Published literature on European identity


af Malmborg, M., Stra°th. B., eds. (2002) The Meaning of Europe: Variety and Contention Within and Among Nations, Oxford: Berg. 

Anderson, B. (2006) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, London, New York: Verso.

Anderson, A. B. (1999) “Rethinking the concept of European identity” [In:] Herb, G., Kaplan, D. (eds.) Nested Identities: Nationalism, Territory and Scale, New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

Andre´ani, G. (1999) Europe's Uncertain Identity, London: Centre for European Reform.

Ashcroft, S. and Timms, N. (1992) What Europe Thinks, Aldershot, Dartmouth.

Barzini, L. (1984) The Europeans, Penguin.

Bauman, Z. (1995) “Europe as nations, Europe as tribes” [In:] Bauman, Z. Life in Fragments: Essays in Postmodern Morality, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 243-256.

Bauman, Z. (2004a) Identity: Conversations with Benedetto Vecchi , Polity Press.

Bauman, Z. (2004b) Europe: an Unfinished Adventure, Oxford: Polity Press.

Bauman, Z. “Europe of strangers”, Oxford University Transnational Communities Programme Working Paper. Available also at: [18 March 2009]

Beck, U. and Grande, E. (2007) Cosmopolitan Europe, Cambridge: Polity Press.

Bellier. I. and Wilson, T. M. (2000) An Anthropology of the European Union: Building, Imagining and Experiencing the New Europe, Oxford: Berg. 

Berezin, M. and Martin, S., eds. (2004) Europe without Borders: Remapping Territory, Citizenship, and Identity in a Transnational Age, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Billig, M. (1995) Banal Nationalism, London: Sage.

Block, D. (2007) Second Language Identities, Continuum International Publishing Group.

Boje, T. P., van Steenbergen, B. and Walby, S., eds. (1999) European Societies: Fusion or Fission?, London and New York: Routledge.

Borneman, J. and Fowler, N. (1997) ‘Europeanization’, Annual Review of Anthropology, vol.26, pp. 487–514.

Breakwell, G. M. and Lyons, E., eds. (1996) Changing European identities: social psychological analyses of social change, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Breckner, R., Kalekin-Fishman, D., Miethe, I. (2000) Biographies and the Division of Europe: Experience, Action, and Change on the 'Eastern Side', Opladen: Leske & Budrich.

Breckner, R. (2003) “Biographical continuities and discontinuities in East-West migration before and after 1989. Two case studies of migration from Romania to West Germany” [In:] Humphrey, R., Miller, R. L., Zdravomyslova, E., eds. (2003) Biographical Research in Eastern Europe. Altered lives and broken biographies, Ashgate, pp. 191-210.

Breckner, R. (2007) “Case-oriented comparative approaches: the biographical perspective as opportunity and challenge in migration research” [In:] Schittenhelm, K., ed. Concepts and Methods in Migration Research, Conference Reader. Available also at [19/06/2009]

Bruter, M. (2004) “On what citizens mean by feeling ‘European’”, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30 (1): 21-39.

Bruter, M. (2005) Citizens of Europe? The emergence of a mass European identity, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brubaker, R. and Cooper, F. (2000) “Beyond ‘identity’”, Theory and Society, Vol. 29 (1), pp. 1-47.

Burrell, K., ed. (2009) Polish Migration to the UK in the 'New' European Union after 2004, Farnham: Ashgate.

Calhoun, C., ed. (1994) Social Theory and the Politics of Identity, Oxford, UK & Cambridge USA: Blackwell.

Calhoun, C. (2001) “The virtues of inconsistency: identity and plurality in the conceptualization of Europe” [In:] Cederman, L.-E., ed. Constructing Europe’s Identity, London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Calhoun, C. (2004) “The Democratic Integration of Europe: Interests, Identity, and the Public Sphere,” [In:] Berezin, M. and Schain, M., eds. Europe without Borders: Re-Mapping Territory, Citizenship and Identity in a Transnational Age, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Calhoun, C. (2008) "Cosmopolitan Europe and European Studies", [In:] Rumford, Ch., ed. Sage Handbook of European Studies, Sage Publications, pp. 637-654. Available also at: [06/07/2009]

Calhoun, C. (2009) "Cosmopolitanism and Nationalism" [In:] Schinkel, W., ed. Globalization and the State, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 209-242. Available also at: [06/07/2009]

Cederman, L.-E., ed. (2001) Constructing Europe’s Identity, London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Cerulo, K. A. (1997) “Identity construction: new issues, new directions”, Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 23 pp: 385-409.

