I am founding Director of the Centre for Data Digitisation and Analysis (CDDA) based within the School of School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology at the Queen's University of Belfast.
Over recent years the Centre has expanded at an exponential rate. I now have 30 staff, have received upwards of 45 grants worth in excess of £4,000,000, have a publications programme and an international conference presence. The growth of the Centre has been marked by staff re-grading including my grading to Senior Lecturer/Reader equivalent. More information on the work of the Centre can be found by following the link at the top of this page. My research interests are somewhat eclectic and include historical geography, digital libraries, information management, historical maps, temporal geographical information systems and Grid computing. Details of my qualifications, appointments, publications, research grants, international collaborations, conference programme, teaching and community service can be found towards the foot of this page.
The University has identified a number of key areas of development. I, and CDDA, are directly addressing these strategic objectives.
Research Income I have been very successful in bringing grant income to the University. I have been awarded around 45 grants including funding from the British Academy (BA), the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the Nuffield Foundation, the Welcome Trust, the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), the Advisory Group on Computer Graphics (AGOCG) and the Leverhulme Trust. The vast majority of my current and pending grant applications are focused on the Research Councils and related bodies. I work closely with colleagues around the University in collaborative funding bids.
Publications In the 2000 Research Assessment Exercise I submitted four books, including a key work examining the geography of the Irish Famine and a Cambridge University Press book on the geography of Victorian Religion. For the next RAE I will submit another Cambridge University Press book on the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences. I will also submit papers in strong international journals including the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Historical Geography and History and Computing amongst others. My submissions will be of international standard.
Internationalisation The University is geographically remote from the rest of the United Kingdom and it is important to ensure that Queen's research is represented internationally. I have an exceptionally strong international presence. I have presented more than 70 conference papers over the last five years across six continents. I have established practical and rewarding Memorandums of Understanding with key international universities including UC Berkeley, AHDS and IUPUI. I am an active member of the International Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, the Association of American Geographers and the Social Science History Association. I have organised a number of international workshops on GIS and digital resources at Queen's and am planning to host the Cultural Atlas Congress at Queen's in 2006 which will attract around 250 scholars from more than 40 different countries. A formal exchange programme and alliance with Academia Sinica in Taipei, Taiwan’s premier research institute in being planned.
B.A. Honours, History and Geography with subsidiary Statistics and American Studies, 1985, University of Keele.
M.A., English Local History, 1987, University of Leicester.
ESRC studentship and Ph.D., An Atlas of Religious Worship in England and Wales: An Analysis of the 1851 Census of Religious Worship, 1992, School of Geography, University of Birmingham.
1985 - 1986, Lloyds Bank plc, Graduate Management Trainee.
1987 - 1989, Barclays Bank plc, appointed onto their enhanced career development programme.
1991 - 1993, University of Leicester, Leverhulme Research Associate working on the geography of religious pluralism in nineteenth-century England and Wales.
1993 - 1998, The Queen's University of Belfast, Research Fellow working with the Database of Irish Historical Statistics, Department of Economic and Social History.
1998 - The Queen's University of Belfast, Senior Research Fellow and then Director of the Centre for Data Digitisation and Analysis (CDDA), School of Sociology and Social Policy. Including re-grading from RA1A to RAII to RAIII and to the maximum scale point through accelerated increments.
Recent publications and selected pre-1998 work
(* denotes authored books)
*K.D.M.Snell and Paul S, Ell, Rival Jerusalems: The Geography of Victorian Religion, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0 521 771552, 2000.
Comments on Rival Jerusalems:
Ian N. Gregory and Paul S. Ell, 'Error sensitive historical GIS: Identifying areal interpolation errors in time series data', International Journal of Geographical Information Science, in press, 2006.
Paul S. Ell and Ian N. Gregory, 'Demography, Depopulation and Devastationn: Exploring the Geography of the Irish Potato Famine', Historical Geography, vol 33, pp. 54-76, , 2005.
