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Dr Maarten Blaauw

<p>Dr Maarten Blaauw</p>

Dr Maarten Blaauw

Qualifications

MSc Biology, Groningen University 1998
PhD Palaeoecology, Amsterdam University 2003

Lecturer in Chronology

Email: maarten.blaauw@qub.ac.uk

Address

School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology (GAP)
Queen’s University Belfast
BT7 1NN
Northern Ireland, UK

Telephone

+44 (0)28 9097 3895

Current Teaching:

GAP1002 Environmental Change: Past, Present and Future

GAP2030 Sustaining the Biosphere

GAP2051 Rapid Environmental Change

GAP3002 Quaternary Palaeoecology

GAP3055 Dating the Past

GAP7047 Chronology Modelling

Current Research: Environmental Change

I am interested in using statistics to answer palaeo-ecological questions. I am working on:

  • Software for radiocarbon age-depth modelling
  • Statistical/ecological interpretation of proxy archives

Publications:

65 - Lamentowicz, M., Gałka, M., Milecka, K., Tobolski, K., Lamentowicz, Ł, FiaŁkiewicz-KozieŁ, B.,Blaauw, M., accepted. A 1300 years multi-proxy, high-resolution record from a rich fen in northern Poland: reconstructing hydrology, land-use and climate change. Journal of Quaternary Science

64 - Barrell, D.J.A., Almond, P.C., Vandergoes, M.J., Lowe, D.J., Newnham, R.M., and INTIMATE members, in press. A composite stratotype for inter-regional evaluation of climatic events in New Zealand over the past 30,000 years (NZ-INTIMATE project). Quaternary Science Reviews [link]

63 - Lowe, D.J., Blaauw, M., Hogg, A.G., Newnham, R.M., in press. Ages of 24 widespread tephras erupted since 30,000 years ago in New Zealand, with re-evaluation of the timing and palaeoclimatic implications of the Lateglacial cool episode recorded at Kaipo bog. Quaternary Science Reviews [link]

62 - Vandergoes, M.J., Hogg, A., Lowe, D.J., Newnham, R.M., Denton, G.H., Southon, J., Barrell, D.J.A., Wilson, C.J.N., McGlone, M.S., Allan, A.S.R., Almond, P.C., Petchey, F., Dabell, K., Dieffenbacher-Krall, A.C., Blaauw, M., in press. A revised age for the Kawakawa/Oruanui tephra, a key marker for the Last Glacial Maximum in New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews [link]

61 - Vandergoes, M.J., Newnham, R.W., Denton, G.H., Blaauw, M., Barrell, D.J.A., in press. The anatomy of Last Glacial Maximum climate change in the southern mid-latitudes derived from pollen records in south Westland, New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews

60 - Allan, M., Le Roux, G., De Vleeschouwer, F., Bindler, R., Blaauw, M., Fagel, N., 2013. High-resolution reconstruction of atmospheric deposition of trace metals and metalloids since AD 1400 recorded by ombrotrophic peat cores in Hautes-Fagnes, Belgium. Environmental Pollution 178, 1-14 [link]

59 - Cañellas-Boltà, Rull, V., Sáez, A., Margalef, O., Bao, R., Pla-Rabes, S., Blaauw, M., Valero-Garcés, B., Giralt, S., 2013. Vegetation changes and human settlement of Easter Island during the last millennia: a multiproxy study of the Lake Raraku sediments. Quaternary Science Reviews 72, 36-48 [link]

58 - Charman, D.J., Beilman, D.W., Blaauw, M., Booth, R.K., Brewer, S., Chambers, F.M., Christen, J.A., Gallego-Sala, A., Harrison, S.P., Hughes, P.D.M., Jackson, S.T., Korhola, A., Mauquoy, D., Mitchell, F.J.G., Prentice, I.C., van der Linden, M., De Vleeschouwer, F., Yu, Z.C., Alm, J., Bauer, I.E., Corish, Y.M.C., Garnaeu, M., Hohl, Huang, Y., V., Karofeld, E., Le Roux, G., Loisel, J., Moschen, R., Nichols, J.E., Nieminen, T.M,. MacDonald, G.M., Phadtare, N.R., Rausch, N., Sillasoo, Ü., Swindles, G.T., Tuittila, E.-S., Ukonmaanaho, L., Väliranta, M., van Bellen, S., van Geel, B., Vitt, D.H., Zhao, Y., 2013. Climate-driven changes in peatland carbon accumulation during the last millennium. Biogeosciences 10, 929-944 [link]

