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Law and Technology (LLM)

LLM|Postgraduate Taught

Law and Technology

Entry year
Entry requirements
2 years (Part Time)
1 year (Full Time)
Places available
5 (Part Time)
35 (Full Time)
  • Overview

    This advanced programme helps students gain a deep appreciation of how law interacts with technological innovation. What social challenges are posed by technological change? How does law address those challenges? And what impact does technological innovation have on the practice of law?

    Drawing on the School of Law’s substantial profile in technology, e-governance, intellectual property and innovation, students on the programme have the opportunity to develop specialist expertise in law, governance and the ‘fourth industrial revolution.’

    The programme places employability skills at its heart. Employers are very interested in law graduates who are tech-savvy and are clear and comfortable communicators, whether with clients or more generally. We embed skills-development directly into the curriculum as such, through project-based learning work, computational skills and elsewhere.

    Law and Technology highlights

    Career Development

    • We are dedicated to student employability and have strong industry links. Law was ranked Top 10 in the UK for graduate prospects (Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2022) This employer focused programme places employability skills at the core of the student experience (including problem based learning and leadership modules), introducing students to the interplay of and interfaces between technology and law. Employers will be involved in assisting on project-based learning and in delivering guest lectures to students.

    World Class Facilities

    • Our facilities at Queen’s include a state-of-art Law building with superb teaching facilities, a moot court and study spaces. Queen’s has one of the most modern campuses in the UK, including the award winning McClay Library, one of the finest libraries in the world and home to 1.2 million volumes and over 2,000 reader places. Our Physical Education Centre was used as a training camp for the 2012 Olympics. Our Queen’s Elms Student Village and city centre student accommodation (built in 2018) are located within easy walking distance of the University.

    Internationally Renowned Experts

    • Law at Queen's is taught by world-leading experts in the area of Law. Our staff have close research links with the professions, government and Civil Society. Law at Queen's is in the top 150 Law Schools worldwide and we are ranked 19th in the world for global outlook. Research in Law was ranked 8th in the UK in the most recent Research Assessment Exercise (2021).

    Student Experience

    • This programme will equip you with a thorough and crucial understanding of the key questions we face regarding the regulation and governance technologies. You will possess a deep appreciation of matters in the regulation of technology, borne from both classroom and project based experience. You will have developed a sophisticated sense of how technology interacts with law, but also a sense of how law and technology are operationalised in legal practice. At Queen's you will be part of a thriving postgraduate culture built on teaching excellence, leading-edge research, innovation, collaboration and engagement. These components are woven together in our Graduate School. It is here you will develop new skills and increased personal effectiveness that will enable you to stand out in the crowded and increasingly competitive global job market. Life at Queen's is not just about the degree. We offer our students the opportunity to really enrich their studies. Whether you're into student societies, sports, music, dance, or just a coffee with your friends, Queen's has exceptional facilities to cater for all interests.Queen’s was ranked 9th in the UK for university facilities.
    This innovative programme is designed to prepare you for a career on the interface of legal practice and technology. With employability embedded in the curriculum, graduates will be familiar both with the legal regulation of technology and with technology’s effects on the practice of law.

    Dr Ciarán O'Kelly, Senior Lecturer
  • Course content

    Course Structure

    Students may enrol on a full-time (1 year) or part-time (2 years) basis. Students must complete core modules (60 CATS points), optional modules (60 CATS points) and a research dissertation (60 CATS points).

    The Masters is awarded to students who successfully complete all taught modules (120 CATS points) and a research dissertation (60 CATS points).

    Compulsory ModulesLaw and the Challenges of Technology

    Exploring and analysing the impact of technology on society and the response required by law and regulation. Topics include big data, the advance of robotics, the internet of things, and machine learning; this is in the context of a general question of whether new law is required to deal with the implications of new technology, or whether existing law can be developed and enforced more imaginatively. Addresses issues such as e-government and the role of information technology in legal practice.

