Dr Mark Gardiner
BA (Hons) Cardiff 1980,
PhD London 1996, FSA, MIfA
Senior Lecturer in Medieval Archaeology
Archaeology and Palaeoecology
School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology (GAP)
Queen’s University Belfast
Belfast, BT7 1NN
Northern Ireland, UK
+44 (0)28 90 973448 (direct line)
GAP3001 - Medieval Settlement
ARP1003 - Barbarians, Vikings and Traders: The Archaeology of Historic Europe
ARP2004 - From St. Patrick to the Plantation: The Archaeology of Historic Ireland
GAP1001 - Evolution: Humans and Ideas
Exams Officer for taught post-graduate courses
My current research is in three areas:1. Medieval buildings
I am particularly interested in the development of the structure and form of buildings in the crucial period between AD 900 and 1250. I am completing a book on the way in which timber buildings were constructed in this period using the evidence from excavations, and working on a further study which will provide in interdisciplinary cultural history of the medieval house in England. An edition of late fifteenth-century accounts, which includes details of building work on the manor of Mote in Iden, East Sussex, was published by the Sussex Record Society in June 2011.
2. Development of rural landscapes
In the past I have worked on various aspects of the English landscape. My current work is examining the character of the late medieval rural landscape of Ireland. I am continuing a field survey of settlements and field boundaries on the Antrim plateau, which is particularly rich in remains. Earlier published studies examined transhumance and the conceptualization of Irish rural settlements.
3. Fishing and trading places in the north Atlantic
My most recent work is on the operation of fishing and trade in Iceland and Shetland in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in conjunction with Dr Natascha Mehler (University of Vienna), Conor Graham (Queen's University Belfast), Endre Elvestad (Stavanger Museum) and the Forleifastofnun Islands. We have completed four seasons of survey examining sites in Reykjanes, Snæfellsnes and the West Fjords in Iceland. In 2008 we extended our work to Shetland, excavating a trading sites at Gunnister Voe in September that year. We undertook further survey and excavation in 2009 and 2010. Some of this work is featured in a film made for the German channel, ZDF. In August 2011 we excavated the Hanseatic trading site of Avaldsnes in Norway. A book on the archaeology and history of Avaldsnes is in preparation with Endre Elvestad and with Natascha Mehler.
M. F. Gardiner 2012 Medieval settlement on the Garron Plateau of Northern Ireland: a preliminary report, Medieval Settlement 27, 20-28.
M. F. Gardiner 2012. Oral tradition, landscape and the social life of place-names, in R. L. C. Jones and S. Semple (eds), Sense of Place in Anglo-Saxon England, 16-30. Donington: Shaun Tyas.
M. F. Gardiner 2012. Bateliers, pêcheurs et habitants des ports: les conflits sur les droits des rivières en Angleterre médiévale, in P. Fournier and S. Lavaud (ed.), Eaux and Conflits dans Europe Médiévale et Moderne, 59-70. Toulouse: Presses Universitaries du Mirail
M. F. Gardiner 2011. Time regained: booley huts and seasonal settlement in the Mourne mountains, Co. Down, Ireland, in S. Turner and R. Silvester (ed.), Life in Medieval Landscapes: People and Places in Medieval Britain, 106-24. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M. F. Gardiner 2011.South-east England: forms and diversity in medieval rural settlement, in N. Christie and P. Stamper (eds), Rural Medieval Settlement: Britain and Ireland, AD 800-1600, 100-17. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M. F. Gardiner, N. Christie and P. Stamper 2011. Introduction: medieval rural settlement research: emergence, examinatin and engagement in N. Christie and P. Stamper (eds), Rural Medieval Settlement: Britain and Ireland, AD 800-1600, 2-10. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M.F. Gardiner 2011. Folklore's Timeless Past, Ireland's Present Past and the perception of rural houses in early historic Ireland, International Journal of Historical Archaeology 15 (4), 707-24.
M. F. Gardiner and C.H. C. Whittick. 2011. Accounts and Records of the Manor of Mote in Iden, 1442-1551, 1673. (Sussex Records Society 92). Lewes: Sussex Record Society.
M. F. Gardiner 2011. Late Saxon settlements, in H. Hamerow, D. A. Hinton and S. Crawford (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology, 198-217. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
M. F. Gardiner 2011. Boundaries of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms: the example of the South Saxons, in S. Brookes, S. Harrington and A. Reynolds (eds), Studies in Early Anglo-Saxon Art and Archaeology: Papers in Honour of Martin Welch, 139-46. Oxford: British Archaeologial Reports.
