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Montserrat Conservation Project

1. J Skinner - Montserrat publications

1.1 Books and Volumes

1.2 Book Chapters and Journal Articles

2. General Montserrat references (pre 1995)

2.1. Montserrat references

2.2. Montserrat music references

2.3. References to Howard Fergus’s work

2.3.1. Fergus - anthologies

2.3.2. Fergus - histories

2.3.3. Fergus - histories cited in newspapers

2.3.4. Fergus - poems cited in newspapers

2.4. Montserrat travel writing references

2.5. References to Montserrat news pieces

2.5.1. Chapter prefaces and postscript

2.5.2. Pan-afrikan Libertator pieces

2.5.3. Montserrat newspaper pieces

3. Montserrat references (post 1995)

 

 

1. J Skinner - Montserrat publications

 

1.1 Books and Volumes

J. Skinner & M. Hills (eds) (2006) Managing Island Life: Social, Economic and Political Dimensions of Formality and Informality in ‘Island’ Communities, Dundee: University of Abertay Press (see also below, Nos.53 & 54).

J. Skinner (2004) Before the Volcano: Reverberations of Identity on Montserrat, Kingston, Jamaica: Arawak Publications (see also below, No.47).

J. Skinner (Ed.) (2002) Special Edition: Managing Island Life, Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 8(2), pp.205-320 (see also below, Nos.26 & 27).

J. Skinner (Ed.) (1999) Special Edition: Island Migrations, Island Cultures, Anthropology in Action, 6(2), pp.1-47 (see also below, No.16).

1.2 Book Chapters and Journal Articles

Skinner, J. (2007) 'Author's Reply to Before the Volcano book review', <http://www.irlandeses.org/0711festino1.htm>, accessed 6th December.

Skinner, J. (2007) ‘When "Big Men" don't see eye-to-eye: consequences for natives and tourists on Montserrat’, Practicing Anthropology 29(3), pp.40-42.

Skinner, J. (2007) ‘From the Precolonial to the Virtual: The Scope and Scape of Land, Land Use, and Land Loss on Montserrat’ in, J. Besson & J. Momsen (Eds) Land and Development (2nd Edition), London: Macmillan, pp.219-232.

Skinner, J. (2006) ‘Trading On and Off Risk: A Review Essay’, Anthropology in Action, 13(1-2), pp.99-103.

Skinner, J. (2006) ‘Disaster creation in the Caribbean and planning, policy and participation reconsidered’ in, J. Momsen and J. Pugh (eds) Environmental Planning in the Caribbean: context and case studies, London: Ashgate Publishers, pp.53-72.

Skinner, J. (2006) ‘Modernist anthropology, ethnic tourism and national identity: the contest for the commoditization and consumption of St. Patrick’s Day, Montserrat’ in, K. Meethan, A. Anderson & S. Miles (Eds) Anthropology and the production and consumption of tourism, London: CAB International, pp.253-271.

Skinner, J. (2006) ‘Introduction: Introducing Islands’ in, J. Skinner & M. Hills (eds) (2006) Managing Island Life: Social, Economic and Political Dimensions of Formality and Informality in ‘Island’ Communities, Dundee: University of Abertay Press, pp.1-14.

Skinner, J. (2006) ‘Formal and Informal "Island" Relations on Colonial Montserrat and Gibraltar’ in, J. Skinner & M. Hills (eds) (2006) Managing Island Life: Social, Economic and Political Dimensions of Formality and Informality in ‘Island’ Communities, Dundee: University of Abertay Press, pp.181-205.

Skinner, J. (2005) ‘Colonising Narratives, Double Consciousness and Barbarian Writing: Fergus and the Writers’ Maroon of Montserrat’ in, J. Besson & K. Olwig (eds) Caribbean Narratives of Belonging: Fields of Relations, Sites of Identity, Oxford: Macmillan Caribbean, pp.245-262.

Skinner, J. (2005) ‘Interning the serpent: witchcraft, religion and the law on Montserrat in the twentieth century’, History and Anthropology, 16(2), pp.1-23.

Skinner, J. (2004) ‘Consciousness in Poetry from Fergus and the Writers’ Maroon of Montserrat’, Wadabagei, 7(2), pp.3-26.

Skinner (2004) ‘Nationalist poets and "barbarian poetry": Scotland’s Douglas Dunn and Montserrat’s Howard Fergus’, Forum for Modern Language Studies [Caribbean Special Edition], XL(4), pp.377-388.

Skinner, J. (2003) ‘Anti-social "social development"? The DFID approach and the ‘indigenous’ of Montserrat’ in, J. Pottier, A. Bicker, P. Sillitoe (Eds) Negotiated Development: Power and Identity in Development, London: Pluto Press, pp.98-120.

Skinner, J. (2003) ‘Montserrat Place and Mons’rat Neaga: an example of impressionistic autoethnography’, The Online Qualitative Report, 8(3): pp.513-529, http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR8-3/skinner.pdf.

Skinner, J. (2002) ‘Managing Island Life: Social, Economic and Political dimensions of Formality and Informality in ‘Island’ Communities’ in, J. Skinner (Ed.) Special Edition: Managing Island Life, Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 8(2), pp.205-215.

Skinner, J. (2002) ‘British Constructions with Constitutions: The Formal and Informal Nature of ‘Island’ Relations on Montserrat and Gibraltar’ in, J. Skinner (Ed.) Special Edition: Managing Island Life, Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 8(2), pp.301-320.

Skinner, J. (2002) ‘Narrative on the Net: Bill and his hyper- lives, loves and texts’, Auto/Biography, X(1&2), pp.21-29.

Skinner, J. (2001) ‘Licence revoked: when calypso goes too far’ in, B. Watson and J. Hendry (eds) An Anthropology of Indirect Communication, London: Routledge, pp.181-200.

Skinner, J. (2001) ‘Taking Conspiracy Seriously: Fantastic Narratives and Mr Grey the Pan-Afrikanist on Montserrat’ in, J. Parish and M. Parker (eds) The Age of Anxiety: Conspiracy Theory and the Human Sciences, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, pp.93-111.

Skinner, J. (2000) ‘The eruption of Chances Peak, Montserrat, and the narrative containment of risk’ in, P. Caplan (Ed.) Risk Revisited, London: Pluto Press, pp.156-183.

Skinner, J. (1999) ‘Island Migrations, Island Cultures’ in, J. Skinner (Ed.) Island Migrations, Island Cultures, Anthropology in Action, 6(2), pp.1-5.

Skinner, J. (1997) ‘"Doing ethnography" as action and in-action’, Anthropology in Action, 4(2), pp.13-16.

Skinner, J. (1996) ‘Conversing Montserrat: Perspectives and worldviews on development and dependence’, Arbeitsgemeinschaft Entwicklungsethnologie e. V., Volume 2, pp.44-57.

Skinner, J. (1996) ‘Teaching the Past, Protesting the Present, Altering the Future’ in, C. Barker and M. Tyldesley (eds) Alternative Futures and Popular Protest II, Manchester: The Manchester Metropolitan University, (no page references available).

 

 

2. General Montserrat references (pre 1995)

2.1. Montserrat references

Anon. [a], ‘a Natural, Civil, and Religious History of Monteserrat in the West-Indies, Including a Particular Account of the Struggles of the Free Coloured Inhabitants ... by a Wesleyan Missionary who Resided Five Years in the Island’, undated missionary manuscript, ‘History of Montserrat’ section (pp.46-47), West Indies biographical box 588, Methodist Missionary Society Archives, School of Oriental and African Studies Library, University of London, no other references available.

Anon. [b], ‘Calypso Workshop - Criteria for Judging’, undated calypso handout from the Division of Culture, no other references available.

Anon. [c], ‘The Place, Montserrat’ in, American University of the Caribbean (AUC) - School of Medicine - Bulletin, undated, no other references available.

Anon. [d], West Indies Real Estate and Advertisement Brochure, brochure used throughout 1994/5, undated, no other references available.

Anon., quoted letter from Montserrat, Georgia Gazette, 18th May 1768 [21st March 1768], p.3, no other references available.

Anon., 1980-81 Population Census of the Commonwealth Caribbean - Montserrat, 1981, no other references available.

Anon., The Kingdom of Redonda, London journal, 1865-1990, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Caribbean Basin Profile at a Glance’ in, Caribbean Basin Profile, 1993, no other references available.

Anon., The Montserrat Springs Hotel, brochure with prices, 1994/5, Boca Raton, Florida: CPS Graphics, 1994, no other references available.

