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Adrian Guelke

Professor Emeritus Adrian Guelke


QUB Research Portal (Pure)

Research Interests

My principal interest is in the politics of deeply divided societies, most particularly the cases of South Africa and Northern Ireland (see book on connections between the two below). Although I have done some work on each as individual cases, I have an especial interest in comparison of deeply divided societies and any role that comparison has played in their politics. In the past I have done a considerable amount of research on political violence both in deeply divided societies and more widely. This led me to carry out a study of terrorism, a subject that also fits into my interest in the international dimensions of internal conflicts, crossing the boundaries between International Relations and Comparative Politics.

I chaired the Advisory Board for the latest Northern Ireland Peace Monitoring Report (No.5, October 2018) of the Community Relations Council. The report can be found here:

I also contributed to History Extra debate on terrorism (May 2017), see:

A preoccupation of mine since the referendum of 2016 has been BREXIT and that is reflected in some of my publications listed below. 


Selected Publications


  • Britain after Brexit: The Risk to Northern Ireland.  Journal of Democracy, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2017, pp.42-52.


  • Peace Settlements and Political Transformation in Divided Societies: Rethinking Northern Ireland and South Africa  (Routledge Studies in Nationalism and Ethnicity, 2023).  Published as of 3 October 2022.
  • Politics in Deeply Divided Societies (Polity Press, 2012).  Details can be downloaded here .
  • The Study of Ethnicity and Politics: Recent Analytical Developments (co-edited with Jean Tournon) (Barbara Budrich Publishers 2012).
  • The Challenges of Ethno-Nationalism: Case Studies in Identity Politics (Editor) (Palgrave Macmillan 2010).
  • The New Age of Terrorism and the International Political System (IB Tauris, 2009).
  • Terrorism and Global Disorder: Political Violence in the Contemporary World (IBTauris, 2006).
  • A Farewell to Arms?: Beyond the Good Friday Agreement (Co-editor with Michael Cox and Fiona Stephen) (Manchester University Press, 2006).
  • Rethinking the Rise and Fall of Apartheid: South Africa and World Politics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).
  • Democracy and Ethnic Conflict: Advancing Peace in Deeply Divided Societies (Editor) (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004).

Articles in journals

  • Institutionalised Power-Sharing: The International Dimension.  Ethnopolitics, 19:1, 2020, pp.92-5.
  • La riconciliazione in società profondamente divise: lezioni sudafricane per l'Irlanda del Nord?  Nazioni e Regioni, No.13, 2019, pp.27-45.
  • Irish Republican Terrorism: Learning from and Teaching Other Countries, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 40:7, 2017, pp.557-572.
  • Northern Ireland and British-Irish conflict management, British Politics Review, Vol. 7, No. 1, Winter 2012, pp.1-12.
  • Brief Reflections on Measuring Peace, Shared Space, Issue 18, November 2014.
  • Northern Ireland’s Flag Crisis and the Enduring Legacy of the Settler-Native Divide, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol.20, No.1, January-March 2014, pp.131-151.
  • American mediation in ethnic conflicts: The case of Northern Ireland, Science and Society (Belgrade), Issue 2, 2014 (Winter).
  • The USA and the Northern Ireland Peace Process, Ethnopolitics, Vol.4, No.4, November 2012.
  • (with Tom Junes) “Copycat Tactics”  in Processes of Regime Change: The Demise of Communism in Poland and Apartheid in South Africa, Critique and Humanism, Vol.40, special issue 2012.
  • South Africa: The Long View on Political Transition, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol.15, Nos.3-4, July-December 2009.
  • The Northern Ireland Peace Process and the War against Terrorism: Conflicting Conceptions?, Government and Opposition, Vol.42, No.3, Summer 2007.
  • Great whites, paedophiles and terrorists: the need for critical thinking in a new age of fear, Critical Studies on Terrorism, Vol.1, No.1, April 2008.

