CUL MS. Ee.IV.32

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Manuscript Identity

Here may a man hure how Engelonde was ferst callede Albyon & [th]orwe wham hit hadde [th]e name.

Matheson Number:

Matheson Version:
CV-1419 'Doubtful Manuscripts'

Matheson discusses the MS on pages:

Proposed date of MS production:
All hands are poss. 2nd quarter of the 15th C.; certainly, if Horstmann is right that the version of the _The Three Kings of Cologne_ in BL Additional MS. 36983 is genitically descended from the text in this MS., then item 1 must have been completed before January 1442; the explicit in BL Additional MS. 36983 records, 'Thus endythe [th]e lyffe of [th]e iii kyngys of Coleyne primo die Ianuare anno domini mlcccxlii'. (See Thompson, 43).

LALME reference (where provided):
No entry in LALME

Dialects evident in the MS:
Scribe A: according to C. Horstmann, _The Three Kings of Cologne_ is copied in a late-14th C. south midland dialect (viii, n. 3); Scribe B: samples from the incipit, 'hure' (hear); 'ferst' (first); 'wham' (whom), are perhaps suggestive of west midlands dialect, see LALME, I, 528, 408, 539.

Possible locations for the MS production/ reception:
No firm locations, however, the name William Paston might suggest Norfolk or London contexts for the manuscript.

Items in the MS:

Contents of the MS:
1. Fols 1-23v: _The Three Kings of Cologne_; 2. Fols 24r-204: Brut _Chronicle_.

Languages used in the MS
Latin headings and phrases throughout _The Three Kings of Cologne_; an insertion by the scribe (A)of a missing word 'Jordan' is excecuted in Latin, item 1, fol. 21v: 'in hoc Jordane in iste loco'.

Evidence of Exemplar?
Scribal changeovers poss. indicate changes of exemplar; there may thus have been 3 exemplars, a CV-1333, a CV-1377 (full continuation) and an 'occasionally abbreviated and altered' (Matheson, 125), CV-1419, which could have ended either 'men' or 'rule and governance'.

Institutional Associations?
(E.g., household, religious house, library, private collection, etc.)
Cambridge University Library.

Suspected Association?
None at this stage.

Related Manuscripts
(biobibliographically, textually, stemmatically and so on)
According to C. Horstmann the _Three Kings of Cologne_ text contained in BL Additional MS. 36983 (the Bedford MS. in Horstmann) is descended through an intermediate copy from the version in CUL Ee.IV.32. Horstmann argues both mss. "show the same ommissions and mistakes" (viii). For a recent description of BL Additional 36983 see the description in Thompson, 43-5. It is possible that Bodleian library MS. B.205 may have been copied from CUL ms. Ee.IV.32, or that the scribe may have used the same exemplar which was utilised by scribe C, who copies text relating to 1333-1377. This is suggested by a shared unusual variant, with both scribes copying 'Robertes Brugge' for 'Rokesburgh', (see Brie, 307:8.)

Manuscript Construction

Number of Scribes:

i(?)+203+i(?); both items on parchment; no images of flyleaves on microfilm.

Item 1: i-ii8; iii6; 4 singleton, probably a bifolia with second leaf removed (a modern hand writes on fol. 23v, 'one leaf cancelled d 2'. Item 2: i-iii8; iv8 -1 (wants 4, as noted by 16th C.(?) reader on fol. 27 and modern collator on fol. 29); v-xix8; xx8 -2 (no loss of text; poss. originally a quire of 8 with two leaves cut out, suggesting a scribal miscalculation and that quire xxi had already been copied; the modern collator notes on. fol. 161r, 'leaves 159, 160, cancelled'(although there appears to be stubs between fols 153-154 and 154-155); xxi8; xxii8 -1 (no loss of text; seemingly originally a quire of 8 with one leaf removed, again suggesting a scribal miscalculation and that quire xxiii had already been copied; modern collator notes on fol. 175r, 'Leaf 176 cancelled'; xxiv8; possibly 2 quires lost at end of the manuscript.

Any blank leaves?