Anon., Vue Pointe Hotel advertisement in, James, G. (ed.), The Official St. Patrick’s Day Programme 1995, twenty page pamphlet, Montserrat: George James Publishing, 1995, p.5, no other references available.

Cable & Wireless, Montserrat - Telecommunications Services Directory 1993, no other references available.

Davy, J., The West Indies before and since slave emancipation comprising the Windward and Leeward Islands’ military command, London: Frank Cass and Company, 1971 [1854].

Dewar, A., Music in the Alliouagana (Montserrat) Cultural Tradition, April 1977, unpublished thesis, Montserrat Public Library.

Edwards, B., The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies, London: John Stockdale, 1801.

English, T., Records of Montserrat, reported name - T. Savage English, unpublished manuscript, Montserrat Public Library, 1930.

Flasher, ‘The History and Evolution of Calypso in Montserrat’, undated, unpublished lecture script held by Ms Yvonne Weekes (Division of Culture), possibly by Desmond ‘Flasher’ Daley, no other references available.

Government Information Unit, ‘St. Patrick’s Day’, two page information leaflet, no other references available.

Government Release, Montserrat - 1995 Calendar of Events and Official Holidays, Government release, 1995, no other references available.

Government Statistics, ‘1995 Population of Montserrat by Village and Sex’, no other references available.

Gwynn, A., ‘Early Irish Emigration to the West Indies’, Studies, September 1929, pp.337-393.

Gwynn, A., ‘Early Irish Emigration to the West Indies’, Studies, December 1929, pp.648-663.

Gwynn, A., ‘Cromwell’s Policy of Transportation - Part I’, Studies, December 1930, pp.607-623.

Gwynn, A., ‘Cromwell’s Policy of Transportation - Part II’, Studies, June 1931, pp.291-305.

Gwynn, A., ‘First Irish Priests in the New World’, Studies, June 1932, pp.213-228.

Irish, G., Alliouagana Voices, 1972, no other references available.

Irish, G., ‘Why Celebrate March 17’, pamphlet, Plymouth, Montserrat, 1974.

Irish, G., Alliouagana Folk, Plymouth, Montserrat: Montserrat Printery Ltd., Montserrat Allied Workers’ Union [MAWU] and JAGPI Production, 1985.

Irish, G., Perspectives for Alliouagana - Reflections on Life in Montserrat, New York: JAGPI Productions and Caribbean Research Center, 1990.

Irish, G., Life in a Colonial Crucible - Labor & Social Change in Montserrat, 1946 - Present, Plymouth, Montserrat: JAGPI Productions, 1991.

Irish, G., Further Perspectives for Alliouagana - Journalism and Change, Plymouth, Montserrat & New York: JAGPI Productions and the Caribbean Research Center, 1993.

Island Bikes, ‘Cycling high on Montserrat!’ in, James, G. (ed.), The Official St. Patrick’s Day Programme 1995, twenty page pamphlet, Montserrat: George James Publishing, 1995, p.19.

James, G. (ed.), The Official St. Patrick’s Day Programme 1995, twenty page pamphlet, Montserrat: George James Publishing, 1995.

Laffey, S., Representing Paradise: Euro-American Desires and Cultural Understandings in Touristic Images of Montserrat, West Indies, unpublished MA Anthropology Thesis, Texas University, Austin, May 1995.

Mead, M., Letters from the Field 1925 - 1975, The American Museum of Natural History, World Perspectives, Volume 52, New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1977.

Meade, R., ‘Message for St. Patrick’s Day from the Honourable Chief Minister’ in, James, G. (ed.), The Official St. Patrick’s Day Programme 1995, twenty page pamphlet, Montserrat: George James Publishing, 1995, p.6.

Meade, R., ‘Message for St. Patrick’s Day 1995 by The Honourable Chief Minister Reuben T Meade’, Government Press Release, 17th March 1995, no other references available.

Messenger, J., ‘Excerpts from John Messenger’s essay on "The Irish of Montserrat" 1965’, unpublished copy, 1965, no other references available.

Messenger, J., ‘African Retentions in Montserrat’, African Arts, Volume 6, Number 4, 1973, pp.54-57.

Messenger, J., ‘Montserrat: The Most Distinctively Irish Settlement in the New World’, Ethnicity, Volume 2, 1975, pp.281-303.

Messenger, J., ‘St. Patrick’s Day in "The Other Emerald Isle"’, Eire - Ireland, Earrach - Spring 1994, pp.12-23.

Montserrat Dept. of Tourism, Holiday Montserrat - The Way The Caribbean Used To Be: An Official Tourist Guide of the Montserrat Dep.t of Tourism 1993/94, St. John’s, Antigua: West Indies Publishing Ltd., 1993.

Montserrat Government leaflet, Great Strides in Tourism, no other references available.

Montserrat Library Archives, ‘The Montserrat Crest’, anonymous and undated information leaflet, no other references available.

Montserrat Tourist Board, advertisement on a page in the Montserrat supplement, The Caribbean Sun, 22nd October - 4th November 1972, no other references available.

Moses, Y., ‘Female Status and Male Dominance in Montserrat, West Indies’, unpublished Anthropology PhD thesis, University of California, Riverside, 1976.

Mullin, M., Africa in America: Slave Acculturation and Resistance in the American South and the British Caribbean, 1736-1831, Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Overseas Development Agency, British Overseas Aid Annual Review 1994, London: The Totem Group, 1994.

Savage, F., ‘Message from H.E. The Governor F.J. Savage - St. Patrick’s Day 1995’ in, James, G. (ed.), The Official St. Patrick’s Day Programme 1995, twenty page pamphlet, Montserrat: George James Publishing, 1995. p.4.

Skinner, J., review of Mullin, M., Africa in America: Slave Acculturation and Resistance in the American South and the British Caribbean, 1736-183 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1992), Ethnic & Racial Studies, Volume 19, Number 2, April 1996, pp.489-490.

Skinner, J., ‘Conversing Montserrat: Perspectives and wordviews on development and dependence’, Arbeitsgemeinschaft Entwicklungsethnologie e. V., Volume 2, October 1996, p.44-57.

Skinner, J., ‘Ethnographic Ambitions - "Doing Ethnography" as Action and In-Action’, Anthropology in Action - Journal of Applied Anthropology in Policy and Practice, Volume 4, 1997, forthcoming.

Somerville, D., The Early Years of Montserrat - A Chronicle of the People Who Settled this Island, unpublished manuscript, undated but probably from between the early 1960s and November 1975 (date of Acknowledgements).

The National Song Search Committee, report on National Song contest entries, Government In Action, April 1994, Volume 1, pp.6-7.

Tourist Statistics, ‘All Arrivals from Abroad, by Month and Mode of Transport - 1994’, unpublished table, The Statistics Department, Ministry of Economic Development, Plymouth, Montserrat, 1995.

Watkins, F., Handbook of the Leeward Islands, London: West India Committee, 1924.

Wheeler, M., ‘The emblem of Montserrat: The lady and the cross’ in, the Montserrat Tourist Board pamphlet, Number 1, 2nd July 1984, no other references available.

Woodley, W., military reports, 22nd April & 21st June 1768, Colonial Office records, C.O. 152/28 & 152/30, no other references available.

2.2. Montserrat music references

Accident, ‘Iraq’s Invasion’, calypso, Earl ‘Accident’ Blake, Montserrat, 1990.

Algie, ‘People’s Questionaire’, calypso, Alvin ‘Algie’ Greaves, Montserrat, 1994.

Arrow, ‘Ole Time Calypso Medley’, calypso, Alphonsus ‘Arrow’ Cassell, Montserrat, from, Arrow - Classics, Plymouth: Montserrat, 1994: containing calypsos ‘Montserrat Culture’ [1974], ‘Man to Man’ and ‘Jean Under the Bed’.

Arrow, ‘Dis is Awe Culture’, calypso, Alphonsus ‘Arrow’ Cassell, Montserrat, calypso cited in, Arrow, ‘Hold on to your Property’, calypso, Alphonsus ‘Arrow Cassell, Montserrat, calypso in, Arrow on Target album, 1971, no other references available; calypso also cited in, Fergus, H., Montserrat: History of a Caribbean Colony, London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994, p. 252.

Arrow, ‘Man Mus’ Live’, calypso, Alphonsus ‘Arrow’ Cassell, Montserrat, calypso cited in Fergus, H., Montserrat: History of a Caribbean Colony, London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994, p. 252, no other references available.

