Bodleian Library, Rawlinson MS. B.205

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Contents

Manuscript Iden

tity

Incipit:
Here men may hiren how Engelond first was called Albioun and thurgh whome it hadde the name.

Matheson Number:
62

Matheson Version:
CV-1419 'Doubtful Manuscripts'

Matheson discusses the MS on pages:
124-5

Proposed date of MS production:
mid 15th C.

LALME reference (where provided):
no entry in LALME

Dialects evident in the MS:
not identified

Possible locations for the MS production/ reception:
Christ Church College, Oxford (pre-1724), afterwhich it was recieved by the antiquary Thomas Hearne, resident of St. Edmund's Hall (Oxford); by way of a London bookseller (Thomas Osborne) into the Rawlinson collection, and from 1756 in the Bodleian library.

Items in the MS:
1

Contents of the MS:
_Brut_ chronicle.

Languages used in the MS
some scribal and other 15th C. annotation in Latin

Evidence of Exemplar?
Matheson has suggested the possibility that there may have been two exemplars for this ms., a CV-1377 f.c. Stage 1 text, and a CV-1419. Matheson has noted that the scribe mistakenly includes (then strokes out) the first heading from the Cadwallader episode (fol. 17v), even though his text does not actually incorporate this intrusive section. As Matheson explains, this mistake probably occurred because the scribe had left spaces for the headings, and proceeded to take the headings from the exemplar used for the continuation to 1419 rather than taking them from the first exemplar, a CV-1377 f.c. Stage 1 text; if Matheson's explanation is correct then evidently the second exemplar used by the scribe contained the Cadwallader episode and as Matheson also indicates it is possible that the text in this ms. included the intrusive 'Queen Isabella's Letter', however, because the ms. lacks a quire at the point where we might expect this section, this cannot be confirmed; of course, because the second exemplar would only have been utilised for the 1377-1419 continuation, it is possible that the second exemplar included this section but it was not copied by the scribe. It is possible that part of Bodleian library MS. B.205 may have been copied from CUL ms. Ee.IV.32, or that the scribe may have used the same exemplar which was utilised by scribe D of the Cambridge ms., who copies text relating to 1333-1377. This is suggested by a shared unusual variant, with both scribes copying 'Robertes Brugge' for 'Rokesburgh', (see Brie, 307:8). This variant is also found in Rylands 102, which also has the unusual colophon at the end of the text to 1333, 'Deo gracias dicamus omnes', similarly copied in Rawlinson B.205 and CUL. E.IV.32.

Institutional Associations?
(E.g., household, religious house, library, private collection, etc.)
No early institutional links. Before 1724, the ms. was in Christ Church College, Oxford, (in the possession of William Burman B.A.); passed into the possession/collection of the Antiquary Thomas Hearne in 1724 and after his death in 1735, was prob. sold the following year by the famous London bookseller, Thomas Osborne, and acquired by the collector and antiquary Richard Rawlinson; bequeathed to the Bodleian library as part of the Rawlinson collection in 1756.

Suspected Association?
</span>
None.

Related Manuscripts
(biobibliographically, textually, stemmatically and so on)
The colophon to the text to 1333 parallels that in CUL Ee.IV.32 and Rylands Eng. Ms. 102, 'Deo gracias dicamus omnes', hinting at a genetic link between the three; both Rawlinson B.205 and CUL Ee.IV.32 also share an unusual variant which might further suggest a link between the texts copied by the scribes, or at least, in the texts to 1377. See 'Exemplar' for further discussion.

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Manuscript Construction

Number of Scribes:
1

Leaves:
ii(?)+68+ii(?), flyleaves not original; writing support is parchment.

Quiring:
Tentative, from microfilm; i8 -2 (wants 2 and 7); ii8 -4 (wants 3-6); iii8 -4 (wants 1, 4, 5 and 7); iv-v8; vi8 -2 (wants 1 and 7); vii8; prob. missing a quire here; viii-x8; prob. missing final quire.