Ian N. Gregory and Paul S. Ell, 'Analyzing spatio-temporal change using national historical Geographical Information Systems: Population change during and after the Great Irish Famine', Historical Methods, 38:4, pp. 149-67, ISSN 0161 5440, 2005
Paul S. Ell, 'Towards an Irish Historical GIS', Historical Geography, vol 33, pp. 138-140, 2005.
I.N. Gregory and Paul S. Ell, 'Breaking the boundaries: Geographical approaches to integrating 200 years of the Census', Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A (Statistics in Society), 168 pt 3, pp. 1- 19, ISSN 0964 1998, 2005.
Paul S. Ell and R.M. Mostern, 'The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative' in Magistrat der Stadt Wien ' Referat Kulturelles Erbe ' Stadtarchäologie Wien eds, Enter the Past: The E-way into Four Dimensions of Cultural Heritage, BAR, ISBN 1 84171 592 1 2004.
Paul S. Ell guest editor (with I.N. Gregory), History and Computing, Volume 13, No 1, ISSN 0 957 0144, 2003.
Paul S. Ell and I.N. Gregory, 'Adding a new dimension to historical research with GIS', History and Computing, Volume 13, No 1, pp. 1-6, ISSN 0 957 0144, 2003.
Paul S. Ell and I.N. Gregory, 'The Great Britain Historical GIS Project: Current progress and future prospects', in Proceedings of the 2001 PNC Annual Conference and Joint Meetings, Computing Centre Academia Sinica, CD-ROM, 2001
E.M. Crawford and Paul S. Ell, 'Counting Heads: the creation of the Irish and British Historical Databases', in Proceedings of the 2001 PNC Annual Conference and Joint Meetings, Computing Centre Academia Sinica, CD-ROM, 2001
*David A. Gatley and Paul S. Ell, Counting Heads: Britain & Ireland 1801-1871 - an ICT resource pack, Statistics for Education, ISBN 1 872849 89 2, 2001.
Comments on Counting Heads:
Paul S. Ell contributor to Count me in - Census 2001, Statistical Research Agency of Northern Ireland, 2001.
Paul S. Ell, 'Mapping the Great Irish Famine in Proceedings of the 2000 PNC Annual Conference and Joint Meetings, Computing Centre Academia Sinica, CD-ROM, 2000.
*David A. Gatley and Paul S. Ell, Counting Heads: An Introduction to the Census & Poor Law Union Data and Vital Registration, Statistics for Education, ISBN 1 872849 81 4, 2000.
K. Bartley, Paul S. Ell and J. Lee, 'From manuscript to multimedia', in Data Modelling, Modelling History, Moscow University Press, ISBN 5 211 04272 7, 2000.
*Liam Kennedy, Paul S. Ell, E.M. Crawford, L.A. Clarkson, Mapping the Great Irish Famine, An survey of the famine decades, Four Courts Press, ISBN 1 85182 353 0, 1999.
Comments on Mapping the Famine:
Paul S. Ell, 'A survey of visualisation tools in the social sciences' in Advisory Group on Computer Graphics Reports and Resources Archive, CD-ROM, Joint Information Systems Committee, 1999.
Humphrey Southall, Daniel Dorling, Paul S. Ell, Ian Gregory, 'Mapping and Analysing 200 years of the Census', Statistical News, 1999.
*Paul S. Ell, A survey of visualisation tools in the social sciences - current practice, AGOCG Technical Report Series 42, ISSN 1356-9066, 1998.
*Margery Tranter with David Barton and Paul S. Ell, The Derbyshire Records to the 1851 Religious Census, Derbyshire Record Society, ISBN 0946324190, 1995.
Paul S. Ell and TR Slater, 'The religious census of 1851: a computer-mapped survey of the Church of England', Journal of Historical Geography, 20, pp. 44-61, ISNN 03057488, 1994.
I have contracts for three co-authored books (CUP, Four Courts Press and Phillimore) and am negotiating contracts with publishers for two further books. A number of journal papers are also underway.
*T.R. Slater, Paul S. Ell and Ian N. Gregory, A historical atlas of Warwickshire, Phillimore, 2005.
