Lambeth Palace MS. 306

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checked against microfilm

  • Pressmark / Name of  Book: LP MS 306
  • Matheson no.: 183
  • Date(s): Late C15, C16.
  • Type of book: collection of historiographical material, songs and medical recipes.
  • Manuscript or print?: MS
  • No of items:
  • Contents: item 1a: Dimensions of the lists at Smithfield, front pastedown; item 1b: proclamation of the enhancing of gold, 18 Henry VIII, front pastedown; item 1c: List of mayors of London with their companies, front pastedown; item 1d: Execution of the duke of Buckingham, front pastedown; item 1e: list of kings from William the Conqueror to Stephen and their dates, front flyleaf (ir), ends imperfectly; item 2: abridged Brut chronicle, fols. 1r-17v; item 3: Lydgate, Verses on the Kings of England in prose, fols. 17v-18v; item 4: Names of the Keepers and Bailiffs of London, fols. 18v-46r; item 5a: historical notes, for the years 1563 -65, fols. 46v-48r; item 5b: Cade’s Proclamation, fols. 49r-51r; item 5c: Dirge of the Commons of Kent, fols. 51r-52v; item 5d: Christening of Prince Arthur, fol. 53r; item 5e: Manner of making knights, fols. 53v-55v; item 5f: surnames of companions of William the Conqueror, fol. 55v; item 5g:  memorial of charges at Boulogne, fol. 56r; item 5h: notes for 1565-67, fols. 56v-59r; item 5i: the plague of 1564, fol. 62v; item 5j: notes for 1561-63 (written on blank fols. and margins of other items) fols. 63r-v, 65r, 66r-68r, 69r-70r, 71v; item 6a: The Doctrynall Princyples and Proverbys Yconomie or Howsholde Kepynge sent from Saynt Bernarde vnto Raymonde, fols. 64r-65r; item 6b: list of prohibited books, fols 65rb-65va; item 6c: medical recipes, fol. 65vb; item 6d: medical recipes, fol. 68r; item 6e: Nomina Herbarum, fols.68v-69r; item 6f: medical recipes, fol. 70v-71v;  item 6g: Nomina Herbarum, fols. 72r-v; item 7: verse, Lybious Disconyas, fols. 73r-107r; item 8: verse, a tale of two brothers, fols. 107r-110r; item 9: verse, Saint Gregory’s Trental, fols. 110r-113v; item 10: medical recipes, fols. 114r-117v; item 11: tract on the temperaments, fols. 117v-121r; item 12a: medical recipes, fols. 121r-125v; item 12b: culinary and medical recipes, fols. 126r-v. item 13: life of St. Eustace, fols. 127r-131v; item 14a: medical recipe, fol. 131v; item 14b: verse and prose, the receiving of Edward IV at Bristol; item 14c: medical recipes, fols. 132r, 132v, 133v, 134r, 135r, 135v, 136r, 140v, 141r-v, 165r, 166r, 178r, 186r, 187r-v; item 15a: verse in Latin and English: Regina celi letare; fol. 132v; 15b: verse in Latin and English: Gaude flore virginali, fol. 133r; 15c: verse: early in a someres tide, fols. 134r-135r; item 15d: verse: women women loue of women, fols. 135r-v; item 15e: verse: Edwardus dei gracia, fol. 136r; item 15f: verse: Juellis precious cane y non fynde to sell, fol. 136v; item 15g: verse: my hertes joy all myn hole plesaunce, fol. 137r; item 15h: verse: That pasaunt godnes the rote of all virtue, fol. 137v-138r; item 15i: verse: frische floure of womanly nature, fols. 138r-v; item 16: the retinue of Edward II at Calais, fols. 139-141r; item 17a: note on Granada, fol. 141r; item 17b; parlous days, fol. 141v; item 18: Lydgate, verse: The Hors the Shepe and the Gosse, fols. 142r-145r; item 19: The Complaint of Christ, fols. 145r-147r; item 20: William Lychfelde, The Complaint of God, 147r-152v; item 21: The Stacyons of Rome, fols. 152v-165r; item 22: the manner of keeping hawks, fols. 166r-175v; item 23: beasts (with list of collective nouns) of venery, fol. 176r, added to on fol.176v; item 24a: Breuis Dieta Philomena, fol. 176v; item 24b: tokens for knowing the sex of a lark, fol. 176v; item 24c: Dieta pro Philomena, fol. 177r-v; item 25: Hymn to the Virgin, fol.177v; item 26: The Wright’s Chaste Wife, fols. 178r-187r; item 27 (printed): Life of St. Winifred, fols.188r-201v; item 28:  A Decre and Statute made by the Honourable Cownseyle of the Cite of London for the Gevyng of the Benyfice of Seynt Peters in Cornehyll, fol. 202v; item 29a:  cautions to land purchasers, fol. 203r; item 29b: height of certain men (Moses etc.), fol. 203r; item 29c: note on term dates, fol. 203v; item 29d: verse: in nucem dentes etc., fol. 203v; item 30: The Battle of Flodden, fols. 204r-v; item 31: fragments of notes and medical recipes.
  • Writing support: paper
  • Watermark?:
  • Book Construction: Folio, Quarto etc.
  • Collation: tentative, from film.
    • No of leaves: i + 204 fols.
    • Blank leaves: front flyleaf (i verso), bottom half of 46r, 48v, 59v-62r, 202r.
    • Quires: i-xiv8; xv8 (wants 2); xvi8; xvii6 (wants 1); xviii10; xix16; xx8; xxi12; xxii10; printed: a8 (wants 1, 8 bound after b i); b8; two leaves at end.
    • Foliation: modern, top right corner; fols. 166-176 foliated 1-11 in ink, C18, top right corner.
    • Composite MS? yes
    • Booklets?: yes: 1: fols. 1-48, Scribe A, items 2-4; 2: fols. 49-62 (or 49-63), John Stow, items 5a-j; 3: fols. 64-72 (or 2 booklets: 64-65, 66-72), Scribe C, John Stow and others; 4: fols. 73-113, Scribe A, items 7-9; 5: fols. 114-125, Scribes A and D and others, items 10-12b 6: fols. 127-131, Scribe A. item 13; 7: fols. 132-141, scribe E and others, items 14-17b; 8: 142-165, Scribe F, items 18-21; 9: fols. 166-177, Scribe G, items 22-25; 10: fols. 178-187, Scribe H, item 26; 11: fols. 188-201, printed, item 27; remaining 2 fols. and pastedown contain items 28-31.
    • Catchwords? (on which fols?): 8r, 16v, 24v, 32v, 40v, 80v, 88v, 96v, 104v, 112v, 118v.
    • Quire signatures? (where?): fols. 1r-44r: A-F 1-4; 73r- 113r: A-F 1-4; 127r-128r: A 1-2; 132r-136r: g 1-5; 166r-171: A 1-6; 178r-182r: h 1-5; 188r-198r: a-b ii-iiii.
    • Damage?:
  • Page layout:

