Maps

Compared to manual digitizing, scanning is very quick and less costly. The result of scanning an existing document or map, is a raster image, recording a value of dark or light for each grid cell or pixel of the scan. Due to the raster format, scanned images are not directly useful in the vector GIS. However, the scanned image can be displayed as the background image after geo-referencing.

The pattern recognition algorithms have been developed to recognize lines, symbols and annotations from the scanned image to the vector format. Moreover, editing and translation software, are available to convert to vector format.
The Centre was worked with both National Museums Northern Ireland (NMNI) and UK Libraries to delivery high quality archival images to support ongoing research.

Scanned Documents Examples

The following image is 1 bit bi-level image. The image contains 0, 1 values. The source of the image is from:

MAP - 1 Bit LARGE

0 represents the pixels of contour which are dark in colour. 1 represents the pixel of non-contour which are white in colour. See the following enlarged image. The contour lines can be extracted from this scanned 1 bit bi-level image through semi-automated conversion.

MAP - 1 Bit SMALL

 

The following image is an 8 bit (256 colour) image. The polygon and line features can be extracted from this image through semi-automated conversion or onscreen digitising.

MAP - 8 Bit 256

The following image is an 8 bit grey scale scanned image. The polygon and line features can be extracted from this image through semi-automated conversion or onscreen digitising.

MAP - 8 Bit GRY

For more information on the types of Wide Format Scanning, please vist our equipment section.