*Paul S. Ell and Ian N. Gregory, Geographical Information Systems in Historical Research, Cambridge Studies in Historical Geography, Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Selected recent grants
The latest assessor reports for the ESRC Research Methods Grant with Ian N. Gregory graded the work as 'outstanding', the best possible grading. A Rapporteur states:
"It is first class work, and I am pleased to have a chance to review it.' and 'The work completed to date provides a rock-solid foundation for ... new initiatives and projects..."
British Academy, Mapping the realm: English cartographic construction of fourteenth-century Britain,with colleagues in the School of Geography, QUB, 2005.
JISC, Integrating Digital Library Technologies into the SAKAI Framework, with UC Berkeley, UC San Diego, AHDS and the Universities of Michigan and Liverpool, £149,678, 2005-6.
British Academy, Crop yields on the Kent manors of Canterbury Cathedral Priory, c.1275-c.1375 award made to Professor BMS Campbell, £7,260 with £2,000 to CDDA, 2005.,
University of Ulster, Additional computerisation of key texts in Irish, £4,000, 2005.
ESRC, Crop Yields, Environmental Conditions, and Historical Change, award made to Professor BMS Campbell, £91,912 with £6,375 directly to CDDA, 2005-6.
JISC, British and Commonwealth Census Project, £950,000 with AHDS History, 2004-6.
University of Ulster, Digitisation of selected Irish Texts, £16,500, 2004-5.
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, Training in scanning technology, £2,000, 2004.
Leverhulme Trust, Early Career Fellowship awarded to Dr I.N. Gregory to be based within CDDA, £47,000, 2004-6.
British Academy, Mapping the Past: Computerisation of the 1676 Compton Census, £4,899, 2004.
Institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, Sample work on Dutch Census Volumes, £1,550, 2004.
AHRB, From Partition to Direct Rule: 50 Years of Northern Irish Parliamentary Papers online, £303,330, 2003-6.
British Academy, To attend and present at the 12th International Conference for Historical Geography in New Zealand, £800, 2004.
St Mary's College, University of Sussex, Pilot digitisation of the Tablet, £1,450, 2003-4.
Provision of training on digital archives, £1,500, 2003.
La Trobe University, Australia, Digitisation of selected Indian Census materials, £4,001, 2003-4.
AHRB, EPPI: Enhanced British Parliamentary Papers on Ireland, 1801-1922, £290,782 with the University of Southampton, 2002-4.
ESRC, A Spatio-Temporal Analysis of the Great Irish Famine, £26,416 with the Universities of Portsmouth and Essex, 2002-3.
British Academy, The `new' ecclesiastical parishes in 19th-century England and Wales, £4,150 with the Universities of Portsmouth and Leicester, 2002.
New Opportunities Fund Digitisation Programme via the University of Edinburgh, Digitisation of a Scottish historical gazetteer, £14,000, 2002.
British Academy, An Irish time-variant historical Geographical information System - Feasibility Study, £4,951, 2002.
British Academy, Completing the Jigsaw: Digitising parish level census tables for Great Britain, £4,950 with the University of Portsmouth, 2001-2.
New Opportunities Fund - Digitisation, A Vision of Britain through Time, £620,000 with the Universities of Portsmouth and Leeds, 2001-3.
New Opportunities Fund - Digitisation, BOPCRIS, £450,000 with the Universities of Southampton and Cambridge, 2001-2.
New Opportunities Fund - Digitisation, Act of Union Virtual Library, £258,180, 2001-3.
AHRB via the Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue, Digitisation of DOST, £18,000, 2001-2.
Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency (NISRA), Digitisation of Irish Census Materials, £3,500, 2001.
British Library Co-Operation and Partnership Programme, BOPCRIS 1688-1800, £120,000 with the BOPCRIS Consortium, 2000-1.