    Regulating Innovation

    Exploring and analysing the impact of technology on innovation, the construction of online markets, and the implications of new systems and services for law and regulation. Examining the idea of ‘cyberlaw’; jurisdiction over online activities (which law applies in a transnational context); specialist areas including intellectual property and data; and the rise of liability considerations around platforms.

    Law and Technology : Project Based Learning

    Students will be required to work in groups on short projects based on (law and technology) issues presented and then respond with presentations and documents in a manner that simulates client-facing practice.

    Approaches to Legal Research

    Students will be introduced to several important theoretical frameworks and research programmes for legal research. This includes empirically-oriented research that investigates how law interacts with other social phenomena, and fundamental principles of research design and methodology, covering both 'qualitative' and 'quantitative' social science methods.

    Dissertation (Maximum 15,000 words)
    (Students who secure a summer work placement of at least 8 weeks can complete a Dissertation in Practice Module including 12,000 word dissertation and 3,000 word reflective journal of the learning experience)
    Optional ModulesComputational methods and skills

    Introduces students to methods of data analysis and computer programming. Engage with ideas around ‘computational thinking’, data visualisation and basic statistical programming. Includes teaching of ‘Python’ programming (for beginners), which will be useful in the subsequent project as well as in equipping students with technical and data literacy skills.

    Foundations of Cybersecurity

    The module helps students who are seeking to develop a base-level understanding of the main issues within the field of Cybersecurity and the building blocks of a defence system. The module will be used as a primer for students going on to a more in-depth technical exploration of Cybersecurity.

    Copyright in the Digital Environment

    Investigation of current topics in copyright law; recent topics have included artificial intelligence and authorship; regulation / liability of social media sites; digitisation, heritage and archives.

    Business and Human Rights

    Key debates regarding the corporation's role in society, including topics such as the human rights obligations of corporations to workers, host countries, other stakeholders, the rise of corporate social responsibility reporting, global initiatives and frameworks, the role of civil society in corporate regulation and self-regulation, corporate promotion of labour standards, and human rights considerations in international corporate investment.

    Advanced Issues in Medical Law and Ethics

    Medical Law and Ethics examines current legal and ethical issues in the interfaces between the regulation of medicine and emerging health technologies. The module emphasises the application of theoretical frameworks to ‘real world’ cases.

    Leadership and Innovation Skills for Law Students

    Incorporates the Graduate School’s 'Mastering Your Leadership' programme, including skills training in leadership, project management, group work and other workplace skills. Also engages with the topics of law's role in business and the legal profession itself.

    Data, privacy and the law

    Studying the interplay of data, privacy, and the law. Explores recent legal changes (e.g. GDPR – General Data Protection Regulation, on topics such as consent, sensitive personal data, and online communications), current debates on law reform (e.g. the proposed revision of the E-Privacy Directive regarding issues like surveillance and spam), and related issues (e.g. investigatory powers).

    Regulating digital communications

    This module focuses on the regulation of digital communications, including comparative approaches to content regulation / censorship, the application of criminal
    law to social media posts, and enforcement of broadcasting and other
    standards in a digital context.

    Artificial Intelligence and the Law
    This module will explore thorny questions related to Artificial Intelligence (AI), Intellectual Property (IP) and the law by dissecting legal, policy and ethical issues concerning AI impact on creativity and innovation. In particular, after an introduction of AI as a technology and the disruptive effects of AI on society and the market for creativity and innovation, this module will examine multiple roles played by AI in innovative and creative processes. In this context, this module will consider AI as (1) a person, (2) a (machine) learner, (3) a creator, (4) an innovator, (5) an administrator, (6) an infringer and (7) an enforcer

    People teaching you

    Contact Teaching Hours

    Small Group Teaching/Personal Tutorial
    8 (hours maximum)
    In addition, students should set aside 10-12 hrs per module for reading and preparation

    Career Prospects

    This employer focused programme places employability skills at the core of the student experience (including problem based learning and leadership modules), introducing students to the interplay of and interfaces between technology and law.

