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Professor Roddy Cowie's Full Publication List

Professor Roddy Cowie

Monographs and edited collections

In press

Julien Epps, Roddy Cowie, Shrikanth Narayanan, Björn Schuller, and Jianhua Tao (eds) Emotion and Mental State Recognition from Speech: Special issue of EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing

2011

P.Petta, C Pelachaud, R Cowie (eds)  (2011) Emotion-oriented systems: the HUMAINE handbook Springer: Heidelberg  792 pp

2009

A. Vinciarelli, R. Cowie, C Pelachaud (Ed.), Proc. of the Doctoral Consortium of 3rd International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, Amsterdam, September 2009

2007

Roddy Cowie, Fiorella de Rosis (Ed.), Proc. of the Doctoral Consortium of 2nd International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, Lisbon, September 2007

2006

Devillers, L., Martin, J., Cowie, R., Douglas-Cowie, E., & Batliner, A. (Ed.). Proceedings of the workshop ‘corpora for research on emotion and affect’. satellite workshop of LREC 2006. Genoa, Italy [PDF]

2005

Taylor, J, Scherer, K and Cowie R Special issue of Neural Networks on Emotion and Brain vol 18(4) April 2005

2003

E. Douglas-Cowie, R. Cowie & N. Campbell (2003) Editors, special double issue of Speech Communication on 'Speech and Emotion' vols 40 (1-2), pp 1- 257.

2000

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie & M. Schroeder (eds.). (2000). Speech and Emotion: Proceedings of the International Speech Communication Association Research Workshop. Newcastle, Co. Down, September 2000, pp. xvi + 224.

1993

R.Cowie (ed) (1993) Understanding shape: perspectives from natural and machine vision. Special Issue of Image & Vision Computing , 11(6), July/Aug 1993, pp. 307-400

1992

R.Cowie & E. Douglas-Cowie (1992). Postlingually acquired deafness: Speech deterioration and the wider consequences. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. ix + 304.


Journal articles, chapters in books, and full papers in proceedings from international conferences

In press

R Cowie (in press) The good our field can hope to do, the harm it should avoid IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing: Special Issue on Ethics and affective computing

2012

McKeown, G., Cowie, R., Curran, W., Ruch, W., & Douglas-Cowie, E. (2012) ILHAIRE Laughter Database. Eighth international conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC) Istanbul, Turkey

Ochs, M., Brunet, P., McKeown, G., Pelachaud C., & Cowie, R. (2012) Smiling Virtual Characters Corpora. Eighth international conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC) Istanbul, Turkey

Cowie, R., McKeown, G., & Douglas-Cowie, E. (2012) Tracing Emotion: An Overview. International Journal of Synthetic Emotions, 3(1), 1-17

McKeown, G., Valstar, M., Cowie, R., Pantic, M., & Schröder, M. (2012). The SEMAINE Database: Annotated Multimodal Records of Emotionally Coloured Conversations between a Person and a Limited Agent. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 3(1). doi:10.1109/T-AFFC.2011.20

Schröder, M., Bevacqua, E., Cowie, R., Eyben, F., Gunes, H., Heylen, D., Maat, M. T., et al. (2012). Building Autonomous Sensitive Artificial Listeners. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing doi:10.1109/T-AFFC.2011.34 .G. McKeown, M. Valstar, R. Cowie, M. Pantic, and M. Schroder (in press) The SEMAINE database: annotated multimodal records of emotionally coloured conversations between a person and a limited agent IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing

R Cowie (in press) The good our field can hope to do, the harm it should avoid IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing:  Special Issue on Ethics and affective computing

2011

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie, J.-C. Martin, L. Devillers The Essential Role of Human Databases for Learning in and Validation of Affectively Competent Agents In Klaus R. Scherer, Tanja Bänziger, Etienne Roesch (eds) A blueprint for an affectively competent agent: Cross-fertilization between Emotion Psychology, Affective Neuroscience, and Affective Computing Oxford: Oxford University Press [PDF]