Research Support Libraries Programme, BOPCRIS 1801-32 and 1984-1995, £87,500 with the BOPCRIS Consortium, 2000-2
Norwegian Data Archive, Approaches to preservation and dissemination of large and complex datasets funding from ESF to allow a extended visit to the Archive in Bergen Norway, £1,400.
Welcome Trust, Building the National Health, £164,000 with the Universities of Portsmouth and London, 2000.
British Academy, To fund attendance at the Social Science History Association Annual Conference, Fort Worth USA, £342, 1999.
Scottish National Dictionary Association, Development of a machine-readable version of the Scottish National Dictionary - full project, £20,000, 1999.
The British Academy, Index of the statistical content of the printed British and Irish census volumes, £4,500, 1999.
History Data Service, ESRC Data Archive, Image scanning of printed census records for England and Wales, £5,000, 1998. Hearth Tax Returns Project, Digitisation of Hearth Tax Returns, £3,100, 1998.
ESRC Research Grant Scheme, Demographic Change and the Economy: Britain 1801-2001, £260,360 with Dr H.R.
Southall, Queen Mary and Westfield College and Dr D. Dorling, University of Bristol, 1998-2000.
ESRC/AGOCG A survey of visualisation techniques in the social sciences £5,000, 1998.
EDINA Digitisation of the complete 1861 Census of Scotland: A case study £7,500, 1998.
I have applications submitted to British Academy, the Arts and Humanities Research Council (x2), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, the Economic and Social Research Council and the US Department of Education. In total these are worth around £1,500,000. One application isunder development to the Economic and Social Research Council, two to AHRC and one of the British Academy. These applications will be for in excess of £2,500,000. A number of applications are collaborative involving scholars in the British Isles, Europe Australia and North America.
Recent (and planned) conference presentations
I have attended meetings and conferences on five continents including visits to Berkeley, New Orleans, Baltimore, St Louis, Pittsburgh, Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, Middlebury Vermont, Fort Worth, Canada, Mexico, Belgium, Austria, Italy, Norway, Russia, Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Japan, Hong Kong, Thailand, Singapore, China, Taiwan and South Korea. In 2005 conference/research trips to Portland, San Francisco, Indianapolis, Hawaii, Denver, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, South Africa, Taiwan and China are planned. I attend numerous meetings in London linked to my involvement with the Parliamentary Texts Group headed by the History of Parliament Project, work with the Arts and Humanities Data Service and membership of steering committees for the NOF Electronic Atlas Project and the Census Texts Project.
November 2005, Social Science History Association, Portland, USA.
November 2005, The challenges of the Grid in the Humanities, Pacific Neighborhood Consortium, Hawaii, USA.
September 2005, Founding European National Historical GIS Initiative meeting, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
September 2005, Developing national historical Geographical Information Systems, History and Computing International Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
August 2005, Cultural GIS Roadshow with presentations in London, Colchester, Edinburgh and Amsterdam.
July 2005, e-research, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
June 2005, Towards and electronic library for Ireland, Library and Information Services Council, Belfast, UK
June 2005, The Act of Union Virtual Library, Linen Hall Library, Belfast.
June 2005, research meetings, Mainz University, Germany.
June 2005, Applying for Research Funding Workshop, Modern Languages Queen's Belfast.
May 2005, Congress of Cultural Atlases, Shanghai, China. Conference Program Committee Chair, Chair of the Scholarship and Content Committee, presenter in the National Historical GIS session, Chair of the Electronic Publications Committee.
April 2005, Association of American Geographers, Denver, USA. In collaboration with colleagues at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Portsmouth University I have organised five sessions at the conference. Each session is sponsored by the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, the Historical Geography Special Interest Group and the GIS Special Interest Group. I will present a paper and chair sessions.
March 2005, research meetings in Taiwan and Australia.
March 2005, Data capture meeting working with the David L. Farmer Archive of medieval crop yield data, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.
February 2005, 'Research Funding in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences', workshop at Queen's University, Belfast.
February 2005, European Historical GIS meeting, Belfast.
January 2005, 'The Act of Union Project', Digitisation Workshop, Academic and National Library Training Co-operative, Belfast.
