1. Aggression and Information Gathering
Arnott, G., Ashton, C., & Elwood, R.W. in press Lateralization of lateral displays in convict cichlids. Biology Letters.
Doake, S. & Elwood, R.W. 2011 How resource quality differentially affects motivation and ability to fight in hermit crabs. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 278: 567-573.
Doake, S., Scantlebury, M & Elwood, R.W. 2010 The cost of bearing arms and armour in the hermit crab, Pagurus bernhardus. Animal Behaviour 80: 637-642.
Arnott, G. & Elwood, R.W. 2010 Startle durations reveal visual assessment abilities during contests between convict cichlids. Behavioural Processes 84: 750-756.
Briffa, M & Elwood, R.W. 2010 Repeated measures analysis of contests and other dadic interactions: Problems of semantics, not statistical validity. Animal Behaviour 80: 583-588.
Arnott, G. & Elwood, R.W. 2010 Signal residuals and hermit crab displays: flaunt it if you have it! Animal Behaviour 79: 137-143.
Arnott, G. & Elwood, R.W. 2009 Probing motivation to test for assessment ability in convict cichlid contests. Biology Letters 5: 762-764.
Arnott, G. & Elwood, R.W. 2009 Gender differences in aggressive activities in convict cichlids. Animal Behaviour 78:1221-1227
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2009 Difficulties remain in distinguishing between mutual and self assessment in animal contests. Animal Behaviour 77: 759-762
Arnott, G. & Elwood, R.W. 2008 Information-gathering and decision-making about resource value in animal contests. Animal Behaviour 76: 529-542.
Laidre, M & Elwood R.W. 2008 Motivation matters: cheliped extension displays in the hermit crab (Pagurus bernhardus) are honest signals of hunger. Animal Behaviour 75: 2041-2047.
Prenter, J, Taylor, P.W. & Elwood, R.W. 2008 Large body size for winning and large swords for winning quickly in swordtail males, Xiphophorus helleri. Animal Behaviour 75: 1981-1987.
Arnott, G & Elwood R.W. 2007 Fighting for shells: how private information about resource value changes hermit crab pre-fight displays and escalated fight behaviour. Proc Roy Soc B 274: 3011-3017.
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2007 Monoamines and strategic decisions in hermit crab fights. Animal Behaviour, 73: 605-612.
Elwood, R.W. , Pothanikat, E. & Briffa, M. 2006 Honest and dishonest displays, motivational state, and subsequent decisions in hermit crab shell fights. Animal Behaviour 72: 853-859.
Prenter, J. Elwood, R.W. & Taylor, P.W. 2006 Self assessment by males during energetically costly contests over precopula females in amphipods. Animal Behaviour 72: 861-868.
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2005 Metabolic consequences of shell choice in Pagurus bernhardus: Do hermit crabs prefer cryptic or portable shells?" Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 59: 143-148.
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2005 Rapid change in energetic status in fighting animals: causes and effects of strategic decisions. Animal Behaviour 70: 119-124.
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2004 Use of energy reserves in fighting hermit crabs. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 271: 373-379.
Taylor, P. & Elwood, R.W. 2003 Mis-measure of animal contests. Animal Behaviour 65: 1195-1202.
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2003 Change in the power of shell rapping during shell fights between hermit crabs: does magnitude contribute to repeated signals? Behav. Ecol. 14: 60-65.
Briffa, M & Elwood, R.W. 2002 Power of signals influences physiological costs and subsequent decisions during hermit crab fights. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 269: 2331-2336.
Elwood, R.W. & Briffa, M. 2001 Information gathering during agonistic and non agonistic shell aquistion by hermit crabs. Advances in the Study of Behaviour 30: 53-97.
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2001 Changes in motivational state during hermit crab shell fights. Animal Behaviour 62: 505-510.
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2001 Changes in lactate and glucose reveal decision rules for hermit crab shell fights. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 268: 1841-1847.
Bridge, A., Elwood, R.W. & Dick, J.T.A. 2000 Imperfect assessment and limited information preclude optimal strategies in male:male fights in the orb-web spider, Metellina mengei. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 267: 273-280.
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2000 The power of rapping influences eviction during hermit crab shell fights. Behavioural Ecology 11: 288-293.
Briffa, M & Elwood, R.W. 2000 Cumulative or sequential assessment during hermit crab shell fights. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 267: 2445-2452.
Briffa, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2000 The temporal pattern of shell rapping within bouts indicates costly signalling. Animal Behaviour 59: 159-165.
Briffa, M., Elwood, R.W. & Dick, J.T.A. 1998 Analyses of repeated signals during hermit crab shell fights. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 265: 1467-1474.
Elwood, R.W., Wood, K., Gallagher, M. & Dick, J.T.A. 1998 Probing motivational state during agonistic encounters in animals. Nature 393: 66-68.
Elwood, R.W. 1995 Motivational change during resource assessment in hermit crabs. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 193: 41-55.
