Lincoln Cathedral MS. 98

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Production Practicalities and Reception Issues:

  • Pressmark / Name of  Book: Lincoln Cathedral MS 98
  • Matheson no.: 113
  • Date(s):  Second half of C12 (item 1), C13 (item 2), C14-15 (item5) C15 (items 3-4)
  • Type of book: Collection of historiographical and religious texts, mainly in Latin.
  • Manuscript or print?: MS
  • No of items: 5
  • Contents: item 1a: Daretis Historia Troianorum in Latin, fols. 1ra-15va; item 1b: Prophetia Sibylle in Latin, fols. 15va-19vb; item 1c: Geoffrey of Monmouth 19vb-21ra; Historia Regum Britannie in Latin, fols.19vb (incipit)-106rb; item 1d: Nennius, Gesta Britonum in Latin, fols. 106rb-116vb; item 1e: Bedan chronology from Adam in Latin, fols. 116vb-118ra; item 1f: Incipit libellus Bemetoli quem beatus Ieronimus de Greco in Latin, fols. 118ra-120vb; item 1g: Genealogical list of the counts of Flanders and names of the Frankish kings, in Latin, fols. 120vb-121rb; item 1h: Henry of Huntingdon, Historia Anglorum in Latin, fols. 121va-126va; item 1i: Geography of Britain in Latin, fols. 126va-127rb; item 1j: chapter list for text ‘Incipitiunt gesta Alexandri regis magni Macedoneum’ in Latin, fols. 127rb-143va; item 1k: ‘Epitaphium’; ‘Primus Alexandri pillea natus in urbe’ in Latin, fol. 143va; item 1l: ‘Quiquid in humanis constat uirtutibus altis’ in Latin, fols. 143va-b; item 1m: ‘Incipit epistola Alexandri regis magni Macedonum ad magistrum suum Aristotilem’ in Latin, fols. 143vb-152vb; item 1n: ‘Alexandri magni Regis Macedonum et Dindimi Regis Bragmannorum de philosophia per litteras facta collatio’ in Latin, fols. 152vb-158va; item 1o: ‘Parua recapitulo eodem Alexandro et de suis’ in Latin, fols. 158vb-160rb; item 1p: ‘Incipit sermo quomodo primitus sancta arbor creuit in qua salus mundi pependit’ in Latin, fols. 161va-167vb; item 1q: ‘Sermo sancti ieronimi de persecutionibus’ in Latin, fols.167vb-169ra; item 1r: ‘Trium magorum nomina in libris inuenimus’ in Latin, fols. 169ra-b; item 1s: ‘Tribus modis diabolus securitatem mittit’ in Latin, fol. 169rb; item 1t: ‘De preuaricatione Salomonis’ in Latin, fol. 169v; item 2: Geoffrey of Monmouth, Prophetia Merlini exposita in Latin, fols. 170r-173r; item 3: ‘Regula de uii etatibus’ in Latin, fols. 173v; item 4: Brut chronicle, fols. 174r-181v; item 5a: List of sees subject to Rome in Latin, fols.; fols.182r-185rc; item 5b: note on the geography of England in Latin, fol. 185rc; item 5c: names of the archangels in Latin, fol. 185rc; item 5d: ‘Nomina Uirorum strenorum illustrium’ in Latin, fol. 185v.
  • Writing support: vellum
  • Watermark?:
  • Book Construction: Folio, Quarto etc.
  • Collation:
    • No of leaves: i? + 185 fols. +i?
    • Blank leaves:
    • Quires: i-xx8; xxi10; xxii4; xxiii8; xxiv unclear.
    • Foliation: mod. top right corner; fol. after 38 missed in original foliation, refoliated 38a.
    • Composite MS? yes
    • Booklets?: yes: 1: item 1, fols. 1-169, C12; 2: items 2-3, fols. 170-173, C13; 3: item 4, fols.174-181, C15; 4: item 5, fols. 182-185, C14-15.
    • Catchwords? (on which fols?): 71v, 79v, 87v, 95v, 103v, 111v, 119v, 127v, 135v, 151v, (152v?), (156v?), (158v?), 181v.
    • Quire signatures? (where?): none visible on film.
    • Damage?: fol. 174 has holes in it, repaired, with loss of text.
  • Page layout:

a. ruling: (ink or drypoint?) item 1: frames and lines in ink, prickings visible; items 2-3: frames, prob. in lead; item 4: frames, prob. in ink; item 5: frames, prob. in lead.
b. columns: item 1: 2; items 2-4: 1; item 5: 3.
c. lines: item 1: 29; item 2: 32; item 3: 39; item 4: 34-40; item 5: 40.