December 2004, 'The Act of Union Virtual Library Project demonstration', Belfast.
November 2004, 'Doing historical and community research using GIS', Queen's University, Belfast.
November 2004, 'The 1851 Census of Religious Worship: Religious geographies in Victorian Britain', in Spatial Analysis of Religion, Social Science History Association, Chicago, USA.
October 2004, ‘Electronic cultural atlases in the classroom: SECOS and Census data’, The Pacific Neighborhood Consortium (PNC) Annual Conference and Joint Meetings, Taipei, Taiwan.
October 2004, ‘Integrating Digital Resources in Space and Time: GIS in the Arts and Humanities’, The Pacific Neighborhood Consortium (PNC) Annual Conference and Joint Meetings, Taipei, Taiwan.
October 2004, European GIS meeting, Amsterdam, Holland.
September 2004, 'A Comprehensive Electronic Library for Ireland', The Long Eighteenth Century: the Physical Record, Queen's University, Belfast.
August 2004, 'The Past is an Undiscovered Country: New Insights Through Historical Geographical Information Systems', International Congress of Asian and North African Studies 37, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.
July 2004, 'Data capture for a historical GISW', 2nd International Institute for GIS in the Arts and Humanities: A four day summer workshop, IUPUI, Indianapolis, USA.
June 2004, 'Research Funding in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences', workshop at Queen's University, Belfast.
May 2004, 'Building a historical GIS for Ireland: Importance and potentials', Congress of Cultural Atlases: The Human Record, UC Berkeley, USA.
March 2004, Association of American Geographers Conference, Philadelphia.
February 2004, Research meeting at the Polis Center, IUPUI, Indianapolis, USA.
February 2004, The Act of Union Virtual Library: a demonstration, Armagh, Northern Ireland.
January 2004, ESRC National Centre for Research Methods Consultation Workshop, Edinburgh, UK.
January 2004, The Act of Union Virtual Library: a demonstration, Ballymena, Northern Ireland.
December 2003, The Act of Union Virtual Library: a demonstration, Belfast.
December 2003, 'Strategic datasets for a Broadband age', International Association of Historical Geographers, Auckland, New Zealand.
December 2003, 'Irish Migration from the 'Old' to the 'New' World' problems and possibilities', International Association of Historical Geographers, Auckland, New Zealand.
December 2003, 'Building a historical GIS for Ireland', International Association of Historical Geographers, Auckland, New Zealand.
December 2003, meetings at Curtin University to discuss work on South Asia, Perth, Australia.
November 2003, 'Using GIS to explore historical change: examples from Britain and Ireland', Guest Lecture, Middlebury College, Vermont, USA.
November 2003, 'Building an Irish GIS', in National Historical Geographical Information Systems, Social Science History Association, Baltimore, USA.
November 2003, 'Cultural Atlases and Text based (Re)sources', The Pacific Neighborhood Consortium (PNC) Annual Conference and Joint Meetings, Bangkok, Thailand.
May 2003, 'From Printed Historical Census Data, to Electronic Datasets, to a Paper Atlas, to an Electronic Atlas of the Great Irish Famine', Guest Lecture at the School of Information Management and Systems, UC Berkeley, USA.
April 2003, 'Data creation', 14th ECAI Conference, Vienna, Austria.
April 2003, 'Funding Models', 14th ECAI Conference, Vienna, Austria.
April 2003, 'The Great Britain Historical GIS, 14th ECAI Conference, Vienna, Austria.
March 2003, 'Mapping the Famine', Nineteenth Century Studies Association, New Orleans, USA.
October 2002, Social Science History Conference, St Louis, USA.
September 2002, GIS in the Humanities, ECAI, University of Shimane and Osaka City University, Japan.
September 2002, An Irish Historical GIS, European GIS Workshop (Invitation only), Ghent, Belgium.
May 2002, Twelfth ECAI meeting: Global Networking of Digital Cultural Heritage, Seoul, South Korea.
March 2002, A British Electronic Historical Atlas, Association of American Geographers, Los Angeles, USA.