Bear, ‘The Time Has Come’, calypso, Keithroy ‘Bear’ Morson, Montserrat, in, ‘The Best of Bear’ album, no other references available.

Belonger, ‘Bring Dem Back’, calypso, Pat ‘Belonger’ Ryan, Montserrat, 1988.

Belonger, ‘Buy Local’, calypso, Pat ‘Belonger’ Ryan, Montserrat, 1989.

Cepeke, ‘White Man’s World’, calypso, Cecil ‘Cepeke’ Lake, Montserrat, 1992.

Collis, ‘Determination’, calypso, Rachael Collis, Montserrat, 1992.

Cupid, ‘Don’t Blame Mr. Hugo’, calypso, Ishmael ‘Cupid’ Skerrit, Montserrat, 1989.

Cupid, ‘Beyond the Boundary’, calypso, Herman ‘Cupid’ Francis, Montserrat, 1992.

Cutter, ‘Nation’, calypso, Ishmael ‘Cutter’ Skerrit, Montserrat, 1982.

Cutter, ‘Lift this Nation’, calypso, Ishmael ‘Cutter’ Skerrit, Montserrat, 1994.

Duberry, E. (arranger), Emeral City Festival Volume 1’ compilation of Montserrat Festival hit songs, Rome, Italy and St. Michael, Barbados: Mango Media Organization, no other references available.

Edgecombe, D., ‘Montserrat - My Country’, national song, (Denzil Edgecombe, not to be confused with David Edgecombe, Editor of The Montserrat Reporter), The Montserrat Reporter, 30th June 1995: front cover, no other references available.

Hero, ‘Jumbie Ol’ Mas’, calypso, Justin ‘Hero’ Cassell, Montserrat, 1982.

Hero, ‘Body-to-Body’, calypso, Justin ‘Hero’ Cassell, Montserrat, 1986.

Lord Alfredo, ‘Push to the Rear’, calypso, Archibald ‘Lord Alfredo’ Mills, Montserrat, 1980.

Lord Alfredo, ‘Socialism Jam’, calypso, Archibald ‘Lord Alfredo’ Mills, Montserrat, 1980.

Lord Meade, ‘Bad John’, calypso, William ‘Lord Meade’ Meade, Montserrat, 1991.

Q-Pid, ‘Long Grass’, calypso, Herman ‘Q-Pid’ Francis (see also ‘Cupid’), Montserrat, 1985.

Q-Pid, ‘What’s Inside The Box’, calypso, Herman ‘Q-Pid’ Francis (see also ‘Cupid’), Montserrat, calypso, The Montserrat Reporter, 18th December 1987, p.4, no other references available.

Rockamaya, ‘Montserrat is for Montserratians’, calypso, Charles ‘Rockamaya’ Weekes, Montserrat, 1993.

Reality, ‘Masquerade’, calypso, Everton ‘Reality’ Weekes, Montserrat, 1980.

Reality, ‘Jumbie Dance’, calypso, Everton ‘Reality’ Weekes, Montserrat, 1982.

Singing Maro, ‘Tribute to Mandela’, calypso, Marilyn ‘Singing Maro’ White, Montserrat, 1994.

Spoiler, ‘Wet me dong’, Road March song, Glanville ‘Spoiler’ Roach, Montserrat, 1994.

Teknikal, ‘I’m Looking for a Moses’, calypso, Sean ‘Teknikal’ Martin, Montserrat, 1994.

Teknikal, ‘A News Dem A Look’, calypso, Sean ‘Teknikal’ Martin, Montserrat, 1994.

The Patriot, ‘Save this country’, calypso, Lenroy ‘The Patriot’ Tuitt, Montserrat, 1982.

Top Secret, ‘Tropical Gal’, calypso, Neville ‘Top Secret’ Greenaway, Montserrat, 1994; see also ‘Top Secret’s’, Top Secret’s 1994 calypsos, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 35, 16th December 1994, p.9.

Top Secret, ‘Don’t Rock The Boat Dada’, calypso, Neville ‘Top Secret’ Greenaway, Montserrat, 1994; see also ‘Top Secret’s’, Top Secret’s 1994 calypsos, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 35, 16th December 1994, p.9.

2.3. References to Howard Fergus’s work

2.3.1. Fergus - anthologies

Fergus, H., Cotton Rhymes, Woodstock, Ontario: Woodstock Print & Litho Ltd., 1976.

Fergus, H. [a], Green Innocence, St. Augustine, Trinidad: Multimedia Production Centre, 1978.

Fergus, H., Stop the Carnival, Plymouth, Montserrat: University of the West Indies Extra-Mural Department, 1980.

Fergus, H., Politics as Sport, Plymouth, Montserrat: Summit Communications, Montserrat Times Limited, 1987.

Fergus, H. (ed.), From Hugo With Love - Poems, Plymouth, Montserrat: UWI Centre for Continuing Studies, 1989.

Fergus, H. [a], Calabash of Gold - Selected Poems, London: Linda Lee Books, 1993.

Fergus, H. [a], Eruption - Ten Volcano Poems, Plymouth, Montserrat: Montserrat Printery Limited, 1995.

Fergus, H. (ed.), Flowers Blooming Late, Plymouth, Montserrat: The Montserrat Times Limited, 1984.

Fergus, H. & A. Markham (eds), Hugo Versus Montserrat, Londonderry, Northern Ireland: Linda Lee Books, distributed by New Beacon Books Ltd., 1989.

Fergus, H. (ed.), Horrors of a Hurricane - Poems, Plymouth, Montserrat: The Montserrat Times, 1990.

Fergus, H. & L. Rowden (eds), Dark Against the Sky - An Anthology of Poems and Short Stories from Montserrat, Kingston, Jamaica: U.W.I. Publishers’ Association, 1990.

2.3.2. Fergus - histories

Fergus, H., History of Alliouagana: A Short History of Montserrat, Plymouth, Montserrat: Montserrat Printery Ltd, 1975.

Fergus, H. [b], Montserrat: The LAST ENGLISH COLONY? Prospects for Independence - Two Essays on Montserrat, Plymouth, Montserrat: Montserrat Printery Limited, 1978.

Fergus, H., WILLIAM HENRY BRAMBLE: HIS LIFE AND TIMES, Groves, Montserrat: the Montserrat Times Limited, 1983.

Fergus, H., Montserrat - Emerald Isle of the Caribbean, London: Macmillan Caribbean Guides, 1992 [1983].

Fergus, H., RULE BRITANNIA - Politics in British Montserrat, Plymouth, Montserrat: The University Centre, 1985.

Fergus, H., Montserrat: History of a Caribbean Colony, London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994.

Fergus, H. [b], ‘Where History and Culture make Beauty’ in, Montserrat Dept. of Tourism, Holiday Montserrat - The Way The Caribbean Used To Be: An Official Tourist Guide of the Montserrat Dep.t of Tourism 1993/94, St. John’s, Antigua: West Indies Publishing Ltd., 1993, p.2.

Fergus, H. [b], ‘Celebration of Achievement by Dr Howard Fergus’ in James, G. (ed.), The Official St. Patrick’s Day Programme 1995, twenty page pamphlet, Montserrat: George James Publishing, 1995, p.7.

2.3.3. Fergus - histories cited in newspapers

Fergus, H., ‘A window on our history - St. Patrick’s Day 1768’, The Montserrat Mirror, 28th January 1972, p.8, no other references available.

Fergus, H., ‘St. Patrick’s Day, March 17’, The Montserrat Mirror, 14th March 1975, pp.7-8, no other references available.

Fergus., H., ‘Why Celebrate St. Patrick’s Day?’, The Montserrat Reporter, 28th February 1986, p.5, no other references available.

Fergus, H., ‘St. Patrick’s Day in Focus’, The Montserrat Reporter, 27th March 1992, no other references available.

Fergus, H., ‘This Emerald Isle - Where History and Culture make Beauty’, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 32, 18th November 1994, p.17, continued on p.16.

Fergus, H., ‘Lady & the Harp for Bramble’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 26, 30th June 1995, front cover and back cover.

2.3.4. Fergus - poems cited in newspapers

Fergus, H., ‘This Land Is Mine’, poem, The Montserrat Mirror, 2nd July 1976, p.4, no other references available.

Fergus, H., ‘March of Death’, poem, The Montserrat Times, 19th March 1982, p.5, no other references available.

Fergus, H., ‘When Justice Came To Church’, poem, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 11, 17th March 1995, p.8.

Fergus, H., ‘Easter’, poem, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 13, 13th April 1995, front cover.