  • Ink:
  • Dimensions:
    • front board:
    • Folio / page: 290mm x 190mm cm.
    • Writing space:
  • Binding:
  • Decoration?:
  • Artist?:
  • No. of Scribes: item 1: several; item 2: 1; item 3: 1; item 4: 1; item 5: 1.
  • Named scribes?: no
  • Hand date; style; version; holograph, autograph?: item 1: protogothic, C12; item 2: C13 book hand; item 3: C15 Anglicana with Secretary features: single-compartment ‘a’, ‘d’ with looped ascenders, double-compartment ‘g’, ‘2’-shaped ‘r’; item 4: C15 Secretary: single-compartment ‘a’ and ‘g’, single-ascender ‘d’,  both ‘r’-shaped and ‘2’ shaped ‘r’, Secretary ‘w’ and ‘v’; item 5: C14-15 Anglicana Formata.
  • Hand, rubrication in other MSS?:
  • Compiler?:
  • Rubrication, sigla: item 1: Sub-items begin with an 8-line cap, infilled with foliage and geometric patterns, prob. in colours; 2 or 3 line solid caps, prob. in red or blue, chapter headings, incipits and explicits prob. in red; side notes and item numbers; item 2, fol. 70r: 6-line cap, with minimal decoration; item 3: heading in text, poss. in red; insert, poss. in red; ‘nota’ marks in margin; item 4:spaces left for 4-line caps with guide letters; chapter headings and numbers, prob. in red; paraphs in the text, prob. in red; proper names underlined, prob. in red; catchword rubricated in box; item 5: initials of each line poss. in colours or touched in colours; ‘nota’ marks in margin.
  • Biobibliographical information: marginalia, glosses, signatures, compiler/ scribe / owner / authorial identification:
    • 1r:  pressmarks; ‘daretis historia et prophetia sibylla etc’, C19?
    • 37r: erased marginalia.
    • 88r: moral maxim, C16.
    • 185v: ‘Iste liber pertinet ad thomam tham[…]’, C15-16.
  • Glosses and underlining:
    • Marginal ‘+’ and underlining at fols. 1v, 47v.
    • Maniculum at fol. 169v.
    • Underlining (poss. scribal?) at fols. 170r-173v.
    • C15 Latin glosses on fols. 65r, 66v, 70v, 80r, 85v, 99v, 109r, 160r, 169v.
    • C16 glosses on fols. 50v, 109v, 115r, 120r, 122r-123r,  128v, 135v, 136v, 156r.
    • C18? Latin and English (sometimes macaronic, e.g. 86v) glosses on fols. 29v, 50r, 57r, 82r, 84r, 86v, 92r, 111r, 113r, 119v, 120v, 122r-v, 125v, 127r.
  • Immediate Ownership(s) / Patronage:
  • Later ownership(s): C15-16: Thomas tham[…]
  • Affiliations: (geo-)political, institutional etc:
  • Language(s); translation activities:
  • Dialect:
  • LALME vol., page, LP, grid no.:
  • Locality: region; household (secular/religious) urban / rural:

Intertextual relations:

  • Textual descent: Matheson ‘Extended Version’, group EV-1419:B. See Matheson, PB, pp. 188, 193-194.
  • Evidence of exemplar:
  • Intra-textual relations to texts in same MS:
  • Extra-textual to other books, texts, traditions:
  • Decoration:
  • Translation, language:


Credits and acknowledgments:

The description of this MS from microfilm work by J O’R, supplemented by Crick, and Wooley (see bibliography below). Revised by Ryan Perry. Textual descent based on Matheson, PB.

Select Bibliography for this MS:


NLW MS Add. 442D
CUL MS Add. 2775
CUL MS Ff.2.26
University Library MS 185
University of Glasgow MS Hunterian 230
BL MS Add. 24859
BL MS Harley 4827
BL MS Harley 2182
Bodl. MS Rawl. Poet. 32
Trinity College MS 5


University of Virginia MS 38-173


Secondary Texts:

Crick, Julia C., The Historia Regum Britannie of Geoffrey of Monmouth, III: A Summary Catalogue of the Manuscripts (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1989), pp. 130-33.

Thompson, Rodney M., Catalogue of the Manuscripts of Lincoln Cathedral Chapter Library (Cambridge: Brewer, 1989), pp. 73-75.

Woolley, Reginald Maxwell, Catalogue of the Manuscripts of Lincoln Cathedral Chapter Library (Oxford: Oxford University Press; London: Humphrey Milford, 1927), pp. 63-65.


The MS was probably assembled in, or after, the C15 although there are no clues as to who might have done this; there are obvious links between the types of material included, since they are mostly concerned with the historiography of Britain and ecclesiastical history.

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