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Problem based learning (PBL) describes teaching methodologies that make students take an active, task-orientated and self directed approach to their own learning. Through the structured exploration of a problem, students develop practical and creative research skills. It is an effective approach to show students the practical application of knowledge in a real world setting. When conducted as a group work activity, PBL also nurtures communication, teamwork and perspective-taking skills and encourages student engagement and motivation.