Why is this important?

The use of active learning methods in Higher Education has become increasingly popular ‘reflecting a greater understanding of the learning process derived from educational research and cognitive psychology’ (Exley and Dennick 2009, p2). Engaging students in ‘discussion, questioning, problem solving and other forms of interactivity, has been shown to encourage ‘deeper’ learning’ (Exley and Dennick, 2009, p2), taking them beyond ‘surface’ knowledge and understanding (Biggs, 2003).