Forced Labour


CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF RWANDA'S 4 JUIN 2003 (Translated from French to English by Google Translate)
Article 11 All Rwandans are born and remain free and equal in rights and duties. Discrimination based on race, ethnicity, clan, tribe, color, sex, region, social origin, religion or belief, opinion, property, unlike cultures, language, social status, physical or mental disability or any other form of discrimination is prohibited and punishable by law.
Article 15 Everyone is entitled to his physical and mental integrity. No one shall be subjected to torture, abuse, or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. No one may be experiment without his consent. The terms of this consent and the experiment is governed by the law.
Article 16 All human beings are equal before the law. They are entitled, without discrimination, to equal protection by law.
Article 23 Every Rwandan has the right to move and settle freely within the territory. Every Rwandan has the right to freely leave the country and return. The exercise of this right may be restricted by law for reasons of public order or state security, to avert a public danger or to protect people at risk.
Article 35 Freedom of association is guaranteed and can not be subject to prior authorization.
Article 36 Freedom to gather in peaceful assembly without arms is guaranteed within the limits set by law. Prior authorization may be prescribed by law and only for outdoor gatherings on the streets or in public places, and provided that reasons of security, public order or safety of the require.

Article 37 Everyone has the right to free choice of employment. A skill and ability equal, everyone is entitled without any discrimination, to equal pay for equal work.
Article 38 The right to form unions for the protection and promotion of legitimate business interests is recognized. Any worker may defend his rights through trade union action in the manner provided by law. Every employer has the right to join an employers' association. Workers' unions and associations of employers are free to have general or specific agreements governing their relationships. The arrangements for these conventions are defined by law.
Article 39 The right of workers to strike is recognized and exercised under the conditions defined by law, but the exercise of this right can not affect the freedom of work known to everyone.

Article 40 Everyone has the right to education. Freedom of learning and teaching is guaranteed under the conditions determined by law. Primary education is compulsory. It is free in public schools. To contract institutions, the conditions of free primary education are determined by an organic law. The state is obliged to take special measures to facilitate the teaching of the disabled. An organic law defines the organization of education. Article: 46 Every citizen has a duty to consider his fellow beings without discrimination and to maintain relationships that allow him to preserve, promote and strengthen respect, solidarity and mutual tolerance.
The Database was created by Dr. Jean Allain and Dr. Marie Lynch, School of Law, Queen's University, Belfast, through funding provided by The Leverhulme Trust. The Database is up to date as of October 2011.