Checkel, J. T. and Katzenstein, P. J. Eds. (2009) European Identity, Cambridge University Press.

Chimisso, Ch. (2003) Exploring European Identities, Open University Worldwide.

Cohen, A. P. (1985) The Symbolic Construction of Community, London: Ellis Harwood/Travistock.

Cohen, A. P. (1994) Self Consciousness. An Alternative Anthropology of Identity, Oxford: Routledge. 

Cohen, R. (1994) Frontiers of Identity. The British and the Others. London and New York: Longman.

Côte´, J. E. and Levine, Ch. G. (2002) Identity Formation, Agency, and Culture: A Social-Psychological Synthesis , London: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Davies, N. (1996) Europe: A History, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Davies, N. (2006) Europe East and West, London: Jonathan Cape.

Delanty, G. (1995) Inventing Europe. Idea, Identity, Reality, St. Martin's Press, New York. [Delanty, G. (1999) Odkrywanie Europy. Idea, tozsamosc, rzeczywistosc, Warszawa, Kraków: PWN].

Delanty, G. (1998) ‘Social theory and European transformation’, Sociological Research Online, vol.3, no.1, pp. 1–21.

Delanty, G. and Rumford, Ch. (2005) Rethinking Europe. Social Theory and the Implications of Europeanization, London and New York: Routledge.

Dell'Olio, F. (2005) The Europeanization of citizenship: between the ideology of nationality, immigration and European identity, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Dolon, R., Todoli, J., eds. (2008) Analysing Identities in Discourse, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Donig, S., Meyer, T. and Winkler, Ch., eds. (2005). Europäische Identitäten – Eine europäische Identität? Baden-Baden: Nomos

Donnan, H. and Wilson, T. M. (1999) Borders: Frontiers of Identity, Nation and State, Oxford: Berg.

Drakulic, S. (1996) Café Europa: Life after Communism, London: Abacus.

du Gay P., Evans, J. and Redman, P., eds. (2000) Identity: a Reader, London: Sage.

Edensor, T. (2002) National Identity, Popular Culture and Everyday Life, Berg Publishers.

Eder, K., Spohn, W., eds. (2005) Collective Memory and European Identity: the Effects of Integration and Enlargement, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Featherstone, M. (1996) ‘The formation of a European culture’ in Dukes, P. (ed.) Frontiers of European Culture, Lampeter, Mellen Press.

Fligstein, N. (2008) Euroclash: the EU, European Identity, and the Future of Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Garci´a, S. (1993) European Identity and the Search for Legitimacy, London: Pinter Publishers.

Gauß, K.-M. (1997) Das Europäische Alphabet, Vienna: Paul Zsolnay Verlag [Gauß, K.-M. (2008) Europejski alfabet, Wolowiec: Wydawnictwo Czarne].

Goddard, V. A., Llobera, J. R., Shore, C., eds. (1994) The Anthropology of Europe: Identity and Boundaries in Conflict, Oxford: Berg.

Grundy, S. and Jamieson, L. (2007) ‘European Identities: From absent-minded citizens to passionate Europeans’, Sociology 41 (4): 663-680.

Gubbins, P. and Holt, M. (2002) Beyond Boundaries: Language and Identity in Contemporary Europe, Buffalo, NY: Multilingual Matters.

Gumperz, J. J., ed. (1982) Language and Social Identity, Cambridge University Press.

Hellström, A. (2003) “Beyond Space: Border Making in European Integration, the Case of Ireland”, Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, Vol. 85 (3), pp. 123-135.

Herrmann, R. K., Risse, T. and Brewer, M.B. (2004) Transnational Identities: Becoming European in the EU, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Hill, R. (1997) We Europeans, Europublic.

Hollis, A., ed. (2008) Beyond Boundaries: Textual Representations of European Identity, Amsterdam: Rodopi B.V.

Hudson, R. and Williams, A.M. (1999) Divided Europe: Society and Territory, London, Sage.

Jamieson, L. (2005) The Orientation of Young Men and Women to Citizenship and European Identity, Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh and the European Commission.

Jansen, T., ed. (1999) Reflections on European Identity. Brussels: European Commission. Forward Studies Unit, Working Paper

Jenkins, R. (2008) “The ambiguity of Europe: ‘identity crisis’ or ‘situation normal’?”, European Societies, 10 (2), pp. 153-176. 

Kantner, C. (2006) “Collective identity as shared ethical self-understanding: The case of the emerging European identity”, European Journal of Social Theory 9 (4), pp. 501-523.