Any blank leaves?
Other than flyleaves no blank folios.

Foliation:
Every 5 leaves in top right recto corner, pen; losses of folios had occured before the ms. was foliated.

Booklets:
Although this production appears to have utilised two or more exemplars, it appears to have been a continuous production to a finish.

Catchwords:
Fols 6, 10, 14, 22, 20, 36, 44, 52, 60, 68.

Quire Signatures:
Fols 11: 'b_'; 16: 'cii'; 17: 'ciii'; 18: 'ciiii'; 25: 'diii'; 26: 'diiii'; 32: 'e_'; 33: 'eiii_' (cropped, prob. 'eiiii'); 38: 'fii'; 45: 'hi'; 46: 'h_'; 47: 'h_'; 54: 'Iii'; 55: 'Iiii'; 56: 'Iiiii'; 61-4: complete set of signatures, 'ki'-'kiiii'.

Damage:
Corners damaged in early part of ms.; fol. 8 has lost a piece from the bottom of the page resulting in the loss of some text; there are also a number of folios which have been lost from the ms. (a single leaf unless otherwise indicated); there are missing leaves between fols 1-2, 5-6, 8-9 (4 leaves), 10-11, 12-13 (2 leaves), 13-14, 30-31, 35-36, 44-45 (missing a full quire) and prob. missing a full quire after fol. 68.

Mis-en-page:
2 columns throughout, frames ruled, quires pricked; 45-50 lines per column.

Page Dimension and Materials:
approx. 400mm x 285mm(?)

Writing Space:
approx. 280mm x 190mm(?)

Watermark:
N/A

Binding:
leather binding, poss. 18th C. ; quires apparently bound onto 6 thongs; tooled pattern of 3 rectangals set within one another, with stylised flower heads at corners of the outer rectangal.

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Decoration and Rubrication

Border:
N/A

Initials:
Prologue opens on fol. 1 with a 4-line capital, thenceforth generally 3-line, apart from when one of two models of 'I' is used, which sinuously stretches down the margin and is approx. 8-lines in length; initials are decorated in a common style, prob. blue, mounted in penwork decoration, and with flourishes into margins (prob. red); on fols 4r+v, 38r+v, 41r, 43r, the penwork flourishing has not been applied to the capital, however, it appears that the letter was not always drawn before the flourishing; on fol. 7r the flourishing has been completed and the capital is missing.

Sketches:
fol. 15r: a face, between the columns and merging with penwork flourishing from an initial; fol. 19v: 2 x pen drawings of Punch, poss. 17th C., and prob. by the same artist responsible for the face on 15r.

Miniatures:
None

Rubrication:
Chapter titles prob. in red, marked by a simply wrought paraph, poss. blue (and poss. sometimes touched with red); paraphs also mark textual subdivisions; it appears that the scribe left blank spaces and added the rubrication later, possibly, at least initially, copying from the second of two exemplars. See 'Exemplar' for further discussion.