Cowie, R., Douglas-Cowie, E., Sneddon, I., McRorie, Hanratty, J., McMahon, E. ,McKeown, (in press) in K Scherer (ed) Induction techniques developed to illuminate relationships between signs of emotion and their context, physical and social.. In K Scherer (ed) Blueprint for Affective Computing a Sourcebook: Series in Affective Science Oxford: Oxford University Press

Beauty is felt, not calculated; and it does not fit in boxes in P Goldie & E Schellekens (ed) Philosophy and Aesthetic Psychology Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2010

Cowie, R. (2010) Describing the forms of emotional colouring that pervade everyday life in P.Goldie (ed) Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion Oxford: Oxford University Press pp. 63-94 [PDF]

Paul M. Brunet, Marcela Charfuelan, Roderick Cowie, Marc Schroeder, Hastings Donnan, Ellen Douglas-Cowie (2010) Detecting politeness and efficiency in a cooperative social interaction Proc. Interspeech 2010

2009

R. Cowie E. Douglas-Cowie G. McKeown C. Gibney The challenges of dealing with distributed signs of emotion: theory and empirical evidence ProceedingsACII 2009 (published IEEE) vol. 1 pp 351-356 [Link]

Roddy Cowie Using dimensional descriptions to express the emotional content of music ProceedingsACII 2009 (published IEEE) vol. 1 pp 740-745 [Link]

R Cowie Perception of emotion: towards a realistic understanding of the task. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2009) 364, 3515?3525 [PDF]

Roddy Cowie & Ellen Douglas-Cowie Prosodic and related features that signify emotional colouring in conversational speech In S Hancil (ed) Prosody and Affect Linguistic Insights: Studies in Language and Communication:Peter Lang [PDF]

P. Brunet, G McKeown, R. Cowie, H.Donnan, E.Douglas-Cowie (2009) Social Signal Processing: What are the relevant variables? And in what ways do they relate? ProceedingsACII 2009 (published IEEE) vol. 1 pp 77-82 [Link]

Martin W¨ollmer, Florian Eyben, Bj¨orn Schuller, Ellen Douglas-Cowie, Roddy Cowie (2009) Data-driven Clustering in Emotional Space for Affect Recognition Using Discriminatively Trained LSTM Networks Proc Interspeech 2009 [PDF]

Florian Eyben, Martin W¨ollmer, Alex Graves, Bj¨orn Schuller, Ellen Douglas-Cowie, Roddy Cowie On-line Emotion Recognition in a 3-D Activation-Valence-Time Continuum Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces [PDF]

2008

Building the databases needed to understand rich, spontaneous human behaviour Proceedings of the 8th IEEE international Conterence on Face and Gesture Recognition: Amsterdam, September 2008 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=04813377 [PDF]

Martin W¨ollmer, Florian Eyben, Stephan Reiter, Bj¨orn Schuller, Cate Cox, Ellen Douglas-Cowie, Roddy Cowie (2009) Abandoning Emotion Classes - Towards Continuous Emotion Recognition with Modelling of Long-Range Dependencies Proc Interspeech 2008 (Brisbane) pp 597- 600 [PDF]

2007

Douglas-Cowie, E., Cowie, R., Sneddon, I., Cox, C., Lowry, O., McRorie, M., Martin, J.C., Devillers, L., & Batliner, A. (2007). The humaine database: addressing the collection and annotation of naturalistic & induced emotional data. In Paiva, A. and Prada, R. and Picard, R. (Ed.), 2nd International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII'2007), LNCS, vol. 4738 (pp. 488-500). Lisbon, Portugal. [PDF]

2006

L. Devillers, R. Cowie, J-C. Martin, E. Douglas-Cowie, S. Abrilian, M. McRorie, ?Reallife emotions in French and English TV video corpus clips: an integrated annotation protocol combining continuous and discrete approaches?, LREC 2006. [PDF]

Schröder, M. & Cowie, R. (2006). Developing a consistent view on emotion-oriented computing. In: Machine Learning for Multimodal Interaction (S. Renals and S. Bengio, eds.), Springer LNCS 3869, pp. 194-205. [PDF]

