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Dr Patricia Warke

<p>Dr Patricia Ann Warke</p>

Dr Patricia Ann Warke

Qualifications

Queen’s University Belfast – BSc (Hons) 1990.
Queen’s University Belfast – PhD 1994.

Senior Lecturer (Physical Geography)

Email: p.warke@qub.ac.uk

Address

School of Geography, Archaeology & Palaeoecology,
Queen’s University Belfast
Belfast
BT7 1NN, UK

Telephone

+ 44 (0)28 90973518

Current Teaching:

GAP1009 Processes and Principles of Physical Geography
GAP3062 Arid environments
GAP7011 Managing Stone in the Built Environment

Current Administrative Roles:

Careers Liaison Advisor

Current Research:

Environmental Change

Member of the Environmental Change cluster (Weathering Research Group)
My postgraduate doctoral research involved investigation of rock weathering in contemporary hot arid environments with emphasis on the role of inheritance effects in development of present-day weathering phenomena. Since then, whilst maintaining an interest in all aspects of arid zone rock weathering, my research interests have broadened to include study of the decay dynamics of stone in built structures, both archaeological and historical with an interest in the development of condition classification schemes using a staging system approach.

Publications:

Journal Publications

Warke, P.A., Curran, J.M., Smith, B.J., Gardiner, M. & Foley, C. In Press. Post-excavation deterioration of archaeological stonework: a geomorphological perspective. Geoarchaeology.
McCabe, S., Smith, B. J. & Warke, P. A. 2010. A legacy of mistreatment: conceptualising the decay of medieval sandstones in NE Ireland. In: Prikryl, R. & Torok, A. (eds.), Natural Stone Resources for Historical Monuments, Geological Society Special Publication 333: 87–100. Geological Society, London.
McCabe, S., Smith, B. J. & Warke, P. A. 2009. Exploitation of inherited weakness in fire-damaged building sandstone: the fatiguing of shocked stone. Engineering Geology. Published on-line at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2009.06.003
McCabe, S., Smith, B.J. & Warke, P.A. 2007 Sandstone response to salt weathering following simulated fire damage: a comparison of furnace heating and fire. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 32(12): 1874–1883
McCabe, S., Smith, B.J. & Warke, P.A. 2007. Preliminary observations on the impact of complex stress histories on sandstone response to salt weathering: laboratory simulations of process combinations. Environmental Geology 52: 251–258.
Warke, P.A. 2007. Complex weathering in drylands: implications for rock breakdown and sediment release. Geomorphology 85: 30–48.
Warke, P.A. & Smith, B.J. 2007. Complex weathering effects on durability characteristics of building stone. In: R. Prikryl & B.J. Smith (eds) Building Stone Decay: from Diagnosis to Conservation. Geological Society Special Publication 271: 211–224. The Geological Society, London.
McCabe, S., Smith, B.J. & Warke, P.A. 2007. A holistic approach to the assessment of stone decay based on a study of decay processes: Bonamargy Friary, Northern Ireland. In: R. Prikryl & B.J. Smith (eds) Natural Stones for Monuments and Buildings: from Diagnosis to Conservation. Geological Society Special Publication 271: 77–86. The Geological Society, London.
McKinley, J. & Warke, P.A. 2007. Controls on permeability: implications for stone weathering. In: R. Prikryl & B.J. Smith (eds) Natural Stones for Monuments and Buildings: from Diagnosis to Conservation. Geological Society Special Publication 271: 225–236. The Geological Society, London.
