: ‘Thys ys mystrys dorethes boke’, C16.
  • 61r: ‘mys yow of nothing of that yow have sayde’, C16.
  • 63r: ‘Jhesu save her that do howe thys boke’, C16.
  • 65r: ‘mystrys dorethe’, C16.
  • 66r: ‘[…] and now that letel d full well J do demande J pray god that she her self may now defende’, C16.
  • 72r: ‘god save her that do ave thys boke’, C16.
  • 73r: ‘but now J se even then my mystrys dos me luvef her for to defende J be seke the lorde above’, C16.
  • 75r: ‘mystrys dorethe god lovth save and se and grownte enow that she may know the arete’, C16.
  • 76r: ‘mystrys dorethe thys is yovr boke’, C16.
  • 77v: ‘ thys ys dorethe helbartons boke ovthes ym beste to have’, C16.
  • 79r: ‘god save her that do howe thys boke’, C16.
  • 80r: ‘thys my mystrys boke  / who ovteyth hym for to have who so whovlde a genstey loke ye ys a vere knave’, C16.
  • 81r: ‘J ham he that wyll bere re corde thys ys my / mystrys boke’, C16.
  • 83r: ‘thys ys her boke yndede’, C16.
  • 85r: ‘mystrys barnarde gave her thys boke’, C16.
  • 86r: ‘god sende her well hon ym to loke’, C16.
  • 89r: ‘by cavse thys ys her boke she may the beter on ym loke’, C16.
  • 90r: ‘god save her that to owe thys boke Amen’, C16.
  • 91r: ‘thys ys her hovne boke’, C16.
  • 93r: ‘[…]uhy [truly?] J wyll f[…]ere that yt ys her boke’, C16.
  • 95r: ‘be god yt ys her owne boke’, C16.
  • 97r: ‘J wovlde not sayt so helse but yt were her boke’, C16.
  • 99r: ‘thys ys her boke wyche bereth thys name dorethe’, C16
  •  100r: ‘thys is the ouer of thys boke mare torne hover the leafe & loke’, C16.
  • 101r: ‘I tel the playne yt ys my mystrys boke who ys yovr mystrys toren over and loke’, C16.
  • 102r: ‘that ys mystrys dorethe helbarton’, C16.
  • 103r: ‘I tell the thys ys her howne boke’, C16.
  • 104r: ‘mys’, ‘mystrys dorethe this is yovr boke’, C16.
  • 106r: ‘Who gave her thys boke mare her mother’, C16.
  • 107r: ‘by my honeste thy sys her boke’, C16.
  • 108r: pen trials, C 16, same hand as fol. 9r etc.
  • 109r: ‘K R’ [three times in different scripts], poss. same hand as fol. 9r etc.
  • 110r: ‘Dorethe helbarton thys ys yovre owne boke’, C16.
  • 112r: ‘yn my begenneng god be my fred In gras & var[?] to prosede’, ‘ ys yy and of hym that ys yowr frende’, ‘ and then when that’, C16, same hand as fol. 9 etc.; ‘thomas good ryche’ C15-16.
  •  114r: ‘This is dorethe helbarton boke I pray god she may leve loynge Aponym to loke’, C16.
  • 116r: ‘god save her that how thys boke’, C16.
  • 117r: ‘J saye this is my mystrys boke god sende her wel on ym to loke’, C16.
  • 118r: ‘god save her do howe thys boke’, C16.
  • 120r: ‘loke on thys boke & tell me woes yt ys torne over & loke’, C16.
  • 121r: ‘mystrys dorethe I tell the’, C16.
  • 122r: ‘Jhev [Jhesu?]’, c16.
  • 123r: ‘tys her howne boke’, C16.
  • 126r: ‘and J wyl say yt a gayne’, C16.
  • 128r: ‘Dorethe helbarton yow do howe thys boke’, C 16.
  • 130r: ‘god save her that do how thys boke’, C16.
  • 131r: ‘ my mystrys do howe thys boke’, C16.
  •  132r: ‘thys ys mystrys’, C16.
  • 136r, 137r, 140r, 141r, 144r: ‘dorethe’, C16.
  • End flyleaf ir: ‘this ys dor helbarton boke’, C16; ‘Liber John Leche de Wico Malbano in Com Cestr’, C15-16.
  • End flyleaf i verso: ‘thys ys mystrys dorethe helbarton boke’, C16.
  • End flyleaf iiir: ‘god save her that do owe thys boke Amen’, C16.
  • End flyleaf iv verso: ‘Jhus’, C15-16 see front flyleaf iv verso; ‘Franciscus Dorington huius liber possessor legittimus’, C16.
  • End flyleaf vr: ‘Jnny’, C16?
  • End flyleaf v verso (numbered 8 in mod. pencil):  birth notices of the Cole family: Arthur Cole (27 November 1519) and Ursula Cole (10 March 1521); ‘no. (5)’, modern; Initial with pen drawings of human faces, see fol. 158r.
  • End flyleaf ix verso: ‘ffol inscript s 26 r’, erasure prob. of same text, scribbles, numbers, C15?
  • Glosses and underlining:
  • maniculum at fols. 69v, 124v,
  • English glosses at fols.: 87r, 88r, 114r, 117r,  C17; 158r (with pen drawing of human face), C 16.
  • Underlining at fols.: 78r, 87r.
  • Immediate Ownership(s) / Patronage:
  • Later ownership(s): John Leche (Nantwich, Ches) C15-16, poss. Thomas Goodrich, C15-16; Dorothy Halberton, mistress (Mary?) Barnard (her mother), C16; Francis Dorington, C16; poss. Cole family, C16; Joseph Sond, C17; George Culcheth 1666; poss. 1681 J Bagnalle, Will Persall, C17; Thomas Phillipps of Middle Hill 1858.
  • Affiliations: (geo-)political, institutional etc:
  • Language(s); translation activities: Some texts in Latin; Brut in English with Latin and English side notes.
  • Dialect:
  • LALME vol., page, LP, grid no.:
  • Locality: region; household (secular/religious) urban / rural: John Leche of Nantwich, Cheshire (see bibliograhpy for other mss owned by him); Thomas Phillipps of Middle Hill C19, secular.
  • Intertextual relations:

  • Textual descent: no. 61: Matheson ‘Common Version’, group CV-1419(r&g):B. See Matheson, PB, pp.123-124; no. 92: Matheson ‘Common Version’, group CV-1461. See Matheson, PB, pp.163-164
  • Evidence of exemplar: The continuation, fols. 156r-158r, was added later and was not completed; fol. 158v is ruled but blank.
  • Intra-textual relations to texts in same MS: All of the other texts were added to the original Brut ms in the sixteenth century, so it seems that the ms was used as a repository for historiographical texts (if one would call Bridlington’s Prophecy historiographical) at various times, and by different scribes.
  • Extra-textual to other books, texts, traditions: John Leche (and later John Leches) owned a number of books, detailed in bibliography below.
  • Decoration:
  • Translation, language:
  • Credits and acknowledgments:

    The description of this MS is largely based on Berkeley Digital Scriptorium Database [1] and microfilm work by J O’R. Textual descent based on Matheson, PB.

    4. Select Bibliography for this MS


    Univ. of Sydney MS Nicholson 13
    TCD MS 490
    CUL MS Ee.4.32
    TCC MS R.5.43
    Univ. of Leicester MS 47
    BL MS Harley 1568
    BL MS Add. 41321 (John Leche)
    Bodl. MS Bodley 840
    Bodl. MS Rawl. B.205
    Trinity College MSS 13, 14, 16a and 49 (John Leche)
    Chapel Hill
    Heyneman MS
    San Marino
    Huntington MS HM 113
    Washington DC
    Folger MS V.b.106


    Secondary Texts:

    De Ricci, 56.

    Dutschke, C. W., Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Hun­tington Library,2 vols (San Marino: Huntington Library, 1989), 1, pp. 181-83.

    Hanna, Ralph III, The Index of Middle English Prose, Handlist I: A Handlist of Manu­scripts Containing Middle English Prose in the Henry E. Huntington Li­brary (Cambridge: Brewer, 1984), p. 15.

    Rigg, A.G., ‘John of Bridlington’s Prophecy: A New Look’, Speculum, 63 (1988): 596-613.

    Tarvers, Josephine Koster, ‘English Women as Readers and Writers’, in The Uses of Manuscripts in Literary Studies: Essays in Memory of Judson Boyce Allen,ed. by Charlotte Cook Morse, Penelope Reed Doob, and Mar­jorie Curry Woods, Studies in Medieval Culture 31 (Kalama­zoo: Medieval Institute, 1992), 305-27, pp. 319-20.

    Walther, Hans, Initia Carminum ac Versuum Medii Aevi Posterioris Latinorum : Alphabetisches Verzeichnis der Versanfänge Mittellateinischer Dichtungen, Carmina Medii Aevi Posterioris Latina 1 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1959), nos. 4598, 17466, 17866, 18695.

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