2005

Cowie, R (2005) What are people doing when they assign everyday emotion terms? Psychological Inquiry 16, 11-18 [PDF]

E. Douglas-Cowie, L. Devillers, J. C. Martin, R. Cowie, S. Savvidou, S. Abrilian, and C. Cox: Multimodal databases of everyday emotion: Facing up to complexity. Proc. INTERSPEECH 2005, Lisbon, Portugal2005 [PDF]

Athanaselis, T., Bakamidis, S., Dologlou, I., Cowie, R., Douglas-Cowie, E., Cox, C. (2005) ASR for emotional speech: clarifying the issues and enhancing performance. Neural Networks 18, 437-444 [PDF]

Cowie, R., & Schröder, M. (2005). Piecing together the emotion jigsaw. In Samy Bengio and Hervé Bourlard (Ed.), Machine Learning for Multimodal Interaction, First: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (pp. 305-317). Berlin: Springer Verlag. [PDF]

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie, C. Cox. (2005) Beyond emotion archetypes: Databases for emotion modelling using neural networks. Neural Networks 18, 371-388. [PDF]

Taylor JG, Scherer K & Cowie R (2005) Introduction to Emotion and Brain: Understanding Emotions and Modelling their recognition. Neural Networks 18 (4) 313-316

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie , J.G Taylor , S. Ioannou, M. Wallace, S. Kollias (2005) An intelligent system for facial emotion recognition Proc ICME 2005 [PDF]

2003

R Cowie and R. Cornelius (2003) Describing the Emotional States that are Expressed in Speech Speech Communication vol 40, 5-32. [PDF]

E. Douglas-Cowie, N. Campbell, R. Cowie and P. Roach (2003). Emotional speech: towards a new generation of databases. vol 40, 33-60. [PDF]

A Gallagher, R. Cowie, I. Crothers, N. McClure, J. McGuigan & R.Satava (2003) A test of perceptual skill that predicts laparoscopic performance in novices and experienced surgeons Surgical Endoscopy 17(9),1468 ? 1471

A. Raouzaiou, S. Ioannou, K. Karpouzis, N. Tsapatsoulis, S. Kollias, R. Cowie "An Intelligent Scheme for Facial Expression Recognition" O. Kaynak (ed.), Artificial Neural Networks and Neural Information Processing, Lecture notes in Computer Science 2714, Springer, pp. 1109 ? 1116, 2003.

A. Raouzaiou, S. Ioannou, K. Karpouzis, N. Tsapatsoulis, S. Kollias, R. Cowie "An Intelligent Scheme for Facial Expression Recognition" Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks (ICANN), Istanbul, Turkey, June 2003

E Douglas-Cowie, R Cowie and M Schroeder (2003) The description of naturally occurring emotional speech Proc 15th ICPhS (Barcelona 2003), 2877-2880 [PDF]

2002

R. Cowie Charged experiences of natural environments Current Psychology 21,133-143 [PDF]

N. Tsapatsoulis, A. Raouzaiou, S. Kollias, R. Cowie & E. Douglas-Cowie (2002). Emotion Recognition and Synthesis Based on MPEG-4 FAPs. In I.S. Pandzic, R. Forchheimer (eds.). MPEG-4 Facial Animation: The Standard, Implementation and Applications. Chichester: Wiley.

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie & A.Wichmann.(2002). Prosodic correlates of skilled reading: Fluency and expressiveness in 8- 10 year old readers. Language and Speech 45(1), 47-82.

