Prof Audrey Horning
BA College of William and Mary 1989
MA University of Pennsylvania 1991
PhD University of Pennsylvania 1995
Professor of Archaeology
School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology (GAP)
Queen’s University Belfast
Belfast, BT7 1NN
Northern Ireland, UK
+44 (0) 28 9097 3187
Director of Research for the Past Cultural Change (PCC) Cluster
My research centres on comparative colonialism and the relationship between archaeology and contemporary identity, with a particular focus upon European expansion into the early modern Atlantic world(s). Major archaeological fieldwork projects include directing excavations at Jamestown, Virginia (first permanent English New World settlement, 1607); on Plantation-period sites in Northern Ireland (Movanagher, Roe Valley/Limavady, Goodland); at the Slievemore Deserted Village, Achill Island, Co Mayo; and running a multi-year Survey of Rural Mountain Settlement in the Virginia Blue Ridge. Recent publications have addressed future directions for historical and contemporary archaeology; ethics and public engagement; incorporation of Native American perspectives on colonial histories; the anthropology of drinking in colonial settings; late medieval Gaelic Irish rural settlement; vernacular architecture in Ireland and Virginia; and the 20th-century archaeology of Appalachia.
Ireland in the Virginian Sea: Colonialism in the British Atlantic World. Omohundro Institute for Early American History and Culture, University of North Carolina Press.
2009 Ireland and Britain in the Atlantic World Ed. by Audrey Horning and Nick Brannon. Wordwell, Dublin.
2009 Crossing Paths or Sharing Tracks? Future Directions in the Archaeological Study of Post-1550 Britain and Ireland. Ed. by Audrey Horning and Marilyn Palmer, Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series 4, Boydell and Brewer.
2007 The Post-Medieval Archaeology of Ireland: 1550-1850. Ed. by Audrey Horning, Colm Donnelly, Ruairí Ó Baoill, and Paul Logue. Wordwell, Dublin.
2004 In the Shadow of Ragged Mountain: Historical Archaeology of Corbin, Nicholson, and Weakley Hollows. Shenandoah Natural History Association, Luray, Virginia (Second place book, US National Interpretive Media Awards 2005).
Selected journal articles and book chapters
2012 Colony or periphery? Exploring notions of Gaelic marginality in early modern Ireland in The Archaeology of the Colonized and its Contribution to Global Archaeological Theory edited by Neal Ferris, Rodney Harrison, and Michael Wilcox, Oxford University Press.
2011 Compelling futures and ever-present pasts: realigning the archaeology of us. Archaeological Dialogues 18.
2011 Ireland in Rural Medieval Britain and Ireland, AD 800-1600: Settlements, landscapes and regions edited by Neil Christie and Paul Stamper, Oxbow, Oxford.
2011 Subduing Tendencies? Colonialism, Capitalism and Comparative Atlantic Archaeologies, in Capitalism in Colonial Contexts edited by Sarah Croucher and Lindsay Weiss, Kluwer, New York (in press).
2010 Cultures of Contact, Cultures in Conflict?: Identity construction, colonialist discourse, and the ethics of archaeological practice in Northern Ireland (reprint), in Contemporary Archaeology in Theory: the New Pragmatism edited by Robert Preucel and Stephen A. Mrozowski, Wiley Blackwell, pp. 534-550.
2010 Small trenches: Archaeology and the postcolonial gaze. Archaeological Dialogues 17 (1), pp. 27-30.
2010 Ireland in the Virginian Sea: A Comparative Archaeology of British Expansion, in Archaeology of Early Colonial European Settlement in the Emerging Atlantic World edited by William Kelso. Society for Historical Archaeology Special Publication 8, pp. 13-30.
2009 Past, present, and future: exploring and restoring Native perspectives on Roanoke and the Chesapeake, in European Visions, American Voices edited by Kim Sloan, British Museum Occasional Publication, pp. 134-145. http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/research_publications/online_research_publications/european_visions.aspx
2009 ‘ The root of all vice and bestiality’: exploring the cultural role of the alehouse in the Ulster Plantation, in Plantation Ireland edited by J. Lyttleton and C. Rynne, Four Courts Press, Dublin, pp. 113-131.
2009 The way forward? (with M. Palmer) in Crossing Paths or Sharing Tracks? Future Directions in the Archaeological Study of Post-1550 Britain and Ireland. Edited by A. Horning and M. Palmer, Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series 4, Boydell and Brewer, pp. 397-408.
2007 The Archaeology of British Expansion: Ireland and North America. In The Post-Medieval Archaeology of Ireland, 1550-1850 ed. by A. Horning, C. Donnelly, R. Ó Baoill. Wordwell, Dublin, pp. 51-70.
2007 On the Banks of the Bann: The Riverine Economy of an Ulster Plantation Village. Historical Archaeology 41(3) pp. 94-114.