a. ruling: (ink or drypoint?): fols. 1r-48v, 73r-113v, 126r-131v (Scribe A): frames in ink; fols. 49r-63r (John Stow), frames in lead or drypoint, prob. ruled by original scribe (e.g. fol. 52v); Stow has added his own left margin in ink on fols. 49r-52v; fols. 64r-65r (Scribe C), frames and lines, poss. in combination of crayon? and drypoint, columns, poss. in ink, prickings visible; fols. 66r-72v (John Stow and various scribes), frames and lines, poss. in lead, prickings visible; fols. 114-125v (Scribe D), frames in ink (same size as Scribe A); fols. 132-141v (Scribe E and others), frames in ink (same size as Scribe A), lines, poss. in drypoint, prickings visible; fols. 142r-165v (Scribe F), frames in ink (same size as Scribe A); fols. 166r-177v (Scribe G), frames, poss. in ink, lines in ink added by later scribes on fols.177r-v; fols. 178r-187v (Scribe H [‘I S’]), frames in ink; 202v, frames and lines poss. in lead; 204r, frames in ink, lines, prob. in drypoint, prickings visible.
b. columns: All items 1, except: item 1: chaotic,  item 5f: 3, item 5j (fol. 63r): 2; items 6a-c: 2; item 6e, 6g: 2; item 15 (fols. 133r, 135v, item 23 (list in 2 columns); item 25; items 29a-d.
c. lines: Scribe A: 31-34; John Stow: chaotic; Scribe C: 37-38; Scribe D: approx 32, chaotic; Scribe E: varies; Scribe F: 35; Scribe G: 36-40; Scribe H: 37.

