University of Virginia MS. 38-173

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Production Practicalities and Reception Issues:

checked against microfilm

  • Pressmark / Name of  Book: Univ. of Virginia MS 38-173
  • Matheson no.: 112
  • Date(s): Mid-C15, poss. 2nd quarter C15; 'ca. 1450 according to Faye and Bond' and 'about 1430' according to the sales catalogue.
  • Type of book: Brut Chronicle
  • Manuscript or print?: MS
  • No of items: 1
  • Contents: Brut chronicle, fols. 1r-229v, begins and ends imperfectly.
  • Writing support: parchment
  • Watermark?:
  • Book Construction: Folio, Quarto etc.
  • Collation: tentative, from microfilm:
    • No of leaves:  229 fols. +i(?)
    • Blank leaves: no
    • Quires: i7 (prob. 8 wants 1); ii-iii8 iv7 (prob. 8 wants 1); v-xxi8 xxii7 prob. 8 wants 1); xii-xxix8
    • Foliation: modern pencil, bottom right corner
    • Composite MS? no
    • Booklets?: no
    • Catchwords? (on which fols?): 7v, 15v, 23v, 30v, 38v, 46v, 54v, (62v trimmed away), 70v, 78v, (86v trimmed away), (leaf before 94 missing), 101v, 109v, 117v, 125v, 133v, 141v, 149v, 157v, 165v, 173v, 181v, 190v, 197v, 205v, 213v, (catchword at 221v missing)
    • Quire signatures? (where?): quires signed b-.ije.d, i-iiij.
    • Damage?: recto leaf of fol. 1 rubbed and illegible; top half of fols. 1, 7, 8, 9, 14, 69  torn away;  bottom third of fol. 6, torn away; bottom margins of fols. 16, 76, 86, 151, cut away without loss of text; bottom outer corner of fols. 62, 110, 111 torn away; top and outer ¾ of fol. 68 torn away; outer half of fol. 114 torn away; 229v rubbed and stained.
  • Page layout:

a. ruling: (ink or drypoint?) frames, poss. in lead or drypoint
b. columns: 1
c. lines: 28-30

