Dr Mark Gardiner
BA (Hons) Cardiff 1980,
PhD London 1996, FSA, FSA (Scot), MCIfA
Senior Lecturer in Medieval Archaeology
Archaeology and Palaeoecology
School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology (GAP)
Queen’s University Belfast
Belfast, BT7 1NN
Northern Ireland, UK
+44 (0)28 90 973448 (direct line)
GAP1010 Barbarians, Vikings and Traders: The Archaeology of Historic Europe
GAP3001 Medieval Settlement
GAP7303 Post-Excavations Strategies
GAP7304 The Archaeology of Buildings
Director of Research for the Past Cultural Change cluster
My current research lies in three areas:
1. Medieval buildings
Over the past 15 years or so I have been examining the development of the medieval house in the crucial period between AD 900 and 1250. I am completing a book on the way in which timber buildings were constructed in this period using the evidence from excavations.I am also working on a further book providing an interdisciplinary cultural history of the medieval house in England. A paper on the eleventh-century building of Scolland's Hall, Richmond is in preparation with Nick Hill (English Heritage). Associated with these studies of the house have been an edition of late fifteenth-century accounts of the manor of Mote in Iden (East Sussex), including building works, published by the Sussex Record Society in June 2011, and a consideration of medieval timber churches.
2. Development of rural landscapes
I have worked on various aspects of the English landscape, but my current work is examining the character of the late medieval and early modern rural landscape of Ireland. I am continuing a field survey of settlements and field boundaries on the Antrim plateau, which is particularly rich in remains. I have published a number of studies on transhumance in Ireland and a review of advances in late medieval Irish rural archaeology (with Kieran O'Conor) will appear shortly.
3. Fishing and trading places in the north Atlantic
I have been worked on fishing and trade in the North Atlantic in a series of projects with Dr Natascha Mehler (Bremerhaven Ship Musuem) and Endre Elvestad (Stavanger Museum). We initially completed four seasons of survey examining sites in Reykjanes, Snæfellsnes and the West Fjords in Iceland. In 2008 we extended our work to Shetland, excavating a trading sites at Gunnister Voe. We undertook further survey and excavation in 2009 and 2010. Some of this work is featured in a film made for the German channel, ZDF. In August 2011 we excavated the Hanseatic trading site of Avaldsnes in Norway. We are working on the Deutsche Forschungs Gemeinschaft-funded project led by Natascha Mehler on Harbours in the North Atlantic (HaNoA). We surveyed sites in Norway and the Faroes in 2013, and worked in Greenland and Shetland in 2014. The final season of fieldwork in 2015 will be in Iceland, and a programme of analysis will follow. We are editing a volume on German traders in the North Atlantic to be published by Brill. A paper on trading sites in the northern part of Ireland with my former colleague, Dr Tom McNeill has been submitted for publication.
M. F. Gardiner. 2015. The role of transhumance within rundale agriculture, Ulster Folklife 58, 53–63
M. F. Gardiner. 2014. The distribution and adoption of the byre-house (longhouse) in late medieval Britain, in I. Boháčová (ed.), Středovĕká Evropa v Pohybu. K Poctě Jana Klápště – Medieval Europe in Motion: Festschrift for Jan Klápště, 145-62. Prague: Archeologický stav AV ČR
M. F. Gardiner. 2014. An archaeological approach to the development of the late medieval peasant house, Vernacular Architecture 45, 16-28.
M. F. Gardiner. 2014. The archaeological landscape of the Clynhannagh-Crossmurrin plateau, in C. Foley and R. McHugh (eds), An Archaeological Survey of County Fermanagh, 905-12. Belfast: NIEA.
M. F. Gardiner. 2013. The sophistication of Anglo-Saxon timber buildings, in M. D. J. Bintley and M. G. Shapland (eds), Trees and Timber in the Anglo-Saxon World, 45-77. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
N. Mehler and M. F. Gardiner. 2013. On the verge of colonialism: English and Hanseatic trading sites in the north Atlantic islands, in P. E. Pope and S. Lewis-Simpson (eds), Exploring Atlantic Transitions: Archaeologies of Permanence and Transition in New Found Lands (Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology monograph 7), 1-14. Woodbridge: Boydell.
M. F. Gardiner. 2013. Stacks, barns and granaries in Early and High Medieval England: crop storage and its social and economic implications, in A. Vigil-Escalera, G. Bianchi and J. A. Quirós Castillo (eds), Horrea, Barns and Silos. Storage and Incomes in Early Medieval Europe, 23-38. Vitoria-Gasteiz: University of the Basque Country.
M. F. Gardiner 2012 Medieval settlement on the Garron Plateau of Northern Ireland: a preliminary report, Medieval Settlement 27, 20-28.
M. F. Gardiner 2012. Oral tradition, landscape and the social life of place-names, in R. L. C. Jones and S. Semple (eds), Sense of Place in Anglo-Saxon England, 16-30. Donington: Shaun Tyas.
M. F. Gardiner 2012. Bateliers, pêcheurs et habitants des ports: les conflits sur les droits des rivières en Angleterre médiévale, in P. Fournier and S. Lavaud (ed.), Eaux and Conflits dans Europe Médiévale et Moderne, 59-70. Toulouse: Presses Universitaries du Mirail
M. F. Gardiner 2011. Time regained: booley huts and seasonal settlement in the Mourne mountains, Co. Down, Ireland, in S. Turner and R. Silvester (ed.), Life in Medieval Landscapes: People and Places in Medieval Britain, 106-24. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M. F. Gardiner 2011.South-east England: forms and diversity in medieval rural settlement, in N. Christie and P. Stamper (eds), Rural Medieval Settlement: Britain and Ireland, AD 800-1600, 100-17. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M. F. Gardiner, N. Christie and P. Stamper 2011. Introduction: medieval rural settlement research: emergence, examinatin and engagement in N. Christie and P. Stamper (eds), Rural Medieval Settlement: Britain and Ireland, AD 800-1600, 2-10. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M.F. Gardiner 2011. Folklore's Timeless Past, Ireland's Present Past and the perception of rural houses in early historic Ireland, International Journal of Historical Archaeology 15 (4), 707-24.
M. F. Gardiner and C.H. C. Whittick. 2011. Accounts and Records of the Manor of Mote in Iden, 1442-1551, 1673. (Sussex Records Society 92). Lewes: Sussex Record Society.
M. F. Gardiner 2011. Late Saxon settlements, in H. Hamerow, D. A. Hinton and S. Crawford (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology, 198-217. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
M. F. Gardiner 2011. Boundaries of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms: the example of the South Saxons, in S. Brookes, S. Harrington and A. Reynolds (eds), Studies in Early Anglo-Saxon Art and Archaeology: Papers in Honour of Martin Welch, 139-46. Oxford: British Archaeologial Reports.
Grants have been received from the DFG (German Funding Council) for survey work on Haneatic sites in Shetland (2009); the Heritage Council for work by Tatjana Kytmannow on the Leean Mountain survey (2008); the Society for Medieval Archaeology (2008) towards fieldwork in Iceland; Royal Irish Academy (2007) for a grant for the visit of Dr Natascha Mehler from the University of Vienna to work on trading sites in Iceland; and from the British Academy for a ‘Reappraisal of English domestic stone buildings’ (2005).
I am currently supervising PhD students studying demesne farmsteads of the 14th century, medieval lodging ranges and late 19th- and early 20th-century villa colony lunatic asylums.