  • Ink:
  • Dimensions:
    • front board:
    • Folio / page: 11 ½ x 8 ¼ in.
    • Writing space:
  • Binding: C16? stamped leather over wooden boards; roll ornament with portcullis and dragon; two clasps both missing; rebacked.
  • Decoration?: no
  • Artist?:
  • No. of Scribes: 8 main scribes with many other contributors: A: fols. 1r-46r, 73r-113v, 126r-131v; John Stow: fols. 46v-63v; C: fols. 64ra-65va; D: fols. 114r-125v, E: 134r-141r; F: fols. 142r-165r; G: fols. 166r-176r; H: fols. 178-187r.
  • Named scribes?: John Stow, Scribe H has written initials ‘J S’ on the first fol. of his work, poss. John Shirley? The script is too early to be John Stow.
  • Hand date; style; version; holograph, autograph?:  Scribe A: C15 Secretary: uses both single-ascender  and looped-ascender ‘d’, occasional Anglicana ‘w’, but predominantly Secretary form; single-compartment ‘a’, both long and ‘2’-shaped ‘r’; John Stow: C16 Secretary; Scribe C: C16 Secretary; Scribe D: C15 Secretary: occasional double-compartment ‘g’, ‘2’-shaped ‘r’, usually single-ascender but occasional looped-ascender ‘d’; Scribe E: C15 Secretary: both single and looped-ascender ‘d’; single-compartment ‘a’; Scribe F: C15 Secretary: single-compartment ‘a’ and ‘g’, ‘d’ with looped ascenders; Scribe G: C15 Secretary both single-ascender and looped-ascender ‘d’, single-compartment ‘a’, occasional double-compartment ‘g’. ‘2’-shaped ‘r’; Scribe H: C15 Secretary with Anglicana features: Anglicana ‘w’, ‘d’ with looped ascenders, occasional double-compartment ‘a’, long ‘r’.
  • Hand, rubrication in other MSS?:
  • Compiler?: poss. John Stow? MS may have been compiled after his contribution.
  • Rubrication, sigla: Items 1a-e, 6c-g, 17a, 24a-b, 28, 29b, 29c: not rubricated; item 2, fol. 1r: 7-line solid cap with pen chain-work around edge, prob. in colours; rest of item: 1-line solid caps, prob. in red or blue, ‘A’ has descender extended into inner margin; no chapter headings or numbers; line markers in various styles, prob. in red; paraphs in the text; side notes; often 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished with 2 loops, decorated with 7 pairs of slashes and terminating in a trefoil; some ascenders of top lines thickened and extended slightly into top margin; catchwords in half-boxes; item 3: same as item 2; item 4: same as items 2 and 3, except names of mayors set out as lists; items 5a-j: running titles; occasional paraphs in inner margin; occasional side notes; item 6a:  double slashes in text; double hyphens; occasional nota marks in margins; item 6b;  list numbered in Arabic numerals; item 7, fol. 73r: 7-line solid cap with pen chain-work around edge, prob. in colours; rest of item: occasional 2-line solid caps, prob. in red or blue; on most fols. 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished with 2 loops, decorated with 2 or 6 pairs of slashes and terminating in a trefoil; some ascenders of top lines thickened and extended slightly into top margin; catchwords in half-boxes; explicits in half-boxes; a later hand (C19?) has added line numbers, prob. in pencil at the bottom of each fol. items 8 and 9: same as 7; item 10: running titles; side notes, sometimes in half-boxes; item 11: side notes; single and double slashes in text; poss. in red; line markers, poss. in red; catchword in half box; item 12a: same as 11; item 12b: headings, prob. in red; on most fols. 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished with 2 loops, decorated with 2 or 6 pairs of slashes and terminating in a trefoil; some ascenders of top lines thickened and extended slightly into top margin; item 13, fol. 127r: space left for 4-line cap with guide letter; rest of item: same as item 7; item 14a: heading; straight line marker; item 14b: heading; rhyme markers; item 14c: same as 14a; item 15a: running title, poss. in red; Latin text above English, prob. in red; stanza markers; single and double slashes; item 15b: running title; stanzas numbered stanza and rhyme markers; side notes, poss. in red; item 15c, fol. 134r: stanza markers; fol. 134v: 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with 2 loops and 