Fergus, H., ‘A Question of Emblems’, poem, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 26, 7th July 1995, p.13.

2.4. Montserrat travel writing references

Anon., ‘Montserrat: No Elevator, Doris Day’, ‘Montserrat - The Emerald Isle’, Sunday San Juan Star, pp.1-4, Caribbean Travel Section, no other references available.

Anon., ‘The Islands - Retirement with Romance’, Travel and Retirement Edens Abroad, pp.90-91, no other references available.

Anon., The West Indies in 1837; being the journal of a visit to Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, Barbados, and Jamaica - undertaken for the purpose of ascertaining the actual condition of the negro population of those islands, possibly by Joseph Sturge, London: Frank Cass and Company, 1968 [1838], no other references available.

Anon., ‘GOLF selects Nine Warm Winter Resorts’, GOLF, February 1971, p.60, no other references available.

Anon., ‘National Trust Created in 1970’, Caribbean Sun, 22nd October - 4th November 1972, p.5, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Montserrat’, Travel & Leisure - Caribbean Supplement, November 1976, no other references available.

Anon., Time, 18th February 1980, p.64, no other references available.

Anon., ‘3 Beatles reunite - but not for John - Yeah, yeah, yeah’, The Calgary Sun, 16th February 1981, no other references available.

Anon., Travel-Holiday, October 1984, front cover, no other references available.

Anon., The New York Times, 28th October 1984, p.10, Travel Section, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Montserrat Villas Open’, Canadian Travel (probably), 30th October 1986, p.5, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Montserrat rates range $10-$225 with wide choice of accommodations’, JA<>FAX, November 1986, p.56, The Caribbean Section, no other references available.

Anon., Caribbean Week, 2nd-16th April 1994, p.17, no other references available.

Anon., ‘A Wilder Caribbean’, The New York Times, 30th October 1994, the Travel Section, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Montserrat is a sparkling emerald among Caribbean’s tropical island jewels’, undocumented photocopied article, probably a reprint from Sylvan, R. (‘Fantasy Island - Montserrat has Irish roots’, reported from The Miami Herald (no other references available), The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 30, 11th November, 1994, p.15), no other references available.

Anon., ‘Montserrat Offers Toll-Free Line for Information Kits’, Travel Weekly, 30th January 1995, p.35, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Montserrat’, Caribbean Vacation Planner, February 1995, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Montserrat: that other ‘Irish’ Emerald Isle’, The Irish Press, 27th March 1995, no other references available.

Bareuther, C., ‘Fantastical Montserrat’, reported from The Washington Post (no other references available), The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 20, 26th May 1995, p.18, part one.

Bareuther, C., ‘Escape From Paradise’, reported from The Washington Post (no other references available), The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 21, 2nd June 1995, p.14, part two.

Beal, D., ‘Streatham got the shamrock’, The Evening Standard, 21st April, 1980, no other references available.

Beattie, M., ‘Saint Patrick’s Other Island’, unknown magazine, p.11, no other references available.

Bowers, A., ‘An agreeable island, for idling under the sun’, The Daily Telegraph, 24th November 1979.

Brand, J., ‘The Quiet Caribbean - Montserrat, a lush little island off Antigua’, Travel & Leisure, February 1985, pp.158-163.

Brody, S., ‘The Jewel in the Caribbean: Montserrat’, The Washington Post, 8th November 1970, K2, the Travel Section.

Chandler, R., & L. Chandler, ‘Dear Mr. Editor’, letter, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 1, 6th January 1995, p.10.

Coleridge, H., Six Months in the West Indies in 1825, London: John Murray, 1826.

Cowell, G., ‘Montserrat: The Investment Outlook Today’, Island Properties Report, Number 11 (entire edition), 20th September 1984, pp.1-6.

Cupito, M., ‘Medical school on Montserrat’, The St. Petersberg Times (probably), April 1986, no other references available.

Demarino, G., ‘A tropical delight’, ‘Ideal way to pass a day’ and other sections, The Edmonton Sunday Sun, 8th September 1985, T-2, the Travel Section.

Demarino, G., ‘Unique facet of island life’, Travel Editor article, The Edmonton Sunday Sun, 8th September 1985, T-4, Travel Section.

Dickinson, P., ‘Montserrat - The way the Caribbean used to be’, Retirement Edens, no other references available.

Doherty, J., ‘Montserrat - Emeralds and Charcoal Beaches’, Skylight, 1986, pp.10-11.

Fallon, J., ‘The Black Irish’, findings of the Florida Unity Conference Group about Montserrat’s Irish-African connection, Irish Echo, 27th July - 3rd August 1993, p.18.

Forman, R., & S. Owen, ‘Montserrat - Green, Quiet and Private’, Hideaways Guide, Fall/Winter 1994/5, Volume 14, Number 4, p.26.

Fortescue, E., ‘The Magic of Montserrat - Edna Fortescue explores the ‘Emerald Isle’, BWIA SUNJET (British West Indies Airlines) in-flight magazine (probably), pp.16-17, no other references available.

Frampton, A., ‘Tiny Montserrat’s charms are the non-flashy kind’, possibly by the listed photographer Jack Oldham, The Toronto Globe and Mail, 14th November 1981, p.8, Travel Section.

Frost, D. & B. Davidoff, ‘Montserrat - The quiet escape’, Travel World News, March 1995, pp.17-20.

Garry, W., ‘Journal of Antigua, Dominica, St. Christopher, Montserrat, Canterbury, Trinidad and Barbados, 1852-1885’, Methodist preacher’s tour of duty. The journal is a record of sermons to congregations, times awoken from sleep in the morning, meetings and frustrations aboard ships with reference to a nine week passage aboard the ‘Wild Irish Girl’. Unpublished, it is available from the Methodist Missionary Society (MMS) archives, box 592, too fragile to microfilm, School of Oriental and African Studies Library (SOAS), London.

George, D., ‘Montserrat - A breath of Eire in the Caribbean’, The San Francisco Sunday Examiner & Chronicle, 23rd August 1981, Travel Section, no other references available.

Gordon, A., ‘letterbook’ of island accounts (crops, prices, money owing), 1768-1788. Whilst there are no references to the St. Patrick’s Day uprising in his letters, there is a sketch of the island from the sea; there are also accounts of Bramley’s Estate, and references to HMS Agamemnon stationed in Plymouth harbour on 2nd July 1768. The unpublished journal is available from the Methodist Missionary Society (MMS) archives, box 592, too fragile to microfilm, School of Oriental and African Studies Library (SOAS), London.

Gjersvik, G., ‘Montserrat - ‘Emerald Isle of the West’, JA<>FAX, November 1986, pp.68-70, The Caribbean Section.

Hallowell, B., ‘Why Retire To Montserrat?’, The Caribbean Sun, 22nd October - 4th November 1972, no other references available.

Hamill, D., ‘Cable a serpent in paradise’, no other references available.

Hamilton, A., ‘After the hurricane’, The Guardian Weekend, 29th October 1994, pp.65-66, Travel Section.

Hanley, C., ‘Island studio attracts rock stars’, The Sunday Cape Cod Times, 5th August 1984, p.48.

Hanley, C., ‘Montserrat: Britain’s tiny happy colony’, The Associated Press, The Tribune (Oakland, California), 12th August 1984, p.F-1 and F-5; also reported as ‘Manhattan-sized Montserrat mulls leaving Mother Britain’, The San Francisco Examiner & Chronicle, 5th August 1984, p.A2; and ‘Tiny Caribbean paradise debating independence’, no other references available. ‘Montserrat: Independence or not?’ by Charles Hanley begins the same way (Syracuse Herald American Stars Magazine, August 26, 1984, p.3, Travel Section).

Harris, R. & P. Harris, ‘Montserrat offers a bit o’ old Ireland in the West Indies’, The San Francisco Examiner & Chronicle, 15th June 1986, p.T-24, Travel Section.

Hunter, R., ‘Letters to the Editor’, letter about 32 hours without luggage on Montserrat, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume X, Number 45, 2nd December 1994, p.5.

Jacobs, B., ‘Montserrat - emerald jewel of the Caribbean’, Industry Week, 21st January 1980, pp.69-70, Management Leisure Time - Monthly section on travel and personal interests.

Kerr, J., ‘From mountain chicken to rock, Montserrat holds varied charms’, The Herald, no other references available.

Kerr, J., ‘Caribbean Bandstand’, Sunshine, 4th May 1986, pp.23-26.