Item 1: modern foliation in the top right corner of recto leaf, 1-23; Item 2: early foliation (poss. 16th C.) and modern foliation in top right hand corner recto side; later foliation begins consistently after fol. 113 (because the early foliator numbers two consecutive leaves fol. 113) and takes into account the leaves which have been cut out of the manuscript (even though these excisions did not cause any loss of text); any reference to folio number in this database accords with the number as it appears in the manuscript.

Items 1 and 2 were almost certainly separate booklets; although copied by various scribes and probably utilising several exemplars, the Brut may have been a planned production which utilised the services of several contemporary scribes, poss. from different bookshops; it is also possible that scribes B + C had produced a complete book, (a CV-1333), and several years later an owner commissioned the continuations, requesting that they be in the style of the original production; again this task would appear to have been shared amongst several scribes who did not necessarilly work in the same shop.

Item 1: fols 8, 22; Item 2: fols 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48, 56, 64, 72, 80, 88, 96, 104, 112, 120, 128, 136, 144, 168.

Quire Signatures:
Item 1: no signatures visible on microfilm; Item 2: fols 9-148, most quire sigs present; often supplemented where not visible on leading edge of quire by modern collator; fols 148-176, only signatures of modern collator present; fols 177-179, signatures 'i'-'iii' present.

Item 1: fol. 1 exceedingly darkened to the point of illegibility on recto side; fol. 1 is also torn with the loss of some text; there is also some damage evident in the lower gutter area throughout the first booklet, although there is no further loss of text; Item 2: some damage to upper gutter area throughout the booklet, although no loss of text; fol. 47v: some words rendered illegible through smudging; fol. 184v: much darkened, particularly at the edges of this, now the last folio in the manuscript (it would seem that the missing quires were detatched from the ms. at a fairly early stage in the book's history'; the darkening renders some of the annotation unreadable from microfilm, particularly in the upper margin.

Item 1: Single column throughout, 36-38 lines per page; frames ruled in drypoint and ink, no signs of pricking. Item 2: single column throughout, 34 lines per page; frames and lines are barely visible until midway through scribe D's stint (fol. 161ff); signs of pricking only evident in scribe E's stint.

Page Dimension and Materials:
Approx. 270mm x 185mm

Writing Space:
Item 1: approx. 220mm x 140mm; Item 2: approx. 180mm x 120mm (remains consistent throughout scribal changeovers).


No image on microfilm.

Decoration and Rubrication

Item 2, fol. 1r: 3-sided bar border with 3 pairs of veined leaves and squiggles spaced on the vertical bar; curved corner-pieces comprised of leaves; feathering design on upper and lower borders, the upper utilising thimble-shaped leaves/flowers with squiggles between, the lower using heart-shaped leaves with balls and squiggles. Fol. 3r: 3-sided border with corner-pieces of acathus roundels; vertical bar has 2 cusps of conch shell acanthus and 2 pairs of teardrop-shaped flowers with a single ball and squiggles; feathering style horizontal borders with kidney-shaped flowers/leaves and balls with squiggles on upper-bar terminating in a diamond-shaped bud; lower-bar similar design except with thimble-shaped flowers/leaves and terminating in a trefoil vine leaf.

Item 1: generally 2-line initials, 4-line at major subdivisions, eg. fols 13v, 18v and 21r; mixture of plain, unadorned initials (poss. in blue and red), occasional blank spaces occupied by a guide letter and initials boxed in penwork decoration in typical English style, though without flourishes into margins. Item 2, scribes B and C, fols 1-150v: 2-line decorated initials at beginning of chapters; boxed in double band of gold bar and with gold filagree work within lobes; a squiggle extends from the the two 'corners' of the initial which meet the margin; scribes D and E, fols 150v-184v: similar design to the previous initials but with some marked differences, which include; 'I' extends along margin, approx. 9-lines in length; instead of 2 squiggles into margin there are 3, the extra emanating from the middle of the character.