2 pairs of double slashes; explicit in box; item 15d: stanza markers; chorus written out in second column, explicit in box; 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with 2 loops and 2 pairs of double slashes; item 15e: same as 15d; item 15f: 1 descender of bottom line letter of each stanza flourished into margin with 2 loops and 2 or 3 pairs of double slashes; item 15g: stanza marker for chorus which is set at bottom of fol., with 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with 2 loops and 2 pairs of double slashes; item 15h: 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with 2 loops and 2 pairs of double slashes; explicit; item 15i: same as item 15h; item 16: item partially laid out as list with line markers; item 17b: item laid out as a list with line markers; item 18: 7-line solid cap with small flourish from base into inner margin, prob. in colours; 1-line solid caps; 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with varying numbers of loops and pairs of slashes, terminating in 6 dots; item 19: 8-line cap infilled with filigree work, prob. in colours; 1-line solid caps; running title; 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with varying numbers of loops and pairs of slashes, terminating in 6 dots; explicit in box; item 20: 4, 6 or 8-line cap, infilled with geometric designs, knotwork, strapwork etc, prob. in colours; 1-line caps; 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with varying numbers of loops and pairs of slashes, terminating in 6 dots; item 21: running title; 6-line cap infilled with knotwork, prob. in colours; 4, 6 or 8 line solid caps, poss. in colours, sometimes infilled with knotwork or strapwork; 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with varying numbers of loops and pairs of slashes, terminating in 6-12 dots; explicit; items 22 and 23: 5-line solid cap, poss. in red or blue; item partially laid out as a list with line markers; occasional 1-line caps; paraphs in text; explicit in box;  item 24c: running title in Latin and English; side notes;  item 25: last stanza numbered as a method of correction; explicit; item 26 fol. 178r: running title; space left for 7-line cap; 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with 1 loop and 5 pairs of slashes, terminating in a whorl, with the initials ‘J’ ‘S’ in the voids; fol. 179r: 1 descender of bottom line letter flourished into margin with 3 loops and 3 pairs of slashes, with flower in 1 void; explicit; item 27: space left for 3-line cap with guide letter; headings; single slashes; double hyphens; paraphs in text; item 29a:  numbered list; item 29b: laid out as list with brackets; item 30: heading.
  • Biobibliographical information: marginalia, glosses, signatures, compiler/ scribe / owner / authorial identification:
    • Front flyleaf (ir): modern pressmark.
    • Front flyleaf (i verso):modern librarian’s note attributing ownership of the ms to John Stow.
    • 52v: ‘writen owt of david morcyn his booke by John stow’, C16 (hand of Stow).
    • 61v: ‘the forme of the heritikes that had to do [with in?] London is to the nombr 7 ju 37 pr myrtrs & folles’, C16, poss. Stow’s hand.
    • 126r: ‘Anthonus Musa’, C17-18? Poss. glossator of fols 31v-38v.
    • 145r: ‘John Lydgate’, C16 (gloss).
    • 177r: ‘jhu’, C15.
  • Glosses and underlining:
    • Cancelled text on fols. 1v, 25r, 46v, 47r, 48r, 49r, 50r, 52v, 53r, 56v, 57r-58v, 63r-v, 65r-v, 67v, 68v, 69v, 70r, (114r-115r, 116r, 117r poss. in red ink), 122v (126r-v, poss. in red ink), 138r, 141v.
    • C15 glosses on fols. 2v, 24r, 27r, 31r, 39v, 73r (title), 74r, 110r (explicit and title),  115r-v (side notes and title), 127r (title), 165v, 188r-199r (mostly titles and side notes).
    • C16 glosses on fols. 81v, 89v, 93v, 96v, 145r.
    • C17-18? glosses on fols. 31v, 33v, 34r, 36r-38v, 147v.
  • Immediate Ownership(s) / Patronage:
  • Later ownership(s): Poss. John Stow, C16
  • Affiliations: (geo-)political, institutional etc:
  • Language(s); translation activities:
  • Dialect:
  • LALME vol., page, LP, grid no.:
  • Locality: region; household (secular/religious) urban / rural:

Intertextual relations:

  • Textual descent: Matheson ‘Peculiar Version’, group PV-1307. See Matheson, PB, pp. 315-316.
  • Evidence of exemplar: Stow used David Morcyn’s book as an exemplar, see fol. 52v.
  • Intra-textual relations to texts in same MS:
  • Extra-textual to other books, texts, traditions: text from David Morcyn’s book copied by Stow (see fol. 52v).
  • Decoration:
  • Translation, language:

Credits and acknowledgments:

The description of this MS is from microfilm work by J O’R supplemented by CMLP. Textual descent based on Matheson, PB. Adapted by Ryan Perry.

Select Bibliography for this MS:

Editions

Gairdner, James, ed., Historical Collections of a Citizen of London in the Fif­teenth Century, Camden Society NS 17 (Westminster: Nichols, 1876), pp.1-28

Mills, Maldwyn, ed., Lybeaus Desconus,EETS OS 261 (London: Oxford University Press, 1969).

Secondary Texts:

Boffey, Julia, Manuscripts of English Courtly Love Lyrics in the Later Middle Ages (Woodbridge: Brewer, 1985), p. 21.

CMLP, pp. 421-26.

McLaren, Mary-Rose, ‘The Textual Transmission of the London Chroni­cles’, in English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, ed. by Peter Beal and Jeremy Griffiths, Vol. III (London: The British Library; Toronto: Uni­versity of Toronto Press, 1992), 38-72, pp. 40, 50-52.

Mooney, Linne R., ‘Lydgate’s Kings of England and Another Verse Chro­nicle of the Kings’, Viator,20 (1989), 255-89, pp. 256-63, 277-78.

Notes:

The ms was assembled in the C16; according to Gairdner the binding is Tudor, quoted in CMLP, p. 422.

Scribes A, E, H, and F share a tendency to decorate one descender of bottom lines with looped lines marked with double slashes and terminals; A and E are more consistent than F and H, who vary the number of loops and the style of terminal or infill. However, the similarity between the three scribes’ script and decorative practices suggests that they worked in the same cultural space, perhaps a government department or a large company (Scrivener’s, Mercers’ etc). It is possible that the booklets containing the work of these scribes originated in the same place of production, and were then bound with the other booklets in the C16.

Booklet 5 (fols. 114-125, recipes, items 10-12b) is interesting. It is by a number of C15 scribes, some of whom have added their contributions after the main work was completed; Scribe A copies the last fol. (126r-v). The ruling of booklet 5 is the same as booklets 4 and 6, both of which are by scribe A. The last item (9) in booklet 4 ends with an explicit, and the last fol. is signed F 1. The first item (13) of booklet 6 begins with a title, and is signed a 1. The most plausible explanation for Scribe A’s involvement with this booklet is that he ruled the quires and then farmed the work out to other scribes for a booklet of recipes, which he completed by copying his text on the last fol. He may have gone on to integrate this booklet with his other work, booklets 4 and 6, although this could have been done by another compiler. The fact that Scribe A’s quire sigs. run from ‘a’ in each booklet that he worked on (excepting his 1 fol. stint in booklet 5) suggests that he was producing discrete booklets rather than a unified codex.

Booklets 4-8 may have been compiled together before the C16 compilation of the ms as we now have it; the three scribes of these booklets (A, E and F) share certain characteristics, as mentioned above. Whether H’s work was also part of this original compilation is doubtful, unless G’s booklet also originated from the same source. G does not decorate his bottom lines in the same manner as A, E, F and H, although his script itself is not dissimilar to theirs. It is possible that G’s work was inserted between F’s and H’s when the ms was finally assembled in the C16.

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