57 - Chawchai, S., Chabangborn, A., Wohlfarth, B., Kylander, M., Löwemark, L., Mörth, M., Blaauw, M., Reimer, P.J., Fritz, S.C., Klubseang, W., 2013. Lake Kumphawapi - an archive of Holocene paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic changes in northeast Thailand. Quaternary Science Reviews 68, 59-75 [link]

56 - de Boer, E.J., Hooghiemstra, H., Florens, F.B.V., Baider, C., Engels, S., Dakos, V., Blaauw, M., Bennett, K.D., 2013. Rapid succession of plant associations on the small ocean island of Mauritius at the onset of the Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews 68, 114-125 [link]

55 - Giesecke, Th., Davis, B.A.S., Brewer, S., Finsinger, W., Wolters, S., Blaauw, M., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Binney, H., Fyfe, R.P., Gaillard, M.-J., Gil-Romera, G., van der Knaap, P.W.O., Kuneš, P., Köhl, N., van Leeuwen, J.F.N., Leydet, M., Lotter, A.F., Ortu, E., Semmler, M., Bradshaw, R.H.W., 2013. Towards mapping the late Quaternary vegetation change of Europe. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany [link] Open Access

54 - Reimer, P.J., Reimer, R., Blaauw, M., 2013. Calibration of the 14C record. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (2nd Edition) 345-352 [link]

53 - Steinthorsdottir, M., Wohlfarth, B., Kylander, M.E., Blaauw, M., Reimer, P.J., 2013. Stomatal proxy record of CO2 concentrations from the Last Termination suggests an important role for CO2 at climate change transitions. Quaternary Science Reviews 68, 43-58 [link]

52 - Aarnes, I., Bjune, A.E., Birks, H.H., Balascio, N.L., Bakke, J., Blaauw, M., 2012. Vegetation responses to rapid climatic changes during the last deglaciation 13500-8000 years ago on southwest Andøya, arctic Norway. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 21, 17-35 [link]

51 - Blaauw, M., 2012. Out of tune: the dangers of aligning proxy archives. Quaternary Science Reviews 36, 38-49 [link]

50 - Blaauw, M., Heegaard, E., 2012. Estimation of age-depth relationships. In: Birks, H.J.B., Juggins, S., Lotter, A., Smol, J.P. (editors), Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Vol. 5: Data Handling and Statistical Techniques, pp 379-413 [link]

49 - Blaauw, M., Holliday, V.T., Gill, J.L., Nicoll, K., 2012. Age-models and the Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis [Letter to the Editor]. PNAS 109, E2240 [link]

48 - Blaauw, M., Mauquoy, D., 2012. Signal and variability within a Holocene peat bog - chronological uncertainties of pollen, macrofossil and fungal proxies. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 186, 5-15 [link]

47 - Booth, R.K., Brewer, S., Blaauw, M., Minckley, T.A., Jackson, S.T., 2012. Decomposing the mid-Holocene Tsuga decline in eastern North America. Ecology 93, 1841-1852 [link]

46 - de Vleeschouwer, F,. Pazdur, A., Luthers, C., Streel, M., Mauquoy, D., Wastiaux, C., Le Roux, G., Moschen, R., Blaauw, M., Pawlyta, J., Sikorski, J., Piotrowska, N., 2012. A millennial record of environmental change in peat deposits from the Misten Bog (east Belgium). Quaternary International 268, 44-57 [link]

45 - Gehrels, W.R., Callard, S.L., Moss, P.T., Marshall, W.A., Blaauw, M., Hunter, J., Milton, J.A., Garnett, M.H., 2012. Nineteenth and twentieth century sea-level changes in Tasmania and New Zealand. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 315-316, 94-102 [link]