M. F. Gardiner and N. Mehler. 2010. The Hanseatic trading site at Gunnister Voe, Shetland, Post-Medieval Archaeology 44, 347-49.
M. F. Gardiner 2010. The quantification of assarted land in mid- and late twelfth-century England, Haskins Society Journal 21, 165-86.
P. Warke, J. M. Curran, B. J. Smith, M. F. Gardiner and C. Foley 2010. Post-excavation deterioration of the Copney Bronze Age stone circle complex: a geomorphological perspective, Geoarchaeology 25, 541-71.
M. F. Gardiner. 2010. Entries for ‘Brixworth’, ‘Laxton’, ‘Sarum’ and ‘Sussex, kingdom of’ in R. E. Bjork (ed.), Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
M. F. Gardiner. 2010. A preliminary list of booley huts in the Mourne Mountains, County Down, Ulster Journal of Archaeology , third series, 67 (for 2008), 142-52.
M. F. Gardiner and S. Rippon. 2009. Looking to the future of medieval archaeology, in R. Gilchrist and A. Reynolds (eds), Reflections: Fifty Years of Medieval Archaeology 1957-2007 , 65-75. London: Society for Medieval Archaeology.
E. Svensson and M. F. Gardiner. 2009. Introduction: Marginality in the preindustrial European countryside, in J. Klápštĕ and P. Somer (eds) Arts and Crafts in the Medieval Rural Environment (Ruralia VII) 21-25. Turnhout: Brepols.
M. F. Gardiner. 2009. Dales, long lands and the medieval division of land in eastern England, Agricultural History Review 57, 1-14.
M. F. Gardiner. 2009. The buildings: an alternative view, in P. Bennett et al., At the Great Crossroads: Prehistoric, Roman and Medieval Discoveries on the Isle of Thanet 1994–95 , 338-40. Canterbury: Canterbury Archaeological Trust.
M. F. Gardiner. 2008. Buttery and pantry , and their antecedents: idea and architecture in the English medieval house, in M. Kowaleski and P. J. Goldberg (eds), Medieval Domesticity: House, Housing and Househol d, 37-65 . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
M. F. Gardiner. 2008 The Lydd Quarry area in 1552; Interpretation of building (with G. Priestley-Bell); Discussion (with L. Barber); The wider context, in L. Barber and G. Priestley-Bell, Medieval Adaptation, Settlement and Economy of a Coastal Wetland: The Evidence from around Lydd, Romney Marsh, Kent, 24-26, 65, 275-96, 297-304. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
M. F. Gardiner and N. Mehler. 2007. English and Hanseatic trading and fishing in medieval Iceland: report on initial work, Germania 85, 385-427.
M. F. Gardiner. 2007. Graffiti and their uses in late medieval England, in Arts and Crafts in the Medieval Rural Environment , 265-76. Turnhout: Brepols.
M. F. Gardiner. 2007. The origins and persistence of manor houses in England, in M. F. Gardiner and S. Rippon (eds), Medieval Landscapes (Landscape History after Hoskins, 2), 170-82. Macclesfield: Windgather Press.
M.F. Gardiner. 2007. Review of medieval settlement research, 1996-2006, Medieval Settlement Research Group Annual Report 21, 22-28.
M. F. Gardiner. 2007. Hythes, small ports and other landing places in later medieval England, in J. Blair (ed.), Water Transport and Management in Medieval England, 85-109. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
M. F. Gardiner. 2007. The transformation of marshlands in Anglo-Norman England, Anglo-Norman England 29, 35-50.
Grants have been received from the DFG (German Funding Council) for survey work on Haneatic sites in Shetland (2009); the Heritage Council for work by Tatjana Kytmannow on the Leean Mountain survey (2008); the Society for Medieval Archaeology (2008) towards fieldwork in Iceland; Royal Irish Academy (2007) for a grant for the visit of Dr Natascha Mehler from the University of Vienna to work on trading sites in Iceland; from the British Academy for a ‘Reappraisal of English domestic stone buildings’ (2005); for attendance at ‘Ruralia V’ at Lyon (2003); and from the Leverhulme Trust for work on the ‘Structural and social aspects of timber buildings, 900-1200’ (2001).
I am currently supervising PhD students studying demesne farmsteads of the 14th century, medieval lodging ranges and agricultural productivity before and after the Black Death.