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Marginalia and Annotation

Annotation:
Front flyleaf (ii): Prefatory note by the antiquary Thomas Hearne, "Suum cuique. Tho: Hearne. Febr. 20th. 1724. Given me by my friend Mr. Burman, B.A. of Xt. Church. This is a good, tho very imperfect, ms. of the Chronicle called, _Brute of England_. It was given me by Mr. William Burman of Christ-Church, who took great pains in preserving these sheets, and endeavour'd, tho' in vain, to retrieve the rest", with some further observations about the ancestory of the text and a note below, "see ms. Ashmol.791. but chiefly 793"; Fol. 1: '__(?) prologe'; fol. 8ra, in lower margin: 'Thyse kyngs were a fore _(?)[cropped]/ the __rth (prob. 'birth') of oure Lord __[cropped]', prob. 15th-16th C. (Brie, 33:25-6); fol. 8vb: 'note well', beside reference to St. Peter preaching in 'Antioche', poss. 16th C. (Brie, 36:1); 16rb: 'note well', reference to pope Gregory sending St. Austin to England, poss. 16th C. (Brie, 96:14); fol. 20rb: 'that man was very __ped (__ect)?', adjacent to reference to king Edmund, poss. 16th C., (Brie 112:15ff); 'Eldred morcha(?)' [with stroke above the 'or'], beside reference to king Eldred, prob. scribal (Brie 112:24ff); fol. 21rb: 'no[ta]', beside reference to St. Dunstan, prob. scribal, (Brie, 115:33-116:1); 'Seint Edward [that] martre(?) thro(?) Estrilde', prob. 15th C., not scribal; annotation appears to indicate a reader who is familiar with another copy of the _Brut_ , and is here supplying a fuller title than the one in this manuscript, which begins 'Elstrilde his stepmoder...', missing the first few words of the more complete title as it appears in Brie, (Brie, 116:14-16); fol. 30rb: 'of king Richard', poss. 16th C., (Brie, 151:20ff); fol. 32r: (tenatative, from very faint inscription) '__ it is better to ___(?) Gods(?) ___(?) ___(?) than(?) to depend(?) upon(?) the popish(?) c___t (poss. court)', beneath reference to the collection of 'Peter's Pence' in England, poss. 17th C. (Brie, 163:4ff); the word 'Ireland' is missing from the text (poss. erased) and the word has been added in the centre margin, poss. 15th C. hand, (Brie, 163:2); fol. 33v: faded reference to king John; fol. 46ra: '_ell' (poss. 'note well'), (in shadow cast in gutter); fol. 61r: 'a good wise writing', poss. 16th-17th C. (Brie, 322:30-324:22); fol. 59va: 'no[ta]', prob. scribal, beside reference to Danes writing on 'scrowes and walles'; several lines below this nota is written 'rusio' with a curved stroke above 'u'; perhaps 'rubsio', 'rudsio'(?)- the word is adjacent to the discussion of an English writer altering the writings left by the Danes; a further note below this has faded and is indecipherable from microfilm, (Brie, 312:25-32); fol. 61va: 'no[ta] marita g(?) hispan', beside reference to the marriage of the Duke of Lancaster and the Earl of Cambridge to daughters of the deposed king of Spain, poss. 15th C. (Brie, 325:5ff); fol. 63va: 'kynge Richard', beside beginning of reign of Richard II, (Brie, 335:1-4); fol. 65rb: 'no[ta] de co__te(?) March', adjacent to the nomination of the Earl of March as heir apparent to the crown of England, (Brie, 341:12-15).

Evidence of erasures:
'Ireland' possibly erased on fol. 32ra; a poss. 15th C. hand has supplied the word in the centre margin, poss. 15th C. hand, (Brie, 163:2).

Underlining:
None of note.

Graffiti (pen trials etc):
fol. 3v: 'A man in time one hy(?) may Aline(?) and fortune may him speed/ But soune here shale(?) and haue a fale if that he take not heed', maxim, poss. 17th C.; fol. 11r: undeciphered word above text; fol. 22v: 'honor the Lord', 17th-18th C.; fol. 29r, above the text and upside-down: '__(?) __(?) an awful ___(?)', poss. 17th C.; fol. 30r, smudged: 2 x 'P Pena(?)', this is repeated with scroll motif ornament on fol. 66v, poss. 17th-18th C.; fol. 33r: poss. monogram or merchant's mark, poss. 'I(J)P', combined in a form reminiscent of the sign for Pounds Sterling- it is perhaps worthy of note that the name John Pyckyrd (or Pychyrd) occurs on the same leaf, poss. 15th-16th C.; fol. 52v, beneath text, upside-down: 'for to __ ___ld my loue in mind(?)', poss. 16th C.; fol. 58r, upside-down in upper margin: several lines of messy writing which have resisted transcription, 2 poss. names at end of the writing 'Paul' 'Ann'; fol. 59v: 'the _her(?) of buron(?) and only on', adjacent to reference to birth of Richard II, poss. 17th C. (Brie, 316:24-31); fol. 63r: numerical calculations, poss. 16th C.;