44 - Goring, S., Williams, J.W., Blois, J.L., Jackson, S.T., Paciorek, C.J., Booth, R.K., Marlon, J.R., Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., 2012. Deposition times in the northeastern United States during the Holocene: establishing valid priors for Bayesian age models. Quaternary Science Reviews 48, 54-60 [link]

43 - Swindles, G., Blaauw, M., Blundell, A., Turner, E., 2012. Examining the uncertainties in a 'tuned and stacked' peatland water table reconstruction. Quaternary International 268, 58-64 [link]

42 - Swindles, G., Morris, P.J., Baird, A.J., Blaauw, M., Plunkett, G., 2012. Ecohydrological feedbacks confound peat-based climate reconstructions. Geophysical Research Letters 39, L11401 [link]

41 - Wohlfarth, B., Wichuratree, K., Inthongkaew, S., Fritz, S.C., Blaauw, M., Reimer, P.J., Chabangborn, A., and Löwemark, L., 2012. Holocene environmental changes in Northeast Thailand as reconstructed from a tropical wetland. Global and Planetary Change 92-93, 148-161 [link]

40 - Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., 2011. Flexible paleoclimate age-depth models using an autoregressive gamma process. Bayesian Analysis 6: 457-474 [link]

39 - Blaauw, M., van Geel, B., Kristen, I., Plessen, B., Lyaruu, A., Engstrom, D.R., van der Plicht, J., Verschuren, D., 2011. High-resolution 14C dating of a 25,000-year lake-sediment record from equatorial East Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 3043-3059 [link]

38 - Piotrowska, N., Blaauw, M., Mauquoy, D., Chambers, F.M., 2011. Constructing deposition chronologies in peat deposits using radiocarbon dating. Mires and Peat 7: 1-14 [link]

37 - Andersson, S., Rosqvist, G., Leng, M., Wastegård, S., Blaauw, M., 2010. Late Holocene climate change in central Sweden inferred from lacustrine stable isotope data. Journal of Quaternary Science 25: 1305-1316 [link]

36 - Blaauw, M., 2010. Methods and code for 'classical' age-modelling of radiocarbon sequences. Quaternary Geochronology 5: 512-518 [link]

35 - Blaauw, M., Bennett, K.D., Christen, J.A., 2010. Random walk simulations of fossil proxy data. The Holocene 20: 645-649 [link]

34 - Blaauw, M., Wohlfarth, B., Christen, J.A., Ampel, L., Veres, D., Hughen, K.A., Preusser, F., Svensson, A., 2010. Were last glacial climate events simultaneous between Greenland and France? A quantitative comparison using non-tuned chronologies. Journal of Quaternary Science 25: 387-394 [link]

33 - Blaauw, M., Wohlfarth, B., 2010. Reply: Were last glacial climate events simultaneous between Greenland and France? A quantitative comparison using non-tuned chronologies. Journal of Quaternary Science 25: 1047 [link]

32 - de Jong, R., Blaauw, M., Chambers, F.M., Christensen, T.R., De Vleeschouwer, F., Finsinger, W., Fronzek, S., Johansson, M., Kokfelt, U., Lamentowicz, M., LeRoux, G., Mitchell, E.A.D., Mauquoy, D., Nichols, J.E., Samaritani, E., van Geel, B., 2010. Peatlands and Climate. In: Dodson, J. (Ed.), Changing Climates, Earth Systems, and Society. Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 85-121 [link]

31 - Binney, H.A., Willis, K.J., Edwards, M.E., Bhagwat, S.A., Anderson, P.M., Andreev, A.A., Blaauw, M., Damblon, F., Haesaerts, P., Kienast, F.C., Kremenetski, K.V., Krivonogov, S.K., Lozhkin, A.V., MacDonald, G.M., Novenko, E.Y., Oksanen, P., Sapelko, T.V., Valiranta, M., Vazhenina, L., 2009. The distribution of late-Quaternary woody taxa in northern Eurasia: evidence from a new macrofossil database. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 2445-2464 [link]

30 - Charman, D.J., Barber, K., Blaauw, M., Langdon, P., Mauquoy, D., Daley, T., Hughes, P., Karofeld, E., 2009. Climate drivers for peatland palaeoclimate records. Quaternary Science Reviews 28: 1811-1819 [link]

