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Dr Raymond’s research examines the myriad functions of political parties. His research draws on social cleavage theory to understand, on the one hand, how voters identify with political parties and why they vote for these parties over the alternatives, and on the other, how political parties represent particular groups and their interests in legislatures.

This leads him to study political parties in parliaments, in elections, and in the minds of voters. 

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Dr Raymond is open to PhD applications in the fields of; 

  • Social cleavages
  • Elections and voting behaviour
  • Party systems
  • Political parties
  • Parliamentary politics
  • Representation
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Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Science

School of History, Anthropology, Philosophy and Politics

The Senator George J. Mitchell Institute for Global Peace, Security and Justice


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