    Learning and Teaching

    Learning opportunities associated with the course are outlined below:

    Learning and Teaching Opportunities

    The Law School at Queen's is ranked as one of the top 10 Law Schools in the UK (Complete University Guide 2023). There are 850 undergraduate students enrolled in the School, 200 postgraduates, 50 PhD students and over 60 members of academic staff. You will be taught by scholars from all over the world, many of whom have international reputations in their fields and all are committed teachers and researchers. Students will also have access to an excellent law section in the library and extensive IT facilities.

    The School operates a proactive system of student support. Advisers of Studies are allocated to each degree programme tasked to guide and support you throughout your time with us, together with the School's experienced and helpful administrative staff. We place considerable emphasis on facilitating good communication between staff and students. To this end, a Staff-Student Consultative Committee, comprised of elected student representatives, the Director of Graduate Studies and other members of academic staff, meet at regular intervals throughout the academic year. This Committee provides students with a forum in which to raise matters of concern to them and also enables the School to keep students informed about matters affecting the School and wider university.

    At Queen’s, we aim to deliver a high quality learning environment that embeds intellectual curiosity, innovation and best practice in learning, teaching and student support to enable students to achieve their full academic potential.

    We do this by providing a range of learning experiences which enables our students to engage with subject experts, develop attributes and perspectives that will equip them for life and work in a global society and make use of innovative technologies and a world class library that enhances their development as independent, life-long learners. Examples of the opportunities provided for learning on this course are:
    - E-Learning technologies: Information associated with lectures and assignments is communicated via a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) called Canvas. A range of e-learning experiences are also embedded in the programme through, for example: interactive group workshops in a flexible learning space; podcasts and interactive web-based learning activities; opportunities to use IT programmes associated with design in project- based work etc.
    - Lectures: Lectures provide information about topics as a starting point for further self-directed private study/reading. Lectures also provide opportunities to ask questions, gain some feedback and advice on assessments (normally delivered in large groups to all year group peers).
    - Self-directed study: This is an essential part of life as a Queen’s Law student when important private reading and research, engagement with e-learning resources, reflection on feedback to date and assignment research and preparation work is carried out.
    - Seminars/tutorials: These provide an opportunity for students to engage with academic staff who have specialist knowledge of the topic, to ask questions of them and to assess their own progress and understanding with the support of peers. Students should also expect to make presentations and other contributions to these groups.


    Assessments associated with the course are outlined below:

    Assessed coursework


  • Entry Requirements

    Entrance requirements

    Normally a 2.1 Honours degree or above or equivalent qualification acceptable to the University in Law, Social Sciences, Humanities, Computer Science or a cognate discipline.

    Exemption from these requirements may be considered for those applicants who hold a Master's degree (or equivalent qualification acceptable to the University) OR for those applicants with a 2.2 Honours degree (or equivalent qualification acceptable to the University) along with a minimum of 2 years relevant experience.

    Admission under Recognition of Prior Experiential Learning (RPEL) may be considered for this course. The University's Recognition of Prior Learning Policy provides guidance on the assessment of experiential learning (RPEL). Please visit for more information.

    Applicants are advised to apply as early as possible and ideally no later than 11th August 2023 for courses which commence in late September. In the event that any programme receives a high number of applications, the University reserves the right to close the application portal. Notifications to this effect will appear on the Direct Application Portal against the programme application page.

    Please note: international applicants will be required to pay a deposit to secure a place on this course.

    International Students

    Our country/region pages include information on entry requirements, tuition fees, scholarships, student profiles, upcoming events and contacts for your country/region. Use the dropdown list below for specific information for your country/region.

    English Language Requirements

    Evidence of an IELTS* score of 6.5, with not less than 5.5 in any component, or an equivalent qualification acceptable to the University is required. *Taken within the last 2 years.

    International students wishing to apply to Queen's University Belfast (and for whom English is not their first language), must be able to demonstrate their proficiency in English in order to benefit fully from their course of study or research. Non-EEA nationals must also satisfy UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) immigration requirements for English language for visa purposes.

