Dr Mark Gardiner
BA (Hons) Cardiff 1980,
PhD London 1996, FSA, FSA (Scot), MIfA
Senior Lecturer in Medieval Archaeology
Archaeology and Palaeoecology
School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology (GAP)
Queen’s University Belfast
Belfast, BT7 1NN
Northern Ireland, UK
+44 (0)28 90 973448 (direct line)
GAP1010 Barbarians, Vikings and Traders: The Archaeology of Historic Europe
GAP3001 Medieval Settlement
GAP7304 The Archaeology of Buildings
Director of Research for the Past Cultural Change cluster
My current research is in three areas:
1. Medieval buildings
I am particularly interested in the development of the structure and form of buildings in the crucial period between AD 900 and 1250. I am completing a book on the way in which timber buildings were constructed in this period using the evidence from excavations. My project for sabbatical leave during the year 2013-14 has been to work on a further book providing an interdisciplinary cultural history of the medieval house in England. I have published various studies of buildings in this period, and am currently working with Nick Hill (English Heritage) on an examination of Scolland's Hall, Richmond and its wider implications. An edition of late fifteenth-century accounts, which includes details of building work on the manor of Mote in Iden, East Sussex, was published by the Sussex Record Society in June 2011.
2. Development of rural landscapes
I have worked on various aspects of the English landscape, but my current work is examining the character of the late medieval and early modern rural landscape of Ireland. I am continuing a field survey of settlements and field boundaries on the Antrim plateau, which is particularly rich in remains. Earlier published studies examined transhumance and the conceptualization of Irish rural settlements.
3. Fishing and trading places in the north Atlantic
My most recent work is on the operation of fishing and trade in Iceland and Shetland in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in conjunction with Dr Natascha Mehler (University of Vienna), Conor Graham (Queen's University Belfast), Endre Elvestad (Stavanger Museum) and the Forleifastofnun Islands. We completed four seasons of survey examining sites in Reykjanes, Snæfellsnes and the West Fjords in Iceland. In 2008 we extended our work to Shetland, excavating a trading sites at Gunnister Voe. We undertook further survey and excavation in 2009 and 2010. Some of this work is featured in a film made for the German channel, ZDF. In August 2011 we excavated the Hanseatic trading site of Avaldsnes in Norway.
I am currently editing a book on German trade in the North Atlantic with Endre Elvestad and Natascha Mehler. I am a participant in the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft-funded project led by Natascha Mehler on Harbours in the North Atlantic (HaNoA). We surveyed sites in Norway and the Faroes in 2013, and worked in Greenland and Shetland in 2014. The final season of fieldwork in 2015 will be in Iceland.
M. F. Gardiner. forthcoming 2014. An archaeological approach to the development of the late medieval peasant house, Vernacular Architecture 45.
M. F. Gardiner. 2014. The archaeological landscape of the Clynhannagh-Crossmurrin plateau, in C. Foley and R. McHugh (eds), An Archaeological Survey of County Fermanagh, 905-12. Belfast: NIEA.
M. F. Gardiner. 2013. The sophistication of Anglo-Saxon timber buildings, in M. D. J. Bintley and M. G. Shapland (eds), Trees and Timber in the Anglo-Saxon World, 45-77. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
N. Mehler and M. F. Gardiner. 2013. On the verge of colonialism: English and Hanseatic trading sites in the north Atlantic islands, in P. E. Pope and S. Lewis-Simpson (eds), Exploring Atlantic Transitions: Archaeologies of Permanence and Transition in New Found Lands (Society for Post-Medieval Arcaheology monograph 7), 1-14. Woodbridge: Boydell.
M. F. Gardiner. 2013. Stacks, barns and granaries in Early and High Medieval England: crop storage and its social and economic implications, in A. Vigil-Escalera, G. Bianchi and J. A. Quirós Castillo (eds), Horrea, Barns and Silos. Storage and Incomes in Early Medieval Europe, 23-38. Vitoria-Gasteiz: University of the Basque Country.
M. F. Gardiner 2012 Medieval settlement on the Garron Plateau of Northern Ireland: a preliminary report, Medieval Settlement 27, 20-28.
M. F. Gardiner 2012. Oral tradition, landscape and the social life of place-names, in R. L. C. Jones and S. Semple (eds), Sense of Place in Anglo-Saxon England, 16-30. Donington: Shaun Tyas.