Item 1, fol. 17r: bar of stylised conch shell acanthus marks chapter division; fol. 17v, nota bene hand with elaborate cuff; Item 2, fol. 6r: drawing in pen of a bird, perhaps a peacock or a bird of paradise, adjacent to reference to the fight between Coryn and Gogmagog (Brie, 11:11ff); nota bene hands with same cuffs appear on fols, 16r: signals mention of king 'Ely', (Brie, 31:12); 16v: mention of Julius Ceasar (Brie, 32:5); 24v: betrayal of Constance by Vortiger (also marked 'worth reading:' poss. earlier than the nota bene hand), (Brie, 47:32ff); 92v: mention of Simon de Montfort (Brie, 176:22); 93v: another reference to Simon de Montfort, (also marked 'mountfort borne in france' below the hand, poss. by the person responsible for the sketch), (Brie, 178:4-5).


Item 1: paraphs rovide textual subdivisions (poss. blue), Latin phrases prob. penned in red ink. Item 2, scribes B and C, fols 1- 150v: chapter titles in red, copied in a markedly calligraphic hand; title marked by a paraph (poss. blue) with penwork ornament (poss. red); chapter number (arabic numbering) copied in margin (only up until fol. 103v) with paraph (wrought as per chapter title); paraphs (poss. blue) without penwork ornament provide textual subdivisions. Scribes D and E, fols 150v-184v: chapter titles in red in hand consistent with that used for main text; titles inconsistently marked by paraph (poss. blue) without ornament; no chapter numbers; paraphs (as per chapter title) mark textual subdivisions.

Marginalia and Annotation

Annotation:<br> The annotation in this manuscript is dominated by a calligraphic hand to which one might easily attach a fairly early date, perhaps, even 15th C.; this hand appears to be that of the 'John ffleming' beside which is written in a similar hand either '1555' or '1666' (to which a different hand has added '& to 1694', and thus is perhaps mid-16th or mid-17th C. Prof. Lister Matheson examined the microfilm with me and thought that the hand was prob. 15th C. and that the other dates were thus added by two later hands. The hand first occurs in the ms. on fol. 19r of item 1, drawing attention to a French relic, 'our ladys smok in france'; in reference to the _Brut_ this hand lists (and numbers) all the kings in the margins as they appear, eg. fol. 24, 'Constantine: k: 78'; the same annotator records other significant persons as they occur, eg. fol. 16v: 'Julius Cesar'; in reference to St. Alban, 'first marter'; 24v: betrayal of Constance by Vortiger marked 'worth reading:' (this section of text also marked by nota bene hand, though prob. not by 'John ffleming'(Brie, 47:32ff); the annotator also records on fol. 184v the major invasions of England, 'The Roman Conquest', 'The Saxon Conquest', 'The Danish Conquest', 'The Norman Conquest', and the appropriate folio number of the relevant text is recorded, (indeed, it may have been 'John ffleming' who foliated the book). Some of the other annotation (prob. mostly 17th-18th C.), particularly in the first half of the _Brut_, apes and repeats the phrases of this annotator or demonstrates interest in passages marked by 'John ffleming'. Annotation in this manuscript not attributable to or derived from 'John ffleming' often reveals a particular interest in England's imperial contact with Scotland, Ireland and Wales; eg. fol. 14v: 'Howe irelande was firste inhabited with Spaniards' (Brie, 27:11ff); fol. 82v: 'king John did goe into Ireland' (Brie, 158:7ff); fol.134r: 'Scotland freed by wei of parlament of all homages suits & services to the crowne of England, which ever had beene since Bruits tyme till Anani Dom. 1328' (in same hand below), 'many Great lords of England wtstood The aforesayd agreement'; fol. 149r, 'The great battel betwixt Scotland and England'; fol. 150v: 'A great victory that fell to our English men In the yer of our Lord 1333', and many other references to notable figures in the Scottish wars such as Robert Bruce, William Wallace, Balliol etc. Annotators also note other figures such as Simon de Montfort, Thomas of Lancaster, Roger Mortimer etc., and there are notes regarding the regicide of Edward II on fols 132v (2 annotators (poss. 16th and 17th C., mention Edward II was 'mordred/murdered'); typically, 'John ffleming' and other anotators also note references to Merlin's prophecies and reveal a general enthusiasm for the legends of Arthur; several annotators demonstrate interest in miraculous events and religious martyrdom, including the execution of Thomas Beckett and the figure of Thomas of Lancaster acting as a nexus for miracles. Several notes by prob. 19th C. Cambridge librarian, fol. 161v: 'This varies from ms. Ee-4-31' (Brie, 308:2ff); fol. 184v: 'Someting farther of this history contained in ms. Ee-4-31'.

