Queen’s Report Reveals More Than 50% Increase in Lung Cancer Cases among Women in Last Decade
New research from Queen’s University Belfast has unveiled the changing patterns of lung cancer, the most common cause of cancer death in women in Northern Ireland.
The report, launched today (15 September) shows the incidence of lung cancer diagnosed here was 1226 cases per year, and enables comparisons to be drawn across the UK and over time.
The report indicates a 37% increase in the number of cases of lung cancer cases diagnosed since 2006. The increase in cases of lung cancer in women was more than four times higher (55%) than the increase in men (12%) over the last ten years.
Dr Anna Gavin, Director of the Norther Ireland Cancer Registry at Queen’s University Belfast explains: “Lung cancer is a devastating disease with poor overall survival and the number of lung cancer cases continues to increase in Northern Ireland. The surge in cases can be attributed to risk factors especially historic tobacco use but also the ageing population. The proportion of patients over 80 increased from 12% in 2006 to 17% in this study.
“Twice as many men than women had lung cancer in 1996 but fast-forward twenty years and a similar number of men and women are being diagnosed. This is due to more men giving up smoking while conversely, more women are taking up smoking, the major cause of lung cancer.”
Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the developed world and also the most frequent cause of cancer mortality worldwide.
Despite the increase in numbers, lung cancer services have demonstrated marked improvements over time, which have been accompanied by an increase in survival. The most successful treatment for lung cancer is surgical treatment, and while not all patients are suitable for this treatment, surgery increased from 12% in 2006 to 15% in this study.
Early diagnosis can increase chances of survival. Symptoms include a persistent cough, a sudden change in a cough that you have had for a long time, unexplained weight loss, breathlessness and chest pain.
The report found that while Northern Ireland fell below the UK average in some areas of lung cancer care including Lung Cancer Nurse Specialist assessment rates and 10% lower than the UK average for chemotherapy targets, Northern Ireland did score above average in other areas including scans offered to patients and anti-cancer treatment rates.
The report offers a number of recommendations to improve outcomes for patients with lung cancer including the need to invest more in smoking cessation and awareness campaigns to encourage early diagnosis.
Sally Convery, winner of the 2017 Nurse of the Year, works with lung cancer patients: “It is unfortunate to see an increase in the number of lung cancer patients in Northern Ireland. However, we do welcome the report and this launch event, which brings together healthcare professionals and patients offering a unique opportunity to tackle this health issue and to work together to improve outcomes for patients.
“While the prognosis for lung cancer is poor, we are confident that a newly introduced self-management programme with a focus on elements such as dietary advice and peer support, will further improve outcomes.”