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References, Acknowledgements and Credits

Secondary references
Brie,_The Brut_.; Matheson,_The Prose Brut_.; W.D.Macray,_Catalogi Codicum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Bodleianae; Partis Quintae; Fasciculus Primus, Viri Munifentissimi Ricardi Rawlinson, J.C.D._, (Oxford: 1862) 536.

Associated MSS according to Matheson
CV-1419 (rule and governance) : "doubtful mss." [62-67]: Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Rawlinson B.205; Cambridge, Cambridge University Library MS. Ee.4.32; Cambridge, Trinity College, MS. R.5.43, Part II; Leicester, University of Leicester MS. 47; Sydney, University of Sydney, MS. Nicholson 13; San Marino, Huntington Library MS. HM 113; As aspects of this production suggest that at least 2 exemplars were used several other of Matheson's groupings might be pertinent to this ms., including: CV-1333 [1-10]: Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Rawlinson B.171; Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Douce 323; New York, Mrs. J. D. Gordan MS. 63; Manchester, John Rylands University Library MS. Eng. 103; New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke MS. 494; London, Society of Antiquaries MS. 93; Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Rawlinson C.155; London, British Library MS. Harley 3945; Manchester, John Rylands University Library MS. Eng. 206; Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales MS. Peniarth 398D; CV-1377 f.c. Stage 1 [11-16]: Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS. 174; Manchester, John Rylands University Library MS. Eng. 102; Philadelphia, Free Library of Philadelphia MS. Lewis 238; Manchester, John Rylands University Library MS. Eng. 103; London, British Library MS. Harley 2279; London, British Library MS. Stowe 68; Because the second exemplar apparently included the Cadwallader episode (and poss. either or both 'Queen Isabella's Letter' and the 'Description of Edward III') the exemplar containing the continuation to 1419 might be clustered with the following mss.: CV-1419 (men) Aa [24-8]: Cambridge, Peterhouse, MS. 190; London, Sion College MS. Arc. L40.2/E 42; New York, Columbia University Library MS. Plimpton 262; Tokyo, Takamiya MS. 29; London, Lambeth Palace Library MS. 264; CV-1419 (men) Ab [29-32]: London, British Library MS. Egerton 650; Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Rawlinson B.173; Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Rawlinson B.166; University Park, Pennsylvania State University MS. PS. V-3A; CV-1419 (men) Ac [33]: London, Lambeth Palace Library MS. 738; CV-1419 (rule and governance) A [36-47]: Cambridge, Cambridge University Library MS. Kk.1.12; Wiltshire, Longleat House MS. 183A; Cambridge, Trinity College, MS. O.10.34; London, British Library MS. Harley 2248; London, British Library MS. Royal 17.D.xxi; New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke MS. 323; Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum MS. McClean 186; London, College of Arms MS. Vincent 421; Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Rawlinson B.216; Glasgow, University of Glasgow, MS. Hunterian 228; Cambridge, Mass, Houghton Library, Harvard University MS. Eng. 587; Tokyo, Takamiya MS. 67; CV-1419 (rule and governance) doubtful mss. [48-55]: Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Bodley 231; London, British Library MS. Royal 18.B.iii; Berkeley, Bancroft Library, University of California MS. 152; London, British Library MS. Additional 26746; Glasgow, University of Glasgow, MS. Hunterian 61; Manchester, John Rylands University Library MS. Eng. 104; Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Douce 290; Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale MS. IV.461.

Acknowledgements:

Described by:
Ryan Perry

Date of description:
15/12/05

Reviewed by:
1

Date of Review
1

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