Ecologists are concerned with ecosystems as a whole and, within them, the abundance and distribution of organisms and the relationships between organisms and their environment. Ecologists carry out a wide range of tasks depending on their specialist knowledge (e.g. freshwater, marine, terrestrial, fauna, flora).
Typical work activities include:
- Conducting field surveys to collect information about the numbers and distribution of organisms
- Applying sampling strategies and employing a range of habitat survey techniques, such as: Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS), aerial photography, records and maps
- Carrying out environmental impact assessments
- Habitat management and creation
- Liaising with and advising site managers, engineers, planners and others associated with a survey
- Writing reports and issuing recommendations.