Larsen, T., ‘Montserrat: Caribbean isle stamped with a shamrock’, The Boston Sunday Globe, 9th December 1984, B29.

Lewis, J. & C. Lewis & S. Lewis, unpublished public letter in Government archives, 17th April 1995, no other references available.

Lord, J., ‘Antigua and Montserrat - Why Canadians are choosing the little Leewards as their home away from home’, in-flight magazine, Wardair World, Spring 1981, pp.8-11.

Mauldin, B., ‘Montserrat: An Island That Still Has A Soul’, Golf, February 1971, no other references available.

McCue, J., ‘An island time passes by - Psst! Don’t even tell your friends about Montserrat’, The Plain Dealer, 14th March 1982, no other references available.

McGinn, B., ‘How Irish is Montserrat?’, Irish Roots, Number 1, 1994, pp.20-23.

McLaughlin, B., ‘Redonda Reclaimed’, The Sunday Independent, Living & Leisure supplement, 25th June 1995, 7L.

Monaghan, N., ‘The Other Emerald Isle - Norman Monaghan visits Montserrat, a tiny island in the Caribbean with an Irish past’, Irish America Magazine, September/October 1993, pp.42-45.

Morris, B., ‘Montserrat - The Caribbean’s Emerald Isle is a Tiny Jewel of a Place’, ISLANDS, March/April 1995, pp.119-129, pp.146-147.

Morris, J., ‘The Caribbean’s Irish connection’, The Boston Globe, 29th January 1984, no other references available.

Nigro, D., ‘The other Emerald Isle’, The Boston Irish Echo, February 1988, no other references available.

Norton, G., ‘The British Isles’, published under the pseudonym Graham Norris, p.3, no other references available.

O’Dowd, P., ‘Heritage of Galway’, The Connacht Sentinel, 15th November 1994, p.2.

Oldham, J., ‘Islands of the West Indies "so much nicer in Summer"’, published under the pseudonym George Buchan, The Mail Star (Halifax, Nova Scotia), 16th August 1980, pp.30-31. Oldham acknowledged the authorship of this article which was also published elsewhere: ‘Islanders say summer is the time to visit’, The Columbian (New Westminster, British Columbia), 5th July 1980; ‘Summer in the islands has its advantages’, The St. Catharines Standard (Ontario, Canada); and as ‘Summer’s best time for Caribbean visit’, The Chatham Daily News (Chatham, Ontario). This admission casts doubt upon the authorship of the articles by A. Frampton and L. Stoodley, amongst others.

O’Shaughnessy, H., ‘Progress with preservation’, The Montserrat - Financial Times Survey supplement, The Financial Times, 19th November 1969, Section I, no other references available.

O’Shaughnessy, H., ‘Tourist attractions are for the more discriminating’, The Montserrat - Financial Times Survey supplement, The Financial Times, 19th November 1969, Section III, no other references available.

Pinheiro, C., ‘Montserrat Gold - Notes from an Emerald Diary’, People, April 1976, pp.24-26.

Rein, H., ‘Great Escapes - Montserrat’, The Tribune, 3rd November 1994, S2.

Richardson, T., ‘Brief Description and History of Antigua, Dominica, Montserrat, Nevis, St. Christopher, St. Eustacius, St. Bartholemew, St. Martin, Anguilla, Tortola, St. Vincent and Grenada’. This is an account by a Methodist Missionary touring the islands in 1803, writing from Roseau, Dominica. The unpublished journal is available from the Methodist Missionary Society (MMS) archives, box 588, microfilm number 34, School of Oriental and African Studies Library (SOAS), London.

Share, B., ‘Shamrock in the Sun’, possibly an in-flight magazine for Aer Lingus, no other references available.

Sidron, J., ‘Montserrat Looks to Tourism Marketer to Spur Business’, Travel Weekly, 4th July 1994, p.42, Selling The Caribbean and the Bahamas Section.

Smith, R., ‘Montserrat Irish’, Caribbean Week, 1st-14th April 1995, p.45.

Smythe, M., ‘Hidden treasure of the Caribbean’, The Ottawa Citizen, 1st September 1984, p.51 and p.xx.

Solomon, A., ‘Montserrat - A wee bit o’ Ireland in the Caribbean’, Travel-Holiday, October 1984, pp.44-47.

Stapleton, J., Consort Hotels, faxed article, 6th June 1994, 2 pages, no other references available.

Sterling, M., ‘A shamrock island in the Caribbean’, The Boston Globe, 16th March 1986, B3-B4: this was repeated as ‘Caribbean Capers’ (The Sunday Express-News (San Antonio), 8th June 1986, p.1-2L); and as ‘Montserrat: A wee touch of the Old Sod in the Tropics’, 6th July 1986, B11-B12, no other references available.

Sterling, M., ‘A reflection of Old Ireland in the Caribbean sunshine’, 25th October 1986, F6, Travel Section, no other references available: this was repeated as ‘In the Caribbean sunshine’ (no other references available); and as ‘A shamrock island in the Caribbean’, The Boston Sunday Globe, 16th March 1986, B29, Travel Section Part II, no other references available.

Stoodley, L., ‘The Undiscovered South’, The Metro Telecaster (Halifax, Nova Scotia), 7th July 1979, no other references available.

Strong, V., ‘Montserrat - The Emerald Isle’, Virgin Islander, June 1981, pp.41-43, Travel Section.

Sturge, J., ‘Was West Indian Slavery Harmless?’, reported from The Independent Review in, J. Marshall (ed.), J. Sturge, 1906, pp.40-50, no other references available.

Sylvan, R., ‘Fantasy Island - Montserrat has Irish roots’, reported from The Miami Herald (no other references available), The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 30, 11th November, 1994, p.15.

Thompson, C., ‘Montserrat: Irish Charm In The Caribbean’, The New Brunswick Telegraph Journal, 17th September 1983, no other references available.

Totten, C., ‘Impressions: Montserrat’, unpublished travel article with covering letter, 20th May 1983, covering letter, pp.1-8.

Trotman, A., ‘Villas of Montserrat - Big boost for Montserrat’s tourism’, Weekend EC NEWS, 3rd April 1987, Neighbours Section, no other references available.

Wibecan, K., ‘Homeward bound - A search for family leads to Montserrat’, MM, Regional section, September-October 1994, no other references available.

Wykes, J., ‘Montserrat is a haven for clients fleeing ITC spots’, The Canadian Travel Courier, 7th February 1980, p.9-10, and p.19.

2.5. References to Montserrat news pieces

2.5.1. Chapter prefaces and postscript

Anon., ‘Volcano island call’, The Courier and Advertiser, 26th August 1995, p.13, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Student recalls volcano island ordeal’, The Courier and Advertiser, 6th September 1995, p.4, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Business as usual for the Tourism Industry’, The Montserrat Reporter, 22nd September 1995, p.2, no other references available.

Associated Press, ‘Eruption reaches Montserrat capital’, The Guardian, 5th August 1997, p.9.

Brabant, M., ‘Montserrat braced for further eruption’, The Daily Telegraph, 30th June 1997, p.12.

Ferguson, J., ‘Volcano Update for 7/26/95’, CaribTalk web page, 28th July 1995.

Global Volcanism Network, ‘Soufriere Hills, Montserrat’, e-mail, 19th July 1995.

Patullo, P., ‘Dust settles but future is bleak’, The Guardian, 28th June 1997, p.17.

Stewart, L., ‘Emerald Isle taken by storm’, The Independent on Sunday, 4th February 1996, pp.51-52.

2.5.2. Pan-Afrikan Liberator pieces

Anon., ‘An Act for the Abolition of Slavery in Montserrat’, a report on the 1834 Act, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 1, August 1992, p.1, continued on p.3, no other references available.

Anon., ‘KNOW YOUR HISTORY’, slogan, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 1, August 1992, p.2, no other references available.

Anon., ‘KNOWLEDGE IS POWER’, slogan, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 1, August 1992, p.4, no other references available.

Anon., ‘A united union stands firm. With division you have no union. There is strength in unity’, slogan, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 8, March 1993, p.5, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Give people bread and they feel like beggars. Teach them to make their own and you give them their dignity’, slogan, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 8, March 1993, p.5, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Books & People’, concerning Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart, excerpt from The Weekly Journal (14th January 1993), The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 10, May 1993, p.5, no other references available.

Anon., ‘*Stop Press* Free Speech Banned - Executive Council Exercises Might Cancels "Conscious Connection"’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 3, October 1993, p.5, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Gov’t on the brink of collapse’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 6, March 1994, p.1, no other references available.