Kallmeyer, W. and Keim, I. (2003) ‘Linguistic Variation and the Construction of Social Identity in a German-Turkish Setting’. [In:] Androutsopoulos, J. and Georgakopoulou, A., eds. Discourse Constructions of Youth Identities. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: Benjamins, pp. 29-46.

Kantner, C. (2006) ‘Collective Identity as Shared Ethical Self-Understanding. The Case of the Emerging European Identity’, European Journal of Social Theory, 9 (4): 501-523.

Karolewski, I. P. and Kaina, V., eds. (2006) European Identity: Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Insights, Berlin : Lit Verlag.

Keyder, C. (1993) ‘The dilemma of cultural identity on the margins of Europe’, Review, vol.16, no.1, pp. 19–33.

Kloskowska, A. (2001 [1996]) National Cultures at the Grass-Root Level. Budapest: Central European University Press; original Polish language edition: Warszawa 1996

Kohli, M. (2000) ‘The Battlegrounds of European Identity’, European Societies, 2 (2): 113-137.

Labrianidis, L., ed. (2004) The Future of Europe’s Rural Peripheries, Ashgate Economic Geography Series.

Leach, C. W. and Williams, W. R. (1999) Group Identity and Conflicting Expectations of the Future in Northern Ireland, Political Psychology, Vol. 20 (4), pp. 875-896.

Macdonald, S. (ed.) (1993) Inside European Identities, Oxford: Berg.

Martiniello, M. (ed.) (1995) Migration, Citizenship and Ethno-National Identities in the European Union, Aldershot: Avebury.

Meinhof, U., Armbruster, H. and Rollo, C. (2003) Border Discourses: Changing identities, changing times, changing stories, Southampton: University of Southampton.

Melegh, A. (2006) On the East-West Slope: Globalization, nationalism, racism and discourses on Central and Eastern Europe, Budapest: Central European University Press.

Milan, A. (2002) European Identity, Welfare State, Religion(s), Firenze: Universitá Di Firenze.

Mitchell, M. and Russel, D. (1999) “Nationalism, national identity and citizenship in the new Europe” [In:] Boje, T. P., van Steenbergen, B. and Walby, S., eds. European Societies: Fusion or Fission?, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 163-177.

Modood, T. (2007) Multiculturalism, Polity Press.

O'Dowd, L., Wilson,T. M., eds. (1996) Borders, Nations and States: Frontiers of Sovereignty in the New Europe, Aldershot: Avebury,

Orchard, V. (2002) ‘Culture as Oppose to What? Cultural Belonging in the Context of National and European Identity’, European Journal of Social Theory, 5(4): 419-433.

Outhwaite, W. (2008) European Society, Polity Press.

Pérez-Díaz, V. (1998) ‘The public sphere and a European civil society’ in Alexander, J. (ed.) Real Civil Societies, London, Sage.

Petersson, B. and Hellström, A. (2003) ‘The Return of the Kings: Temporality in the construction of EU identity’, European Societies 5 (3):  235-252.

Pichler, F. (2009) ‘Cosmopolitan Europe: views and identity’, European Societies, Vol. 11 (1), pp. 3-24.

Pittaway, M. (2003) The Fluid Borders of Europe, Open University Worldwide.

Risse, T. and Meier, M. L. (2003) Europeanization, Collective Identities and Public Discourse, Florence: Robert Schumann Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute.

Rosenthal, G. (1997), “National identity or multicultural autobiography: Theoretical concepts of biographical constitution grounded in case reconstructions” [In:] Lieblich, A., Josselson, R. eds. The Narrative Study of Lives, Vol. 5, SAGE Publications.

Rumford, Ch., ed. (2009) The Sage Handbook of European Studies, London: Sage.

Sayad, A. (2004) The Suffering of the Immigrant, Polity Press.

Seton-Watson, H. (1985) ‘What is Europe, where is Europe?’, Encounter, Vol. 377, pp. 9–17.

Shore, C. (1993) ‘Inventing the people's Europe’, Man, Vol.28 (4), pp. 179–200.

Shore, C. (1994) ‘Citizens' Europe and the Construction of European Identity’, [in:] Goddard, V. A., Llobera, J. R., Shore, C., eds. The Anthropology of Europe: identity and boundaries in conflict, Oxford: Berg.

Shore, C. (2000) Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration, London: Routledge.

Smith, A. L., ed. (2003) Europe's Invisible Migrants, Amsterdam University Press.

