Message to Participants and Sponsors...
The organisers would like to thank you sincerely for all your keen interest, your outstanding contributions and your generous support of the Urban Conflicts Conference. We have been delighted with the messages of gratitude and appreciation that many of you have sent us since the Conference took place. Here are just some of them:
‘...a great conference, a great subject, the right moment to bring all these diverse yet connected forms of knowledge together!’ – Saskia Sassen (personal communication)
'just a few words of praise and gratitude for the great conference that you organised. Everyone I talked to were very impressed by the gathering and appreciative of the debate and on-going networks it generated. For those of us who end up going to lots of these events over the years, few stand out as being of significant value to contributing to the discourse, and most certainly this is one that will make such a durable impression. Well done again, and thank you'. - Frank Gaffikin (personal communication)
Please continue to follow the conference website. The full videos of the keynote address and the two policy panels that took place during the conference will shortly be made available to view through this website and through the Conflict in Cities Project website.
About the Conference...
This multi-disciplinary Conference was held at Queen’s University Belfast on 19 – 21 May 2011. It was organised and sponsored by the Conflict in Cities and the Contested State ESRC Research Project (2007 – 2012). The Conference was also co-sponsored by the World Bank and the Northern Ireland Community Relations Council. It brought together over 170 scholars and practitioners from 15 countries who addressed contested cities in Asia, Africa, Europe, North America and the Middle East.
The adoption of a multi-dimensional and multi-level approach promoted broad-ranging interpretations and animated discussion of the nature and dynamics of conflicts, both historical and contemporary, in ethno-nationally divided cities. These interwoven and, at times, competing understandings were evident in the 87 academic, policy and practice-based papers presented. Topics ranged from the interrelationships between empires, national states and cities through urban planning, architecture and regeneration, cultural heritage, everyday life, urban public space, art, violence, conflict management, resistance and agonistic urbanism.
'Capturing Urban Conflicts' Project Exhibition
Recognising that visual and material aspects of cities are often overlooked in verbally and textually oriented research, members of the CinC Project team based in Cambridge produced a Project exhibition, entitled ‘Capturing Urban Conflicts’ including maps of contested cities, specially drafted by team members, and photo-essays composed by project investigators, researchers and students of Project cities. The maps drew attention to sites of contention and interaction but also highlighted fluidity, ambiguities and specificities - essential elements in understanding the complexities of urban conflict. Drawing on the extensive CinC photographic archive the photo-essays provided glimpses into the everyday life of the diverse cities covered by the Project.
The opening keynote address Urban Space: Enabling the Powerless was given by Saskia Sassen. Her wide ranging presentation used the city as a lens for questioning the limits of military superiority and war. She suggested that the urban ‘physics’ of civil society may create the conditions under which powerlessness becomes a complex and ambiguous condition that holds the possibility of obstructing superior power.
Two policy panels reflected one of the Conference's major objectives to engage with a variety of policy makers and practitioners at local, national and international level:
The policy panel on the opening day of the conference was focused on Policies and Progress in Conflict Transformation in Northern Ireland and brought together representatives from the community and voluntary sector, local government, the Arts and business. While recognising and applauding the strides that had been made in moving from violence to peace as reflected in the physical changes in Belfast, panel participants highlighted the danger of complacency. They stressed that the maintenance of peace would require ongoing co-operation and vigilance and, in particular, that all members of society must feel part of, and benefit from, a ‘regenerated’ city.
Finally, the members of the policy panel on the concluding day of the conference discussed the relationship between Cities, Conflict and Development on a global scale. Questions addressed were how political conflict and violence hamper development; the ways in which development can transcend conflict; and the types of institutional changes and policies needed for movement away from violence. The discussion highlighted the changing nature of political violence globally and its increasing inter-penetration with criminal sources of financing. Intervention at urban or municipal level was seen as important to the long-term transition from violent to peaceful societies. The panel emphasised the need for coalition building and for a wide range of legitimate institutions in order to provide broad-base protection/security for citizens to address social injustice and promote economic opportunity.
Participants thoroughly appreciated the organised bus tour of some of Belfast’s ‘peacewalls’ and segregated neighbourhoods. The tour provided them with an opportunity to get a first-hand impression of the complex intertwining of socio-economic, spatial and political divisions in the city and produced two very distinct discourses on these divisions from republican and loyalist perspectives.
You can now find a link to the full Conference Reader on this website.
For all conference enquiries, please contact Mrs. Angela Anderson.