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Insight and Analysis

Harland & Wolff
Border issues

POLL: What do voters in Northern Ireland think about the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland?

April 2021 - As part of a three-year ESRC-funded research project on the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland, a series of regular surveys have been commissioned to ‘temperature test’ voter attitudes on a range of issues relating to Brexit, the Protocol, and their implications for Northern Ireland.

Professor David Phinnemore, Professor Katy Hayward, Dr Billy Melo Araujo, Lisa Whitten
Lucid Opinion Panel poll

Parliament buildings at Stormont
Border issues

People across Northern Ireland fear that the protocol will damage political stability

April 2021 - The list of bizarre things Boris Johnson is proposing to do to an international treaty he negotiated is growing. The target of these notions is the Northern Ireland protocol, which parliament ratified as part of the UK-EU withdrawal agreement more than a year ago.

Professor Katy Hayward and Professor David Phinnemore
The Guardian

Peace wall in Belfast
Border issues

Crisis of confidence: Government has a lot to do to win back our trust

April 2021 - Brexit continues to divide opinion across Northern Ireland. But what voters have in common is a concern about its effects, particularly when it comes to the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland signed off as part of the UK-EU Withdrawal Agreement.

Professor Katy Hayward and Professor David Phinnemore
Belfast Telegraph

The coast of Ireland at the Irish Sea
Border issues

Northern Ireland Unionists feel they have been betrayed by Boris Johnson

April 2021 - For British political scientist David Phinnemore, loyalists are discovering that contrary to the London promise, there is indeed a border with Great Britain in the Irish Sea.

Professor David Phinnemore
L'Opinion

Harland & Wolff
Border issues

Post-Brexit Northern Ireland: Living with the Protocol

March 2021 - Part of the Imagine Belfast Festival 2021, this Queen's Policy Engagement 'Post-Brexit Northern Ireland: Living with the Protocol' panel discussion features Professor Katy Hayward, Professor David Phinnemore, Lisa O'Carroll, Naomi O'Leary, and John Campbell. The event took place on Monday 22 March 2021.

Professor Katy Hayward and Professor David Phinnemore
Imagine Belfast Festival 2021

Giant's Causeway
Border issues

Why the Protocol in Ireland and Northern Ireland is a complex political challenge

March 2021 - The protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland proved to be the trickiest element of the UK-EU Withdrawal Agreement to negotiate. The version that was finally agreed to by both sides sees the EU’s customs code and regulatory rules applying in Northern Ireland.

Professor Katy Hayward
Political Quarterly

Parliament buildings at Stormont
Border issues

Is the Northern Ireland Peace Process at Risk?

March 2021 - Brexit—by its nature—means disruption, and so it has been for Northern Ireland. Brexit has proved divisive politically and heightened political tensions. It has been unsettling and is set to remain so.

Professor David Phinnemore
European Business Review

Parliament buildings at Stormont
Border issues

Brexit: Academics warn against human rights law changes

March 2021 - The UK government announced a review of the Human Rights Act (HRA) in December. Experts at Queen's Human Rights Centre outlined their concerns in a submission to the UK government's consultation.

Professor Christopher McCrudden
BBC Northern Ireland

Parliament buildings at Stormont
Border issues

Brexit: Pressure on Boris Johnson over Northern Ireland border

February 2021 - A “CRITICAL moment” that puts new pressure on the Union and Boris Johnson’s leadership – challenges to the Northern Ireland Protocol have profound implications for the UK, experts say.

Professor Katy Hayward
The National

Harland & Wolff
Border issues

The EU's bad Friday announcement

February 2021 - The EU-UK vaccine row has repoliticised the Northern Ireland Protocol and damaged the prospects for its smooth implementation.

Professor David Phinnemore
IPS

The coast of Ireland at the Irish Sea
Border issues

Irish Sea Border: The Fallout

February 2021 - Northern Ireland has a new post-Brexit trade border in the Irish Sea which unionists want scrapped, but some businesses spot opportunity. Jim Fitzpatrick examines the politics and the economics.

Dr Marek Martyiszyn
BBC Spotlight

Cliffs of Moher
Border issues

COVID and Brexit Have Pushed Northern Ireland Further Away From the UK

February 2021 - Brexit has fundamentally changed the nature of the union, with recent polling suggests that a united Ireland is closer than ever.

Professor John Garry
VICE

Border Sign
Border issues

Northern Ireland Brexit Roundtable

February 2021 - Northern Ireland has been handed a different set of rules to deal with Brexit compared to the rest of the UK. And already the so-called border in the Irish Sea is causing friction.

Professor David Phinnemore
TRT World

Parliament buildings at Stormont
Border issues

The Politics of the Northern Ireland Protocol

February 2021 - The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) staunchly opposed Johnson’s Withdrawal Agreement, fearing the long-term consequences of the Northern Ireland/Ireland Protocol. The party shows no clear sign of coming to terms with it anytime soon.

