Symposia

Active commuting to improve health
Bente Merete Stallknecht (Chair: University of Copenhagan, Denmark), Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria), Lars Ostergaard (University of Southern Denmark, Denmark), Mads Rosenkilde (University of Copenhagan, Denmark), Francesco Iacorossi (Roma Servizi per la Mobilità, Italy). Symposium organiser: Bente Merete Stallknecht
Summary: Physical activity can take place in different domains of everyday life; at home, as transport, during work and in the leisure time. A large number of trials have investigated the health-enhancing effects of leisure time physical activity, but the health-enhancing effects of active commuting are less well elucidated.

Children and Young People Health Symposium
Paolo Adami (Chair), Kiara Lewis (University of Huddersfield, UK), M Hardie Murphy (Dublin City University), CB Woods (University of Limerick), DA Rowe (Strathclyde University), Elaine Murtagh, Rosemarie Martin, Jaimie McMullen  (University of Limerick, Ireland), Thomas Skovgaard (University of Southern Denmark). Symposium organiser: Paolo Emilio Adami
Summary: Topics include determinants of children’s physical activity: (1) Can supporting children’s psychological and social needs increase participation in physical activity? (2) Modelling the psychosocial determinants of physical activity in youth: A 5-year longitudinal study; and interventions to increase physical activity in children and young people: (1) Moving to Learn Ireland: a movement integration programme in primary schools (2) Improving the well-being of children and youth - A multicomponent school-based physical activity intervention

Golf, physical activity and health
Nanette Mutrie (Chair: University of Edinburgh, UK), Andrew Murray (University of Edinburgh, UK), Erik Lundkvist (Umea University, Sweden & University of St Andrews, UK), Maria Stokes (University of Southampton, UK). Symposium organiser: Andrew Murray
Summary: Golf is played by 55 million people by people of both genders and all ages. We discuss golf, participation trends, and characterise it as a physical activity in relation to aerobic, muscle strengthening, strength and balance and sedentary behaviour guidelines. We share information from the GoGolf Europe project, promoting golf as a physical activity amongst youths in Europe. Golf is one of few sports played in significant numbers across the life-course, with particular health benefits for older adults observed.

How sport can be used to effectively motivate inactive people to increase their activity levels and improve health and wellbeing
Charlie Foster (Chair: University of Oxford, UK), Eva Martin-Diener (Zurich University, Switzerland), Sarah Ruane (Sport England, UK), Louise Mansfield (Brunel University London, UK), Emma Adams (Loughborough University, UK), Steve Mann (UKActive Research Institute, UK), Melvyn Hillsdon (University of Exeter, UK), Symposium organiser: Suzanne Gardner 
Summary: Following a systematic review assessing the ability of sport to engage inactive people (2012), Sport England launched the Get Healthy Get Active Fund (GHGA), to improve the evidence base for the effectiveness of sport in improving health. £13.8 million (approx €17.1 million) has been invested into 33 interventions supporting >83,000 inactive people to move into sport, each incorporating academic research. Methods range from randomised controlled trial to pre and post design evaluation. This symposium introduces the latest international perspectives on the evidence alongside programme-level analysis, research results from academics researching four interventions and a panel discussion.

Physical Activity Surveillance-System – why, how, what outcome? Experiences from Scotland, Finland and Austria
Paul Kelly (Chair: University of Edinburgh, UK), Tessa Strain (University of Edinburgh, UK), Tommi Vasankari (UKK Institute for Health Promotion, Finland), Sylvia Titze (University of Graz, Austria). Symposium organiser: Sylvia Titze
Summary: Surveillance is an ongoing and systematic data collection and analysis at the population level. It can inform policy and help to evaluate national level progress. A comprehensive physical activity (PA) surveillance-system includes measures of PA behavior and measures of variables from the socio-ecological model. A recent milestone was the worldwide publication of national “physical activity cards” organised by the Global Observatory for Physical Activity. This initiative includes a call for an “Increase by 50% in the number of countries with continuous surveillance of physical activity practice”.