Anon., ‘The Montserrat/England Partnership Travesty’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 7, June 1994, p.2-3, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Population Suffers from Government’s Decisions’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 7, June 1994, p.4-6, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Pan-Afrikan News’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 7, June 1994, pp.7-8, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Afrikan News’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 7, June 1994, p.8, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Kwame Ture Tells The People To Seek Independence’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 12, April/May 1995, p.8, no other references available.

Browne, C., ‘Message From the Publisher’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 1, August 1992, p.2.

Browne, C., ‘Offshore Finance, Telecommunications and the Remaining Colonies’, reported name - Cudjoe Kwame Browne, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 5, May 1993, pp.3-5.

Browne, C., ‘Burying the Irish Myth’, reported name - Mwongozi Shujaa C. Browne, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 11, June 1993, p.1-4.

Browne, C., ‘Independence or Grant-in-aid’, reported name - Mwongozi C. Browne, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 3, October 1993, pp.6-8.

Browne, C., ‘Book Review: Montserrat - History of a Caribbean Colony’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 8, October 1994, pp.7-8.

Browne, C., ‘Seamen Union Smashed With A Whimper - Continuing Saga of Britain’s Agenda for Montserrat Played Out’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 11, January/February 1995, pp.1-5.

Cassell, S., ‘Freedom’s Journey’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 12, July 1993, p.3.

Cassell, J., ‘Yes, Governor We Want Our Independence’, first part of a two-part serial of an interview with Governor Frank Savage, reported in The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 2, September 1993, pp.1-4.

Cassell, J., ‘Country Policy Plan or Grant-in-Aid?’, second part of a two-part serial of an interview with Governor Frank Savage, reported in The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 3, October 1993, pp.1-4.

Garvey, M., ‘The Rule of Intelligence - Marcus Garvey Glorifies the Mind of Man - Speaking to the People of Montserrat’, historical speech made by Marcus Garvey on Montserrat, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 1, August 1993, pp.1-4, entire edition.

Garvey, M., ‘Hail! united States of Africa - free!’, written in Atlanta state prison [1927], The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 4, November 1993, p.8.

Greaves, K., ‘Britain Condones Corruption in DT’s - Interview with Hubert Hughes, Opposition Leader, Anguilla Labour Party’ (6th April 1993), The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 9, April 1993, pp.2-3.

Greaves, K., ‘Montserrat’s Country Policy Plan to be Implemented Soon’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 3, October 1993, p.4.

Herbert, A., ‘Yes Governor We Want Our Independence’, poem, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 3, October 1993, p.5.

Hogan, C., ‘Does Independence fit into Montserrat’s future? - Headline interview with Jamaal Jeffers, "Treacherous Elite Declares War on Labour"’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 2, Number 11, January/February 1995, p.6.

Lake, P., ‘"Them" And "Us"’, poem (25th May 1992), The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 3, October 1992, p.3.

Montserrat’s Governor, David Taylor’, reported in The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 4, November 1992, pp.1-4, entire edition.

Meade, R., ‘Montserrat’s Leaders Talk About Independence - Text of CM, Reuben Meade’s Press Conference, 21 Jan. 1993’, reported in The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 7, pp.1-4, entire edition.

Missick, S., ‘Colonies Groan Under British Weight - Opinion - Britain’s A Strain On TCI [Turks & Caicos Islands]’, reported from Turks & Caicos News (13th June 1992), The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 9, April 1993, pp.1-2.

Ras Atiba, ‘The Mental Emancipator’, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 1, August 1992, p.4.

White, P., ‘Breaking The Dependency Cycle’ by Peter B. White, The Pan-Afrikan Liberator, Volume 1, Number 10, May 1993, pp.1-3.

2.5.3. Montserrat newspaper pieces

Anon., ‘"In Bad Taste" Says Hero’, Feedback Letter to the Editor, The Montserrat Reporter, 23rd January 1987, p.4, no other references available.

Anon., ‘M/Rat Will Get A New Calypso Monarch’, headline article, The Montserrat Reporter, 23rd December 1987, no other references available.

Anon., ‘In Support of Chedmond Browne’, editorial, The Montserrat Reporter, 29th October 1993, p.4, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Tourism Week 1994: October 20 - November 5 - Program of Activities - Preliminary Draft’, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 27, 14th October 1994, p.19, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Understanding Tourism’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume X, Number 40, 28th October 1994, p.1, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Flying Start for WINAIR’, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 29, 4th November 1994, p.24, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Independence’, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 33, 2nd December 1994, p.15, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Tourism Growing’, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 35, 16th December 1994, p.11, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Price Hike Spiral Caused Mainly by Port Charges’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume X, Number 47, 22nd December 1994, front cover, no other references available.

Anon., ‘1994 - The year the National Budget all but collapsed’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume X, Number 47, 22nd December 1994, p.6 and p.23, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Port Workers Demonstrate to Keep Their Aged on the Job’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume X, Number 39, 6th January 1995, front and back cover, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Showdown at Port’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 1, 6th January 1995, p.5, no other references available.

Anon., ‘January 31 deadline set to end Port stand-off’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 2, 13th January 1995, front cover, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Port Charges Slashed - Wharfage rates under review’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume V, Number 3, 20th January 1995, front page and back page, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Men in iron Masks’, editorial, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 3, 20th January 1995, p.2, no other references available.

Anon., ‘100-Seamen dumped - The Inside Stories’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 3, 20th January 1995, full cover headline, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Millie’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 3, 20th January 1995, p.24, back cover, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Government called for Action at Port and got it’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 4, 27th January 1995, front cover, no other references available.

Anon. [a], ‘Mountain Biking Montserrat’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 6, 10th February 1995, p.12, no other references available.

Anon. [b], ‘Tourism Industry Forecast to Double by 2005’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 6, 10th February 1995, p.12, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Private sector dollars for tourism promotion’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 8, 24th February 1995, p.1, no other references available.

Anon. [a], ‘Montserrat Tourism Industry Raise Pledge to the Value of US$100,000 for Promoting the Island’, The Montserrat News, Volume 5, Issue 7, 24th February 1995, p.19, no other references available.

Anon. [b], ‘Montserrat Tourism Industry Pledges Support for the Environment’, The Montserrat News, Volume 5, Issue 7, 24th February 1995, p.19, no other references available.

Anon., ‘More Port Wars’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 8, 3rd March 1995, p.3, no other references available.

Anon., ‘High Court Opens With a March and Prayers’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 10, 10th March 1995, front cover, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Our Women’s World’, editorial, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 9, 10th March 1995, p.2, no other references available.

Anon., ‘P.S. Daniel under axe’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 9, 10th March 1995, p.3, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Union to fight Port’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 9, 10th March 1995, p.5, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Help your business’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 9, 10th March 1995, p.6, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Killers plead guilty’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 10, 16th March 1995, p.3, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Montserrat: 3 in 1’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 10, 16th March 1995, p.7, no other references available.

Anon., ‘St. Patrick’s Day Brings in the Media’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 11, 17th March 1995, p.1, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Good Manners’, editorial, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 11, 17th March 1995, p.4, no other references available.

Anon., ‘St. Patrick’s Day Celebrations Flop’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 12, 24th March 1995, front and back pages, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Stokely: giant stock’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 9, 24th March 1995, p.5, no other references available.

Anon., ‘The fight against injustice’, The Montserrat News, Port Extra edition, Volume V, Issue 16, 2nd May 1995, front cover for the entire edition, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Jemmotte: petty tyrant’, The Montserrat News, Port Extra edition, Volume V, Issue 16, 2nd May 1995, pp.5-6, no other references available.

Anon., untitled report about the dismissal of four Port employees, The Montserrat News, Port Extra edition, Volume V, Issue 16, 2nd May 1995, p.9, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Port Rocks the Boat - Workers Go Back To Work On Monday’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 17, 5th May 1995, p.1, headline article, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Fergus for Assignments in Botswana and Washington’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 17, 5th May 1995, p.10, no other references available.

Anon., ‘Tourism is Everybody’s Business’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 24, 23rd June 1995, p.20, no other references available.

Brandt, D., ‘Tell all the truth’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 3, 20th January 1995, p.11.

Browne, C., ‘The Montserrat Seamen and Waterfront Workers Union speaks out’, Port offer to the management, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 2, 13th January 1995, pp.12-13.

Browne, C., ‘The Montserrat Seamen and Waterfront Workers Union speaks out’, Port offer to the management, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 2, 13th January 1995, p.7.