2001

R.Cowie (2001) How academic can you be about hearing loss and deafness? Hearing Review Oct 2001, 62-76

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie, N. Tsapatsoulis, G. Votsis, S. Kollias, W. Fellenz, J. Taylor (2001).Emotion Recognition in Human-Computer Interaction. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine January 2001. 32-80. [PDF]

M. Schroeder, R. Cowie, E. Douglas Cowie, M. Westerdijk & S. Gielen. (2001). Acoustic Correlates of Emotion Dimensions in View of Speech Synthesis. Proc. Eurospeech 2001, Aalborg, vol. 1, pp. 87-90. [PDF]

2000

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie, S. Savvidou, E. McMahon, M. Sawey, & M. Schroeder (2000). FEELTRACE: an instrument for recording perceived emotion in real time. In R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie & M. Schroeder (eds.), Speech and Emotion: Proc. of the International Speech Communication Research Workshop. Newcastle, Co. Down, September 2000, pp 19-24. [PDF]

S. McGilloway, R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie, S. Gielen, M. Westerdijk, & S. Stroeve (2000). Automatic recognition of emotion from voice: a rough benchmark. In R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie & M. Schroeder (eds.), Speech and Emotion: Proc. of the International Speech Communication Research Workshop. Newcastle, Co. Down, September 2000, pp. 207-212.

1999

E Douglas-Cowie & R. Cowie (1999). Prosodic style shifting in a Northern Irish village Proc. International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, San Francisco 1999 , pp. 1585-1588.

J. Taylor, W. Fellenz R. Cowie & E. Douglas-Cowie (1999). Towards a neural based theory of emotional dispositions. Proceedings of the 3rd World Multiconference on Circuits, Systems, Communications and Computers (IEEE/WSES/IMACS), Athens.

R Cowie. E Douglas-Cowie, B Apolloni, J. Taylor, A. Romano & W. Fellenz (1999). What a neural net needs to know about emotion words. In N. Mastorakis (ed.), Computational Intelligence and Applications. World Scientific Engineering Society, pp. 109-114. [PDF]

R. Cowie, A. Wichmann, E Douglas-Cowie, P. Hartley & C. Smith (1999). The prosodic correlates of expressive reading. Proc. International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, San Francisco 1999 pp. 2327-2330.

E. Douglas-Cowie, R. Cowie, A. Romano (1999). Changing emotional tone in dialogue and its prosodic correlates. Proc ESCA Workshop on Dialogue and Prosody, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. ESCA and Eindhoven University, pp. 41-46.

1998

R. Cowie (1998) measurement and modelling of perceived slant in surfaces represented by freely viewed line drawings Perception 27, 505-540

R Cowie & G Hamill (1998) Variation among nonclinical subjects in a line bisection task Perceptual & Motor Skills 86, 834

E. Douglas-Cowie & R. Cowie (1998). Intonational settings as markers of discourse units in telephone conversations. Language & Speech Special issue Prosody & conversation, vol 41 3-4, 347-370. [PDF]

1997

E. Douglas-Cowie & R. Cowie (1997). Macrostructures in prosody: the case of phonecalls. In A. Botinis, G. Kouroupetrolgou & G. Carayannis (eds.), Intonation: Theory, models and Applications. Athens: European Speech Communication Association pp 103-106.

P Kerr & R Cowie (1997) Acquired deafness: a multi-dimensional experience British Journal of Audiology 31, 177-188

1996

R. Cowie & E. Douglas- Cowie (1996). Automatic statistical analysis of the signal and prosodic signs of emotion in speech. Proc International Conf on Spoken Language Processing, Philadelphia, 1996.

1995

R. Cowie (1995) A structure-from-motion scheme that looks for parallels, and its implications for apparent reversals in rotating trapezia Perception 24, 867-877

E. Douglas-Cowie, R.Cowie, and J. Rahilly (1995). The social distribution of intonation patterns in Belfast. In J. Windsor -Lewis (ed.), Studies in General and English phonetics. London: Routledge, pp. 180-186.

R. Cowie., M. Sawey, & E. Douglas-Cowie (1995). A new speech analysis system: ASSESS (Automatic Statistical Summary of Elementary Speech Structures). Proc. I nternational Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Stockholm, 1995, vol. 3, pp. 278-281.

S..McGilloway, R. Cowie, and E. Douglas-Cowie (1995). Prosodic signs of emotion in speech: preliminary results from a new technique for automatic statistical analysis. Proc. I nternational Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Stockholm, 1995, vol. 1, pp. 250-253.