Reducing sedentary behaviour among older adults – The SITLESS Project
Mark Tully (Chair: Queen's University Belfast, UK), Laura Coll-Planas / Maria Gine-Garriga (University Fundacio Blanquerna, Spain), Jason Wilson (Queen's University Belfast, UK), Katharina Wirth (University of Ulm, Germany), Paolo Caserotti (University of Southern Denmark, Denmark), Manuela Didda (University of Glasgow, UK). Symposium organiser: Antoni Salva
Summary: To promote active and healthy ageing, reducing sedentary behaviour (SB) among older adults remains a challenge alongside increasing their levels of physical activity (PA). However, complex behaviour change is required to achieve and maintain benefits gained from specific interventions. SITLESS aims to provide new evidence on how to develop a robust complex intervention combining the effects of a PA intervention with self-management strategies to decrease SB in community-dwelling older adults, and test it using objective and validated measures.

Research and Policy Implications of Urban Green Space for Physical Activity
Ruth Hunter (Chair: Queen's University Belfast, UK), Francesca Racioppi (WHO, Germany), Jasper Schipperijn (University of Southern Denmark, Denmark), Jamie Anderson (University of Cambridge, UK), Peter Craig (University of Glasgow, UK), Rodrigo Reis (University of Parana, Brazil). Symposium organiser: Ruth Hunter
Summary: Urban Green Spaces (UGS) are associated with physical activity (PA), but to move the research and policy/advocacy for UGS forward, ‘next generation’ studies and methods focusing on causal relations and impact of changing UGS are needed. Topics include evidence and policy review on the environmental, health and equity effects of UGS interventions; effects of neighbourhood renewal on adolescent PA in a low SES neighbourhood in Copenhagen; review of the risk of bias in natural experiments and new reporting guidance for public health and policy interventions

Sports Club for Health (SCforH) movement in the European Union: Are we moving in the right direction?
Nanette Mutrie (Chair: University of Edinburgh, UK), Brian Martin (Discussant: University of Zurich, Switzerland), Sylvia Titze (University of Graz, Austria), Pekka Oja (UKK Institute, Finland), Sami Kokko (University of Jyvaskyla, Finland), Zeljko Pedisic (Victoria University, Australia), Karen Milton (University of Oxford, UK), Aoife Lane (Waterford Institute of Technology, Ireland), Susanna Geidne (Orebro University, Sweden). Symposium organiser: Zeljko Pedisic & Pekka Oja
Summary: With more than 60 million members, European Union (EU) sports clubs are among organizational settings with the greatest capacity for health promotion. In 2011, Sports Club for Health (SCforH) Guidelines were developed to assist sports clubs in their efforts to promote health-enhancing physical activity. As proposed by the Council of the European Union, national implementation of these guidelines was listed as one of the 23 indicators to evaluate HEPA levels and policies in the EU member states. This symposium will present the latest findings about: [i] health benefits of specific sport disciplines; [ii] sports club as a setting for health promotion interventions; and [iii] implementation of the SCforH guidelines in the EU member states.

Where do people get their activity? - Domain-specific physical activity across the UK
Elaine Murtagh (Chair: Univesity of Limerick, Ireland), Marie Murphy (Ulster University, UK), Charlie Foster (University of Oxford, UK), Paul Kelly (University of Edinburgh, UK), Tessa Strain (University of Edinburgh, UK), Paul Donnelly (Discussant: Sport Northern Ireland, UK). Symposium organiser: Marie Murphy
Summary: Understanding the correlates and determinants of physical activity including the individual-level factors and the physical and social environments that support physical activity helps to inform policy intervention (Baumann et al 2012). In addition, a comparison of the sources of physical activity between those who are sufficiently active and those who are not, by key demographic variables such as age and gender may inform interventions designed to increase physical activity among those who are currently inactive.

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