Browne, C., ‘The Whole Port Story - All the Port News - Black Friday - Diary of Shame’, untitled article, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 3, 20th January 1995, pp.4-8.

Bruton, J., ‘St. Patrick’s Day’, letters for the occasion, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 11, 24th March 1995, p.12.

Edgecombe, D., ‘Night of the Invisible Artistes’, The Montserrat Mirror, 10th January 1975, p.2, no other references available.

Edgecombe, D., ‘Hero Reigns Again’, The Montserrat Reporter, 16th January 1987, no other references available.

Edgecombe, D., ‘No Skin-Tight Outfit for Hero’, The Montserrat Reporter, 30th January 1987, no other references available.

Edgecombe, D., ‘The Case of the Suspicious Ballots’, The Montserrat Reporter, 23rd October 1987, p.4, no other references available.

Edgecombe, D., ‘ZJB Is Not Playing Q-Pid’s Song’, The Montserrat Reporter, 18th December 1987, front cover headline article, no other references available.

Edgecombe, D., ‘Let Q-Pid’s Song Be Played’, editorial, The Montserrat Reporter, 18th December 1987, p.4, no other references available.

Edgecombe, D. & B. Chambers, ‘Cepeke is the new Calypso Monarch’, The Montserrat Reporter, 23rd January 1988, p.12, no other references available.

Edgecombe, D. & A. Burns, ‘Hustler is the new Calypso Monarch’ in, Edgecombe D. & Burns, A., ‘Festival ‘88 Highlights’, The Montserrat Reporter, 13th January 1989, pp.6-7, no other references available.

Elizabeth II, H.R.H., ‘Commonwealth Day Message 1995’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 10, 16th March 1995, p.16.

Fenton, D., ‘The Conscious Connection Programme Cancelled - Let Browne Talk’, The Montserrat Reporter, Friday 22nd October 1993, p.14 and back page, no other references available.

Galloway, W., ‘"Our culture is dying"’, The Montserrat Reporter, 13th January 1989, p.5.

Gormley, J., ‘St. Patrick’s Day’, letters for the occasion, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 11, 24th March 1995, p.12.

Government House Press Release, ‘Honoured’, press release about the New Year’s Honours 1995, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 1, 6th January 1995, p.7.

Grell, J., ‘Fergus Releases New Book’, The Montserrat Reporter, 22nd October 1993, no other references available.

G.S.C., ‘Letter to the Editor’, The Montserrat Mirror, 29th April 1967, p.1, continued on p.4, no other references available.

Hamilton, S., ‘The Colour of Christ’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 8, 24th February 1995, p.10.

Higgins, M., ‘St. Patrick’s Day’, letters for the occasion, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 11, 24th March 1995, p.13.

Holder, J., ‘The No 1 Industry’, Secretary General - Caribbean Tourism Organisation, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 30, 11th November 1994, p.14, part one.

Holder, J., ‘Quality Tourism: the key to Caribbean survival - A Caribbean Tourism Day Message’, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 31, 18th November 1994, p.19.

Irish, G., ‘Reflections on March 17’, The Montserrat Mirror, 17th February 1978, p.5, no other references available.

Irish, G., ‘Reflections on March 17’, The Montserrat Mirror, 24th February 1979, p.8, no other references available.

Irish, G., ‘Reflections on St. Patrick’s’, The Montserrat Reporter, 15th March 1985, pp.6-7, no other references available.

Lewis, R., ‘1994 Calypsonians’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume X, Number 45, 2nd December 1994, back cover.

Meade, R., ‘Statement by Honourable Chief Minister on Reduction in Port Charges’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 3, 20th January 1995, p.12.

Port Authority, untitled response to Port developments, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 3, 20th January 1995, pp.6-7, no other references available.

Port Authority, ‘The Port Report’, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 3, 20th January 1995, pp.18-21.

Robilotta, C., ‘Power in Tourism’, The Montserrat News, Volume IV, Issue 29, 4th November 1994, p.14.

Robinson, M., ‘St. Patrick’s Day’, letters for the occasion, The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 11, 24th March 1995, p.13.

Samuel, H., ‘Letter to the Editor’, The Montserrat Reporter, 5th November 1993, p.6, no other references available.

Samuel, H., ‘Don’t be ignorant, says Ture’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 12, 24th March 1995, p.10.

Staff Reporter, ‘Francis looks inside "De Box"’, The Montserrat Times - Christmas Issue, 23rd December 1987, no other references available.

Taylor, C., ‘Letters to the Editor - Port Expectations’, The Montserrat Reporter, Volume XI, Number 17, 5th May 1995, pp.4-5.

Woolcock, V., ‘Open Letter’, response to the Board of the Port authority by the General Secretary of the Montserrat Allied Worker’s Union (MAWU), The Montserrat News, Volume V, Issue 3, 20th January 1995, p.14.

3. Montserrat references (post 1995)

Randy Greenaway, ‘South Gone’, song from the album Little Island Live Volcano: The Songs (Baker Hill, Montserrat: Zunky Music Ltd, 1999).

Howard Fergus, ed., Beneath the Bananas: Poems of Montserrat (Salem, Montserrat: UWI Montserrat, 2004), 6.

David Weaver, ‘Alternative tourism in Montserrat’, Tourism Management 16 (1995): 593-604, 598.

David Weaver, ‘The Evolution of a ‘Plantation’ Tourism Landscape on the Caribbean Island of Antigua’, Tijdschrift voor Econ. En Soc. Geografie 79 (1988): 319-331, 324.

Tracey Skelton, ‘Evacuation, relocation and migration: Montserratian Women’s Experiences of the Volcanic Disaster’, in Jonathan Skinner, ed., Island Migrations, Island Cultures (Special Edition), Anthropology in Action 6 (1999): 6-13, 7-8.

Cathy Aymer, ‘Migration: The Irreparable Separation of Small and Large Footprints’, in Jonathan Skinner, ed., Island Migrations, Island Cultures (Special Edition), Anthropology in Action 6 (1999): 29-33, 29.

Gertrude Shotte, ‘Islander in Transition: The Montserrat Case’, in Jonathan Skinner, ed., Island Migrations, Island Cultures (Special Edition), Anthropology in Action 6 (1999): 14-24, 19.

Clarice Barnes, The Montserrat Volcanic Disaster: A study of meaning, psychosocial effects, coping and intervention (unpublished PhD thesis, University of Birmingham, 1999), 276, 30.

Tracey Skelton, ‘Globalizing Forces and Natural Disaster: What can be the future for the small Caribbean island of Montserrat?’, in Eleonore Kofman and Gillian

Tracey Skelton, ‘"Cultures of Land" in the Caribbean: A Contribution to the Debate on Development and Culture’, The European Journal of Development Research 8 (1996): 71-92, 86.

Chedmond Browne, ‘MONTSERRAT’S INTEGRATION INTO BRITAIN: The path to becoming a Landless & Nationless People’, Pan-Afrikan Liberator, May 2002, p.3, <http://www.geocities.com/brownec/may2002.html> (21 October 2005).

Chedmond Browne, ‘1st Virtual Nation’, Pan-Afrikan Liberator, September 2000, p.2, <http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Parliament/4751/index32.html> (21 October 2005).

MTB 1999. Holiday Montserrat: "The Way The Caribbean Used To Be" – The Montserrat Tourist Board Official Tourist Guide, St John’s, Antigua: West Indies Publishing Ltd.

Akenson, D. (1997) If the Irish Ran the World: Montserrat, 1630-1730, London: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Audain, Y. (1996) 'Mudder Volcano' in, H. Fergus (ed.) Eruption: Montserrat versus Volcano, Manjack, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, Montserrat, pp.81-82.

Browne, J. (1990) 'Hurricane Trades-man' in, H. Fergus (ed.) Horrors of a Hurricane: Poems: From Hugo With Love, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Education, p.30-31.

Browne, N. (1996) 'Awakening of a fiery mountain' in, H. Fergus (ed.) Eruption: Montserrat versus Volcano, Manjack, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, Montserrat, pp.66-67.

Cassell, G. (1998) 'This Land of Ours' in, H. Fergus (ed.) (1998a) Hope: Fiftieth Anniversary Anthology of Poems, Manjack, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, Montserrat, p.29.

Fergus, H. (2003) Volcano Verses, Leeds: Peepal Tree Press Limited.

Fergus, H. (2000) Volcano Song - Montserrat: Poems of An Island in Agony, London: Macmillan Education Limited.

Fergus, H. (ed.) (1998) Hope: Fiftieth Anniversary Anthology of Poems, Manjack, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, Montserrat.