2. Pain and Stress
Barr, S. & Elwood, R.W. 2011 No evidence of morphine analgesia to noxious shock in the shore crab, Carcinus maenas. Behavioural Processes 86: 340-344.
Elwood, R.W. 2011 Pain and suffering in invertebrates? ILAR 52: 175-184.
Appel M. & Elwood, R.W. 2009 Gender differences, responsiveness and memory of a potentially painful event in hermit crabs. Animal Behaviour 78: 1373-1379
Elwood, R.W. & Appel, M. 2009 Pain in hermit crabs? Animal Behaviour 77: 1243-1246
Appel, M. & Elwood, R.W. 2009 Motivational trade-offs and the potential for pain experience in hermit crabs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 119: 120-124.
Elwood, R.W., Barr, S. & Patterson, L. 2009 Pain and stress in crustaceans? Applied Animal Behaviour Science 118:128-136.
Patterson, L., Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2009 Claw loss and feeding ability in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus: implications of fishery practice. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 116: 302-305.
Barr, S., Laming, P.R., Dick, J.T.A & Elwood, R.W. 2008 Nociception or pain in a decapod crustacean? Animal Behaviour 75: 745-751.
Patterson, L., Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2007 Physiological stress responses in the edible crab Cancer pagurus to the fishery practice of de-clawing. Marine Biology 152: 265-272
Inger, R., McDonald, R.A., Rogowski, D., Jackson, A.L., Parnell, A., Preston, S.J., Harrod, C., Goodwin, C., Griffiths, D., Dick, J.T.A., Elwood, R.W. & Bearhop, S. 2010 Do non-native invasive fish support an elevated lamprey population? Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 121-129
Thomas, H.G., Bateman P.W., Le Comber, s.C., Bennett, N.C., Elwood, R.W. & Scantlebury, M. in press 2009 Burrow architecture and digging activity in the Cape dune mole-rat. Journal of Zoology
Tinkler, E., Montgomery, W.I. & Elwood R.W. 2009 Foraging ecology, fluctuating food availability and energetics of wintering brent geese. Journal of Zoology 278: 313-323
Goodwin, C.E., Dick, J.T.A., Rogowski, D.L. & Elwood, R.W. 2008 Lamprey (Lampetra fluviatilis and L. planeri) ammocoete habitat associations at regional, catchment and microhabitat scales in Northern Ireland. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 17: 542-553.
Goodwin, C.E., Dick, J.T.A., Elwood, R.W. 2009 A preliminary assessment of the distribution of sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus; river (Lampetra fluviatilis L.) and brook Lampetra planeri (Bloch) lamprey in Northern Ireland. Biology and Environment 109B: 47-52.
Bailey, R.J.E., Dick, J.T.A., Elwood, R.W. & MacNeil, C. 2006 Predatory interactions between the invasive amphipod Gammarus tigrinus and the native opossum shrimp Mysis relicta. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 25: 393-405.
Goodwin, C.E., Griffiths, D., Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2006 A freshwater-feeding river lamprey (Lampetra fluviatilis L.) population in Lough Neagh, Northern Ireland. Journal of Fish Biology. 68: 628-633.
Gallagher, M., Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2006 Riverine habitat requirements of the white -clawed crayfish, Austropotamobius pallipes. Biology and Environment 106B: 1-8.
Fielding, N.J., MacNeil, C., Robinson, N., Dick, J.T.A., Elwood, R.W., Terry, R.S. & Dunn, A.M. 2005 Ecological impacts of the microsporidian parasite Pleistophora mulleri on its freshwater amphipod host Gammarus duebeni celticus. Parasitology 131: 331-336.
Crean, S., Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood R.W., Evans, D.W. & Rosell, R.S. 2005 survival of juvenile European eels (Anguilla anguilla) transferred among salinities and developmental shifts in their salinity preference. Journal of Zoology 266: 11-14.
McCallister, J.M., Smith, T.E. & Elwood R.W. 2004 Validation of urinary cortisol as an indicator of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function in the bearded emperor tamarin, (Saguinus imperator subgrisescens). Am. J. Primatology 63: 17-23.
Bremner-Harrison, S., Prodohl, P.A. & Elwood, R.W. (2004). Behavioural trait assessment as a release criterion: boldness predicts early death in a reintroduction programme of captive-bred swift fox (Vulpes velox). Animal Conservation 7: 313-320.
Crean, S.R., Dick, J.T.A., Evans, D.W., Elwood, R.W. & Rosell, R.S. (2003). Anal redness in eels as an indicator of infection by the swimbladder nematode Anguillicola crassus. J. Fish Biol. 62: 482-485.
MacNeil, C. Fielding, N.J. Hume, K.D. Dick, J.T.A., Elwood, R.W., Hatcher, M.J. & Dunn, A.M. (2003). Parasite altered microdistribution of Gammarus pulex (Crustacea Amphipoda). Int. J. Parasitol. 33: 57-64.
MacNeil, C., Montgomery, W.I., Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2001 Factors influencing the distribution of Gamarus pulex and G. duebeni in Irish rivers. Archive fur Hydrobioliogie 151: 353-368.