Warke, P.A., McKinley, J. & Smith, B.J. 2006. Variable weathering response in sandstone: factors controlling decay sequences. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 31(6): 715–735.
McKinley, J. Warke, P.A., Lloyd, C., Ruffell, A. & Smith, B.J. 2006. Geostatistical analysis in weathering studies: case study for Stanton Moor building sandstone. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 31(8): 950–969.
Smith, B.J., Warke, P.A., McGreevy, J.P. & Kane, H.L. 2005. Salt weathering simulations under hot desert conditions: agents of enlightenment or perpetuations of preconceptions? Geomorphology 67: 211–227.
Smith, B.J., Baptista Neto, J.A., Silva, M.A.M., McAlister, J.J. Warke, P.A. & Curran, J.M. 2004. The decay of coastal forts in southeast Brazil and its implications for the conservation of colonial built heritage. Environmental Geology 46: 493–503.
Warke, P.A., Curran, J.M., Turkington, A.V. & Smith, B.J. 2003. Condition assessment for building stone conservation: a staging system approach. Building and Environment, 38: 1113–1123.
Curran, J.M., Smith, B.J. & Warke, P.A. 2002. Granite weathering during shallow burial in an upland peat environment: observations from the Bronze Age Copney Stone Circle Complex, Northern Ireland. Catena 49: 139–155.
Smith, B.J., Warke, P.A. & Whalley, W.B. 2002. Landscape development, collective amnesia and the need for integration in geomorphological research. Area 34(4): 409–418.
Smith, B.J., Turkington, A.V., Warke, P.A., Basheer, P.A.M., McAlister, J.J., Meneely, J. & Curran, J.M. 2002. Modelling the rapid retreat of building sandstones, a case study from a polluted maritime environment. In: S. Siegesmund, A. Volbrecht & T. Weiss (eds) Natural Stone, Weathering Phenomena, Conservation Strategies and Case Studies, pp347–362. Special Publication No. 205. The Geological Society, London.
Warke, P.A. 2001. Editorial: Weathering 2000. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 26: 809–810.
McGreevy, J.P., Warke, P.A. & Smith, B.J. 2000. Controls on stone temperatures and the benefits of interdisciplinary exchange. Journal of the American Institute of Conservation 39: 259–274.
Smith, B.J., Warke, P.A. & Moses C.A. 2000. Limestone weathering in contemporary arid environments: a case study from southern Tunisia. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 25: 1343–1354.
Warke, P.A. 2000. Micro-environmental conditions and rock weathering in hot arid regions. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 120: 83–95.
Warke, P.A. & Smith, B.J. 2000. Salt distribution in clay-rich weathered sandstone. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 25: 1333–1342.
Smith, B.J., Whalley, W.B., Warke, P.A. & Ruffell, A. 1999. Introduction and background: interpretation of landscape change. In: B.J. Smith, W.B. Whalley & P.A. Warke (eds) Uplift, Erosion and Stability: perspectives on long-term landscape development, pp vii–x. Geological Society Special Publication No. 162. The Geological Society, London.
Smith, B.J., Whalley, W.B. & Warke, P.A. (eds) 1999. Uplift, Erosion and Stability: perspectives on long-term landscape development. Special Publication No. 162. The Geological Society, London.
Warke, P.A. & Smith, B.J. 1998. Effects of direct and indirect heating on the validity of rock weathering simulation studies and durability tests. Geomorphology, 22(3–4): 347–357.
Warke, P.A., Smith, B.J. & Magee, R.W. 1996. Thermal response characteristics of stone: implications for weathering of soiled surfaces in urban environments. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 21: 295–306.

