The process by which to obtain a license to practice medicine in the United States has a number of steps and involves multiple parties that educate, assess, and evaluate them along the way. Certification by ECFMG, which ACGME requires for IMGs who wish to enter ACGME-accredited U.S. GME programs, is only one step in the process. Although an IMG’s pathway to licensure differs slightly from that of a graduate of a U.S./Canadian medical school, there are many common points, including the licensing examinations they take and the process by which they obtain GME positions.
In order to obtain a license to practice medicine in the United States, an IMG typically must:
- Complete all requirements for, and obtain, a medical degree,
- Pass a licensing examination, currently the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE),
- Document medical education credentials,
- Be certified by ECFMG,
- Obtain a position in a U.S. GME program,
- Complete the required period of training in U.S. GME, as directed by the jurisdiction in which licensure is sought, and
- Fulfill any additional licensure requirements of the jurisdiction.
To practice medicine in the USA, please vist the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates for detailed information.