29 - Hormes, A., Blaauw, M., Dahl, S.O., Nesje, A., Possnert, G., 2009. Radiocarbon wiggle-match dating of proglacial lake sediments - implications for the 8.2 ka event. Quaternary Geochronology 4: 267-277 [link]

28 - Plunkett, G., Whitehouse, N.J., Hall, V.A., Charman, D.J., Blaauw, M., Kelly, E., Mulhall, I., 2009. A multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental investigation of the findspot of an Iron Age bog body from Oldcroghan, Co. Offaly, Ireland. Journal of Archaeological Science 36: 265-277 [link]

27 - Sillasoo, Ü., Poska, A., Seppä, H., Blaauw, M., Chambers, F., 2009. Linking past cultural developments to palaeoenvironmental changes in Estonia. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 18: 315-327 [link]

26 - Verschuren, D., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Moernout, J., Kristen, I., Blaauw, M., Fagot, M., Haug, G.H., CHALLACEA project members, 2009. Half-precessional dynamics of monsoon rainfall near the East African equator. Nature 462: 637-641 [link]

25 - Vorren, K.D., Elverland, E., Blaauw, M., Ravna, E., Jensen, C., 2009. Vegetation and climate c. 12300-9000 cal. yr BP at Andøya, NW Norway. Boreas 38: 401-420 [link]

24 - Wohlfarth, B., Veres, D., Ampel, L., Lacourse, T., Blaauw, M., Preusser, F., Andrieu-Ponel, V., Kéravis, D., Lallier-Vergès, E., Björck, S., Davies, S.M., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Risberg, J., Hormes, A., Kasper, H.U., Possnert, G., Reille, M., Thouveny, N., Zander, A., 2008. Rapid ecosystem response to abrupt climate changes during the last glacial period in Western Europe, 40–16 kyr BP. Geology 36: 407-410 [link]

23 - Vandergoes, M.J., Dieffenbacher-Krall, A.C., Newnham, R.M., Denton, G.H., Blaauw, M., 2008. Cooling and changing seasonality in the Southern Alps, New Zealand during the Antarctic Cold Reversal. Quaternary Science Reviews 27: 589-601 [link]

22 - Blaauw, M., Bakker, R., Christen, J.A., Hall, V.A., van der Plicht, J., 2007. A Bayesian framework for age-modelling of radiocarbon-dated peat deposits: case studies from the Netherlands. Radiocarbon 49: 357-367 [link]

21 - Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., Mauquoy, D., van der Plicht, J., Bennett, K.D., 2007. Testing the timing of radiocarbon-dated events between proxy archives. The Holocene 17: 283-288 [link]

20 - Blockley, S.P.E., Blaauw, M., Bronk Ramsey, C., van der Plicht, J., 2007. Assessing uncertainties in age modelling sedimentary records in the Lateglacial and Early Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews 26: 1915-1926 [link]

19 - Chambers, F.M., Mauquoy, D., Brain, S.A., Blaauw, M., Daniell, J.R.G., 2007. Globally synchronous climate change 2800 years ago: proxy data from peat in South America. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 253: 439-444 [link]

18 - Charman, D.J, Blundell, A., ACCROTELM members, 2007. A pan-European testate amoebae transfer function for palaeohydrological reconstruction on ombrotrophic peatlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 22: 209-221 [link]

17 - Sillasoo, Ü., Mauquoy, D., Blundell, A., Charman, D., Blaauw, M., Daniell, J.R.G., Toms, P., Newberry, J., Chambers, F.M., Karofeld, E., 2007. Peat multi-proxy from Männikjärve bog as indicators of Late Holocene climate changes in Estonia. Boreas 36: 20-37 [link]

16 - Vorren K-D, Blaauw, M., Wastegård, S., van der Plicht, J., Jensen, C.A.H., 2007. High-resolution stratigraphy of the northernmost concentric raised bog in Europe - Sellevollmyra, Andøya, northern Norway. Boreas 36: 253-277 [link]