December 2001, Editors Executive, Pacific Neighbourhood Consortium, Guadalajara, Mexico.
November 2001, ECAI, Indianapolis, USA.
August 2001, China Historical GIS Conference, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
June 2001, A picture speaks a thousand words: European approaches to mapping the census through time, Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, Sydney, Australia.
June 2001, Chair and co-author of the white paper for Historical GIS Worksession, Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, Sydney, Australia.
June 2001, Chair of ECAI Editors Meeting, Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, Sydney, Australia.
May 2001, ECAI and the British Isles: Integrating 200 years of spatial data, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
April 2001, Geo-Project Workshop follow on, EDINA, University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
February 2001, The Geography of Religious Pluralism in England and Wales, Association of American Geographers, New York City, USA.
January 2001, CHCC Project Consultation Worshop, Royal Statistical Society, London
January 2001, 'Counting Heads: the creation of the Irish and Vritish Historical Databases' inECAI Large Quantitative Databases Work Session , Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, City University, Hong Kong, China.
January 2001, 'The Great Britain Historical GIS Project: current progress and future possibilities' in ECAI Plenary Session, Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, City University, Hong Kong, China.
January 2001, Chair of Editors Retreat, Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, City University, Hong Kong.
October 2000, Rival Jerusalems - the 1851 census of religious worship, Social Science History Association, Pittsburgh, USA.
October 2000, Geo-Project Workshop, History Data Service, University of Essex, England.
October 2000, chair of Methodological issues of GIS in historical research, Social Science History Association, Pittsburgh, USA.
September 2000, Creating an Historical GIS, Royal Statistical Society Annual Conference, London, England.
August 2000, Mapping Europe's Historic Boundaries, International Congress of Historical Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
June 2000, Putting the past in its place: the Great Britain Historical GIS statistical database, Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, London, England.
June 2000, chair of British Isles Regional Team Orientation Meeting, Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative, London, England.
June 2000, European Historical Boundaries Workshop, Florence, Italy.
April 2000, Mapping the Great Irish Famine - creating an historical atlas, Association of American Geographers, Pittsburgh, USA.
January 2000, Historical GIS in the British Isles, Pacific Nations Consortium Annual Meeting, San Francisco, USA.
Please contact me for a list of conference papers before 2000.
Teaching is not a primary part of my contract with the University. Nonetheless I am convenor and primary lecturer on the Social Science Research and Geographical Information Systems module (210SOC920) in the Masters in Research Methods within the School of Sociology and Social Policy.
I provide regular training both within the University and externally in GIS, digitisation, and computer applications in the Arts and Humanities.
I also plan to develop a full MSc in Temporal Geographical Information Systems in collaboration with colleagues around the University.
I am an active member of the University of California at Berkeley based Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative. I am the only European serving on the ECAI Management Committee. I chair the ECAI Editorial Committee which reviews electronic publications to be published by the California Digital Library. I am also British Isles Regional Team leader directing ECAI's UK and Ireland activities with around 60 scholars who have registered with the organisation.
Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.
I am a member of the Historical Geography Network within the US Social Science History Association and regularly organise conference sessions for their annual meeting. I also regularly develop sessions for the Association of American Geographers.
I frequently act as a referee for grant applications, and as a rapporteur at the end of grant awards, both through nominations from applicants and as an anonymous referee for the research councils. In the current RAE period, running from January 2001, I have refereed grants for British Academy, Economic and Social Research Council and the Arts and Humanities Research Board.
My Centre provides advice on data digitisation to the community within Northern Ireland. We are also deeply involved in ensuring that key resources on Ireland's history and Culture are preserved and made available online.
I am the founder, owner and moderator of three academic e-mail discussion lists - email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com. History-digitisation is concerned with the application of computerisation techniques to historical sources, visualisation-tools addresses matters relating to the use of computer graphics in the social sciences, and ecai-bi supports the work of the British Isles Regional Team within the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative. I also act as co-moderator for H-ECAI@h-net.msu.edu.