Chapters/ essays /others

  • Terrorism in Context, in Diego Muro and Tim Wilson (eds), Contemporary Terrorism Studies (Oxford University Press, 2022).
  • (with John Guelke) Ethno-nationalistiscter Terrorismus, in Terrorismusforschung: Interdisziplinäres Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Praxis (Nomos, 2022).
  • (with Tom Junes) 1989 Compared and Connected: The Demise of Communism in Poland and Apartheid in South Africa, in Piotr H. Kosicki and Kyrill Kunakhovich (eds), The Long 1989: Decades of Global Revolution (Central European University Press, 2019).
  • South Africa, in Alpaslan Őzerdem and Roger Mac Ginty (eds), Comparing Peace Processes (Routledge, 2019).
  • Secrets and Lies: Misinformation and Counter-Terrorism, in Richard English (ed.), Illusions of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism (Oxford University Press/British Academy, 2015).
  • Sectarianism, ethno-national conflict and the Northern Ireland problem, in Ferran Requejo and Klaus-Jürgen Nagel (eds), Politics of Religion and Nationalism: Federalism, consociationalism and secession (Routledge, 2015).
  •  Consociationalism and conflict resolution, in Michelle Hale Williams (ed.), The Multicultural Dilemma: Migration, ethnic politics, and state intervention (Routledge, 2013).
  • The potency of external conflict management: Northern Ireland, in Stefan Wolff and Christalla Yakinthou (eds), Conflict Management in Divided Societies: Theories and Practice (Routledge 2012).
  • A consociational democracy or Anglo-Irish conflict management? The St Andrews Agreement and the political accommodation of Irish nationalism, in André Lecours and Luis Moreno (eds), Nationalism and Democracy: Dichotomies, complementarities, oppositions (Routledge 2010).
  • Northern Ireland: communal division and the embedding of paramilitary networks, in David Martin Jones, Ann Lane and Paul Schulte (eds), Terrorism, Security and the Power of Informal Networks (Edward Elgar 2010).
  • South Africa: The Long View on Political Transition, in John Coakley (ed.), Pathways from Ethnic Conflict: Institutional Redesign in Divided Societies (Routledge 2010).
  • Consociational theory and the wider peace process, in Rupert Taylor (ed.), Consociational Theory: McGarry and O’Leary and the Northern Ireland conflict (Routledge 2009).
  • (with John Doyle) Northern Ireland, in Radha Kumar (ed.), Negotiating Peace in Deeply Divided Societies: A Set of Simulations (SAGE India 2009).
  • The United States and the Peace Process, in Brian Barton and Patrick J. Roche (eds), The Northern Ireland Question: The Peace Process and the Belfast Agreement (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009).
  • Negotiations and Peace Processes, in John Darby and Roger Mac Ginty (eds), Contemporary Peacemaking: Conflict, Peace Processes and Post-War Reconstruction (Palgrave Macmillan 2008).
  • Israeli Flags Flying Alongside Belfast’s Apartheid Walls: A New Era of Comparisons and Connections, in Guy Ben-Porat (ed.), The Failure of the Middle East Peace Process? A Comparative Analysis of Peace Implementation in Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland and South Africa (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).
  • The Lure of the Miracle? The South African Connection and the Northern Ireland Peace Process, in Christopher Farrington (ed.), Global Change, Civil Society and the Northern Ireland Peace Process: Implementing the Political Settlement (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008). 
  • The South African Connection and the Northern Ireland Peace Process, in Divided Society: Northern Ireland 1990-1998 (Linen Hall Library, 2018) - essays for digital archive.
  • Lessons of Northern Ireland and the Relevance of the Regional Context, LSE IDEAS Special Report, SR008 - Northern Ireland, November 2011.
  • Approaches to the Control of Ethnic Conflict in the post-Cold World War, in Ethnopolitics Papers, No. 4, October 2010, can be downloaded as pdf here: (
  • The Flexibility of Northern Ireland Unionists and Afrikaner Nationalists in Comparative Perspective, in IBIS Working Papers, No. 99, 2010, can be downloaded here: (
  • The International System and the Northern Ireland Peace Process, in IBIS Working Papers, No. 21, 2002, can be downloaded here (