Books

Curran, J., Warke, P.A., Stelfox, D., Smith, B.J. & Savage, J. 2010. Stone by Stone: A Guide to Building Stone in the Northern Ireland Environment. Appletree Press, Belfast.
Smith, B.J. & Warke, P.A. 2001. Classic Landforms of the Antrim Coast. The Geographical Association, Sheffield.
Smith, B.J. & Warke, P.A. (eds) 1996. Processes of Urban Stone Decay. Donhead Publishing, Shaftesbury.

Chapters in Books

Warke, P.A., McKinley, J.M. & Smith, B.J. 2006. Weathering of building stone: approaches to assessment, prediction and modelling. In: S. Kourkoulis (ed.) Fracture and Failure of Natural Building Stones. Springer Science, Dordrecht. McCabe, S., Smith, B.J. & Warke, P.A. 2006. Calcium loading of building sandstones by lime rendering: implications for decay. In: R. Fort, M. Alvarez de Buergo, M. Gomez-Heras & C. Vazquez-Calvo (eds) Heritage, Weathering and Conservation, 177¬182. Taylor & Francis Group, London.
McKinley, J., Warke, P.A., Smith, B.J. & Curran, J.M. 2006. Application of geostatistical techniques in weathering studies of building stone. In: R. Fort, M. Alvarez De Buergo, M. Gomez-Heras & C. Vazquez-Calvo (eds) Heritage, Weathering and Conservation, 531–537. Taylor & Francis Group, London.
Whalley, W.B. & Warke, P.A. 2005. Weathering. In: R.C. Selley, L.R.M. Cocks & I.R. Plimer (eds) Encyclopaedia of Geology, Volume 5: 581–590. Elsevier, Oxford. Smith, B.J., Warke, P.A., Turkington, A.V. & Curran, J.M. 2004. Those who pray together decay together: the synchronous weathering of Belfast’s sandstone churches. In: Saiz-Jimenez (ed.) Air Pollution and Cultural Heritage, pp155–163. Balkema Publishing, Rotterdam (Taylor & Francis, London)
Warke, P.A., Smith, B.J. & Campbell, U.R. 1999. Decay features exhibited by clay-rich sandstone following cleaning. In: R. Wakefield & M. Jones (eds) Aspects of Stone Weathering, Decay and Conservation, pp65–76. Imperial College Press, London.
Smith, B.J. & Warke, P.A. 1997. Controls and uncertainties in the weathering environment. In: D.S.G. Thomas (ed.) Arid Zone Geomorphology (2nd edition), pp41–54. J. Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
Warke, P.A. 1996. Inheritance effects in stone decay. In: B.J. Smith & P.A. Warke (eds) Processes of Urban Stone Decay, pp32–43. Donhead Publishing, Shaftesbury.
Warke, P.A. & Smith, B.J. 1994. Short-term rock temperature fluctuations under simulated hot desert conditions: some preliminary data. In: D. Robinson & R.B.G. Williams (eds) Rock Weathering and Landform Evolution, pp57–70. J. Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Papers in Conference Proceedings

McKinley, J.M., Lloyd, C., Ruffell, A. & Warke, P.A. 2005. Geostatistcial analysis of spatially varying rock characteristics: applications to the identification and quantification of the spatial variability of rock properties. Abstracts of the 48th Irish Geological Research Meeting, Dublin, February 2005, Irish Journal of Earth Sciences 23: 136-137.
Smith, B.J., Warke, P.A. & Curran, J.M. 2004. Implications of climate change and increased ‘time-of-wetness’ for the soiling and decay of sandstone structures in Belfast, Northern Ireland. In: R. Prikyrl (ed.) Proceedings of Dimension Stone 2004 (Prague), pp9–14. Balkema Publishing, Rotterdam (Taylor & Francis, London) Rotterdam.
Warke, P.A., Smith, B.J. & McKinley, J. 2004. Complex weathering effects on durability characteristics of building sandstone. In: R. Prikyrl (ed.) Proceedings of Dimension Stone 2004 (Prague), 229–235. Balkema Publishing, Rotterdam (Taylor & Francis, London) Rotterdam. Smith, B.J., Warke, P.A., Turkington, A.V., Curran, J.M., Stelfox, D. & Savage, J. 2003. The resolution of conflicting demands in university/industry collaboration on stone conservation: a UK perspective. Proceedings of the 5th EC Conference, Cultural Heritage Research: A Pan-European Challenge, Cracow, Poland, pp215–218.
Smith, B.J., Moses, C.A., Warke, P.A. & Mottershead, D.N. 1997. Natural rock weathering and urban stone decay in the Mediterranean Basin: an example of intellectual apartheid? In: A. Moropoulou, F. Zezza, E Kollias & I. Papachristodoulou (eds) New Concepts, Technologies and Materials for the Conservation and Management of Historic Cities, Sites and Complexes, pp309–323. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin, Rhodes, Volume 1. Technical Chamber of Greece, Athens.
Smith, B.J., Moses, C.A. & Warke, P.A. 1996. Modification of karren in arid environments: a case study from southern Tunisia. In: J-J. Fornos & A. Gines (eds) Karren Landforms, pp123–134. Proceedings of International Symposium on Karren Landforms, Mallorca September 1995, Universitat de les Illes Balears UIB
Warke, P.A. & Smith, B.J. 1994. Inheritance effects on the efficacy of salt weathering mechanisms in thermally cycled granite blocks: a simulation experiment. In: T. Cooper & E. Bell (eds) Proceedings of Granite Conservation and Weathering, pp19–27. Trinity College Dublin.

Reports

Blakeley, R.J. & Warke, P.A. 2009. Building Conditioning of Lighthouses, Accommodation, Outbuildings and Associated Structures. IGC5 Task Group Report. Trinity House, London.

External Grant Funding:

2002 – EPSRC (£64,000) Complex weathering effects on the durability of masonry materials

2005 – EU (£80,000 with B.J. Smith: PI) Compilation of natural stone weathering database

2006 – Trinity House (£3900) Condition assessment of off-shore lighthouses