MacNeil, C., Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2001 Coexistence of native and introduced amphipods in littoral habitats. Arch. Hydrobiologie 151: 591-607.
MacNeil, C. Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2000 Different physiochemical tolerances of amphipods revealed by field transplantations. Oecologia 124: 1-7.
MacNeil, C., Elwood, R.W. & Dick, J.T.A. 1999 Differential microdistribution and interspecific interactions in coexisting Gammarus and Crangonyx amphipods. Ecography 22: 415-423.
Day, R. & Elwood, R.W. 1999 Predation risk and proximity to feeding sites influence the use of sleeping sites in the tamarin Saginus midas midas. Ethology 105: 1035-1051.
4. Parental Care / Infanticide
Nasution, S., Roberts, D., Farnsworth, K., Parker, G.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2010 Maternal effects on offspring size and packaging constraints in the whelk, Buccinium undatum. Journal of Zoology 281: 112-117
Wherry, T & Elwood, R.W. 2009 Relocation, reproduction and remaining alive in an orb-web spider. Journal of Zoology 279: 57-63
Patterson, L., Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2008 Embryo retrieval and kin recognition in an amphipod (Crustacea). Animal Behaviour 76: 717-722.
Tinkler, E., Montgomery, W.I. & Elwood, R .W. 2007 Shared or unshared parental care in over-wintering brent geese (Branta bernicla hrota). Ethology 113: 368–376.
Tinkler, E., Montgomery, W.I. & Elwood, R.W. 2007 Parent-offspring associations in wintering brent geese (Branta bernicola hrota): parental care or mutual assistance? Journal of Zoology 272: 398-405.
Dick J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 2006 Parent-offspring conflict and motivational control of brooding in an amphipod. Biology Letters 2: 501-504
Dick, J.T.A., Bailey, R.J.E. & Elwood, R.W. 2002 Maternal care in a rockpool amphipod, Apherusa jurinei: developmental and environmental cues. Animal Behaviour 63: 707-713.
Dick, J.T.A., Faloon, S., Elwood, R.W. 1998 Active brood care in an amphipod: influences of egg-development, temperature and oxygen. Animal Behaviour 56: 663-672.
Nelson, C.J.T. & Elwood, R.W. 1997 State mediated and age dependent recognition in the biparental African cichlid, Pelvicachromis pulcher. Animal Behaviour, 54: 803-809.
Mason, C. & Elwood, R.W. 1995 The couvade and the onset of paternal care: social, physiological and physiological causation? International Journal of Nursing Studies 32: 137-148.
Elwood, R.W. & Mason, C. 1994 The couvade and the onset of paternal care: a biological perspective. Ethology and Sociobiology 15: 145-156.
Elwood, R.W. 1994 Temporal based kinship recognition: a switch in time saves mine. Behavioural Processes 33: 15-24.
5. Sexual Selection / Mate Choice
Prenter, J., MacNeil, N. & Elwood, R.W. 2006 Sexual cannibalism: functions in mate choice. Animal Behaviour 71: 481-490.
Hume, K.D., Elwood, R.W., Dick, J.T.A. & Morrison,J. 2005 Sexual dimorphism in amphipods: the role of male posterior gnathopods revealed in Gammarus pulex. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiolog, 58: 264-269.
Hardling R., Kokko, H, & Elwood, R.W. 2004 Priority versus brute force: when should males begin guarding resourses? Am. Nat. 163: 240-252.
Prenter, J. Elwood, R.W. & Montomery, W.I. 2003 Fitness consequences of large male size in an orb-web spider: a field removal experiment in, Metellina segmentata. Animal Behaviour 66: 1053-1058.
Hume, K. Elwood, R.W. & Dick, J.T.A. 2002 Size assortative pairing in Gammarus pulex (Crustacea: Amphipoda): a test of the timing hypothesis. Animal Behaviour 64: 239-244.
Prenter, J., Elwood, R.W. & Montgomery, W.I. 1999 Sexual size dimorphism and reproductive investment by female spiders: a comparative analysis. Evolution 53: 1987-1994.
Prenter, J., Elwood, R.W. & Montgomery, W.I. 1998 No association between sexual size dimorphism and life histories in spiders. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 265: 57-62.
Prenter, J. Elwood, R.W. & Montgomery, W.I. 1997 Sexual dimorphism in temperate spiders: implications for the differential mortality model. Journal of Zoology 243: 341-349.
Dick, J.T.A. & Elwood, R.W. 1996 The effects of natural variation in sex ratio and habitat on mate guarding decisions in amphipods. Behaviour 133: 985-996.
Prenter, J., Elwood, R.W. & Montgomery, W.I. 1994 Assessments and decisions in mate guarding in Metellina segmentata (Areneae: Metidae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 35: 39-43.
Elwood, R.W. & Dick, J.T.A. 1990 The amorous Gammarus: the relationship between precopula duration and size assortative mating in G. pulex. Animal Behaviour 39: 828-833.