Dr Jamie Pow
The UK in a Changing Europe

Harland & Wolff
Border issues

The Politics of the Northern Ireland Protocol

February 2021 - The co-chairs of the UK-EU Joint Committee, Michael Gove and Maroš Šefčovič, held an emergency meeting last week to ‘find solutions to outstanding issues’ arising from the implementation of the Northern Ireland Protocol.

Lisa Whitten
The UK in a Changing Europe

EU Flag with a star missing
Border issues

Podcast: Brexit Republic - A Double Dose

February 2021 - We missed out on an episode last week, so his week - like the European vaccine rollout - we play catch-up with a double dose.

Professor Katy Hayward
RTÉ Brexit Republic Podcast with Tony Connelly

Cliffs of Moher
Border issues

Can the Northern Ireland Brexit protocol survive?

February 2021 - Just weeks after the UK finally completed its departure from the EU, the topic that dogged more than four years of bitter wrangling over Brexit has reared its head again: the tortured question of the Irish border.

Professor Katy Hayward
FT.com

Irish Sea
Border issues

Brexit is increasing tension in Northern Ireland, but the protocol is the only way

February 2021 - The problems of a border down the Irish Sea were always known – checks and controls have to go somewhere.

Professor David Phinnemore
The Guardian

Parliament buildings at Stormont
Border issues

Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol: Article 16

February 2021 - Article 16 should not be regarded as a mechanism which offers an immediate reversion to the pre-Brexit status quo in response to largely predictable new frictions in goods movement from Britain to Northern Ireland, write Queen’s University Belfast’s Katy Hayward and David Phinnemore.

Professor Katy Hayward and Professor David Phinnemore
Agenda NI

Harland & Wolff
Border issues

Will Northern Ireland leave Britain and head for Irish unification? Exploring after Brexit

January 2021 - Brexit, the UK's departure from the European Union (EU), will be completely terminated at the end of 2020, and Northern Ireland will be treated like a "special zone" in the UK where EU customs rules will apply even after the departure, and customs clearance work will be carried out with Great Britain Island.

Professor David Phinnemore
Mainichi Japan

Brexit in Scrabble pieces
Border issues

REPORT - Brexit and Beyond

January 2021 - Brexit is done. The formal negotiations are over — even though the Trade and Cooperation Agreement paves the way to many further negotiations between the UK and the EU. The interminable arguments and parliamentary wrangles over what Brexit might mean in theory are over, but our understanding of what Brexit does mean in practice is just beginning.

Dr Ivanka Antova, Dr Mark Flear, and Professor Katy Hayward
UK in a Changing Europe

Food, Brexit
Border issues

Brexit trade problems: what’s gone wrong and can it be fixed?

January 2021 - Queues of lorries at borders and empty supermarket shelves confirm what most already knew: the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) has increased trade barriers between the EU and the UK.

Dr Billy Melo Araujo
The Conversation

Border Traffic
Border issues

Why Article 16 is no magic bullet to fix the Irish Sea border

January 2021 - The Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, told Westminster yesterday that his Government "will have no hesitation in invoking Article 16" of the Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol "if there are problems that we believe are disproportionate" in its operation.

Professor Katy Hayward and Professor David Phinnemore
Belfast Telegraph

Giant's Causeway
Border issues

Northern Ireland’s Rocky Start to Brexit Stirs Local Tensions

January 2021 - Once Brexit took hold on Jan. 1, problems sprang up. Some British retailers, such as John Lewis Partnership Plc, decided to halt sales to Northern Ireland while the company “works through the new trading arrangement.”

Professor David Phinnemore
Bloomberg

Harland & Wolff
Border issues

Article 16 of the Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol offers no ‘quick fix’

January 2021 - In this blog, Katy Hayward and David Phinnemore address the latest debate surrounding the implementation of the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland. They suggest that, contrary to some claims being made, unilateral triggering of Article 16 by the UK would not be the easy or the best route for remedying the new realities in the movement of goods across the Irish Sea.

Professor Katy Hayward and Professor David Phinnemore
LSE Blog

Food, Brexit
Border issues

Bristish businesses are feeling the effects of Brexit

January 2021 - In Northern Ireland, the food trade in particular is struggling with the consequences of Brexit.

Professor Katy Hayward
Berliner Morgenpost

Harland & Wolff
Border issues

What the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement means for Northern Ireland

January 2021 - Professor Katy Hayward provides an initial analysis of the UK-EU Trade and Cooperation Agreement in light of the Protocol and the 1998 Agreement.

Professor Katy Hayward
Queen's Policy and Engagement

Parliament buildings at Stormont
Border issues

A practical guide to what Brexit means for people in Northern Ireland

January 2021 - Most of the focus on preparing for Brexit has so far centred upon business, as needs be. But just as EU membership was about more than the movement of goods, being outside the EU will have consequences for people as well as for trade.

Professor Katy Hayward
Belfast Telegraph