  • Ink:
  • Dimensions:
    • front board:
    • Folio / page:
    • Writing space:
  • Binding: C19 Morocco.
  • Decoration?:
  • Artist?:
  • No. of Scribes: 1
  • Named scribes?:
  • Hand date; style; version; holograph, autograph?: C15 Secretary script with Anglicana features. Single ascender ‘d’; secretary ‘w’; ‘2’-shaped ‘r’; ‘a’ and ‘g’ have double compartments.
  • Hand, rubrication in other MSS?: Takamiya fragments, BL MS Harley 2182 and this ms are by the same scribe, and all mss have similar running titles after William the conqueror. The rubrication of Harley 2182 and this ms is all over very similar, the Takamiya fragments are also similar with the exception of the underlining of proper names and running titles.
  • Compiler?:
  • Rubrication, sigla: 2-line solid caps in blue with red pen flourishes into margin; chapter headings and numbers in red, underlined in red; red paraphs in text; proper names underlined in red; side notes; running titles in half boxes, rubricated ‘pq.q.’ after the Norman Conquest (further running titles added in C16); side notes; double hyphens.
  • Biobibliographical information: marginalia, glosses, signatures, compiler/ scribe / owner / authorial identification:
    • Flyleaf (ir): purchase stamp, 1938.
    • 3r-10r: pen trials formed of triads of words beginning with the same letter, poss. word game or verse?, C15.
    • 48v-49r: pen trials, C18.
    • 56v: pen trials, C16.
    • 57r: ‘John gower of Perton in the toun’, C16.
    • 64v: Latin maxim, C16.
    • 67r: ‘Roberte’, C16.
    • 69r: pen trials, C16.
    • 70r: pen trials, C16.
    • 82v: mathematical sums.
    • 90v: pen trials, C16.
    • 99r: ‘Jtem lede owt & payd for my masstere the […] xxli xd for where also iiij. iure xiij for barley xxiij li for malte vijli xd for oþr sa[?]fe stuffe’, C15-16.
    • 101v: ‘Jtem lede owt & payd for my masstere the laste wycke clothe xxti [etc. see fol. 99r]’, C15-16.
    • 106v: pen trials, C16.
    • 117v: ‘iiijd vd vjd of stowfe iiijli’, C15-16, see fol. 99r.
    • 118r: pen trials, C16.
    • 120r: pen trials, C16.
    • 124r: ‘J payd good golde & syluere for youre masstere schyp Cyr j ppray yowe that j may haue a gaine j [cancelled text]’, C15-16, see fol. 99r.
    • 133r: pen trials, C16.
    • 134r: cancelled pen trials, C16.
    • 135r: pen trials, C16.
    • 149r: ‘cosen joys yo[…]’, ‘truwe lond[…] [cancelled text]’, pen trials, C15-16, see fol. 99r.
    • 146v, pen trials, C16.
    • 149v: pen trials, C15-16, see fol. 99r.
    • 150r: ‘jhus’ (six times), C15-16, see fol. 99r.
    • 151r: ‘johan’ (twice), C15.
    • 153r: pen trials.
    • 153v: mathematical sums.
    •  161r: pen trials, C16.
    • 164r; pen trials, C16.
    • 166r: Latin maxim, C15.
    • 167r: ‘lede owt & payd for yowre masstereshyp iijli xd viijd Cyr j praye yow that j may haue it againe or j j wyll trye the lauwe [cancelled text] wythe youe p J ixxli’, C15-16, see fol. 99r etc.
    • cancelled pen trials, C16.
    • 184: erased marginalia.
  • Glosses and underlining:
    • C16 glosses on fols. 6r, 8v-10r, 11r, 12r-v, 13v, 15v, 16v-17v, 19v, 21r, 22r, 26r-v, 28v, 31v, 32r, 33v, 34v, 40r, 42v, 43v, 46v, 47v, 49r, 55v, 56r, 59v, 65v, 70v, 80r, 86v, 88r, 101r, 113r, 122v, 124r, 125r-v, 127v, 128r,  129v, 131r, 137r, 139r, 141v, 142r, 145v, 173v, 176v, 195r.
  • Immediate Ownership(s) / Patronage:
  • Later ownership(s): Erik Von Scherling, 1937.
  • Affiliations: (geo-)political, institutional etc: prob. owned in a secular household in C16, see marginalia by the scribe of fol. 99r etc.
  • Language(s); translation activities:
  • Dialect:
  • LALME vol., page, LP, grid no.:
  • Locality: region; household (secular/religious) urban / rural: prob. secular household in C16.

Intertextual relations:

  • Textual descent: Matheson ‘Extended Version’, group EV-1419:B. See Matheson, PB, pp.188, 193.
  • Evidence of exemplar:
  • Intra-textual relations to texts in same MS:
  • Extra-textual to other books, texts, traditions:
  • Decoration:
  • Translation, language:

Credits and acknowledgments:

The description of this MS is from microfilm work by J O’R and slip-case notes. Textual descent based on Matheson, PB. Additions and ammendments by Ryan Perry based on microfilm analysis.

Select Bibliography for this MS:



Takamiya Fragments


NLW MS Add. 442D
CUL MS Add. 2775
CUL MS Ff.2.26
Edinburgh University Library MS 185
University of Glasgow Library MS Hunterian 230
Lincoln Cathedral MS 98
BL MS Add. 24859
BL MS Harley 2182
BL MS Harley 4827
Bodl. MS Rawl. poet. 32
Trinity College MS 5

Reese, George H., ‘The Alderman Brut. A Diplomatic Transcript, Edited with a Study of the Text’,(unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Virginia, 1947).
Secondary Texts:
De Ricci Census Supplement, no. 1, p. 513.

Von Scherling, Erik, ‘ The History of King Lear in an Early 15th Century Manuscript’, Rotulus 4 (1937) n.p. [the ms is no. 1848 in this bulletin].


Perrton: poss. Perton, nr. Wolverhampton.

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