15 - Cohen, A.S., Lezzar, K.R., Cole, J., Dettman, D., Ellis, G.S., Eagle, M., Plisnier, P.-D., Langenberg, V., Blaauw, M., Zilifi, D., 2006. Late Holocene linkages between decade-century scale climate variability and productivity at Lake Tanganyika, Africa. Journal of Palaeolimnology 36: 189-209 [link]

14 - Wohlfarth, B., Blaauw, M., Davies, S.M., Andersson, M., Wastegård, S., Hormes, A., Possnert, G., 2006. Constraining the age of Lateglacial and early Holocene pollen zones and tephra horizons in southern Sweden with Bayesian probability methods. Journal of Quaternary Science 21: 321-334 [link]

13 - Yeloff, D., Bennett, K.D., Blaauw, M., Mauquoy, D., Sillasoo, Ü., van der Plicht, J., van Geel, B., 2006. High precision C-14 dating of Holocene peat deposits: a comparison of Bayesian calibration and wiggle-matching approaches. Quaternary Geochronology 1: 222-235 [link]

12 - Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., 2005a. Radiocarbon peat chronologies and environmental change. Applied Statistics 54: 805-816 [link]

11 - Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., 2005b. The problems of radiocarbon dating [Letter to the Editor]. Science 308: 1551-1553 [link]

10 - Bindler, R., Martíñez-Cortizas, A., Blaauw, M., 2005. Comment on "Atmospheric mercury accumulation rates between 5900 and 800 calibrated years BP in the High Arctic of Canada recorded by peat hummocks". Environmental Science and Technology 39: 908-909 [link]

9 - Blaauw, M., van der Plicht, J., van Geel, B., 2004a. Radiocarbon dating of bulk peat samples from raised bogs: non-existence of a previously reported reservoir effect? Quaternary Science Reviews 23: 1537-1542 [link]

8 - Blaauw, M., van Geel, B., Mauquoy, D., van der Plicht, J., 2004b. Radiocarbon wiggle-match dating of peat deposits: advantages and limitations. Journal of Quaternary Science 19: 177-181 [link]

7 - Blaauw, M., van Geel, B., van der Plicht, J., 2004c. Solar forcing of climate change during the mid-Holocene: indications from raised bogs in the Netherlands. The Holocene 14: 35-44 [link]

6 - Mauquoy, D., Blaauw, M., van Geel, B., Borromei, A., Quattrocchio, M., Chambers, F.M., Possnert, G., 2004a. Late-Holocene climatic changes in Tierra del Fuego based on multi-proxy analyses of peat deposits. Quaternary Research 61: 148-158 [link]

5 - Mauquoy, D., van Geel, B., Blaauw, M., Speranza, A.O.M., van der Plicht, J., 2004b. Changes in solar activity and Holocene climate shifts derived from C-14 wiggle-match dated peat deposits. The Holocene 14: 45-52 [link]

4 - van der Plicht J, van Geel, B., Bohncke, S.J.P., Bos, J.A.A., Blaauw, M., Speranza, A.O.M., Muscheler, R., Björck, S., 2004. The Preboreal climate reversal and a subsequent solar forced climate shift. Journal of Quaternary Science 19: 263-269 [link]

3 - Blaauw, M., Heuvelink, G.B.M., Mauquoy, D., van der Plicht, J., van Geel, B., 2003. A numerical approach to C-14 wiggle-match dating of organic deposits: best fits and confidence intervals. Quaternary Science Reviews 22: 1485-1500 [link]

2 - Mauquoy, D., van Geel, B., Blaauw, M., van der Plicht, J., 2002. Evidence from northwest European bogs shows Little Ice Age climatic changes driven by variations in solar activity. The Holocene 12: 1-6 [link]

1 - Ostrowski, M., Cavicchioli, R., Blaauw, M., Gottschal, J.C., 2001. Specific growth rate plays a critical role in hydrogen peroxide resistance of the marine oligotrophic ultramicrobacterium Sphingomonas alaskensis Strain RB2256. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67: 1292-1299 [link]

External Grant Funding:

March 2011, GBP 14,400 by the Royal Society for high-precision C-14 dating of an East African lake

Additional Information:

For more information, incl. CV, software and scientific animations, visit my personal webpage