R. Cowie, D. Watson, P. Kerr, & E. Douglas- Cowie (1995). Psychology and hearing impairment: focussing on the people with the loss. Irish Journal of Psychology 16, 288-298.

R. Cowie & E. Douglas-Cowie (1995.) Speakers and hearers are people: reflections on speech deterioration as a consequence of acquired deafness. In K-E. Spens and G. Plant (eds.), Profound Deafness and Speech Communication. London: Whurr, pp. 510-527.

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie, M. Sawey, & G. Mulhern (1995). The effects of cochlear implants on speech production in postlingually acquired deafness. Proc.I nternational Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Stockholm, 1995, vol. 3, pp. 198-201.

E. Douglas-Cowie & R. Cowie (1995). The forms and functions of intonation in the phone voice. Proc. I nternational Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Stockholm, 1995, vol 4, pp. 240-243.

1993

R.Cowie (1993) Understanding shape: perspectives from natural and machine vision. Image and Vision Computing 11(6), July/Aug 1993, 307-308

R.Cowie & G. Mulhern (1993) Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, & Cognitive Science Irish Journal of Psychology, 14, 309-313

R.Cowie & A.Old (1993) How well does motion convey an object's shape? It depends on your viewpoint. Irish Journal of Psychology, 14, 361-374

R.Cowie & R. Perrott (1993) From line drawings to impressions of three-dimensional objects: developing a model to account for the shapes that people see. Image and Vision Computing 11(6), July/Aug 1993, 342-352

R. Cowie and F. Walsh (1993) Why go for virtual reality if you can have virtual magic? A study of different approaches to manoeuvring an object on screen. In K.Ryan and R.Sutcliffe (eds) Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science 1992. London: Springer-Verlag. pp.237-250

G. Probert & R. Cowie (1993) On Seeing that Particular Lines could Depict a Vertex Containing Particular Angles In K. Ryan and R. Sutcliffe (eds) Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science 1992. London: Springer-Verlag. pp. 315-318

A. Savage & R. Cowie (1993) Artificial rewards: a comparative review of reinforcement in learning theory and neural computing. In G.Orchard (ed) Neural Computing: Research and Applications. London: Institute of Physics. pp. 105-118

E.Strain & R. Cowie (1993) Why connectionist networks provide natural models of the way sentence context affects identification of a word. In G.Orchard (ed) Neural Computing: Research and Applications. London: Institute of Physics.pp.85-94

1992

R. Cowie, R. Mitchell, & K. McMullen (1992) Rectangles may appear to reverse like trapezia when they reverse at an uneven rate. Perceptual & Motor Skills 74, 643-648

R. Cowie, R. Mitchell, R. & A.Reinhardt-Rutland (1992) The Devil's Torpedo Tubes: a new Impossible Object considered in relation to the IO model of human vision. In H. Sorensen (ed) Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science 1991. London: Springer-Verlag. pp. 278-296

A. Savage & R. Cowie (1992) Are artificial neural nets as smart as a rat? Network 3, 47-59

1991

D. Clements & R. Cowie (1991) Measuring the Rubber Rhomboid effect. Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science 90 ed. M.McTear & N. Creaney London: Springer-Verlag, British Computer Society Workshop series. pp.193-208

R. Cowie, D. Bradley, & M. Livingstone. (1991) Using observer-controlled movement and expectations of regularity to recover tridimensional structure. Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science 90 ed. M.McTear & N. Creaney. London: Springer-Verlag, British Computer Society Workshop series. pp. 178-192

R. Cowie & E. Douglas-Cowie (1991). Instrumental measures of abnormalities in deafened speech. Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Aix-en-Provence, 1991, vol 4, pp 350-353. E .Douglas-Cowie, R. Cowie & J. Rahilly (1991). Sociolinguistic patterns in Belfast intonation. Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Aix-en-Provence, 1991, vol 3 pp. 254 -257.