Fergus, H. (1996) 'Class' in, H. Fergus (ed.) Eruption: Montserrat versus Volcano, Manjack, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, Montserrat, pp.121-123.

Fergus, H. (1995) Eruption: Ten Volcano Poems, Plymouth, Montserrat: Montserrat Printery Limited.

Fergus, H. (1995) 'In the Year of Disaster or AD 95' in, Eruption: Ten Volcano Poems, Plymouth, Montserrat: Montserrat Printery Limited, p.18.

Grell, J. (2004) 'Navel String Ramblings' in, H. Fergus (ed.) Beneath The Bananas: Poems of Montserrat, Salem, Montserrat: UWI Montserrat, pp.70-76.

Irish, B. (1990) 'Hugo Gossip' in, H. Fergus (ed.) Horrors of a Hurricane: Poems: From Hugo With Love, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Education, p.62-66.

Jeffers, J. (1998) 'Luxor' in, H. Fergus (ed.) (1998a) Hope: Fiftieth Anniversary Anthology of Poems, Manjack, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, Montserrat, p.75.

Lee, C. (1990) 'Hugo' in, H. Fergus (ed.) Horrors of a Hurricane: Poems: From Hugo With Love, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Education, p.75-77.

Markham, E. (1998) 'Nearing Sixty' in, H. Fergus (ed.) (1998a) Hope: Fiftieth Anniversary Anthology of Poems, Manjack, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, Montserrat, pp.82-86.

Markham, E. (1993) Letter from Ulster & the Hugo Poems, Todmorden, Lancashire: Littlewood Arc.

Markham, A. (1993) 'Introduction' in, H. Fergus Calabash of Gold: Selected Poems, London: Linda Lee Books, pp.i-vi.

Markham, E. (1993) 'Hugo Fallout' from H. Fergus (ed.) Horrors of a Hurricane: Poems: From Hugo With Love, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Education, pp.90-91.

Mathurin, O. (1971) ‘Electoral change in Montserrat and Antigua’, in T. Monroe and R. Lewis (eds) Readings in Government and Politics of the West Indies, pp. 146-172, Jamaica, Department of Government: University of West Indies Press.

Meade, J. (2004) 'Wage A Bet' in, H. Fergus (ed.) Beneath The Bananas: Poems of Montserrat, Salem, Montserrat: UWI Montserrat, pp.79-82.

Roach, C. (1996b) 'Volcano' in, H. Fergus (ed.) Eruption: Montserrat versus Volcano, Manjack, Montserrat: University of the West Indies School of Continuing Studies, Montserrat, p.98-99.

Abrams, F. and S. Crawshaw (1997) 'Cook steams into Montserrat crisis', The Independent, 28th August, 9.

Abrams, F. and P. Davison (1997) 'Tempers rise over volcano island', The Independent, 26th August, 6.

Adams, D. (1997) 'Fury as Montserrat islanders flee volcano', The Times, 20th August, 9.

Allen-Mills, T. (1996) 'Experts fly to volcano island', The Sunday Times, 1st December, 17.

Alstead, R. (1995) 'Ready to rock?', Scotland on Sunday, 5th November, 16.

Anon. (1995) 'Student recalls volcano island ordeal', The Courier and Advertiser, 6th September, 4.

Anon. (1997a) ‘Our Island Story’, The Times, Editorial, 25th August, 19.

Anon. (1997b) ‘Short rejects visit to island’, The Herald, 25th August, 8.

Anon. (1997c) ‘Minister "blundered on volcano alert"’, The Daily Mail, 26th August, 2.

Anon. (1997d) ‘Short Shrift’, The Daily Telegraph, Editorial, 27th August, 19.

Anon. (1997e), ‘Foulkes to visit volcano island’, The Herald, 27th August, 13.

Anon. (1997f) ‘Today in Parliament’, Radio Four, 15th October.

Anon. (1997g) 'Britain - Beyond the Montserrat relief scandal - the remains of a defunct empire', Class Struggle 17 (Internationalist Communist Union), October/November, <http://www.union-communiste.org/?EN-archd-show-1997-6-446-2296-x.html>, accessed 21st November.

'Bill' (1997) 'Short active volcano blows top' cartoon, The Herald, 25th August, 13.

Binyon, M. (1997) ‘London starts talks on volcano island’s future’, The Times, 5th August, no other references available.

Black, P. (1997) ‘Britain "stands by" Montserrat’, The Guardian, 26th July, 14.

Cadwalladr, C. (1997) 'Welcome to our wintry wonderland', The Daily Telegraph, 22nd November, 23.

Castle, S. (1997a) ‘Whitehall out to destroy me, says Clare Short’, The Independent on Sunday, 31st August, 1.

Castle, S. (1997b) ‘Who dumped on Clare and why?’, The Independent on Sunday, 31st August, 13.

Dalton, A. (1997) '"Cataclysmic" eruption alert spurs Montserrat evacuation', The Scotsman, 19th August, 9.

Davison, P. (1997a) 'Thanks Britain, for this tent and stinking latrine', The Independent on Sunday, 24th August, 12.

Davison, P. (1997b) 'Echoes of Pompeii on stricken isle', The Independent, 30th August, 12.

Davison, P. (1997c) 'Volcano isle gets building plan and short visit', The Independent, 3rd September, 11.

Foulkes, G. (1997) letter to the editor, The Independent, 26th August, 12.

Harris, P. (1997) 'Montserrat returns to calm after street riots', Scotsman, 23rd August, 12.

Hibbs, J. (1997a) ‘Short calls for an end to row over aid for volcano island’, The Daily Telegraph, 25th August, 18.

Hibbs, J. (1997b) 'Montserrat aid delay "was plot to clear island"', The Daily Telegraph, 29th October, 11.

Hibbs, J. (1997c) 'MPs attack muddle over aid to Montserrat', The Daily Telegraph, 28th November 1997.

Hibbs, J. and D. Sapsted (1997) 'Cook snubs Short with Whitehall team for Montserrat', The Times, 26th August, 1.

Hillmore, P. (1997) 'Island of the damned', The Observer, 24th August, 16.

Hughes, D. (1997) ‘The humbling of Clare Short’, The Daily Mail, 26th August, 2.

Johnston, P. (1997) 'Cook orders review of territories', The Daily Telegraph, 28th August, 1.

Jones, T. (1995) 'Tourists on alert to flee volcano island', The Times, 9th August, p.1.

Laurence, C. (1995) 'Island fears rise after Marines scale volcano', The Daily Telegraph, 24th September, 15.

Lennard, J. and R. Norton-Taylor (1997) 'Tempers hot up among volcano islanders', The Guardian, 23rd August, 15.

Loudon, A. (1997) ‘Deserted in the volcano’s shadow of death’, The Daily Mail, 2nd July, 23.

Marshall, A. (1997) ‘Row over Montserrat aid package’, The Independent, 22nd August, 12.

Owen, G. and D. Adams (1997), ‘Cook pledges aid to volcano island’, The Times, 6th August, 11.

Patullo, P. (2000) Fire From the Mountain: The tragedy of Montserrat and the betrayal of its people, London: Constable.

Penman, J. and J. Deane (1997) ‘Montserrat aid effort steps up as Short does U-turn on visit’, The Scotsman, 3rd September, 12.

Peterson, M. (2001) 'Getting to the Story: Unwriteable Discourse and Interpretive Practice in American Journalism', Anthropological Quarterly 74 (4): 201-211.

Pewnman, J. and J. Deane (1997) 'Montserrat aid effort steps up as Short does U-turn on visit', The Scotsman, 3rd September, 12.

Pierce, A. (1997) 'Snub by Short widens rift with volcano island', The Times, 25th August, 1.

Rhodes, T. (1997) ‘Rescuers fear final blow of island volcano’, The Times, 1st July, 17.

Sapsted, D. (1997a) ‘Governor appeals for calm after volcano isle riot’, The Daily Telegraph, 23rd August, 14.

Sapsted, D. (1997b) ‘Britain "is forcing choice between misery and unknown"’, The Daily Telegraph, 25th August, 18.

Sapsted, D. (1997c) 'Short aims to heal rift with visit to volcano island', The Daily Telegraph, 3rd September, 14.

Shrimsley, R. (1997) ‘Look at the big picture, Blair urges ministers’, The Daily Telegraph, 27th August, 4.

Watt, N. (1997) 'Apologetic Short reveals her frustration over Montserrat', The Times, 15th October, 12.