Somers, M. R. (1994) “The Narrative Constitution of Identity: A Relational and Network Approach”, Theory and Society, 23 (5), pp. 605-649.

Somers, M. R. & Gibson, G. D. (1994) “Reclaiming the Epistemological ‘Other’: Narrative and the Social Constitution of Identity” [In:] Calhoun, C., ed. Social Theory and the Politics of Identity, Oxford, UK & Cambridge USA: Blackwell, pp. 37-99.

Soysal, Y.  N. (2002) “Locating Europe”, European Societies, Vol.  4 (3), pp. 265-284.

Strauss, A. L. (1995) “Identity, Biography, History, and Symbolic Representations”, Social Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 58 (1), pp. 4–12.

Stråth, B. (2002) “A European identity: to the historical limits of a concept
European Journal of Social Theory, Vol. 5 (4), pp. 387-401.

Stryker, S. and Burke, P. J. (2000) “The Past, Present and Future of Identity Theory”, Social Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 63 (4), pp. 284-297.

Taylor, Ch. (1989) Sources of the Self, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Therborn, G. (1999) “‘Europe’ as issues in sociology” [In:] Boje, T. P., van Steenbergen, B. and Walby, S., eds. European Societies: Fusion or Fission?, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 19-29.

Triandafyllidou, A. (2002) Negotiating Nationhood in a Changing Europe – Views from the Press , Washington DC: Edwin Mellen Press.

Triandafyllidou, A. (2006) Contemporary Polish Migration in Europe: Complex Patterns of Movement and Settlement, Washington DC: Edwin Mellen Press.

Wintle, M. (1996) Culture and Identity in Europe: Perceptions of divergence and unity in past and present, Avebury: Ashgate Publishing.

Worchel, S., Morales, J. F., Paez, D. and Deschamps, J.-C., eds. (1998) Social Identity: International Perspectives, Sage.


Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, Routledge

Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture

European Societies


Additional references:

Archer, M. S. (2000) Being Human: the Problem of Agency, Cambridge University Press.

Archer, M. S. (2003) Structure, Agency and the Internal Conversation, Cambridge University Press.

Archer, M. S. (2007) Making our Way through the World: Human Reflexivity and Social Mobility, Cambridge University Press.

Assman, J. (1995) “Collective Memory and Cultural Identity”, New German Critique, No. 65, Cultural History / Cultural Studies, pp. 125-133.

Bateson, M. C. (1989) Composing a Life, New York: Grove Press.

Becker, H. S. (1999) “The Chicago School, So-Called” Qualitative Sociology Vol. 22, No. 1, 3-12.

Berger, P. L., Luckmann, T. (1991 [1966]) The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge, Penguin Books.

Bourdieu, P. (1979) Algeria 1960, Cambridge University Press.

Bourdieu, P. (1984) Distinction. A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Bourdieu, P. (1986) “The Forms of Capital”, [in:] Richardson, J. G., ed., Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, New York: Greenwood Press, pp. 241-258.

Bourdieu, P. (1992 [1972]) Outline of a Theory of Practice, Cambridge University Press.

Bourdieu, P. (1992) The Logic of Practice, Polity Press.

Bourdieu, P. ed. (1999) The Weight of the World. Social Suffering in Contemporary Society, CA: Stanford University Press.

Dilthey, W. (1959 [1927]) “The understanding of other persons and their life expressions”, [In:] Gardiner, Patrick (ed.) Theories of History: Readings in Classical and Contemporary Sources, New York: Free Press.

Garfinkel, H. (2006) Seeing Sociologically. The Routine Grounds of Social Action, London: Paradigm Publishers.

Giddens, A. (1991) Modernity and Self-Identity. Self and Society in the Late Modern Age, Cambridge: Polity Press.

Mead, G. H. (2002 [1932]) The Philosophy of the Present, Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.

Mead, G. H. (1934) Mind, Self and Society, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Mills, W. C. (1959) The Sociological Imagination, Oxford University Press, New York.

Misztal, B. A. (2003) Theories of Social Remembering, Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Mouzelis, N. (2007) “Habitus and Reflexivity: Restructuring Bourdieu's Theory of Practice”, Sociological Research Online, Vol. 12 (6). Available at:  [30/01/2009]

Rubin, D. C., ed. (1988) Autobiographical Memory, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schütz , A. (1944) “The stranger: an essay in social psychology”, American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 49 (6), pp. 499-507.

Schütz, A. (1945) “The homecomer”, American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 50 (5), pp. 369-376.

Schütz, A. (1967) The Phenomenology of the Social World, Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.