    For more information on English Language requirements for EEA and non-EEA nationals see:

    If you need to improve your English language skills before you enter this degree programme, INTO Queen's University Belfast offers a range of English language courses. These intensive and flexible courses are designed to improve your English ability for admission to this degree.

    • Academic English: an intensive English language and study skills course for successful university study at degree level
    • Pre-sessional English: a short intensive academic English course for students starting a degree programme at Queen's University Belfast and who need to improve their English.

    INTO - English Language Course(QSIS ELEMENT IS EMPTY)

  • Careers

    Career Prospects

    This employer focused programme places employability skills at the core of the student experience (including problem based learning and leadership modules), introducing students to the interplay of and interfaces between technology and law.

    Additional Awards Gained(QSIS ELEMENT IS EMPTY)

    Prizes and Awards(QSIS ELEMENT IS EMPTY)

    Graduate plus award for extra-curricular skills

    In addition to your degree programme, at Queen's you can have the opportunity to gain wider life, academic and employability skills. For example, placements, voluntary work, clubs, societies, sports and lots more. So not only do you graduate with a degree recognised from a world leading university, you'll have practical national and international experience plus a wider exposure to life overall. We call this Graduate Plus. It's what makes studying at Queen's University Belfast special.

  • Fees and Funding

    Tuition Fees

    Northern Ireland (NI) 1 £6,980
    Republic of Ireland (ROI) 2 £6,980
    England, Scotland or Wales (GB) 1 £8,360
    EU Other 3 £19,100
    International £19,100

    1 EU citizens in the EU Settlement Scheme, with settled status, will be charged the NI or GB tuition fee based on where they are ordinarily resident. Students who are ROI nationals resident in GB will be charged the GB fee.

    2 EU students who are ROI nationals resident in ROI are eligible for NI tuition fees.

    3 EU Other students (excludes Republic of Ireland nationals living in GB, NI or ROI) are charged tuition fees in line with international fees.

    All tuition fees quoted are for the academic year 2023-24, and relate to a single year of study unless stated otherwise. Tuition fees will be subject to an annual inflationary increase, unless explicitly stated otherwise.

    More information on postgraduate tuition fees.

    Additional course costs

    All Students

    Depending on the programme of study, there may be extra costs which are not covered by tuition fees, which students will need to consider when planning their studies.

    Students can borrow books and access online learning resources from any Queen's library. If students wish to purchase recommended texts, rather than borrow them from the University Library, prices per text can range from £30 to £100. Students should also budget between £30 to £75 per year for photocopying, memory sticks and printing charges.

    Students undertaking a period of work placement or study abroad, as either a compulsory or optional part of their programme, should be aware that they will have to fund additional travel and living costs.

    If a programme includes a major project or dissertation, there may be costs associated with transport, accommodation and/or materials. The amount will depend on the project chosen. There may also be additional costs for printing and binding.

    Students may wish to consider purchasing an electronic device; costs will vary depending on the specification of the model chosen.

    There are also additional charges for graduation ceremonies, examination resits and library fines.

    Law and Technology costs

    How do I fund my study?

    The Department for the Economy will provide a tuition fee loan of up to £5,500 per NI / EU student for postgraduate study. Tuition fee loan information.

    A postgraduate loans system in the UK offers government-backed student loans of up to £10,609 for taught and research Masters courses in all subject areas. Criteria, eligibility, repayment and application information are available on the UK government website.

    More information on funding options and financial assistance.

    International Scholarships

    Information on scholarships for international students, is available at

  • Apply

    How to Apply

    Apply using our online Postgraduate Applications Portal and follow the step-by-step instructions on how to apply.

    Apply now

    When to Apply

    The deadline for applications is normally 30th June 2021. In the event that any programme receives a high volume of applications, the university reserves the right to close the application portal earlier than 30th June deadline. Notifications to this effect will appear on the Direct Entry Portal (DAP) against the programme application page.

    Terms and Conditions

    The terms and conditions that apply when you accept an offer of a place at the University on a taught programme of study.
    Queen's University Belfast Terms and Conditions.

    Download a prospectus