M. F. Gardiner 2012. Bateliers, pêcheurs et habitants des ports: les conflits sur les droits des rivières en Angleterre médiévale, in P. Fournier and S. Lavaud (ed.), Eaux and Conflits dans Europe Médiévale et Moderne, 59-70. Toulouse: Presses Universitaries du Mirail
M. F. Gardiner 2011. Time regained: booley huts and seasonal settlement in the Mourne mountains, Co. Down, Ireland, in S. Turner and R. Silvester (ed.), Life in Medieval Landscapes: People and Places in Medieval Britain, 106-24. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M. F. Gardiner 2011.South-east England: forms and diversity in medieval rural settlement, in N. Christie and P. Stamper (eds), Rural Medieval Settlement: Britain and Ireland, AD 800-1600, 100-17. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M. F. Gardiner, N. Christie and P. Stamper 2011. Introduction: medieval rural settlement research: emergence, examinatin and engagement in N. Christie and P. Stamper (eds), Rural Medieval Settlement: Britain and Ireland, AD 800-1600, 2-10. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M.F. Gardiner 2011. Folklore's Timeless Past, Ireland's Present Past and the perception of rural houses in early historic Ireland, International Journal of Historical Archaeology 15 (4), 707-24.
M. F. Gardiner and C.H. C. Whittick. 2011. Accounts and Records of the Manor of Mote in Iden, 1442-1551, 1673. (Sussex Records Society 92). Lewes: Sussex Record Society.
M. F. Gardiner 2011. Late Saxon settlements, in H. Hamerow, D. A. Hinton and S. Crawford (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology, 198-217. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
M. F. Gardiner 2011. Boundaries of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms: the example of the South Saxons, in S. Brookes, S. Harrington and A. Reynolds (eds), Studies in Early Anglo-Saxon Art and Archaeology: Papers in Honour of Martin Welch, 139-46. Oxford: British Archaeologial Reports.
M. F. Gardiner and N. Mehler. 2010. The Hanseatic trading site at Gunnister Voe, Shetland, Post-Medieval Archaeology 44, 347-49.
M. F. Gardiner 2010. The quantification of assarted land in mid- and late twelfth-century England, Haskins Society Journal 21, 165-86.
P. Warke, J. M. Curran, B. J. Smith, M. F. Gardiner and C. Foley 2010. Post-excavation deterioration of the Copney Bronze Age stone circle complex: a geomorphological perspective, Geoarchaeology 25, 541-71.
M. F. Gardiner. 2010. Entries for ‘Brixworth’, ‘Laxton’, ‘Sarum’ and ‘Sussex, kingdom of’ in R. E. Bjork (ed.), Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
M. F. Gardiner. 2010. A preliminary list of booley huts in the Mourne Mountains, County Down, Ulster Journal of Archaeology , third series, 67 (for 2008), 142-52.
M. F. Gardiner and S. Rippon. 2009. Looking to the future of medieval archaeology, in R. Gilchrist and A. Reynolds (eds), Reflections: Fifty Years of Medieval Archaeology 1957-2007 , 65-75. London: Society for Medieval Archaeology.
E. Svensson and M. F. Gardiner. 2009. Introduction: Marginality in the preindustrial European countryside, in J. Klápštĕ and P. Somer (eds) Arts and Crafts in the Medieval Rural Environment (Ruralia VII) 21-25. Turnhout: Brepols.
M. F. Gardiner. 2009. Dales, long lands and the medieval division of land in eastern England, Agricultural History Review 57, 1-14.
M. F. Gardiner. 2009. The buildings: an alternative view, in P. Bennett et al., At the Great Crossroads: Prehistoric, Roman and Medieval Discoveries on the Isle of Thanet 1994–95 , 338-40. Canterbury: Canterbury Archaeological Trust.
M. F. Gardiner. 2008. Buttery and pantry , and their antecedents: idea and architecture in the English medieval house, in M. Kowaleski and P. J. Goldberg (eds), Medieval Domesticity: House, Housing and Househol d, 37-65 . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
M. F. Gardiner. 2008 The Lydd Quarry area in 1552; Interpretation of building (with G. Priestley-Bell); Discussion (with L. Barber); The wider context, in L. Barber and G. Priestley-Bell, Medieval Adaptation, Settlement and Economy of a Coastal Wetland: The Evidence from around Lydd, Romney Marsh, Kent, 24-26, 65, 275-96, 297-304. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
Grants have been received from the DFG (German Funding Council) for survey work on Haneatic sites in Shetland (2009); the Heritage Council for work by Tatjana Kytmannow on the Leean Mountain survey (2008); the Society for Medieval Archaeology (2008) towards fieldwork in Iceland; Royal Irish Academy (2007) for a grant for the visit of Dr Natascha Mehler from the University of Vienna to work on trading sites in Iceland; and from the British Academy for a ‘Reappraisal of English domestic stone buildings’ (2005).
I am currently supervising PhD students studying demesne farmsteads of the 14th century, medieval lodging ranges and late 19th- and early 20th-century villa colony lunatic asylums.