1990

R.Cowie, T.Hamill, P.Morrow and R.Perrott (1990) IO: towards an alternative image of human vision. In A.Smeaton & G. McDermott (ed) Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science 89 British Computer Society Workshop series: Berlin, Springer Verlag. pp. 20-41

1989

R.Cowie (1989) Rotating Trapezia which appear transparent and luminous during apparent reversals. Perception. 18, 173-180

R.Cowie and D.Clements (1989) The logical basis of visual perception: Computation and empirical evidence. Irish Journal of Psychology 10 (2) (special issue on Cognitive Science), 232-246

E. Douglas-Cowie & R. Cowie (1989). Speech Disorder as a Sociolinguistic Problem. York Papers in Linguistics 13: A Festschrift for Professor J.Lepage. York: University of York, pp. 155-166.

1988

R.Cowie (1988) Impossible Objects and the things people do first in vision. British Journal of Psychology 79, 321-338

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie & J. Rahilly (1988). The intonation of adults with postlingually acquired profound deafness: anomalous frequency and distribution of elements. In W. A. Ainsworth and J. Holmes (eds.), Proceedings of SPEECH 88, Edinburgh: Institute of Acoustics, vol. 2, pp. 481-488.

R.Cowie & P.Stewart (1988) What deafened people feel affects their quality of life. Deafness 4 (1) 3-9

1987

R.Cowie (1987) Rubber Rhomboids: non-rigid interpretation of a rigid structure moving. Perception and Psychophysics 42, 407-408

R.Cowie (1987) The New Orthodoxy in Visual Perception II: Conjectures and Doubts about internal processes. Irish Journal of Psychology. 8, 99-110

R.Cowie (1987) The new Orthodoxy in Visual Perception I: reassessing what makes environments perceivable.Irish Journal of Psychology. 8, 1987, pp. 50-60

R.Cowie (1987) The alternatives allowed by a rectangularity postulate, and a pragmatic approach to interpreting motion. Conf. of the Society for Artific. Intell. & Simulat. Behav., Edinburgh 1987. In Hallam and Mellish (ed.) Advances in Artificial Intelligence. London: Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 109-121

E. Douglas-Cowie, R. Cowie, & P. Stewart (1987). Understanding speech deterioration in acquired deafness. In J. Kyle (ed.), Adjustment to acquired hearing loss: Analysis, change, and learning. Bristol: Centre for Deaf Studies, University of Bristol. pp. 65-79.

R. Cowie, P. Stewart & E. Douglas-Cowie (1987). Deafness and the Family: a problem for Psychologists. Irish Journal of Psychology 8, 138-154.

R. Cowie, P. Stewart & E. Douglas-Cowie (1987). The experience of becoming deaf. In J. Kyle (ed.), Adjustment to acquired hearing loss: Analysis, change, and learning. Bristol: Centre for Deaf Studies, University of Bristol, pp.104-120.

1986

R.Cowie, E.Douglas-Cowie & P.Stewart (1986) A response to Goehl & Kaufman (1984). Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders 51, 183 -186.

R.Cowie, E.Douglas-Cowie & P.Stewart (1986) Deaf Aids. New Scientist 1492 p.67.

1985

R. Cowie (1985) Reading errors as clues to the nature of reading. In A.Ellis ed. Progress in the Psychology of Language 1. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.1985. pp. 73-107

1983

R.Cowie (1983) The Viewer's place in theories of vision Proc. of the 8th Int. Joint Conf. on Artific. Intell, Karlsruhe. 1983. pp. 952-958

R. Cowie & E. Douglas-Cowie (1983). Speech production in profound postlingual deafness. In M. Lutman,& M. Haggard (eds.), Hearing science and hearing disorders. London: Academic Press, pp.183- 230.

1982

R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie & A. Kerr (1982). A study of speech deterioration in post-lingually deafened adults. Journal of Laryngology and Otology 96, 101 - 112.

1980

E. Douglas-Cowie, R. Cowie & A. Kerr (1980). Speech degeneration in post- lingually deafened adults. Clinical Otolaryngology 5, 424-425.