Evidence of erasures:
'pope' frequently erased and filled in by a later reader, eg. fols 162r, 170v, 171v.

Some underlining appears to be linked to corresponding annotation (poss. by 'John ffleming'), eg. fols 50v: (Brie, 95:29-30, 96:25-6); 51r: (Brie, 97:25-6); 51v: (Brie, 98:24-5); 61v: (Brie, 118:6-9). On fol. 91v an anotator has written 'note this story' (poss. 17th C.) and some of the corresponding text, relating to Henry III granting and then repealing charters, has been underlined (Brie, 174:22-4).

Graffiti (pen trials etc):
Fols 17v: 'our saviour Ihesus Lorde', poss. 16th C.; 60v: 'In the name(?) of god', poss. 16th C.; 71v: 'the thre kings', poss. 16th C.; fol. 120r: unable to transcribe; 146r: rhyme/maxim, '_ethe(?) _ith(?) _oant(?)/ ffor money is skant} In euery place[.] Qd Henricis(?)', poss. 15th-16th C.;

References, Acknowledgements and Credits

Secondary references
Brie,_The Brut_.; Matheson,_The Prose Brut_.; C. Horstmann, _The Three Kings of Cologne: An Early English Translation of the "Historia Trium Regum" by John of Hildesheim_, (EETS, os. no. 85, 1886); John J. Thompson, _The 'Cursor Mundi': Poem, Texts and Contexts_, (Oxford: Society for the Study of Mediaeval Languages & Literature, 1998), 43-5. _A Catalogue of the Manuscripts preserved in the Library of the University of Cambridge_, vol. 1, (1856), 166.

Associated MSS according to Matheson
CV-1419 (rule and governance) : "doubtful mss." [62-67]: Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Rawlinson B.205; Cambridge, Cambridge University Library MS. Ee.4.32; Cambridge, Trinity College, MS. R.5.43, Part II; Leicester, University of Leicester MS. 47; Sydney, University of Sydney, MS. Nicholson 13; San Marino, Huntington Library MS. HM 113; from the above mss. it seems unlikely that this ms. might be closely related to Huntington Library MS. HM 113, which contains material not included in the other texts. As aspects of this production suggest that 3 exemplars were used several other of Matheson's groupings might be pertinent to this ms., including: CV-1333 [1-10]: Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Rawlinson B.171; Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Douce 323; New York, Mrs. J. D. Gordan MS. 63; Manchester, John Rylands University Library MS. Eng. 103; New Haven, Yale University, Beinecke MS. 494; London, Society of Antiquaries MS. 93; Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Rawlinson C.155; London, British Library MS. Harley 3945; Manchester, John Rylands University Library MS. Eng. 206; Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales MS. Peniarth 398D; CV-1377 f.c. Stage 1 [11-16]: Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS. 174; Manchester, John Rylands University Library MS. Eng. 102; Philadelphia, Free Library of Philadelphia MS. Lewis 238; Manchester, John Rylands University Library MS. Eng. 103; London, British Library MS. Harley 2279; London, British Library MS. Stowe 68; CV-1419 (rule and governance) Ba [56-57]: Oxford, Bodleian Library MS. Bodley 840; Dublin, TCD MS. 490; CV-1419 (rule and governance) Bb [58-60]: Chapel Hill, Heyneman MS.; London, British Library MS. Harley 1568; Washington, Folger Shakespeare Library MS. V.b.106.

Acknowledgements:<br> Thanks to Lister Matheson for looking and advising on features of this ms., particularly for his suggestions on the biographical searches and his opinions on the hand of 'John ffleming'.

Described by:
Ryan Perry

Date of description:

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