2007 Materiality and Mutable Landscapes: Re-thinking seasonality in the north and west of Ireland. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 11(4), pp. 358-378.
2007 Cultures of Contact, Cultures in Conflict?: Identity construction, colonialist discourse, and the ethics of archaeological practice in Northern Ireland. Stanford Journal of Archaeology 5, pp. 107-133. http://www.stanford.edu/dept/archaeology/journal/06Horning.pdf
2006 Archaeology and the construction of America’s Jamestown. Post-Medieval Archaeology 40(2), pp. 1-27.
2006 Archaeology, conflict, and contemporary identity in the north of Ireland: Implications for theory and practice in Irish historical archaeology. Archaeological Dialogues 13(2), pp. 183-199. 2006 Focus found. New directions for Irish historical archaeology. Archaeological Dialogues 13(2), pp. 211-19.
2006 Historical Archaeology and Buildings, with Dan Hicks. Cambridge Companion to Historical Archaeology edited by M. Beaudry and D. Hicks, pp. 273-292.
2006 English Towns on the Periphery: Seventeenth-Century Town Development in Ulster and the Chesapeake. In Cities in the World edited by A. Green and R. Leech, Society for Post Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series 3, Maney, Leeds, pp. 61-82.
2005 Does the past really matter in today’s world? In Unlocking the Past edited by L. de Cunzo and J. Jameson, University of Florida Press, pp. 220-204.
2004 Archaeological Explorations of Cultural Identity and Rural Economy in the North of Ireland: Goodland, Co. Antrim. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 8(3), pp. 199-215.
2002 Myth, Migration, and Material Culture: Archaeology and the Ulster Influence on Appalachia. Historical Archaeology 36(4), pp. 129-149.
2002 Post-Medieval and Industrial Archaeology in Ireland, with C.J. Donnelly. Antiquity 76(292), pp. 557-561.
2002 Museums and Material Culture: an historical archaeologist’s perspective. Museum Ireland 11, pp. 58-60.
2002 Of Saints and Sinners: Landscapes of the Old and New South. In Contested Memories and the Making of the American Landscape edited by P. Shackel. University Press of Florida, pp. 21-46.
2002 Introduction: Jamestown Archaeology. In The Jamestown Archaeological Assessment, National Park Service handbook series, pp. 1-28.
2002 Historical Archaeology and the Science of Discovery. In The Jamestown Archaeological Assessment. National Park Service handbook series, pp. 29-38. 2002 New Towne: From Fort to Capital. In The Jamestown Archaeological Assessment, National Park Service handbook series, pp. 63-112.
2001 ‘Dwelling houses in the old Irish Barbarous Manner’: Archaeological evidence for Gaelic Architecture in an Ulster Plantation village. In Gaelic Ireland 1300-1650: Land, Lordship, and Settlement edited by P. Duffy, D. Edwards, and E. Fitzpatrick, Four Courts Press Dublin, pp. 375-396.
2000 Archaeological Considerations of ‘Appalachian’ Identity: Community-Based Archaeology in the Blue Ridge Mountains. In The Archaeology of Communities: a New World Perspective edited by M. Canuto and J. Yaeger. Routledge Press, pp. 210-230.
2000 Beyond the Valley: Interaction, Image, and Identity in the Virginia Blue Ridge. In After the Backcountry: Nineteenth-century life in the Valley of Virginia, edited by W. Hofstra and K. Koons. University of Tennessee Press, pp. 145-168.
2000 Urbanism in the Colonial South: The development of seventeenth-century Jamestown, in Urban Archaeology in the South edited by A. Young, Univ. of Alabama Press, pp. 52-68.
1999 In Search of a ‘hollow ethnicity’: Archaeological explorations of rural mountain settlement. In Current Perspectives on Ethnicity in Historical Archaeology edited by M. Franklin and G. Fesler. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Research Publications series, pp. 121-138.
1997 Exploratory Pollen Analysis of the Ditch of the 1665 Turf Fort, Jamestown, Virginia with G. Kelso, A.C. Edwards, M.R. Brown III, M McCartney Northeast Historical Archaeology 27, pp. 63-84.
1996 Myth versus Reality: Agricultural adaptation and innovation in the Nicholson Hollow District, Shenandoah National Park. Upland Archaeology in the East Special Publication Number 38, Part 5. Archaeological Society of Virginia. Richmond, pp. 107-115.
1995 Differential Pollen Preservation in a Seventeenth-Century Refuse Pit, Jamestown Island, Virginia, with G. Kelso, S. Mrozowski, A. C. Edwards, MR. Brown III, G.J. Brown, and J. Dandoy. Historical Archaeology 29(2), pp. 43-54.
I am grateful to a number of external funding bodies for supporting my research, including the British Academy, Leverhulme Trust, Northern Ireland Environment Agency, US National Park Service, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, and the Heritage Council, Republic of Ireland.